Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line
The Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (東京メトロ千代田線, Tōkyō Metoro Chiyoda-sen) is a subway line owned and operated by Tokyo Metro in Tokyo, Japan. On average, the line carries 1,447,730 passengers daily (2017), the second highest of the Tokyo Metro network, behind the Tozai Line (1,642,378).
|Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line|
Chiyoda Line Fleet: 16000 series
|Type||Heavy rail rapid transit|
|Rolling stock||Tokyo Metro 16000 series|
Tokyo Metro 05 series (for Branch Line)
Odakyu 4000 series
Odakyu 60000 series MSE
JR East E233-2000 series
|Daily ridership||1,447,730 (2017)|
|Opened||December 20, 1969|
|Line length||24.0 km (14.9 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC overhead catenary|
|Operating speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
|Chiyoda Line route map|
The line was named after the Chiyoda ward, under which it passes. On maps, diagrams and signboards, the line is shown using the color green ( ), and its stations are given numbers using the letter "C".
The 24.0 km line serves the wards of Adachi, Arakawa, Bunkyō, Chiyoda, Minato and Shibuya, and a short stretch of tunnel in Taitō with no station. Its official name, rarely used, is Line 9 Chiyoda Line (9号線千代田線, kyūgō sen Chiyoda-sen).
On maps, diagrams and signboards, the line is shown using the color green (), and its stations are given numbers using the letter "C".
Trains have through running onto other railway lines on both ends. More than half of these are trains to the northeast beyond Ayase onto the East Japan Railway Company (JR East) Joban Line to Toride. The rest run to the southwest beyond Yoyogi-Uehara onto the Odakyu Odawara Line to Hon-Atsugi and to Karakida on the Odakyu Tama Line.
According to the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation, as of June 2009 the Chiyoda Line was the second most crowded subway line in Tokyo, at its peak running at 181%[a] capacity between Machiya and Nishi-Nippori stations.
- All stations are located in Tokyo.
- Stopping patterns:
- Commuter Semi Express, Local, Semi Express, and Express trains stop at every station.
- Odakyu Romancecar limited express services stop at stations marked "●" and does not stop at those marked "｜".
|↑ Through-services to/from Hon-Atsugi via the Odakyu Odawara Line and Karakida via the Tama Line; limited expresses run to Hakone-Yumoto via the Hakone Tozan Railway ↑|
|Yoyogi-uehara||代々木上原[* 1]||-||0.0||※[* 2]||Odakyu Odawara Line||Shibuya|
|Yoyogi-koen||代々木公園||1.0||1.0|||||Odakyu Odawara Line (Yoyogi-Hachiman)|
|Kita-senju||北千住[* 3][* 4]||2.6||19.3||●||Adachi|
|JR through services:||Via the Joban Line (Local) to Kashiwa, Abiko and Toride|
- Yoyogi-Uehara is shared by both Odakyu Electric Railway and Tokyo Metro; Odakyu Electric Railway manages the station.
- Limited express services stop at Yoyogi-Uehara to change drivers and conductors, but passengers may not board or disembark at this station.
- Kita-senju and Ayase are shared by both JR East and Tokyo Metro; Tokyo Metro manages the station.
- Chiyoda Line is considered as Jōban Line from Kitasenju Station to Ayase Station, so you get on and off these stations by all tickets of JR.
- 16000 series (x37) (since November 2010)
- 05 series 3-car trains (x4) (since April 2014, used on Kita-Ayase Branch)
- E233-2000 series (x19) (since summer 2009)
Former rolling stockEdit
- 6000 series (x35) (from 1971 until November 2018)
- 103-1000 series (x16) (from 1971 until April 1986)
- 203 series (x17) (from August 27, 1982 until September 26, 2011)
- 209-1000 series (x2) (from 1999 – 13 October 2018)
- 207–900 series (x1) (from 1986 until December 2009)
- 5000 series 3-car trains (x2) (from 1969 until 2014, later used on branch line)
- 6000 series 3-car train (x1) (prototype of the series built in 1968 until 2014, used on branch line)
- 06 series (x1) (from 1993 until January 2015)
- 07 series (x1) (September 2008 – December 2008)
- Odakyu 1000 series (1988–2010)
- Odakyu 9000 series (1978–2006)
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The Chiyoda Line was originally proposed in 1962 as a line from Setagaya in Tokyo to Matsudo, Chiba; the initial name was "Line 8". In 1964, the plan was changed slightly so that through service would be offered on the Joban Line north of Tokyo, and the number was changed to "Line 9".
