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The Russian route M2 (also known as the Crimea Highway, (автодорога "Крым")) is a major trunk road that connects Moscow to the Crimea. It is part of the European route E105. The length is 720 kilometres.

Federal Highway M2 shield}}

Federal Highway M2
Федеральная автомобильная дорога M2
Crimea Highway
Route information
Part of E105
Length720 km (450 mi)
Major junctions
West endUkrainian border
East endMoscow
Highway system
Russian Federal Highways

Inaugurated in 1950, the highway starts at the junction of the Moscow Ring Road and Varshavskoye Shosse and travels south-west, immediately bypassing the cities of Tula, Oryol, Kursk and Belgorod before terminating at the border with Ukraine.

West of the border at Hoptivka, the road continues through Kharkov and Zaporizhia to Simferopol and Yalta as the Ukrainian M20 and M18. Prior to the 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russian Federation, it was used by Russian summer vacationers who travel to the Black Sea resorts of Crimea; that journey may now be made by the M4 and A290 instead.


At the heart of the route of the road lies the ancient Crimean tract. The highway Moscow - Kharkov section was built in 1840-60. The road was completely renovated in 1946-50, Getting asphalt cover. The route Moscow - Kharkiv - Simferopol in the Soviet period had the number 4.

By the time of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, it was decided to build a high-speed road understudy. Olympic Torch Relay took place partly on the new road, despite the fact that only a part of the route in the Moscow region and the junction with the Ring Road was completed in 1980. This was the first interchange in the Soviet Union, the traffic movement on which was carried out in three levels.

See alsoEdit