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List of township municipalities in Ontario

Distribution of Ontario's township municipalities by lower-tier and single-tier municipality status
Ontario has 200 township municipalities of which 115 are lower-tier municipalities and 85 are single-tier municipalities

A township is a type of municipality in the Canadian province of Ontario. They can have either single-tier status or lower-tier status.

Ontario has 200 townships[1] that had a cumulative population of 990,396 and an average population of 4,952 in the 2011 Census.[2] Ontario's largest and smallest townships are Centre Wellington and Cockburn Island with populations of 26,693 and 0[N 1] respectively.[2]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Under the former Municipal Act, 1990, a township was a type of local municipality.[4] Under this former legislation, a locality with a population of 1,000 or more could have been incorporated as a township by Ontario's Municipal Board upon review of an application from 75 or more residents of the locality.[4] It also provided that a township could include "a union of townships and a municipality composed of two or more townships".[4]

In the transition to the Municipal Act, 2001, these requirements were abandoned and, as at December 31, 2002, every township that:[5]

  • "existed and formed part of a county, a regional or district municipality or the County of Oxford for municipal purposes" became a lower-tier municipality yet retained its name as a township; and
  • "existed and did not form part of a county, a regional or district municipality or the County of Oxford for municipal purposes" became a single-tier municipality yet retained its name as a township.

The current legislation also provides lower and single-tier municipalities with the authority to name themselves as "townships", or other former municipal status types such as "cities", "towns" or "villages", or generically as "municipalities".[6]

