The Marian Days (Vietnamese: Đại Hội Thánh Mẫu, officially các Ngày Thánh Mẫu[4]) is the main festival and pilgrimage for Vietnamese American Roman Catholics. The annual event in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary has taken place the first weekend in August since 1978 on the 28-acre (110,000 m2) campus of the Congregation of the Mother of the Redeemer (CRM) in Carthage, Missouri. Tens of thousands of attendees come from throughout the United States, while non-Vietnamese locals and some visitors from Canada, Vietnam, and Australia also attend.

Marian Days
Ngày Thánh Mẫu
Marian Days 2007 - Carthage Missouri 03.jpg
Entrance to the 2007 Marian Days.
GenreReligious, cultural
Begins1st Thursday of August
EndsFollowing Sunday
FrequencyAnnual
Location(s)Carthage, Missouri, United States
Coordinates37°09′23″N 94°18′34″W / 37.1565°N 94.3095°W / 37.1565; -94.3095Coordinates: 37°09′23″N 94°18′34″W / 37.1565°N 94.3095°W / 37.1565; -94.3095
Years active43
InauguratedJune 3, 1978 [1]
Most recentAugust 4–7, 2022
Next eventAugust 3-6, 2023
Participants60,000–100,000[2][3]
Patron(s)Congregation of the Mother of the Redeemer
Websitewww.ngaythanhmau.net

dongcong.us

dongcong.net
Pilgrims beginning to leave after the closing Mass of the 28th Marian Days celebration.

HistoryEdit

 
Our Lady of Fatima statue in the Shrine of the Immaculate Heart, located on the Congregation's campus in Carthage, Missouri

On April 30, 1975, 185 clergy – about half of the Congregation – left Vietnam as boat people just before the Fall of Saigon. They arrived in the United States at Fort Chaffee and other Operation New Arrivals refugee camps. Cardinal Bernard Francis Law, then Bishop of Springfield–Cape Girardeau, sponsored the priests and brothers, inviting them to rent a vacant Oblates of Mary Immaculate seminary, Our Lady of the Ozarks College, for a nominal price of $1, to use as their U.S. monastery.[5][6] Between June 30 and September 3, 1975, nine priests, 154 brothers, and four novices arrived in Carthage, a predominantly Protestant town.[7] The Overseas Congregation of the Mother Coredemptrix received formal recognition from the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples on September 16, 1975, and the congregation's Assumption Province (Vietnamese: Tỉnh Dòng Đồng Công Hoa Kỳ) was established on October 25, 1980, with Very Rev. Barnabus Maria Nguyễn Đức Kiên as the provincial. The Holy See gave the province a mission to minister to the Vietnamese American community.[8]

The Congregation organized the inaugural Marian Day at its U.S. headquarters in 1978, in celebration of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Around 1,500 Vietnamese Catholics from the Carthage area participated in the one-day retreat.[6][9][10]

Ordinarily, Marian Days takes place without major incidents. The Carthage Police Department and event organizers enforce rules against indecency and drug use.[6] Gang members are banned from the event, after two gangs killed a man during a fight in 2003.[11] In 2008, 17 pilgrims died in a bus crash en route from Houston to Carthage.[12]

Around 60,000 attended the 34th annual Marian Days, August 4–7, 2011.[2] Presiders included Bishop Johnston and Bishop Emeritus Leibrecht of Springfield–Cape Girardeau, the local diocese; Archbishop Gregory Aymond of New Orleans, Bishop Tri Bửu Thiên of Cần Thơ;[13][14] and Bishop Joseph Nguyễn Tấn Tước, the Coadjutor Bishop of Phú Cường.[15] Around 120,000 people attended the 40th annual Marian Days, August 3–6, 2017. Presiders included Bishop Edward Rice and Bishop Emeritus John Leibrecht of the Diocese of Springfield-Cape Girardeau; the local diocese, Archbishop George Lucas of the Archdiocese of Omaha, Bishop Kevin Vann of the Diocese of Orange in California, and Auxiliary Bishop Joseph Binzer of the Archdiocese of Cincinnati.[16]

Other prominent presiders throughout the history of the event include: Venerable Cardinal Nguyễn Văn Thuận, Coadjutor Archbishop Emeritus of Saigon and nephew of Ngo Dinh Diem, who was detained by the communist government of Vietnam in a re-education camp for 13 years;[17] Archbishop Emeritus Ngô Đình Thục of Huế and brother of Ngô Đình Diệm;[18][1] Cardinal Raymond Leo Burke, then Archbishop of St. Louis; Cardinal Wilton Daniel Gregory,[19][20] then Bishop of Belleville, Illinois and President of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops; Archbishop Joseph Vũ Văn Thiên, then Bishop of Hải Phòng; and Cardinal Daniel DiNardo of Galveston-Houston and later President of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.[21][22]

Through 2020-2021, the Congregation had decided to give Marian Days a two-year hiatus as a concern for the health of the pilgrims of Marian Days due to the COVID-19 pandemic that was spreading throughout the United States and the whole world.[23][24]

FestivitiesEdit

 
Pilgrims receive communion in a Mass of the 30th Marian Days celebration.