The first stretch was opened on December 20, 1969 between Kita-Senju and Ōtemachi. The line was almost completed by October 10, 1972 when it reached Yoyogi-Kōen, although the 1 km section to Yoyogi-Uehara was not completed until March 31, 1978.
The branch line to Kita-Ayase was opened on December 20, 1979. This branch primarily serves as a connection to Ayase Depot, but also serves Kita-Ayase Station constructed in the area. A three-car shuttle service operates between Ayase and Kita-Ayase.
The Chiyoda Line was one of the lines targeted in the Aum sarin gas attack on 20 March 1995.
On March 18, 2008, the Chiyoda Line became the first subway line in Japan with operations by reserved-seating trains when Odakyu Romancecar limited express services began running between Kita-Senju and Hakone-Yumoto (on the Hakone Tozan Line) and Karakida (on the Odakyu Tama Line). Trains also run from/to Shin-Kiba using tracks connecting to the Yurakucho Line.
On March 16, 2019, 10 car services to Kita-Ayase station commenced.
a. ^ Crowding levels defined by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism:
- 100% — Commuters have enough personal space and are able to take a seat or stand while holding onto the straps or hand rails.
- 150% — Commuters have enough personal space to read a newspaper.
- 180% — Commuters must fold newspapers to read.
- 200% — Commuters are pressed against each other in each compartment but can still read small magazines.
- 250% — Commuters are pressed against each other, unable to move.
- Shaw, Dennis; Morioka, Hisashi (1992). Tokyo Subways. Hoikusha Publishing.
- Tokyo Metro station ridership in 2010 Train Media (sourced from Tokyo Metro) Retrieved July 23, 2018.
- "Commute". Metropolis: 7. June 12, 2009. Archived from the original on October 9, 2011. Retrieved March 9, 2011. Capacity is defined as all passengers having a seat or a strap or door railing to hold on to.
- 私鉄車両編成表 2015 [Private Railway Rolling Stock Formations – 2015] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 23 July 2015. pp. 74–75. ISBN 978-4-330-58415-7.
- Tokyo Metro (December 21, 2009). "環境配慮型の新型車両16000系 千代田線に導入決定！！" [Environmentally friendly new 16000 series trains to be introduced on Chiyoda Line] (Press release) (in Japanese). Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- "東京地下鉄千代田線用05系" [Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line 05 series]. Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 54 no. 640. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. August 2014. pp. 67–70.
- "東京メトロ千代田線への新たな直通運転用車両 新型通勤車両｢４０００形｣ ２００７年９月デビュー" [New direct drive vehicle to Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line New model commuter vehicle "4000 form" Debuted in September 2007] (PDF) (in Japanese). February 5, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 7, 2007.
- "新型ロマンスカー・ＭＳＥの製造を決定 ２００８年春 東京メトロ線内初の座席指定制特急の乗り入れを開始" [Decided to manufacture the new Romance car · MSE; Initiation of the first seating designation express train in the Tokyo Metro line in the spring of 2008] (PDF) (in Japanese). September 20, 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 18, 2007.
- 203系が営業運転から離脱 [203 series withdrawn from revenue service]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 28 September 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- 東京地下鉄06系、新木場へ [Tokyo Metro 06 series moved to Shinkiba]. RM News (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Co., Ltd. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- Kikuchi, Daisuke (6 July 2017). "Tokyo plans new effort to ease commuter hell on rush-hour trains". The Japan Times. Archived from the original on 6 July 2017.
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