Township municipalities in OntarioEdit

Township[1][2] Municipal
status[1]
Geographic area[1] Population
(2011)[2]
Population
(2006)[2]
Change
(%)[2]
Area
(km²)[2]
Population
density[2]
Addington Highlands Lower-tier Lennox and Addington 2,532 2,512 0.8 1,329.93 1.9
Adelaide-Metcalfe Lower-tier Middlesex 3,028 3,135 −3.4 331.38 9.1
Adjala-Tosorontio Lower-tier Simcoe 10,603 10,695 −0.9 372.39 28.5
Admaston/Bromley Lower-tier Renfrew 2,844 2,716 4.7 524.6 5.4
Alberton Single-tier Rainy River 864 958 −9.8 115.43 7.5
Alfred and Plantagenet Lower-tier Prescott and Russell 9,196 8,654 6.3 392.45 23.4
Algonquin Highlands Lower-tier Haliburton 2,156 1,976 9.1 1,004.76 2.1
Alnwick/Haldimand Lower-tier Northumberland 6,617 6,435 2.8 398.57 16.6
Amaranth Lower-tier Dufferin 3,963 3,845 3.1 264.5 15
ArchipelagoThe Archipelago Single-tier Parry Sound 566 576 −1.7 606.56 0.9
Armour Single-tier Parry Sound 1,372 1,249 9.8 164.44 8.3
Armstrong Single-tier Timiskaming 1,216 1,155 5.3 90.33 13.5
Ashfield-Colborne-Wawanosh Lower-tier Huron 5,582 5,409 3.2 587.08 9.5
Asphodel-Norwood Lower-tier Peterborough 4,041 4,247 −4.9 160.98 25.1
Assiginack Single-tier Manitoulin 960 914 5 227.87 4.2
Athens Lower-tier Leeds and Grenville 3,118 3,086 1 127.77 24.4
Augusta Lower-tier Leeds and Grenville 7,430 7,510 −1.1 314.73 23.6
Baldwin Single-tier Sudbury 551 554 −0.5 83.29 6.6
Beckwith Lower-tier Lanark 6,986 6,387 9.4 240.51 29
Billings Single-tier Manitoulin 506 539 −6.1 209.3 2.4
Black River-Matheson Single-tier Cochrane 2,410 2,619 −8 1,163.41 2.1
Blandford-Blenheim Lower-tier Oxford 7,359 7,149 2.9 382.28 19.3
Bonfield Single-tier Nipissing 2,016 1,981 1.8 208.43 9.7
Bonnechere Valley Lower-tier Renfrew 3,763 3,665 2.7 593.19 6.3
Brethour Single-tier Timiskaming 129 117 10.3 82.05 1.6
Brock Lower-tier Durham 11,341 11,979 −5.3 423.38 26.8
Brudenell, Lyndoch and Raglan Lower-tier Renfrew 1,658 1,497 10.8 705.83 2.3
Burpee and Mills Single-tier Manitoulin 308 329 −6.4 218.48 1.4
Carling Single-tier Parry Sound 1,248 1,123 11.1 248.56 5
Carlow/Mayo Lower-tier Hastings 892 950 −6.1 390.94 2.3
Casey Single-tier Timiskaming 374 385 −2.9 80.75 4.6
Cavan-Monaghan Lower-tier Peterborough 8,601 8,828 −2.6 306.22 28.1
Central Frontenac Lower-tier Frontenac 4,556 4,665 −2.3 1,025.17 4.4
Centre Wellington Lower-tier Wellington 26,693 26,049 2.5 407.53 65.5
Chamberlain Single-tier Timiskaming 297 322 −7.8 110.22 2.7
Champlain Lower-tier Prescott and Russell 8,573 8,683 −1.3 207.24 41.4
Chapleau Single-tier Sudbury 2,116 2,354 −10.1 14.27 148.3
Chapple Single-tier Rainy River 741 856 −13.4 529.02 1.4
Chatsworth Lower-tier Grey 6,437 6,392 0.7 596.18 10.8
Chisholm Single-tier Nipissing 1,263 1,318 −4.2 206.79 6.1
Clearview Lower-tier Simcoe 13,734 14,088 −2.5 557.44 24.6
Cockburn Island Single-tier Manitoulin 0[N 1] 10 −100 171.04 0
Coleman Single-tier Timiskaming 597 540 10.6 178.82 3.3
Conmee Single-tier Thunder Bay 764 740 3.2 168.81 4.5
Cramahe Lower-tier Northumberland 6,073 5,950 2.1 201.98 30.1
Dawn-Euphemia Lower-tier Lambton 2,049 2,190 −6.4 445.13 4.6
Dawson Single-tier Rainy River 563 620 −9.2 338.35 1.7
Dorion Single-tier Thunder Bay 338 379 −10.8 212.12 1.6
