Lords of Chaos (criminal group)

  (Redirected from Lords of Chaos (group))

The Lords of Chaos was a self-styled teen militia formed on April 13, 1996, in Fort Myers, Florida, United States.[2] It was led by Kevin Donald Foster (born Kevin Donald Bates; June 16, 1977). The group gained notoriety for a crime spree that ended with the April 30, 1996 murder of one of the boys' teachers, Mark Schwebes, who served as Riverdale High School's band director.

Lords of Chaos
FoundedApril 13, 1996
Founded byKevin Foster, Pete Magnotti, Chris Black
Founding locationFort Myers, Florida
Years activeApril 13 – May 3, 1996
Membership (est.)8
Criminal activitiesArson, murder
Kevin Foster
Kevin foster.jpg
2011 mug shot of Kevin Foster
Kevin Donald Bates

(1977-06-16) June 16, 1977 (age 45)
Criminal statusIncarcerated at Union Correctional Institution
  • Ruby Foster (mother)
  • John Bates (father)
Conviction(s)First-degree murder, attempted murder, arson, armed robbery[1]
Criminal penaltyDeath

The Lords of Chaos predate the more notorious Columbine High School massacre in Colorado by three years. The case has been documented, most extensively in Jim Greenhill's true crime book about the case, Someone Has to Die Tonight. It is also the subject of a Dateline NBC special, When A Killer Calls,[2] as well as being mentioned in Lords of Chaos: The Bloody Rise of the Satanic Metal Underground by Michael Moynihan & Didrik Søderlind, the book even borrowing the group's name.

Formation of the Lords of ChaosEdit

On April 12, 1996, in Fort Myers, Florida, Kevin Foster, Pete Magnotti and Chris Black went on a vandalism and arson spree.[2] Florida juvenile records show that only the group's ringleader, Kevin Foster, had any prior arrests or criminal history, and his record primarily consisted of driving violations. The first spree was quickly followed by a second that included an attempt to burn a church bus and the burning of a bird cage containing two macaws, killing one.

After the night of destruction, Foster decided that they should form a militia dedicated to raining terror upon the community. The creation of the group's symbol ( (Ø) ) came from an in-joke involving a question Foster missed on a math test. The symbol for the null or empty set is either { } or Ø. On the test, Foster wrote ( Ø ) as the answer to a question whose answer was no set, thereby having it marked incorrect.

Kevin "God" Foster, Pete "Fried" Magnotti, Chris "Slim" Black and Derek "Mob" Shields made up the core members of the Lords of Chaos. The group also included lesser associates Chris "Red" Burnett, Thomas "Dog" Torrone, Brad Young, and later Craig Lesh.


In an East Lee Tribune article titled "Hell Raising in Buckingham", a local reporter lashed out at the unknown culprits, calling them "obviously pea-brained vandals" and "person(s) of less than average intelligence and a cretin's personality."[3]: 102  This article only further antagonized the boys.

On April 17, the group wrote a document entitled "Declaration of War — Formal Introduction of Lords of Chaos", which they planned to mail to the Lee County Clerk/Traffic Violations Bureau but ultimately did not. The manifesto warned:

Lee County is dealing with a formidable foe, with high caliber intelligence, balls of titanium alloy, and a wicked destructive streak. . . . Be prepared for destruction of biblical proportions, for this is the coming of a NEW GOD, whose fiery hand shall lay waste to the populous [sic]. THE GAMES HAVE JUST BEGUN, AND TERROR SHALL ENSUE. . . .[3]: 112 

In the early morning hours of April 20, 1996, the group escalated their terror campaign by destroying a historic 12,300-square-foot (1,140 m2) two-story brick Coca-Cola bottling plant in Fort Myers.[2] Foster's original plan had been to destroy the building on April 19 to emulate the Oklahoma City bombing, which had occurred on that date the year before. Like Timothy McVeigh, he saw his actions as a retaliation against the government for the Waco Siege, which had occurred on April 19, 1993.

As a perverse joke, Foster used a Pepsi can filled with gunpowder and fitted with a 25-foot firework fuse to destroy the historic building. While the other boys arranged propane tanks around the building which they had previously stolen from a local Starvin' Marvin's, Foster ignited the fuse of the homemade bomb. The boys then retreated to a picnic table across the street where they could view the destruction. About 13 minutes later an intense explosion ripped through the building, causing an estimated $100,000 in damage.

