Lucan Biddulph is an incorporated township in southwestern Ontario, Canada. It was formed on January 1, 1999, by amalgamating the Village of Lucan with Biddulph Township. The township had a population of 4,700 people in the Canada 2016 Census, up 8.3% from 4,388 people in 2011, and covers an area of 169.14 km2 of land within Middlesex County.
|Township of Lucan Biddulph|
|Formed||January 1, 1999|
|• Mayor||Cathy Burghardt-Jesson|
|• Federal riding||Lambton—Kent—Middlesex|
|• Prov. riding||Lambton—Kent—Middlesex|
|• Land||169.14 km2 (65.31 sq mi)|
|• Density||27.8/km2 (72/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||519 and 226|
Communities in the township include Lucan, Granton, Mooresville, Clandeboye, Elginfield, Whalen Corners, and Prospect Hill. The township administrative offices are located in Lucan.
Comprising 40,000 acres (160 km2) of Middlesex County, the Township of Biddulph was surveyed by agents of the Canada Company in 1830. The township took its name from John Biddulph, one of the earliest directors of the Canada Company.
Until its incorporation in 1872, the village of Lucan had been known as Marystown, named in tribute to the wife of John McDonald, who was the original land surveyor of the area. When a duplicate Marystown was found to have already registered with the Post Office, the name Lucan was put forth and accepted by the postal authorities. Lucan was named in tribute to Lord Lucan, a prominent landowner in Ireland.
Despite being more than 500 km (310 mi) to the North, in 1829 the area became a refuge for a group of free African Americans from Cincinnati, Ohio, who had been threatened by riots and job discrimination by white people in their city. A group of roughly 200 Black Americans were granted refuge and land by the Canada Company and duly set up a colony named Wilberforce. This was one of the earliest, if not the earliest, settlements connected with the American Colonization Society (which was established in 1816 to settle free African Americans in an African colony) in Upper Canada and/or West Africa) and was established before emancipation. The flight of Black refugees, escaped slaves from the South, northward into Canada beginning around this time was as part of the Underground Railroad.
Most of the Black Cincinnatians came from city life and did not adapt well to the harsh farming environment. They cleared large lots of land by logging and worked hard to sustain the colony, but much of the population declined through the 1840s as many of the original colonists moved on to larger, growing urban centres such as Detroit, Cleveland or Toronto to obtain wage-based employment. A small number remained to work the land through subsequent generations.
The area was further logged and settled by white people in the 1840s and later, many from Ireland, some of whom purchased farmsteads from the departing Black settlers or new lots sold to them cheaply by the Canada Company. Nowadays fewer than 40 descendants of the ancestral Black inhabitants remain.
An important railway route belonging to the Grand Trunk Railway opened in 1856, passing through the village. The village and surrounding township prospered as a result of quicker access to larger marketplaces, such as Toronto farther to the east, and new immigrants settling the area.
Biddulph Township is known as the site of the brutal massacre on February 4, 1880 of five of the Black Donnellys, an immigrant Irish family caught up in a long-standing local feud. These events have been written about many times and is etched into the criminal history of rural Ontario; it is well known in Canada and nearby areas of the United States.
A record snowfall (aka "Snowmageddon") occurred between Dec. 4-8, 2010, affecting Huron and Middlesex counties. A total of 177 cm (68") of snow fell during a 102-hour period (it snowed on 98 of those hours).
The festival celebrates bacon, motorcycles, and live music. Started in 2014 by a local business and the Township, the event has increased in attendance to over 30,000 people. It is held every second Saturday in July.
|Canada census – Lucan Biddulph community profile|
|Population:||4,700 (+8.3% from 2011)||4,338 (+3.6% from 2006)||4,187 (-0.3% from 2001)|
|Land area:||169.14 km2 (65.31 sq mi)||169.15 km2 (65.31 sq mi)||169.15 km2 (65.31 sq mi)|
|Population density:||27.8/km2 (72/sq mi)||25.6/km2 (66/sq mi)||24.8/km2 (64/sq mi)|
|Median age:||39.6 (M: 39.2, F: 40.0)||38.9 (M: 38.6, F: 39.2)||37.3 (M: 37.0, F: 37.6)|
|Total private dwellings:||1,837||1,653||1,556|
|Median household income:||$84,829||$62,152|
|References: 2016 2011 2006 earlier|
Populations prior to amalgamation (1999):
- Population total in 1996: 4,166
- Biddulph (township): 2,208
- Lucan (village): 1,958
- Population in 1991:
- Biddulph (township): 2,196
- Lucan (village): 1,847
Lucan is home to the Lucan Irish, a junior hockey team that plays in the Provincial Junior Hockey League. Lucan was the home of the Lucan-Ilderton Jets Senior AA hockey club, a member of the Western Ontario Athletic Association Senior Hockey League until they moved to Komoka Ontario and became the Komoka Classics in 2011.
Alexander Noble Garrett, born on the homestead, lot 11, South Boundary, Biddulph, August 13, 1862, was an outstanding athlete who excelled at a number of different sports. In particular, he was the goalkeeper on the Canadian soccer teams that toured Britain in 1888 and 1891. Later he was the sports editor of the Toronto World newspaper for many years. His son Dudley Mark Garrett played football for the Toronto Argonauts, and grandson, Dudley Morine Garrett, played hockey for the Toronto Maple Leafs and New York Rangers. A.N. Garrett, died in Toronto January 17, 1941.
In 2018, the community was the winner of the Kraft Hockeyville competition, and hosted the first pre-season game of the year for the Toronto Maple Leafs versus the Ottawa Senators on Tuesday September 18, which also marked the on-ice debut of forward John Tavares as a member of the Maple Leafs.
- "Census Profile". 2016 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
- Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census - Census subdivision of Lucan Biddulph, TP (Ontario)". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2018-05-30.
- Raycraft Lewis, J: "The Birth of Biddulph", Sure an' this is Biddulph(1964)
- Raycraft Lewis, Jennie Lewis (1966). Sure an' this is Biddulph. p. 163. OCLC 37399.
- "2006 Community Profiles - Census Subdivision". 2006. Retrieved 14 December 2009.
- Horkay, Alex (December 9, 2010). "Lucan takes record snowfall in stride". The Star. Toronto.
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
- "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-08-08.
- "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
- "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-15.
- "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
- "2018 Club Members". Elgin Middlesex Soccer Association. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
- "Kadri knows Kraft Hockeyville Lucan all too well". SportsNet.