Douro-Dummer Lower-tier Peterborough 6,805 6,954 −2.1 458.98 14.8
Drummond/North Elmsley Lower-tier Lanark 7,487 7,118 5.2 366.03 20.5
Dubreuilville Single-tier Algoma 635 773 −17.9 89.57 7.1
Dysart, Dudley, Harcourt, Guilford, Harburn,
Bruton, Havelock, Eyre and Clyde
Lower-tier Haliburton 5,966 5,526 8 1,483.51 4
Ear Falls Single-tier Kenora 1,026 1,153 −11 331.03 3.1
East Ferris Single-tier Nipissing 4,766[7] 4,228 12.7 155.03 30.7
East Garafraxa Lower-tier Dufferin 2,595 2,389 8.6 166.04 15.6
East Hawkesbury Lower-tier Prescott and Russell 3,335 3,368 −1 235.18 14.2
East Zorra-Tavistock Lower-tier Oxford 6,836 7,008 −2.5 242.3 28.2
Edwardsburgh/Cardinal Lower-tier Leeds and Grenville 6,959 6,689 4 312.34 22.3
Elizabethtown-Kitley Lower-tier Leeds and Grenville 9,724 10,201 −4.7 557.8 17.4
Emo Single-tier Rainy River 1,252 1,305 −4.1 203.54 6.2
Enniskillen Lower-tier Lambton 2,930 3,122 −6.1 338.18 8.7
Essa Lower-tier Simcoe 18,505 16,901 9.5 280.07 66.1
Evanturel Single-tier Timiskaming 452 473 −4.4 88.99 5.1
Faraday Lower-tier Hastings 1,468 1,578 −7 217.97 6.7
Fauquier-Strickland Single-tier Cochrane 530 568 −6.7 1,013.9 0.5
Front of Yonge Lower-tier Leeds and Grenville 2,752[7] 2,803 −4.4 128.47 20.9
Frontenac Islands Lower-tier Frontenac 1,864 1,862 0.1 175.04 10.6
Gauthier Single-tier Timiskaming 123 133 −7.5 88.59 1.4
Georgian Bay Lower-tier Muskoka 2,482[7] 2,340 6.1 546.97 4.5
Georgian Bluffs Lower-tier Grey 10,404 10,506 −1 604.36 17.2
Gillies Single-tier Thunder Bay 473 544 −13.1 93.02 5.1
Greater Madawaska Lower-tier Renfrew 2,485 2,751 −9.7 1,034.33 2.4
Guelph/Eramosa Lower-tier Wellington 12,380 12,066 2.6 291.71 42.4
Hamilton Lower-tier Northumberland 10,702 10,972 −2.5 256.12 41.8
Harley Single-tier Timiskaming 539 551 −2.2 91.73 5.9
Harris Single-tier Timiskaming 523 512 2.1 50.17 10.4
Havelock-Belmont-Methuen Lower-tier Peterborough 4,523 4,637 −2.5 543.59 8.3
Head, Clara and Maria Lower-tier Renfrew 235 228 3.1 728.15 0.3
Hilliard Single-tier Timiskaming 204 222 −8.1 91.18 2.2
Hilton Single-tier Algoma 261 243 7.4 115.78 2.3
Hornepayne Single-tier Algoma 1,050 1,209 −13.2 204.52 5.1
Horton Lower-tier Renfrew 2,719 2,803 −3 158.53 17.2
Howick Lower-tier Huron 3,856 3,882 −0.7 287.18 13.4
Hudson Single-tier Timiskaming 476 455 4.6 90.64 5.3
Huron-Kinloss Lower-tier Bruce 6,790 6,515 4.2 440.63 15.4
Ignace Single-tier Kenora 1,202 1,431 −16 72.66 16.5
James Single-tier Timiskaming 424 414 2.4 86.19 4.9
Jocelyn Single-tier Algoma 237 277 −14.4 131.37 1.8
Johnson Single-tier Algoma 750 701 7 120.38 6.2
Joly Single-tier Parry Sound 284 280 1.4 194.33 1.5
Kerns Single-tier Timiskaming 359 325 10.5 90.44 4
Killaloe, Hagarty and Richards Lower-tier Renfrew 2,402 2,550 −5.8 395.98 6.1
King Lower-tier York 19,899 19,487 2.1 333.3 59.7
La Vallee Single-tier Rainy River 988 1,067 −7.4 237.5 4.2
Laird Single-tier Algoma 1,057 1,078 −1.9 102.43 10.3
Lake of Bays Lower-tier Muskoka 3,506[7] 3,570 −1.8 677.58 5.2
Lake of the Woods Single-tier Rainy River 296 323 −8.4 751.95 0.4
Lanark Highlands Lower-tier Lanark 5,128 5,180 −1 1,048.19 4.9
Larder Lake Single-tier Timiskaming 684 735 −6.9 229.65 3