On April 26, Kevin Foster and Peter Magnotti robbed and carjacked Emory Lewis, Derek Shields's landlord and the owner of the local Alva County Diner. Shields had hated Lewis ever since he had heard him call his mother a "bitch" and "poor white trash". Lewis was uninjured in the attack.[3]: 147–148 

Murder of Mark SchwebesEdit

On April 30 the group decided to steal clothes at a local Dillard's store for an upcoming "Grad Nite" at Walt Disney World, where Foster planned to steal one of the character's costumes to use as a disguise to shoot minorities at the amusement park. As part of their diversion Foster rigged a smoke grenade, which he had purchased at an Army-Navy store, with fishing wire. The plan was to stack up the clothes they wanted and run out when the grenade went off. The grenade proved to be a dud.

The boys decided to vandalize Riverdale High School's auditorium. There, they stole latex gloves, a fire extinguisher, two staplers and a bag of canned peaches.[4] Foster rigged a Clorox bleach bottle full of gasoline with a lit rag and threw it through the auditorium window.

Mark Schwebes, 32, the band director at Riverdale, caught members of the group loitering on the school grounds and confiscated the peaches, staplers, and fire extinguisher. He recognized Black and Torrone, telling the boys not to be surprised to get a visit from the police in the morning. After Schwebes left, Black angrily stated, "This has to be fixed tonight, because tomorrow's a school day. So, he's gotta die tonight."[3]: 173 

Although Schwebes had an unlisted telephone number the boys were able to procure his address through local directory assistance. Most of the other boys went home, leaving only Kevin Foster, Chris Black, Pete Magnotti and Derek Shields, the core members of the group. It was decided that Foster would do the actual shooting. Black would act as getaway driver, Shields would knock on the door and Magnotti would stay in the car and act as a lookout. On the way to the killing, Foster sang a deranged version of "Santa Claus Is Coming to Town":

He sees you when you're sleeping,
He knows when you're awake.
He knows if you've been bad or good,
So be good for goodness' sake!
O! You better watch out!
You better not cry,
Better shut up
And prepare to die.
Kevin Foster's coming to your house.[3]: 191 

At approximately 11:30 pm, Mark Schwebes heard a knock at his door. Opening it, he received a blast to the face from a Mossberg 12-gauge shotgun, which authorities believe killed him instantly. Foster shot him a second time in the buttocks because he wrongly perceived him to be a homosexual. Mistakenly believing that it was impossible to trace shells back to his shotgun because it was a smooth bore weapon, Foster left the two spent shotgun shells at the scene.

Arrest and trialEdit

Lead detectives on the case initially focused on a love triangle they believed Mark Schwebes had been caught up in. However, the members of the group and its fringe members soon began bragging about the killing. On May 2, Craig Lesh, a hanger-on of the group, bragged to his ex-girlfriend, Julie Schuchard, that the Lords of Chaos had killed the teacher. He told her that he had been present and was actually the one who had knocked on the door. On May 3, after a restless night, Schuchard decided that she had to tell the authorities what she knew.

From Schuchard, detectives learned not only of Schwebes's murder, but also of the group's plans to commit armed robbery at a Hardee's restaurant where Magnotti and Shields worked. The detectives then questioned Craig Lesh, learning that he had not actually been present during the murder. They also learned that the group had been responsible for the Coca-Cola bottling-plant bombing. This led to the arrests of the key members of the group, on their way to commit the Hardee's robbery.

Brad Young and Craig Lesh were quickly released with no charges filed against them. Chris Burnett worked out a deal with prosecutors whereby he would plead guilty to second-degree arson and armed robbery and serve two years in jail, receive 10 years' probation and turn state's evidence against the Lords of Chaos. Tom Torrone also turned state's evidence, being allowed to plead no contest to second-degree arson and serve one year in jail with 10 years' probation. In March 1997, Magnotti pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit first-degree murder and was sentenced to 32 years—one for each year of Mark Schwebes's life—and agreed to testify. Two weeks before his trial began, Shields pleaded guilty to first-degree murder, followed in October by Black. Both received life imprisonment. Only Kevin Foster went to trial.

