Marunouchi (丸の内) is a commercial district located in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. Situated between Tokyo Station and the Imperial Palace, the name, meaning "inside the circle", derives from its location within the palace's outer moat. It is also Tokyo's financial district and the country's three largest banks are headquartered there.

Buildings surrounding the moat (2022)
Marunouchi at night (2019)
Marunouchi in flames following the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake
The Marunouchi north exit of Tokyo Station

History edit

In 1590, before shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu entered Edo Castle, the area now known as Marunouchi was an inlet of Tokyo Bay and had the name Hibiya. With the expansion of the castle, this inlet was filled, beginning in 1592.

A new outer moat was constructed, and the earlier moat became the inner moat. The area took the name Okuruwauchi ("within the enclosure").

Daimyōs, particularly shinpan and fudai, constructed their mansions here, and with 24 such estates, the area also became known as daimyō kōji ("daimyō alley"). The offices of the North and South Magistrates, and that of the Finance Magistrate, were also here.

Following the Meiji Restoration, Marunouchi came under control of the national government, which erected barracks and parade grounds for the Imperial Japanese Army.

In 1890 Iwasaki Yanosuke, brother of the founder (and later the second leader) of Mitsubishi, purchased the land for 1.5 million yen. As the company developed the land, it came to be known as Mitsubishi-ga-hara (the "Mitsubishi Fields"). Much of the land remains under the control of Mitsubishi Estate Co., and the headquarters of many companies in the Mitsubishi Group are in Marunouchi.[citation needed]

The Marunouchi district was redeveloped after 1890 with urban blocks and high rises that incorporated Machiya units.[1]

The government of Tokyo constructed its headquarters on the site of the former Kōchi han in 1894. They moved it to the present Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building in Shinjuku in 1991, and the Tokyo International Forum and Toyota Tsusho Corporation now stands on the site. Nearly a quarter of Japan's GDP is generated in this area.

Tokyo Station opened in 1914, and the Marunouchi Building in 1923. Tokyo Station reopened on 1 October 2012 after a 5 year refurbishment.[2]

Much of the area was damaged in the deadly 1974 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries bombing.

Places in Marunouchi edit

1920 view of the Mitsubishi headquarters, looking towards the Imperial Palace

Tallest Buildings 130m+ edit

Address Alternative name Image Height(m) Number of floors Built
5-1 Marunouchi 1 Shin Marunouchi Building   198 38 2007
4-1 Marunouchi 2 Marunouchi Building   179 37 2002
6-1 Marunouchi 2 Marunouchi Park Building   170 34 2009
7-3 Marunouchi 2 Tokyo Building   164 33 2006
4-5 Marunouchi 1 Mitsubishi Trust & Banking Head Office   148 30 2003
1-2 Marunouchi 2 Meiji Yasuda Life Building   146 30 2004

Companies based in Marunouchi edit

Calbee has its headquarters in the Marunouchi Trust Tower Main.[3] Konica Minolta has its headquarters in the Marunouchi Center Building in Marunouchi.[4]

Japan Airlines used to have its headquarters in the Tokyo Building in Marunouchi.[12]

International companies edit

Skyline of Marunouchi district, viewed from Imperial Palace gardens

Marunouchi also houses the Japan offices of Aeroméxico (Pacific Century Place Marunouchi),[13] Bain & Company, Bayerische Landes Bank, Bloomberg, First National Bank of Boston, BT Group, Citigroup, Banca Commerciale Italiana, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu, Bank of India, JPMorgan Chase, KPMG, Latham & Watkins, Mellon Bank, Morgan, Lewis & Bockius, Morrison & Foerster, NatWest Group, Nikko Cordial, Nikko Citigroup, Rabobank, Bank Negara Indonesia, Overseas Union Bank, Philadelphia National Bank, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Ropes & Gray, Royal Insurance, Standard Chartered Bank and Standard & Poor's.[14]

Rail and subway stations edit

Education edit

Chiyoda Board of Education [ja] operates public elementary and junior high schools. Chiyoda Elementary School (千代田小学校) is the zoned elementary of Marunouchi 1-3 chōme.[15] There is a freedom of choice system for junior high schools in Chiyoda Ward, and so there are no specific junior high school zones.[16]

References edit

  1. ^ Sam Jacoby (2016). Drawing Architecture and the Urban. Wiley. p. 266. ISBN 9781118879405.
  2. ^ Nakata, Hiroko, "Tokyo Station's Marunouchi side restored to 1914 glory", Japan Times, 23 October 2012, p. 3
  3. ^ "Corporate Information Archived 2009-02-27 at the Wayback Machine." Calbee. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  4. ^ "Company Overview". Konica Minolta. Retrieved on May 12, 2009.
  5. ^ "About The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Ltd." The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
  6. ^ "Fact Sheet." Mitsubishi Corporation. Retrieved on September 28, 2011.
  7. ^ "Corporate Profile." Tokio Marine Nichido. Retrieved on July 24, 2011. "Address of Head Office 2-1 Marunouchi 1-chome, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo"
  8. ^ "Company Profile Archived 2016-12-27 at the Wayback Machine." Asahi Glass. Retrieved on April 2, 2014.
  9. ^ "Company Profile." Furukawa Electric. Retrieved on March 21, 2014.
  10. ^ "Corporate Data." Ushio, Inc. Retrieved on May 31, 2018.
  11. ^ "Company Outline." Tanaka Kikinzoku Group. Retrieved on March 5, 2019.
  12. ^ "World Airline Directory". Flight International. March 30, 1985. 88. Retrieved on June 17, 2009.
  13. ^ "com03.jpg". Aeroméxico. Retrieved on October 13, 2010.
  14. ^ "Office Locations Asia". Standard & Poor's. Retrieved on August 12, 2011. "Japan 28 F Marunouchi Kitaguchi Bldg 1-1 Marunouchi, Chiyoda-ku Tokyo, Japan 100-0005 "
  15. ^ "区立小学校の通学区域". Chiyoda Board of Education. Retrieved 2022-10-08.
  16. ^ "区立中学校の通学区域と学校選択". Chiyoda Board of Education. Retrieved 2022-10-08. 千代田区では、[...]

External links edit