Laurentian Valley Lower-tier Renfrew 9,657 9,265 4.2 552.44 17.5
Leeds and the Thousand Islands Lower-tier Leeds and Grenville 9,277 9,435 −1.7 612.51 15.1
Limerick Lower-tier Hastings 352 364 −3.3 205.68 1.7
Loyalist Lower-tier Lennox and Addington 16,221 15,062 7.7 341.04 47.6
Lucan Biddulph Lower-tier Middlesex 4,338 4,187 3.6 169.15 25.6
Macdonald, Meredith and Aberdeen Additional Single-tier Algoma 1,464 1,550 −5.5 163.52 9
Machar Single-tier Parry Sound 923 866 6.6 184.62 5
Machin Single-tier Kenora 935 978 −4.4 289.84 3.2
Madawaska Valley Lower-tier Renfrew 4,282 4,381 −2.3 671.85 6.4
Madoc Lower-tier Hastings 2,197 2,069 6.2 277.97 7.9
Malahide Lower-tier Elgin 9,146 8,828 3.6 395.08 23.2
Manitouwadge Single-tier Thunder Bay 2,105 2,300 −8.5 352.06 6
Mapleton Lower-tier Wellington 9,989 9,851 1.4 534.81 18.7
Matachewan Single-tier Timiskaming 409[7] 375 9.1 543.63 0.8
Mattawan Single-tier Nipissing 162 147 10.2 200.96 0.8
Mattice-Val Côté Single-tier Cochrane 686 772 −11.1 414.64 1.7
McDougall Single-tier Parry Sound 2,705 2,704 0 268.3 10.1
McGarry Single-tier Timiskaming 595 674 −11.7 86.72 6.9
McKellar Single-tier Parry Sound 1,144 1,080 5.9 181.12 6.3
McMurrich/Monteith Single-tier Parry Sound 779 791 −1.5 278.13 2.8
McNab/Braeside Lower-tier Renfrew 7,371 7,222 2.1 255.74 28.8
Melancthon Lower-tier Dufferin 2,839 2,895 −1.9 310.96 9.1
Minden Hills Lower-tier Haliburton 5,655 5,556 1.8 878.17 6.4
Montague Lower-tier Lanark 3,483 3,209 8.5 279.74 12.5
Moonbeam Single-tier Cochrane 1,101 1,298 −15.2 235.65 4.7
Morley Single-tier Rainy River 474 492 −3.7 375.61 1.3
Mulmur Lower-tier Dufferin 3,391 3,318 2.2 286.73 11.8
Muskoka Lakes Lower-tier Muskoka 6,707[7] 6,467 3.7 794.48 8.4
Nairn and Hyman Single-tier Sudbury 477 493 −3.2 160.94 3
Nipigon Single-tier Thunder Bay 1,631 1,752 −6.9 109.14 14.9
Nipissing Single-tier Parry Sound 1,704 1,642 3.8 393.6 4.3
North Algona Wilberforce Lower-tier Renfrew 2,873 2,840 1.2 378.53 7.6
North Dumfries Lower-tier Waterloo 9,334 9,063 3 187.44 49.8
North Dundas Lower-tier Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 11,225 11,095 1.2 503.21 22.3
North Frontenac Lower-tier Frontenac 1,842 1,904 −3.3 1,164.73 1.6
North Glengarry Lower-tier Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 10,251 10,635 −3.6 643.69 15.9
North Huron Lower-tier Huron 4,884 5,015 −2.6 178.98 27.3
North Kawartha Lower-tier Peterborough 2,289 2,342 −2.3 776.04 2.9
North ShoreThe North Shore Single-tier Algoma 509 549 −7.3 238.94 2.1
North Stormont Lower-tier Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 6,775 6,769 0.1 515.65 13.1
Norwich Lower-tier Oxford 10,721 10,481 2.3 431.28 24.9
O'Connor Single-tier Thunder Bay 685 720 −4.9 108.65 6.3
Opasatika Single-tier Cochrane 214 280 −23.6 329.98 0.6
Oro-Medonte Lower-tier Simcoe 20,078 20,031 0.2 586.9 34.2
Otonabee-South Monaghan Lower-tier Peterborough 6,660 6,812 −2.2 347.58 19.2
Papineau-Cameron Single-tier Nipissing 978 1,058 −7.6 566.74 1.7
Pelee Single-tier Essex 171 287 −40.4 41.79 4.1
Perry Single-tier Parry Sound 2,317 2,010 15.3 187.25 12.4
Perth East Lower-tier Perth 12,028 11,986 0.4 713.39 16.9
Perth South Lower-tier Perth 3,993 4,132 −3.4 393.03 10.2
