São Miguel das Missões

São Miguel das Missões is a municipality in Rio Grande do Sul state, southern Brazil. Important 17th century Spanish Jesuit mission ruins are located in the municipality. San Miguel Mission is within Santo Ângelo Microregion, and the Riograndense Northwest Mesoregion. The city covers 1,246 square kilometres (481 sq mi) and had a population of 7,682 resident.[1]

São Miguel das Missões
Gateway to the city of São Miguel das Missões
Gateway to the city of São Miguel das Missões
Coat of arms of São Miguel das Missões
Coat of arms
Location in Rio Grande do Sul state
Location in Rio Grande do Sul state
São Miguel das Missões is located in Brazil
São Miguel das Missões
São Miguel das Missões
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 28°33′00″S 54°33′10″W / 28.55000°S 54.55278°W / -28.55000; -54.55278Coordinates: 28°33′00″S 54°33′10″W / 28.55000°S 54.55278°W / -28.55000; -54.55278
Country Brazil
RegionSouth
StateRio Grande do Sul
MesoregionRiograndense Northwest
MicroregionSanto Ângelo
Government
 • MayorMayor (prefeito) (Hilário Casarin)
Area
 • Total1,246 km2 (481 sq mi)
Elevation
305 m (1,001 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total7,421
 • Density6.0/km2 (15/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-03:00 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-02:00 (BRST)
Websitesaomiguel-rs.com.br
Ruins of São Miguel das Missões
UNESCO World Heritage Site
8a-Patrimônio Histórico de São Miguel das Missões-foto fernando gomes.jpg
Part ofJesuit Missions of the Guaranis
CriteriaCultural: (iv)
Reference275bis-001
Inscription1983 (7th session)
Extensions1984
Coordinates28°32′53″S 54°33′20″W / 28.54806°S 54.55556°W / -28.54806; -54.55556

Mission São Miguel das MissõesEdit

The town grew around the Spanish colonial Jesuit Reduction, Mission San Miguel Arcángel, founded in 1632. After becoming part of Brazil it was renamed Mission São Miguel das Missões.

In 1984 Mission São Miguel das Missões was one of four sites of Jesuit reductions in Argentina and one in Brazil to be declared by UNESCO the Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis World Heritage Sites.[2]

MuseumEdit

The Mission Museum (Museu das Missões) is a history museum located in São Miguel Mission.

The creation of the museum was one of the first initiatives of the Office of Historical and Artistic Heritage, today IPHAN. In 1937 the SPHAN was created and in the same year, the architect Lucio Costa was sent to Rio Grande do Sul to analyze the remains of the ruins of the Seven Peoples of the Missions, and propose measures. One of his proposals was to create a museum to house the statues missionaries dispersed throughout the region. In 1938, the remnants of the town of San Miguel and the museum building were listed as National Heritage, and in 1940, the Museum of the Missions was officially established.

Between 1938 and 1940, the architect Lucas Mayerhofer directed the stabilization works in the mission Church of San Miguel, the construction of the museum building, and was in charge of gathering the works of statuary.

Currently listed in the museum's collection are religious images from the time of installation of the Jesuit missions in the region.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Rio Grande do Sul, São Miguel das Missões" (in Portuguese). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-09.
  2. ^ a b List of World Heritage Sites, UNESCO

External linksEdit