Marie Thérèse of France (1667–1672)

Marie Thérèse (2 January 1667 – 1 March 1672) was the fourth child and third daughter of King Louis XIV of France and his wife, Maria Theresa of Spain. As the king's daughter, she was a Fille de France and was known at court by the traditional honorific of Madame Royale because she was the king's eldest surviving daughter. She did not survive childhood, dying at the age of five due to tuberculosis.

Marie Thérèse
Madame Royale
Marie Thérèse de France, Madame Royale by Jean Nocret (Museo del Prado).jpg
Portrait by Nocret (1671)
Born(1667-01-02)2 January 1667
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
Died1 March 1672(1672-03-01) (aged 5)
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
Burial
Royal Basilica, Saint Denis, France
Names
Marie Thérèse de France
HouseBourbon
FatherLouis XIV of France
MotherMaria Theresa of Spain

LifeEdit

Marie Thérèse was born 2 January 1667 at the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye. Her parents had her baptised in the Palais du Louvre in 1668. Her parents reputedly adored the young girl, and her mother wanted her to become the queen of her native Spain. As a fille de France, Marie Thérèse was entitled by law to the style of Her Royal Highness, but was referred to simply as '"Madame Royale".[citation needed]

She was also known as La Petite Madame to distinguish her from her aunts, the wives of her uncle Monsieur, who were known as the first Madame (Henrietta of England) (died 1670) and the second Madame (Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate) (died 1722). The young Marie Thérèse died on 1 March 1672 at the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye and was buried at the Royal Basilica of Saint Denis, outside Paris, France. The music for the funeral ceremony was composed by Marc-Antoine Charpentier (H.409, H.189, H.331).

AncestryEdit

Patrilineal descentEdit

Patrilineal descent

Patrilineal descent is the principle behind membership in royal houses, as it can be traced back through the generations - which means that if Princess Marie Thérèse were to choose an historically accurate house name it would be Robertian, as all her male-line ancestors have been of that house.

Marie Thérèse is a member of the House of Bourbon, a branch of the Capetian dynasty and of the Robertians.

Marie Thérèse's patriline is the line from which she is descended father to son. It follows the Dukes of Parma as well as the Kings of Spain, France, and Navarre. The line can be traced back more than 1,200 years to the present day and is one of the oldest in Europe.

  1. Robert II of Worms and Rheingau (Robert of Hesbaye), 770 - 807
  2. Robert III of Worms and Rheingau, 808 - 834
  3. Robert IV the Strong, 820 - 866
  4. Robert I of France, 866 - 923
  5. Hugh the Great, 895 - 956
  6. Hugh Capet, 941 - 996
  7. Robert II of France, 972 - 1031
  8. Henry I of France, 1008–1060
  9. Philip I of France, 1053–1108
  10. Louis VI of France, 1081–1137
  11. Louis VII of France, 1120–1180
  12. Philip II of France, 1165–1223
  13. Louis VIII of France, 1187–1226
  14. Louis IX of France, 1215–1270
  15. Robert, Count of Clermont, 1256–1317
  16. Louis I, Duke of Bourbon, 1279–1342
  17. James I, Count of La Marche, 1319–1362
  18. John I, Count of La Marche, 1344–1393
  19. Louis, Count of Vendôme, 1376–1446
  20. Jean VIII, Count of Vendôme, 1428–1478
  21. François, Count of Vendôme, 1470–1495
  22. Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, 1489–1537
  23. Antoine, King of Navarre, Duke of Vendôme, 1518–1562
  24. Henry IV, King of France and of Navarre, 1553–1610
  25. Louis XIII, King of France and Navarre, 1601–1643
  26. Louis XIV, King of France and Navarre, 1638–1715
  27. Marie Thérèse of France, Madame Royale, 1667-1672
 
Cropped image of family portrait[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Anselm de Guibours (1726). Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France [Genealogical and chronological history of the royal house of France] (in French). 1 (3rd ed.). Paris: La compagnie des libraires.
  2. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Anna von Oesterreich (Königin von Frankreich)" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 6. p. 152 – via Wikisource.
  3. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Philip IV., king of Spain" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 21 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  4. ^ a b Leonie Frieda (14 March 2006). Catherine de Medici: Renaissance Queen of France. HarperCollins. p. 386. ISBN 978-0-06-074493-9. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
  5. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Philip III., king of Spain" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 21 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  6. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Margaretha (Königin von Spanien)" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 7. p. 13 – via Wikisource.
  7. ^ Nocret, Jean (1670-01-01), English: Marie Therese of France, Petit Madame. (detail of "Louis XIV and His Family"), retrieved 2017-04-19
Marie Thérèse of France (1667–1672)
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: 2 January 1667 Died: 1 March 1672
French nobility
Preceded by "Madame Royale"
1667-1672
Succeeded by