Pickle Lake Single-tier Kenora 425 479 −11.3 255.08 1.7
Plummer Additional Single-tier Algoma 650 625 4 221.97 2.9
Prince Single-tier Algoma 1,031 971 6.2 85.31 12.1
Puslinch Lower-tier Wellington 7,029 6,689 5.1 214.61 32.8
Ramara Lower-tier Simcoe 9,275 9,427 −1.6 419.25 22.1
Red Rock Single-tier Thunder Bay 942 1,063 −11.4 62.93 15
Rideau Lakes Lower-tier Leeds and Grenville 10,207 10,350 −1.4 729.09 14
Russell Lower-tier Prescott and Russell 15,247 13,883 9.8 199.06 76.6
Ryerson Single-tier Parry Sound 634 686 −7.6 188.07 3.4
Sables-Spanish Rivers Single-tier Sudbury 3,075 3,237 −5 815.8 3.8
Schreiber Single-tier Thunder Bay 1,126 901 25 36.79 30.6
Scugog Lower-tier Durham 21,569 21,439 0.6 474.65 45.4
Seguin Single-tier Parry Sound 3,988 4,276 −6.7 595.42 6.7
Selwyn Lower-tier Peterborough 16,846 17,027 −1.1 315.64 53.4
Severn Lower-tier Simcoe 12,377 12,030 2.9 549.9 22.5
Sioux Narrows-Nestor Falls Single-tier Kenora 720 672 7.1 1,222.43 0.6
South Algonquin Single-tier Nipissing 1,211 1,253 −3.4 872.49 1.4
South Frontenac Lower-tier Frontenac 18,113 18,227 −0.6 971.68 18.6
South Glengarry Lower-tier Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 13,162 12,880 2.2 605.3 21.7
South Stormont Lower-tier Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 12,617 12,520 0.8 447.5 28.2
Southgate Lower-tier Grey 7,190 7,072 1.7 644.35 11.2
South-West Oxford Lower-tier Oxford 7,544 7,589 −0.6 370.48 20.4
Southwold Lower-tier Elgin 4,494 4,724 −4.9 301.71 14.9
Springwater Lower-tier Simcoe 18,223 17,456 4.4 536.23 34
St. Clair Lower-tier Lambton 14,515 14,649 −0.9 619.32 23.4
St. Joseph Single-tier Algoma 1,201 1,129 6.4 129.36 9.3
Stirling-Rawdon Lower-tier Hastings 4,978 4,906 1.5 282.31 17.6
Stone Mills Lower-tier Lennox and Addington 7,560 7,568 −0.1 708.83 10.7
Strathroy-Caradoc Lower-tier Middlesex 20,978 19,959 5.1 274.12 76.5
Strong Single-tier Parry Sound 1,341 1,327 1.1 159.28 8.4
Tarbutt and Tarbutt Additional Single-tier Algoma 396 388 2.1 53.14 7.5
Tay Lower-tier Simcoe 9,736 9,748 −0.1 139 70
Tay Valley Lower-tier Lanark 5,571 5,634 −1.1 549.12 10.1
Tehkummah Single-tier Manitoulin 406 382 6.3 132.48 3.1
Terrace Bay Single-tier Thunder Bay 1,471 1,625 −9.5 151.04 9.7
Tiny Lower-tier Simcoe 11,232 10,754 4.4 336.83 33.3
Tudor and Cashel Lower-tier Hastings 586 682 −14.1 445.67 1.3
Tyendinaga Lower-tier Hastings 4,150 4,070 2 313 13.3
Uxbridge Lower-tier Durham 20,623 19,169 7.6 420.83 49
Val Rita-Harty Single-tier Cochrane 817 939 −13 382.71 2.1
Wainfleet Lower-tier Niagara 6,356 6,601 −3.7 217.29 29.3
Warwick Lower-tier Lambton 3,717 3,945 −5.8 290.2 12.8
Wellesley Lower-tier Waterloo 10,713 9,789 9.4 277.79 38.6
Wellington North Lower-tier Wellington 11,477 11,175 2.7 526.28 21.8
West Lincoln Lower-tier Niagara 13,837 13,167 5.1 387.78 35.7
White River Single-tier Algoma 607 841 −27.8 96.94 6.3
Whitewater Region Lower-tier Renfrew 6,921 6,631 4.4 537.96 12.9
Wilmot Lower-tier Waterloo 19,223 17,097 12.4 263.72 72.9
Wollaston Lower-tier Hastings 708 730 −3 220.19 3.2
Woolwich Lower-tier Waterloo 23,145 19,658 17.7 326.17 71
Zorra Lower-tier Oxford 8,058 8,125 −0.8 528.99 15.2
Total 990,396 974,532 1.6 73,758.34 13.4

