Manuel Cabral de Alpoim

Manuel Cabral de Melo e Alpoim (1589–1676) was a Portuguese nobleman in the service of the Spanish Empire. He was one of the most prominent military and politicians of the Río de la Plata towards the beginning of the 17th century.[1]

General

Manuel Cabral de Melo y Alpoim
Nt-castelo-belmonte3.jpg
Castle of Belmonte, belonging to their ancestors
Lieutenant Governor of Corrientes
In office
1629–1633
Preceded byFrancisco Arias de Mansilla
Succeeded byLuis de Navarrete
Lieutenant Governor of Corrientes
In office
1634–1636
Preceded byLuis de Navarrete
Succeeded byPedro Dávila Enríquez
Mayor of Corrientes
In office
1656–1657
Preceded by?
Succeeded by?
Alcalde de la Hermandad in Buenos Aires Province
In office
1621–1622
Preceded by?
Succeeded by?
Personal details
Born
Manuel Cabral de Melo e Alpoim

1589
Vila do Porto, Azores, Portugal
Died1676
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Spouse(s)Inés Arias de Mansilla
Juana Delgado de Espinosa
Military service
Allegiance Spanish Empire
Branch/serviceSpanish Army
Years of service1620-1676
RankGeneral

He served as alcalde and teniente de gobernador de Corrientes Province (Argentina).[2] He also had an outstanding participation as a landowner, dedicated to cimarron cattle, being one of the most powerful accioneros (hunting) of the Viceroyalty of Peru.[3]

BiographyEdit

He was born in Vila do Porto, São Miguel Island, son of Amador Vaz de Alpoim and Margarida Cabral de Melo, belonging to the Portuguese nobility. He arrived in Buenos Aires from Rio de Janeiro in the company of their parents in 1598.[4] His family had lived for five years in the Portuguese colony of Brazil, in which they had taken refuge after the earthquake in the Azores islands of 1591.[5]

He began his studies in the Jesuit College of Buenos Aires, to continue his education at Lisbon (Portugal).[6] In 1613, he returned to Buenos Aires, and began to work in his father's business. By the year of 1617 his father dies in Buenos Aires, and his mother towards the year of 1630.

After completing his studies, he occupied several military and government posts, including the positions of alcalde, regidor and Maestre de Campo.[7] His first public office was in 1621, when he was appointed as Alcalde de la Hermandad, serving in the suburban and provincial area of Buenos Aires.[8] Later he held the position of Regidor of the Cabildo de Buenos Aires, having an active participation in matters related to the Río de la Plata.[9]

 
The Jesuit martyrs

Towards the middle of 1620 he moved to the city of Corrientes, where he was appointed to the position of Lieutenant Governor of Province in 1629.[10] He led the crackdown against the rebel Indians, who in 1628, had murdered the Spanish Jesuits among them Roque González de Santa Cruz, cowardly attacked by the cacique Ñezú in reduction of San Nicolás, located across the Uruguay River.[11] Commanding an army of 200 soldiers of Guarani origin, departed from the city of Itatí to Rio Grande do Sul, in support of the Jesuits. The rapid intervention of Alpoim, saved the lives of hundreds of people. Also gave approximately 40.000 cattle for creating stays in the area.[12]

The heart of Roque González de Santa Cruz, burned and pierced with an arrow, was found by Alpoim inside a bag of relics.[13] His heart wrapped in the blanket, was escorted by soldiers of Captain Alpoim to the city of Corrientes.[14]

He held the position of Lieutenant of Governor of Corrientes between 1629 and 1633, and 1634 and 1636. And was elected Alcalde of first vote of Corrientes in 1656.[15]

He also devoted himself to agriculture and livestock in Buenos Aires and Corrientes. In 1620 he had obtained permission for the exploitation of "ganado cimarron" (wild cattle and horses), of great abundance in the areas of the Province of Buenos Aires.[16] He had a ranch in Monte Grande, and also ran his mother's ranch in Luján.[17] In 1627 Pedro de Vera y Aragón made sale of his rights of Accionero Mayor del Ganado Vacuno, with jurisdiction in the city of San Juan de Vera de las Siete Corrientes.[18]

Alpoim was a man highly respected by the natives of the area. He granted free licenses for cattle hunting to the Indians of the Reductions, to feed their families.[19]

In 1637 and 1638, he participated in expeditions against the rebel tribes that inhabited in the region of Calchaquí Valleys. The expeditions were led by Governor Pedro Dávila Enriquez and its successor Mendo de la Cueva.[20]

Manuel Cabral de Melo y Alpoim had an active participation as a member of the provincial militias of the Spanish army in Buenos Aires. He used various weapons for combat and defense, including two arquebus, a sword and an iron spear.[21]

Family and AncestorsEdit

Manuel Cabral de Melo was twice married, 1st, to Inés Arias de Mansilla, daughter of Francisco Arias de Mansilla (regidor) and Lucía de Espinosa. And to 2dly, with Juana Delgado de Espinosa, daughter of Captain Francisco Delgado de Ledesma and Jerónima de Espinosa. He had two daughters Margarita and Gregoria, and a son, Juan Cabral de Alpoim y Arias de Mansilla, alcalde, regidor and landowner of Corrientes Province.[22]

