Madawaska River (Ontario)
The Madawaska River is a river in the Saint Lawrence River drainage basin in Ontario, Canada. The river is 230 km (143 mi) long and drains an area of 8,470 km2 (3,270 sq mi). Its name comes from an Algonquian band of the region known as "Matouweskarini", meaning "people of the shallows".
Upper Madawaska River at Whitney
|Etymology||From name of Algonquian band "Matouweskarini" meaning "people of the shallows"|
|• location||Canisbay Township, Unorganized South Part, Nipissing District|
|• elevation||450 m (1,480 ft)|
|Arnprior, Renfrew County|
|70 m (230 ft)|
|Length||230 km (140 mi)|
|Basin size||8,470 km2 (3,270 sq mi)|
|• average||85 m3/s (3,000 cu ft/s)|
|River system||Saint Lawrence River drainage basin|
|• left||Opeongo River|
|• right||York River|
The Madawaska River rises at Source Lake in geographic Canisbay Township in the Unorganized South Part of Nipissing District, in the highlands of southern Algonquin Park. It flows east, dropping 380 m (1,247 ft) before emptying into the Ottawa River at Arnprior.
Lakes and reservoirsEdit
The lower portion of the Madawaska River supports several large lakes, including:
In the late 19th century, the river was used to transport lumber from the forested areas surrounding the river. Beginning in the 1960s, the river was used to generate hydroelectric power. Undammed sections of the river are also used for canoeing, kayaking and recreational fishing.
Two sections of the river are designated and protected as provincial waterway parks:
- Upper Madawaska River Provincial Park, between Whitney and Madawaska; 10.85 km2 (4.19 sq mi).
- Lower Madawaska River Provincial Park, between Latchford Bridge and Griffith; 12 km2 (5 sq mi).
- "Madawaska River". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
- "Madawaska River". Atlas of Canada. Natural Resources Canada. 2010-02-04. Retrieved 2012-03-12. Shows the course of the river highlighted on a map.
- "Rivers Flowing into the Atlantic Ocean". Atlas of Canada. Natural Resources Canada. Archived from the original on 2007-02-02. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
- Silcox, David P. (2011). The Group of Seven and Tom Thomson. Richmond Hill: Firefly Books. pp. 211, 256. ISBN 978-1554078851.
- "Upper Madawaska River". Ontario Parks. 2002-11-12. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
- "Lower Madawaska River". Ontario Parks. 2004-01-05. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
- McMurtrie, Jeffrey (2008). "Algonquin Provincial Park and the Haliburton Highlands". Wikimedia Commons. Archived from the original on 2011-06-29. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
- Map 9 (PDF) (Map). 1 : 700,000. Official road map of Ontario. Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. 2010-01-01. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
- Map 10 (PDF) (Map). 1 : 700,000. Official road map of Ontario. Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. 2010-01-01. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
- Restructured municipalities - Ontario map #5 (Map). Restructuring Maps of Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. 2006. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
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