Louise of Orléans
Louise of Orléans (Louise-Marie Thérèse Charlotte Isabelle; 3 April 1812 – 11 October 1850) was a French princess who became the first Queen of the Belgians as the second wife of King Leopold I. She was also known as Louise-Marie.
|Louise of Orléans|
Portrait by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, c. 1844-5
|Queen consort of the Belgians|
|Tenure||9 August 1832 – 11 October 1850|
|Born||3 April 1812|
Palermo, Kingdom of Sicily
|Died||11 October 1850 (aged 38)|
Ostend, Kingdom of Belgium
|Father||Louis Philippe I|
|Mother||Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies|
Born in Palermo, Sicily, on 3 April 1812, she was the eldest daughter of the future Louis-Philippe I, King of the French, and of his wife Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies. As a child, she had a religious and bourgeoisie education thanks to the part played by her mother and her aunt, Princess Adélaïde of Orléans to whom she was very close. As a member of the reigning House of Orléans she was entitled to the rank of a Princess of the Blood Royal.
On 9 August 1832, the twenty-year-old Louise married King Leopold I of the Belgians, who was twenty-two years her senior. Leopold had been widowed by his wife, Princess Charlotte of Wales after her death in childbirth in 1817. Since Leopold was a Protestant, they had both a Catholic and a Calvinist ceremony.
Louise and Leopold had four children, including Leopold II of Belgium and Empress Carlota of Mexico. Although never faithful to Louise, Leopold respected her and their relationship was a harmonious one.
- Prince Louis Philippe, Crown Prince of Belgium (24 July 1833 – 16 May 1834)
- King Leopold II of the Belgians (9 April 1835 – 17 December 1909)
- Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders (24 March 1837 – 17 November 1905)
- His son succeeded Leopold II as King Albert I of the Belgians;
- Princess Charlotte of Belgium (7 June 1840 – 19 January 1927), consort of Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico.
Louise was the 298th Dame of the Royal Order of Queen Maria Luisa on 10 February 1835. A devoted wife and loving mother, she was of a very shy nature and was often only seen in public when her husband forced her. She soon proved to be very popular at the Belgian court with her famous generosity and beauty.
Every morning, Queen Louise-Marie received reports about some needy families. She then personally visited their homes to bring them comfort and financial aid. Sometimes Queen Louise-Marie did not have enough money for her charitable works and then borrowed money without telling her husband.
Queen Louise-Marie died of tuberculosis in the former Royal palace of Ostend on 11 October 1850. Her death was confirmed in record by ministers Charles Rogier and Victor Tesch. Her body was brought to Laeken, and a memorial was erected in Oostende. She is buried beside her husband in Royal Crypt of the Church of Our Lady of Laeken.
Titles, styles, honours and armsEdit
Titles and stylesEdit
- 3 April 1812 – 9 August 1830: Her Serene Highness Mademoiselle d'Orléans [Princess of the blood]
- 9 August 1830 – 9 August 1832: Her Royal Highness Princess Louise of Orléans
- 9 August 1832 – 11 October 1850: Her Majesty The Queen of the Belgians
- Belgium: Grand Cordon of the Royal Order of Leopold
- Portugal: Dame of the Order of Queen Saint Isabel, 14 July 1835
- Spain: Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa, 10 February 1835
- Flantzer, Susan. "Louise-Marie of Orleans, Queen of the Belgians". Unofficial Royalty.
- King Leopold I, Monarchie.be, Retrieved 2 April 2016
- Bragança, Jose Vicente de (2014). "Agraciamentos Portugueses Aos Príncipes da Casa Saxe-Coburgo-Gota" [Portuguese Honours awarded to Princes of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha]. Pro Phalaris (in Portuguese). 9–10: 5. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
- "Real orden de damas nobles de la Reina Maria Luisa", Calendario Manual y Guía de Forasteros en Madrid (in Spanish): 91, 1848, retrieved 20 April 2020
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Louise of Orléans.|
- (in French) Mia Kerckvoorde (2002). Louise d’Orléans, reine oubliée, 1812-1850. Paris: Duculot. ISBN 2-8011-0949-5.
- (in French) Madeleine Lassère (2006). Louise, reine des Belges. 1812-1850. Paris: Perrin. ISBN 2-262-02366-2.
Louise of Orléans
Cadet branch of the House of BourbonBorn: 3 April 1812 Died: 11 October 1850
|New title|| Queen consort of the Belgians
Title next held byMarie Henriette of Austria