Marble Bar Railway
|Marble Bar Railway|
|Locale||Pilbara, Western Australia|
|Closed||31 October 1951|
|Line length||184 km (114 mi)|
|Track gauge||3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)|
The line was a Western Australian Government Railways (WAGR) 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge branch line which was isolated from the rest of the WAGR system. Construction was commenced in 1909, undertaken by the firm of Henry Teesdale Smith, and the line was opened in July 1911.
The closest railhead of the main WAGR rail system was over 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) to the south at Meekatharra so most rolling stock and materials were shipped in and out Port Hedland.
Due to heavy losses on the line, the Western Australian government asked 1922 Royal Commission of Inquiry into the Railway Department to make a specific inquiry into the running of the Port Hedland railway. The commissioner found that "the railway cannot be run effectively so long as it is administered by the Railways Department" and recommended, among other things, that the running of the line be handed over to the Commissioner of the North-West. That was not done.
The reputation of the line for its slow running speed lived on long after the railway had closed, with Patsy Adam Smith's 1969 book about early railways noting the use of the ironic name the Spinifex Flyer.
The act for discontinuance of the railway was granted royal assent on 18 December 1950, and the last train to run out of Port Hedland operated on 25 October 1951. The railway closed on 31 October 1951.
Iron ore railways that have subsequently been constructed in the Pilbara region are standard gauge railways.
- "THE PORT HEDLAND-MARBLE BAR RAILWAY: TURNING THE FIRST SOD". Western Mail. Perth: National Library of Australia. 27 March 1909. p. 25. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- Woodland, Edwin W. (1975) The Port Hedland – Marble Bar Railway Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, January, 1975 pp1-6
- Isdell, James; Thomson, James (James Wylie) (1904), Developing our resources : the great nor'-western railway : Port Hedland to Marble Bar and Nullagine : opening up the Pilbara goldfields, A.E. Forsaith, retrieved 25 May 2012
- Anketell, R. J (1895), Report on proposed railway line Marble Bar to Port Hedland, and Cossack to Marble Bar, and plans, Govt. Pr, retrieved 25 May 2012
- Stead, George W. (1922). Royal Commission Appointed to Inquire into the System of State Railways. WA Government Printer. Retrieved 25 May 2012. notably part 5, page 38 – 51 Report of the Royal Commissioner on the Port Hedland-Marble Bar Railway and Copy of Evidence taken. The response by the Commissioner of Railways, H.Pope, comprises section 6 – pages 52–53.
- "ROMANCE OF THE RAILWAY PIONEERS". The Australian Women's Weekly. National Library of Australia. 16 April 1969. p. 14. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- Affleck, Fred N.(1978) On track : the making of Westrail, 1950 to 1976 Perth: Westrail ISBN 0-7244-7560-5
- Joyce, John; Tilley, Allan (1980). Railways in the Pilbara (2nd ed.). Wembley, WA: J & A Publications. pp. 21–32. ISBN 0959969926. OCLC 222691305.
- May, Andrew and Gray, Bill (2006) A History of WAGR Passenger Carriages. Perth: The Author ISBN 0-646-45902-3
- Quinlan, Howard & Newland, John R.(2000) Australian Railway Routes 1854-2000 ISBN 0-909650-49-7
- https://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-11/archival-map-of-spinifex-express-route/7720178?nw=0 for archival map of the railway
- https://web.archive.org/web/20060820021925/http://railways.pilbara.net.au/index2.html for current railways in pilbara