He was a distant descendant of the Royal Houses of Portugal, Castile, France and England.[23] His father, was a descendant of Charles de La Cerda, through his fourth grandfather, João Gonçalves de Alpoim.[24] His mother Margarida Cabral de Melo, was directly related to the Portuguese Royal houses by paternal and maternal line. Among his illustrious ancestors include the kings Afonso III of Portugal[25] and John of England, through of Álvaro Martins Homem, a great-great-grandfather of Manuel Cabral de Melo y Alpoim.[26]

His ancestry was certified by a Cartório da Nobreza (certificate of nobility) delivered in Lisbon by the King of Arms of Portugal.[27]

Manuel Cabral de Melo e Alpoim claimed that his direct paternal ancestors were medieval knights of France,[28] probably of Norman origin.[29] His maternal ancestors were relatives to Gonçalo Velho Cabral and Pedro Álvares Cabral, discoverers of Azores and Brazil.[30]

In the city of Corrientes is found the National Historical Museum named, Museo Histórico de Corrientes Tte. Gdor. Manuel Cabral de Melo Alpoín.[31]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Genealogía, Issue 13, Instituto Argentino de Ciencias Genealógicas, 1961
  2. ^ IX Congreso Internacional de Historia de América, ERE, Editora Regional de Extremadura, 2002, ISBN 9788476716793
  3. ^ Historia económica de Corrientes en el período virreinal, 1776-1810, Academia Nacional de la Historia, 1981
  4. ^ Matrimonios, bautismos y defunciones de la Catedral de Buenos Aires, 1601-1644, Academia Americana de Genealogía, Jan 1, 2002, 2002-01-01, ISBN 9789872039301
  5. ^ Hidalguía - Volumen30 - Página 748. Instituto Salazar y Castro. 1982.
  6. ^ Orígenes de la ganadería en Corrientes: siglos XVI y XVII - Página. Raúl de Labougle. 1962.
  7. ^ IX Congreso Internacional de Historia de América, byFernando Serrano Mangas, 2002, ISBN 9788476716793
  8. ^ Actas, Volume 2, Facultad de Filosofia y Letras, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo Centro Universitario, 1992
  9. ^ Genealogía, hombres de mayo, Revista del Instituto Argentino de Ciencias Genealógicas, 1961
  10. ^ Juan de Torres de Vera y Aragón : nueva historia de la fundación de la, By Gustavo Miguel Sorg, 2007, ISBN 9789870524625
  11. ^ Misiones Orientales: La Provincia Perdida. Alejandro Larguía. 2000. ISBN 9789500513050.
  12. ^ La Reducción Jesuítica de Santos Cosme y Damián: su historia, su economía y su arquitectura, 1633-1797. Rafael Carbonell de Masy, Teresa Blumers, Norberto Levinton. 2003.
  13. ^ Revista de la Universidad Nacional de Córdoba Volume 39, Issues 3-4. Dirección General de Publicaciones, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. 1952.
  14. ^ Boletín de la Academia Nacional de la Historia, Volume 61. Academia Nacional de la Historia. 1988.
  15. ^ Los Maciel en la historia del Plata, 1604-1814, Librería y editorial "La Facultad", 1940, 1940
  16. ^ El Interior y su Historia. Junta de Historia de la Provincia de Corrientes. 2001. ISBN 9789871035021.
  17. ^ Boletín de la Academia Nacional de la Historia. Academia Nacional de la Historia (Argentina). 1970.
  18. ^ Orígenes de la ganadería en Corrientes: siglos XVI y XVII, Argentina
  19. ^ Buenos Aires: revista de humanidades, Volume 2, Ministerio de Educación de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, 1962
  20. ^ Lecciones de historiografía de Corrientes, Part 1, Manuel V. Figuerero, 1929
  21. ^ Lecciones de historiografía de Corrientes - Volumen 1, Manuel V. Figuerero, 1929
  22. ^ Nobiliario del antiguo virreynato del Río de la Plata. Carlos Calvo. 1938.
  23. ^ Buenos Aires: revista de humanidades - Volumen2 - Página 63. Ministerio de Educación de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. 1962.
  24. ^ Nobiliário de famílias de Portugal, Manuel José da Costa Felgueiras Gayo
  25. ^ Corrientes: poder y aristocracia. Juan Cruz Jaime. 2002. ISBN 9789874347411.
  26. ^ Primer Congreso Internacional de Historia y Genealogía Gallega. Instituto Argentino Gallego de Ciencias Históricas y Genealógicas. 1999-01-01. ISBN 9789879791509.
  27. ^ Actas de la XI Reunión Americana de Genealogía, Instituto Padre Sarmiento de Estudios Gallegos (Santiado de Compostela), Galicia, 2005, ISBN 9788400083366
  28. ^ Trabajos de investigacion y de tesis.̈, Issue 9, Universidad de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Didáctica, 1946
  29. ^ Nobiliário de familias de Portugal, Manoel Jozé da Costa Felgueiras Gayo
  30. ^ Historia de San Juan de Vera de las Siete Corrientes, 1588-1814, Raúl de Labougle
  31. ^ 7. Congreso de Historia de la Provincia de Corrientes, Moglia Ediciones

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