Former township municipalitiesEdit

Former township Change date Change event Current status Remarks
Barrie Island[8] January 1, 2009 Dissolution Amalgamated into Gordon/Barrie Island
Dack[9] January 1, 2003 Dissolution Amalgamated into Charlton and Dack
Delhi[10] January 1, 2001 Dissolution Amalgamated into Norfolk County
Dymond[9] January 1, 2004 Dissolution Amalgamated into Temiskaming Shores
Glanbrook[11] January 1, 2001 Dissolution Amalgamated into Hamilton
Gordon[8] January 1, 2009 Dissolution Amalgamated into Gordon/Barrie Island
Goulbourn[12] January 1, 2001 Dissolution Amalgamated into Ottawa
Marmora and Lake[9] March 14, 2001 Status change Municipality
Michipicoten[8] June 5, 2007 Status and name change Municipality Name changed to Wawa
Norfolk[10] January 1, 2001 Dissolution Amalgamated into Norfolk County
North Grenville[9] July 14, 2003 Status change Municipality
North Himsworth[9] June 2, 2002 Status and name change Municipality Named changed to Callander
Osgoode[12] January 1, 2001 Dissolution Amalgamated into Ottawa
Rideau[12] January 1, 2001 Dissolution Amalgamated into Ottawa
Shedden[9] October 1, 2004 Status and name change Town Name changed to Spanish
Shuniah[13] January 2, 2011 Status change Municipality
West Carleton[12] January 1, 2001 Dissolution Amalgamated into Ottawa
West Grey[9] December 2, 2002 Status change Municipality

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Actual population may not be 0 as Statistics Canada, to protect privacy, rounds population to the nearest 5 in the event a geographic area's actual population is less than 15.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "List of Ontario Municipalities". Ontario Municipal Affairs and Housing. September 21, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Census Profile: Cockburn Island, TP, Ontario (Census subdivision) – 1. 2011 and 2006 population". Statistics Canada. March 1, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "Municipal Act, R.S.O. 1990, Chapter M.45". Service Ontario. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Municipal Act, S.O. 2001, Chapter 25". Service Ontario. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ "The Municipal Councillor's Guide". Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Corrections and updates: Population and dwelling count amendments, 2011 Census". Statistics Canada. February 14, 2013. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names From January 2, 2006 to January 1, 2011 (Table 1 – Changes to census subdivisions in alphabetical order by province and territory)" (XLS). Statistics Canada. August 18, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names From January 2, 2001 to January 1, 2006 (Table 1 – Changes to census subdivisions in alphabetical order by province and territory)" (XLS). Statistics Canada. August 18, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "Town of Norfolk Act, 1999, S.O. 1999, Chapter 14, Schedule E". Service Ontario/Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  11. ^ "City of Hamilton Act, 1999, S.O. 1999, Chapter 14, Schedule E". Service Ontario/Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c d "City of Ottawa Act, 1999, S.O. 1999, Chapter 14, Schedule E". Service Ontario/Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names From January 2, 2011 to January 1, 2012 (Table 1 – Changes to census subdivisions in alphabetical order by province and territory)" (XLSX). Statistics Canada. August 18, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2013.