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Coordinates: 53°07′N 20°22′E / 53.117°N 20.367°E / 53.117; 20.367

Mława
Mława ratusz
Mława ratusz
Flag of Mława
Flag
Coat of arms of Mława
Coat of arms
Mława is located in Poland
Mława
Mława
Coordinates: 53°7′N 20°22′E / 53.117°N 20.367°E / 53.117; 20.367
Country Poland
VoivodeshipMasovian
CountyMława County
GminaMława (urban gmina)
Established15th century
Town rights1429
Government
 • MayorSławomir Kowalewski
Area
 • Total35.5 km2 (13.7 sq mi)
Highest elevation
180 m (590 ft)
Lowest elevation
135 m (443 ft)
Population
 (2012)
 • Total30,957
 • Density870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
06-500 to 06-501
Area code(s)+48 023
Car platesWML
ClimateDfb
Websitehttp://www.mlawa.um.gov.pl

Mława ([ˈmwava]; Yiddish: מלאוועMlave) is a town in north-central Poland with 30,957 inhabitants in 2012. It is the capital of the Mława County.[1] The town is situated in the Masovian Voivodeship (since 1999), previously it was part of the Ciechanów Voivodeship (since 1975).

During the invasion of Poland in 1939, the battle of Mława was fought to the north of the city.

HistoryEdit

 
Mława in the early 20th century

The first mention of Mława comes from July 2, 1426, when three princes of Mazovia - Siemowit V, Trojden II and Władysław I came here to a session of a local court. It is not known if Mława had already been an urban center, as there are no sources which would prove it. Three years later, Mława was incorporated as a town[2] It was a royal town, located in the Płock Voivodeship.[3] In 1521 during the Polish-Teutonic War, the town was captured and looted by the Teutonic Knights. In 1659 the town was burned by the Swedish troops, and in 1795, following the Partitions of Poland, Mława became part of the Kingdom of Prussia.

In 1807 it was included in the short-lived Polish Duchy of Warsaw. After Napoleonic Wars, in the 1815 Congress of Vienna Mława (along with the entire province) was incorporated into the Russian Partition of Poland, as part of the initially autonomous Congress Poland, where it remained until World War I. Since the town was located along the pre-1914 imperial Russian-German border, Mława was a place of heavy fighting between the two opposing armies. During the interbellum, the town was assigned to the Warsaw Voivodeship (1919–39). The government of the Second Polish Republic constructed several fortifications there due to proximity of the German border.[4][5]

World War IIEdit

 
Historic townhouses destroyed during the invasion of Poland in 1939 and dismantled by the Germans in 1940

In the opening stages of World War II, the advancing German army faced strong resistance from the Polish Army in the battle of Mława otherwise known as the Defence of the Mława between September 1 and September 3, 1939. Shortly after the beginning of the occupation of Poland, Mława was annexed to Nazi Germany on 26 October 1939 and administered as part of Regierungsbezirk Zichenau. The town (known as Mielau in German) gave its name to the Truppenübungsplatz "Mielau" military training range built by prisoners of the Soldau concentration camp nearby and nicknamed the New Berlin. The facility was used by the Nazis for repairing and refitting army tanks in Operation Barbarossa, and for testing anti-tank weapons and artillery on an area of 300 square kilometres (120 sq mi). Some fifteen villages around Krzywonoś were completely dismantled to make room for it and 25,000 people were expelled in the area.[6] Similar Nazi German military ranges in occupied Poland included the SS-Truppenübungsplatz Heidelager located in Pustków and the SS-Truppenübungsplatz Westpreußen located in Dziemiany.

Prior to the arrival of the Soviets in 1945, Mława was the location of the German massacre of 364 prisoners of the forced labour camp adjacent to the Truppenübungsplatz "Mielau".[7]

SightsEdit

Historic sights of Mława (examples)
From top, left to right: Holy Trinity Church, Józef Piłsudski Park, old bank building, typical Art Nouveau townhouse

Among the historic sights of Mława are the Baroque town hall, Gothic-Baroque Revival Holy Trinity Church, the Józef Piłsudski Park, Baroque Saint Lawrence Church and many Art Nouveau townhouses

IndustryEdit

There is a large LG factory manufacturing TV sets and monitors located in the city. Mława was the first site of deployment for CONVAERO Polska's Bio-Dry™ technology project, where an annual throughput of 96,000 tonnes of MSW shredded is processed to achieve a 25% reduction in moisture and results in an easily separated and recycled end material [8]

SportEdit

Mława is home to Mławianka Mława, a men's football team, which played on the second tier in the 2004-2005 season.

International relationsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Wolfram|Alpha: City Data for Mlawa, Poland: demographics, maps". Wolframalpha.com. Retrieved 2012-05-30.
  2. ^ "Local history - Information about the town - Mława - Virtual Shtetl". Sztetl.org.pl. 1939-09-04. Retrieved 2012-05-30.
  3. ^ Adolf Pawiński, Mazowsze, Warszawa 1895, p. 37 (in Polish)
  4. ^ Richard M. Watt, Bitter Glory: Poland and Its Fate, 1918–1939 Hippocrene Books, 1998. ISBN 0781806739.
  5. ^ Witold Kaczynski, Pozycja Mława. Zarys historyczny.
  6. ^ Praca Zbiorowa (5 June 2012). "Nosarzewo Borowe : Truppenübungsplatz "Mielau"". Polska Niezwykła Mazowieckie (przewodnik) (in Polish). Wydawnictwo Demart publishing. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  7. ^ Janusz Dębski, Uroczystości na 68 rocznicę mordu na Kalkówce Mazowieckie Media, Kurier Mławski.pl 2013-01-17.
  8. ^ "Mlawa, Poland | The Power of Waste". Convaero. Retrieved 2012-05-30.

External linksEdit