Magas (Russian: Мага́с) is the capital town of the Republic of Ingushetia, Russia. It was founded in 1995 and replaced Nazran as the capital of the republic in 2002. Due to this distinction, Magas is the smallest capital of a federal subject in Russia. In 2018, it had a population of 8,771 inhabitants, up from 5,841 in 2010 and 272 in 2002.

Magas

Магас
View of the city of Magas from the height of Magas Tower
View of the city of Magas from the height of Magas Tower
Flag of Magas
Flag
Coat of arms of Magas
Coat of arms
Location of Magas
Magas is located in Russia
Magas
Magas
Location of Magas
Magas is located in Republic of Ingushetia
Magas
Magas
Magas (Republic of Ingushetia)
Coordinates: 43°10′N 44°48′E / 43.167°N 44.800°E / 43.167; 44.800Coordinates: 43°10′N 44°48′E / 43.167°N 44.800°E / 43.167; 44.800
CountryRussia
Federal subjectIngushetia[1]
Founded1995[2]
Town status since2000[2]
Government
 • BodyTown Council[3]
 • Head[4]Makhmud Inarkiyev[4]
Area
 • Total12.6261 km2 (4.8750 sq mi)
Elevation
200 m (700 ft)
Population
 • Total2,502
 • Estimate 
(2018)[7]
8,771 (+250.6%)
 • Density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
 • Subordinated totown of republic significance of Magas[8]
 • Capital ofRepublic of Ingushetia[1]
 • Capital oftown of republic significance of Magas[8]
 • Urban okrugMagas Urban Okrug[9]
 • Capital ofMagas Urban Okrug[9]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[10])
Postal code(s)[11]
386001
Dialing code(s)+7 8734
OKTMO ID26701000001
Websitewww.adm-magas.ru

HistoryEdit

The Republic of Ingushetia came into existence in 1992, having been split from the Chechen–Ingush ASSR. Nazran, the largest of three towns of the new republic, was made a temporary capital.

In 1995, President Ruslan Aushev founded Magas just a few kilometers south of Nazran, naming it after the medieval city of Maghas.[citation needed] The new town was supposed to serve purely for administrative needs. Magas/Maghas is 28 miles from the frontline for parts of 1942-1943.

It replaced Nazran as capital of the Republic in 2002.

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

Magas is located in the western area of Ingushetia, at the borders with Prigorodny Raion of North Ossetia-Alania. It is surrounded by Nazranovsky Raion, and the nearest settlements are Ekazhevo, the city of Nazran, and Ali-Yurt. The town is also 30 km from the North Ossetian-Alanian capital city, Vladikavkaz.

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Magas is the capital of the republic.[1] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the town of republic significance of Magas—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[8] As a municipal division, the town of republic significance of Magas is incorporated as Magas Urban Okrug.[9]

ClimateEdit

Magas has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb) with warm summers and cold winters.

Climate data for Magas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
1.7
(35.1)
7.1
(44.8)
15.0
(59.0)
21.1
(70.0)
24.8
(76.6)
27.1
(80.8)
26.6
(79.9)
21.6
(70.9)
15.3
(59.5)
7.8
(46.0)
2.5
(36.5)
14.2
(57.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.7
(25.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
2.5
(36.5)
8.9
(48.0)
15.0
(59.0)
18.6
(65.5)
21.0
(69.8)
20.5
(68.9)
15.6
(60.1)
9.9
(49.8)
3.7
(38.7)
−1.2
(29.8)
9.0
(48.2)
Average low °C (°F) −7.6
(18.3)
−6.8
(19.8)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.9
(37.2)
8.9
(48.0)
12.4
(54.3)
15.0
(59.0)
14.4
(57.9)
9.6
(49.3)
4.5
(40.1)
−0.3
(31.5)
−4.9
(23.2)
3.8
(38.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 26
(1.0)
28
(1.1)
42
(1.7)
69
(2.7)
110
(4.3)
134
(5.3)
101
(4.0)
82
(3.2)
61
(2.4)
46
(1.8)
40
(1.6)
31
(1.2)
770
(30.3)
Source: [12]

DemographicsEdit

Magas' population, a hundred of inhabitants at the beginning, increased in early 2010s.[2][13]

Population over time
2001 2002 2003 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
100 275 300 337 338 354 415 2,502 2,581 3,367 4,106 4,756 5,841

GalleryEdit

TransportEdit

Magas Airport serves the town and the near city of Nazran. Nearest railway station is the one of Nazran.

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Constitution of the Republic of Ingushetia, Article 108
  2. ^ a b c (in Russian) Magas on mojgorod.ru
  3. ^ Town Council of Magas
  4. ^ a b Official website of Magas. Biography of Makhmud Khasultanovich Inarkiyev Archived July 21, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Head of Magas (in Russian)
  5. ^ Official website of Magas. History (in Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  7. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  8. ^ a b c Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 26 401», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 26 401, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  9. ^ a b c Law #5-RZ
  10. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  11. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  12. ^ "Climate: Magas". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  13. ^ (in Russian) Population statistics of Ingushetia 2006-2012

SourcesEdit

  • 27 февраля 1994 г. «Конституция Республики Ингушетия», в ред. Закона №1-РЗП от 8 мая 2013 г. «О поправке к Конституции Республики Ингушетия». Опубликован: Сборник Конституций субъектов Федерации "Конституции Республик в составе Российской Федерации", выпуск 1, 1995. (February 27, 1994 Constitution of the Republic of Ingushetia, as amended by the Law #1-RZP of May 8, 2013 On the Amendment to the Constitution of the Republic of Ingushetia. ).
  • Народное Собрание Республики Ингушетия. Закон №5-РЗ от 23 февраля 2009 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Республики Ингушетия и наделении их статусом сельского поселения, муниципального района и городского округа», в ред. Закона №9-РЗ от 4 марта 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Ингушетия "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Республики Ингушетия и наделении их статусом сельского поселения, муниципального района и городского округа"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ингушетия", №26–27, 3 марта 2009 г. (People's Assembly of the Republic of Ingushetia. Law #5-RZ of February 23, 2009 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Republic of Ingushetia and on Granting Them the Status of a Rural Settlement, Municipal District, and Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #9-RZ of March 4, 2014 On Amending the Law of the Republic of Ingushetia "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Republic of Ingushetia and on Granting Them the Status of a Rural Settlement, Municipal District, and Urban Okrug". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External linksEdit