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Lumaco is a town and commune in Malleco Province in the Araucanía Region of Chile. Its name in Mapudungun means "water of luma". Lumaco is located to 120 km (75 mi) northeast of Temuco and 52 km (32 mi) from Angol. It shares a boundary to the north with the communes of Purén and Los Sauces, to the east with Traiguén and Galvarino, to the south with Cholchol and Carahue in Cautin Province, and the west with Tirúa and Contulmo in the Arauco Province of the Biobío Region.

Map of Lumaco commune in the Araucanía Region
Map of Lumaco commune in the Araucanía Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Coordinates (town): 38°09′S 72°55′W / 38.150°S 72.917°W / -38.150; -72.917Coordinates: 38°09′S 72°55′W / 38.150°S 72.917°W / -38.150; -72.917
 • TypeMunicipality
 • AlcaldeManuel Painiqueo Tragnolao (PS)
 • Total1,119.0 km2 (432.0 sq mi)
118 m (387 ft)
 (2012 Census)[2]
 • Total9,440
 • Density8.4/km2 (22/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
 • Men6,074
 • Women5,331
Time zoneUTC-4 (CLT[3])
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (CLST[4])
Area code(s)country 56 + city 45

The area of Lumaco and Purén is rich in Mapuche and early Spanish archaeological sites.[5]


The epicenter of the 1960 Valdivia earthquake was near Lumaco.


According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Lumaco spans an area of 1,119 km2 (432 sq mi) and has 11,405 inhabitants (6,074 men and 5,331 women). Of these, 4,132 (36.2%) lived in urban areas and 7,273 (63.8%) in rural areas. The population fell by 7% (853 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[2]


As a commune, Lumaco is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Manuel Painiqueo Tragnolao (PS).[1]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Lumaco is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Gonzalo Arenas (UDI) and Mario Venegas (PDC) as part of the 48th electoral district, (together with Angol, Renaico, Collipulli, Ercilla, Los Sauces, Purén and Traiguén). The commune is represented in the Senate by Alberto Espina Otero (RN) and Jaime Quintana Leal (PPD) as part of the 14th senatorial constituency (Araucanía-North).


  1. ^ a b "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 April 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 December 2010.
  3. ^ "Chile Time". Archived from the original on 2007-09-11. Retrieved 2007-05-05.
  4. ^ "Chile Summer Time". Archived from the original on 2007-09-11. Retrieved 2007-05-05.
  5. ^ Dillehay, Tom D.; Paige Silcox, J.; Ocampo E., Carlos (2014). "Site Distribution and Settlement Patterns". In Dillehay, Tom (ed.). The Teleoscopic Polity. Springer. pp. 255–274. ISBN 978-3-319-03128-6.