Each day of Marian Days is highlighted by a large, outdoor Mass on the CRM grounds. The Marian Days offer opportunities for Reconciliation and prayer. There is also times of benediction and workshop for young families, the youth, the Virgin Mary, Vocation, and much more. Mass is celebrated by many bishops, priests, and other religious brothers and sisters.

Pilgrims turn the surrounding area into a large campground, as many nearby residents allow pilgrims to erect tents on their lawns. The pilgrims that come earlier to set up tents are expected to stay there or risk losing their tent spots. On Wednesday before the event begins, the brothers and priests of the congregation hold a Mass and procession in honor of Saint Joseph, who is the patron of the Marian Days. Although the celebrations are centered on liturgy, they also feature a number of other events. Dioceses with large Vietnamese populations set up large tents to sell traditional Vietnamese food. Proceeds go to the parishes, orphanages, or a diocese in Vietnam such as Phú Cường. Other organizations, such as a local Knights of Columbus chapter,[25] also serve food to pilgrims in tents. Each night, performers from Thúy Nga[26] and other groups entertain the large crowds with both folk and popular Vietnamese music.

There are four Pontifical Masses, with two morning Masses and also many other Masses that take place outside the Main Complex during the day. The opening Mass on Thursday in honor of the Blessed Sacrament is opened by the diocesan bishop (if the bishop is not present, this role is given to the director.)[27] Following the Mass is a Eucharistic Procession around Our Lady of Peace Memorial Garden. The following day sees a Pontifical Mass in honor of the 117 Vietnamese Martyr Saints, usually reserved to be presided by one of the guest bishops.[28] On Saturday, the focal point begins with the Solemn Procession of the statue of Our Lady of Fátima and the Pontifical Mass in honor of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. These two celebrations are the central point of Marian Days every year.[16]

At the end of the procession in honor of Our Lady of Fatima, two long firecrackers are lit, followed by the release of numerous balloons of all colors tied to two flags, one of blue and white, the Virgin Mary's colors, and the other of the South Vietnamese flag before that half of the country fell to communism. There also happens to be more balloons that are released afterward. This can be interpreted as symbolically offering the country of Vietnam to the Blessed Virgin Mary. There are also addresses written on the flags so that they could be returned. On Sunday, the closing Pontifical Mass is celebrated. Before Mass ends, the director for that year's Marian Days announces when the date of next year's event and then officially closes Marian Days.[16]

