The maîtresse-en-titre (French: [mɛtʁɛs ɑ̃ titʁ]) was the chief mistress of the king of France.[1] It was a semi-official position which came with its own apartments.[2] The title came into use during the reign of Henry IV and continued until the reign of Louis XV.

From the reign of Louis XIV, the term has been applied, both in translation ("official mistress") and in the original French, to refer to the main mistress of any monarch or prominent man when his relationship with her is not clandestine, e.g. Vibeke Kruse, Nell Gwynn, Jeanne Baptiste d'Albert de Luynes, Lola Montez, Magda Lupescu.

Notable French royal mistressesEdit

Charles V of France

Charles VI of France

Charles VII of France

Louis XI of France

Francis I of France

Henry II of France

Charles IX of France

Henry III of France

Henry IV of France

Louis XIV of France

Louis XV of France

Louis XVIII of France

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Lewis, Brenda Ralph (2016-07-15). The Untold History of the Kings and Queens of Europe. ISBN 9781502619099.
  2. ^ Hunter-Stiebel, Penelope; Leyzour, Philippe Le; Baumont, Olivier (2008). "La volupté du goût: La peinture française au temps de madame de Pompadour".

External linksEdit