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Marthalen is a municipality in the district of Andelfingen in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland.

Marthalen
Marthalen Kirche.JPG
Coat of arms of Marthalen
Coat of arms
Location of Marthalen
Marthalen is located in Switzerland
Marthalen
Marthalen
Marthalen is located in Canton of Zurich
Marthalen
Marthalen
Coordinates: 47°38′N 8°39′E / 47.633°N 8.650°E / 47.633; 8.650Coordinates: 47°38′N 8°39′E / 47.633°N 8.650°E / 47.633; 8.650
CountrySwitzerland
CantonZurich
DistrictAndelfingen
Area
 • Total14.11 km2 (5.45 sq mi)
Elevation
457 m (1,499 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total1,908
 • Density140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Postal code
8460
SFOS number0035
Surrounded byBenken, Buchberg (SH), Flaach, Kleinandelfingen, Lottstetten (DE-BW), Rheinau, Rüdlingen (SH), Trüllikon
Websitewww.marthalen.ch
SFSO statistics

HistoryEdit

Marthalen is first mentioned in 858 as Martella.[3]

GeographyEdit

 
Several half-timbered houses in Marthalen

Marthalen has an area of 14.2 km2 (5.5 sq mi). Of this area, 49.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 39.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 10% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1.3%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Zürcher Weinland (Zurich's vineyards) between the Thur and Rhine Rivers. The village is known for its half-timbered houses. The municipality also includes the village of Ellikon am Rhein, and the hamlets of Niedermarthalen and Radhof.

DemographicsEdit

Marthalen has a population (as of 31 December 2018) of 1,908.[5] As of 2007, 7.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 5.1%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (95.6%), with French (0.6%) and Italian being third (0.6%) most common languages.

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP, which received 54.3% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (11.5%), the Green Party (10.3%), and the CSP (9.4%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 25.7% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old), make up 59.9% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 14.4%. In Marthalen about 81.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).

Marthalen has an unemployment rate of 0.87%. As of 2005, there were 110 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 39 businesses involved in this sector. 231 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 37 businesses in this sector. 453 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 62 businesses in this sector.[4] The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1464 27 Householdsa
1649 862
1771 1,012
1850 1,401
1900 1,164
1920 1,296
1950 1,215
1980 1,259
2000 1,803
^a Ellikon is not included in the number of households.

TransportationEdit

Marthalen railway station is a stop of the S-Bahn Zürich on the line S33.

Buildings and structuresEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b Marthalen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine accessed 28-Jul-2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 23 September 2019

External linksEdit