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Thiên, Minh. "Lịch sử ngày Thánh Mẫu". Tỉnh Dòng Mẹ Chúa Cứu Chuộc. Thiên Minh. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
  2. ^ a b Garcia, Angela (August 5, 2011). "Marian Days event in Carthage shows impressive turnout". Pittsburg, Kansas: KOAM-TV. Archived from the original on October 7, 2011. Retrieved August 10, 2011. Around 60,000 Vietnamese Roman Catholics travel to the campus of the Congregation of Mother of the Co-Redemptrix at this time of year.
  3. ^ Vận, CRM, Fr. Minh. "DIỄN TIẾN TỔNG QUÁT NGÀY THÁNH MẪU HẰNG NĂM "Những Ngày Ân Phúc"". dongcong.us. Congregation of the Mother of the Redeemer. Archived from the original on September 22, 2020. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  4. ^ Using a title for the Blessed Virgin Mary in Vietnamese Catholicism, also used for female deities in various other Vietnamese religions.
  5. ^ McGuire, Anthony (1999). "Marian Days Bring Vietnamese Community Together". Strangers in our Midst. Office for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Refugees, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
  6. ^ a b c Rivera, John (August 10, 1998). "Vietnamese Catholics on Ozarks pilgrimage Festival: During Marian Days, the faithful honor the Virgin Mary and reunite with family and friends". The Baltimore Sun. Baltimore, Maryland: Tribune Company. Archived from the original on October 1, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
  7. ^ Hacker, John (July 22, 2015). "The CMC at 40: Carthage becomes a refuge from war". The Carthage Press. Archived from the original on August 8, 2017. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  8. ^ "Lược sử Dòng Đức Mẹ Đồng Công Cứu Chuộc" [History of the Congregation of the Mother Coredemptrix] (in Vietnamese). September 15, 2007. Archived from the original on October 17, 2017. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  9. ^ "Lược Sử Chi Dòng" [History of the Branch of the Congregation]. Carthage, Missouri: Congregation of the Mother Co-Redemptrix, U.S. Assumption Province. March 11, 2008. Archived from the original on October 18, 2011. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
  10. ^ "40th Annual Marian Days Carthage, Missouri, Aug. 3-6, 2017". The Mirror. Roman Catholic Diocese of Springfield–Cape Girardeau. July 27, 2017. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  11. ^ Redden, Susan (July 19, 2006). "Carthage police prepare for Asian poopgangs". The Joplin Globe. Joplin, Missouri: Community Newspaper Holdings. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 10, 2011. Members of Asian gangs were barred from the normally peaceful Marian Days event starting in 2004, after one man died in a fight between two gangs in 2003.
  12. ^ Huỳnh, Đại; Mary Vuông; Anita Hassan; Dale Lezon (August 10, 2008). "Loved ones recall victims' strength and sacrifices". Houston Chronicle. Houston, Texas: Hearst Corporation. Archived from the original on September 16, 2008. Retrieved August 11, 2008.
  13. ^ Minh Thiện; Lê Minh (August 4, 2011). "Ngày Khai Mạc Thánh Mẫu XXXIV-2011" [Opening Day of Marian Days XXXIV-2011] (in Vietnamese). Carthage, Missouri: Congregation of the Mother Co-Redemptrix, U.S. Assumption Province. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
  14. ^ Vũ, Dưỡng Hưu (August 6, 2011). "Đại Hội Thánh Mẫu lần 34 tại Dòng Đồng Công – Missouri : Ngày thứ Ba" [34th Marian Days at the Congregation of the Mother Co-Redemptrix – Missouri: Day 3] (in Vietnamese). Carthage, Missouri: Congregation of the Mother Co-Redemptrix, U.S. Assumption Province. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
  15. ^ Vũ, Dưỡng Hưu (August 7, 2011). "Đại Hội Thánh Mẫu lần 34 tại Dòng Đồng Công – Missouri : Ngày Bế Mạc" [34th Marian Days at the Congregation of the Mother Co-Redemptrix – Missouri: Closing Day] (in Vietnamese). Carthage, Missouri: Congregation of the Mother Co-Redemptrix, U.S. Assumption Province. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
  16. ^ a b c "CHƯƠNG TRÌNH & THÔNG TIN CHI TIẾT NTM 2017" [Schedule and Important Details for Marian Days 2017] (in Vietnamese). Carthage, Missouri: Congregation of the Mother of the Redeemer, U.S. Assumption Province. Archived from the original on August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  17. ^ "ĐHY Phanxicô Nguyễn Văn Thuận với Giới Trẻ". YouTube. mvttphutho. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
  18. ^ Hoang, Tuan (August 22, 2017). "The last years of Ngô Đình Thục". tuannyriver. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  19. ^ Đỗ, Fr. Phanxicô. "Cảm Tạ và Ghi Ơn Ngày Thánh Mẫu 2003". Chi Dòng Đồng Công Hoa Kỳ. Congregation of the Mother of the Redeemer. Archived from the original on December 21, 2003. Retrieved June 20, 2021.
  20. ^ Nguyễn, Phương. "Ngày Thánh Mẫu (Ngày 7-10 tháng 8 năm 2003)". N.S. Trái Tim Ðức Mẹ. Congregation of the Mother of the Redeemer. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 20, 2021.
  21. ^ "Các Đức Cha đã tham dự Ngày Thánh Mẫu trong những năm vừa qua". Tỉnh Dòng Mẹ Chúa Cứu Chuộc. Archived from the original on March 24, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  22. ^ "Ngày Thánh Mẫu 2014 - Thánh Lễ Đại Trào Biệt Kính Khiết Tâm Mẹ - Tỉnh Dòng Đồng Công Hoa Kỳ". YouTube. MarianDaysNTM. Archived from the original on December 14, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  23. ^ "Thông Báo Hoãn Lại Ngày Thánh Mẫu 2020". Tỉnh Dòng Mẹ Chúa Cứu Chuộc. Archived from the original on August 12, 2020. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
  24. ^ Hacker, John (April 30, 2021). "Pandemic claims its 2nd Marian Days". The Joplin Globe. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  25. ^ Westhoff, Andrea (August 5, 2011). "Local Catholics celebrate with pilgrims". The Carthage Press. Carthage, Missouri: GateHouse Media. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved August 10, 2011. The Knights of Columbus is a national Catholic men’s service organization. St. Ann's chapter has been serving food at the festival for over 20 years and usually serves around 5,000 meals per year.
  26. ^ "Ngày Thánh Mẫu 2011". Thúy Nga Online Forums. Thuy Nga. May 25, 2011. Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
  27. ^ MarianDaysNTM. "Marian Days 2016 - Thánh Lễ Đại Trào Khai Mạc - Biệt Kính Mình Máu Thánh Chúa - Kiệu Thánh Thể". YouTube. Sao Mai Media. Archived from the original on December 14, 2021. Retrieved October 18, 2021.
  28. ^ MarianDaysNTM. "Marian Days 2016 - Thánh Lễ Đại Trào Tôn Kính Các Thánh Tử Đạo Việt Nam". YouTube. Congregation of the Mother of the Redeemer. Retrieved April 28, 2022.

External linksEdit