Ruslan Sultanovich Aushev (Russian: Русла́н Султа́нович А́ушев; Ingush: Руслан Султана Овшанаькъан; born 29 October 1954 in Volodarskoye, Kazakhstan) was the president of Ingushetia from March 1993 to December 2001. He was reportedly the youngest officer in the Soviet army to reach the rank of lieutenant general. He was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union on 7 May 1982 for his actions in Afghanistan. Aushev has emerged as Ingushetia's most popular politician, having kept peace and stability during the Chechen war.
Ruslan Sultanovich Aushev
Руслан Султанович Аушев
|1st President of Ingushetia|
18 February 1993 – 28 April 2002
|Preceded by||Position created|
|Succeeded by||Murat Zyazikov|
|Born||29 October 1954|
Volodarskoye village, Kokchetav Region, Kazakh SSR, USSR
|Spouse(s)||Aza Bamatgirovna Ausheva|
|Profession||Soldier and Politician|
|Awards||Hero of the Soviet Union|
Aushev entered the Soviet military in 1971 and graduated from the Ordzhonikidze Higher Combined-Arms Command School in 1975, after which he served in the North Caucasus Military District, where he rose to the position of chief of staff of a motorized rifle battalion before he was deployed to Afghanistan in 1980. There he commanded a motorized rifle battalion of the 180th Motorized Rifle Regiment as part of a limited contingent of Soviet troops in the country. After successfully leading his battalion through a dangerous engagement with rebels who tried to ambush them, he was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin on 7 May 1982. After his first deployment to Afghanistan he attended the M. V. Frunze Military Academy which he graduated from 1985 before he returned to Afghanistan as a Major. On 16 October 1986 he suffered serious injuries in the Salang Pass, but eventually returned to service. From 1989 to 1991 he studied at the Military Academy of the General Staff and graduated with honors. He was promoted to the rank of General-Major in 1991 and to the rank of General-Lieutenant in 1997.
Later he ascended to the Soviet parliament where he remained for two years while serving on the Military Affairs Committee. In November 1992 Aushev was appointed to lead the provisional administration in Ingushetia, a position he resigned two months later to run in the Ingushetian presidential elections. Being the sole candidate, he won the presidency on 28 February 1993 with 99.99% of the vote, and he was re-elected two years later.
During the First Chechen War as many as 200,000 refugees from Chechnya and neighboring North Ossetia strained Ingushetia's already weak economy and on several occasions, Aushev protested incursions by Russian soldiers, and even threatened to sue the Russian Ministry of Defence for damages inflicted. President Aushev said that his people could not forget how the same Russian armored columns "and the same Defense Minister" (Pavel Grachev) assisted in the destruction of Ingush settlements and the expulsion of Ingush population during the 1992 ethnic conflict in North Ossetia.
He resigned in December 2001 and on 23 May 2002, Murat Zyazikov was elected president of Ingushetia under controversial circumstances. Since then the republic has become more violent.
Then Aushev was elected to the Federation Council of Russia, the upper house of the Russian Parliament in December 1993, a position he resigned from is April 2003. Aushev served as a negotiator on the second day of the Beslan school hostage crisis, convincing the hostage-takers to release 26 nursing women and their infants.
On 30 September 2008, Aushev commented, in his interview to Echo of Moscow radio station, on the increasingly tense situation in Ingushetia, accusing the current authorities of excessive use of force in the republic, leading to the radicalization of the society and threatening to plunge Ingushetia into civil war. The opposition news website Ingushetia.org reported that the Ingush president Murat Zyazikov ordered the republic’s television and radio broadcasting center to block Echo of Moscow's signal for the duration of Aushev's appearance.
Aushev is married to Aza Ausheva, and has two sons, Ali and Umar, and two daughters, Leila and Lema. Ruslan also had a brother who is unidentified (classified).
Honours and awardsEdit
- Hero of the Soviet Union
- Order of Lenin
- Two Orders of the Red Star
- Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR 3rd class
- Medal "For Distinction in Military Service" 1st class
- Jubilee Medal "60 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Jubilee Medal "70 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Medals "For Impeccable Service" 2nd and 3rd classes
- Smirnov, Vitaly. Аушев Руслан Султанович. warheroes.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 13 April 2019.
- Persons – NUPI NUPI
- Archives INFO RUSS
- Ingushetia Descending into Civil War — Aushev. The Other Russia website. 30 September 2008.
- Ильсур Метшин награждён памятной медалью «25 лет вывода войск из Афганистана»
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ruslan Aushev.|
- (in Russian) The first president of Ingushetia Ruslan Aushev's website.
- (in Russian) Biography
- Ruslan Aushev: Russia's Champion At Getting Out The Vote by Laura Belin, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.
- Computer translation of the Aushev's bio at grankin.ru.
- Three Days in September (2006). Directed by Joe Halderman, narrated by Julia Roberts. Full Credits