Lee County prosecutors Marshall King Hall, Bob Lee, and Randy McGruther offered Kevin Foster life without the possibility of parole, an offer he turned down. He told his attorneys Bob Jacobs and Marquin Rinard that he considered this a worse fate than being sent to "Old Sparky", Florida's electric chair.[3]: 350 

Jury selection for the trial began on March 3, 1998, presided over by Judge Isaac Anderson. During the trial, Foster's mother testified that he was at home during the murder of Mark Schwebes, but one by one the members of the Lords of Chaos took the stand and stated that not only had Foster been there, but he had also been the ringleader of the plot.

On March 11, closing arguments were given and the jury retired to deliberate. After 2 hours and 16 minutes, the jury reached a verdict of guilty. On April 9, 1998, the penalty phase of the trial began. The jury would have to decide if Foster should receive the death penalty or if they should be lenient and recommend life imprisonment without the possibility of parole. By a vote of 9 to 3 the jury recommended the death penalty. On June 17, 1998, Judge Anderson agreed with the jury's recommendation and sentenced Foster to death.

Magnotti was sentenced to 32 years in prison; Black and Shields were each sentenced to life in prison. Three other members of the Lords of Chaos group pleaded guilty in a deal in exchange for their testimony.[5]

Subsequent eventsEdit

In 2000, Foster's case reached the Florida Supreme Court and his appeal was denied.[6][7]

Retaliation murder conspiracyEdit

Foster and his mother were later convicted of conspiracy to commit murder for planning retaliation murders against the members of the Lords of Chaos who testified against him in the original trial. They were charged with the crime in 2000, after having approached author Jim Greenhill for help in the plan. Instead, Greenhill reported it to police.[8] His mother was given five years in prison, and he was given an additional sentence concurrent with his death penalty.[2]

Later appealsEdit

In 2011 in Lee County, Florida, Foster sought a new trial or a new penalty phase based on a theory of inadequate representation, claiming counsel at the time of trial had not made a sufficient presentation on the issue of mental defects.[9] The court denied relief.[10]

In 2010 Shields requested clemency and was supported by former Lee County Sheriff, John McDougall, the sheriff who had arrested him. McDougall made the point that Shields had been under duress at the time of the murder. Shields pointed out that he was not the trigger-man. The request was denied.[11]

In 2017, Foster sought to have his death penalty removed based on a 2017 law signed by Florida Governor Rick Scott that required a unanimous jury verdict to recommend a death sentence. The jury in Foster's case voted 9–3 in favor of a death sentence.[12]

In 2018, the Florida Supreme Court denied Foster's appeal. He remains on death row at Union Correctional Institution as of 2019.[13]

Media attentionEdit

  • The case was the subject of a 2006 episode of Dateline NBC.[2]
  • It was also the subject of the book Someone Has to Die Tonight by Jim Greenhill.[14]
  • The case is also the subject of season 1 episode 4 named "Lords of Chaos" on the television series The 1990s: The Deadliest Decade.
  • The case was also the subject of an episode of Arrest & Trial called "Lords of Chaos" on November 21, 2000.

Was mentioned in Criminal Minds Season 3 Episode 12 3rd Life


  1. ^ "Inmate Population Information Detail - Kevin D. Foster". Florida Department of Corrections. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Morrison, Keith. "Young Lords of Chaos". Dateline NBC. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Greenhill, Jim (2006). Someone Has to Die Tonight. New York: Pinnacle Books. ISBN 0-7860-1755-4.
  4. ^ "Kevin Foster; Florida Death Row Inmate". Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  5. ^ Leisner, Pat (12 March 1998). "Lords of Chaos Leader Convicted". Lakeland Ledger. AP. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  6. ^ Peltier, Michael (8 September 2000). "Florida Supreme Court: Lords of Chaos Ringleader Kevin Foster Should Die". The E. W. Scripps Co. Archived from the original on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  7. ^ Foster v State, SC93372 (Supreme Court of Florida 7 September 2000).
  8. ^ "Lords of Chaos gang leader, mom sentenced for murder conspiracy". The Florida Times-Union Jacksonville.com. AP. 5 June 2002. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  9. ^ Kruger, Lindsay (26 April 2011). "Former Lords of Chaos leader back in court". count on 2 first. WBBH. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  10. ^ Miller, Barry (11 July 2011). "Lords of Chaos ringleader's bid to overturn death sentence DENIED". Fox 4. WFTX-TV. Archived from the original on 5 April 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  11. ^ "Lords of Chaos convicted killer gets clemency denied". WINK-TV. 11 November 2010. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  12. ^ News, WINK (2017-03-14). "Convicted Riverdale teacher killer seeks removal of death penalty". WINK NEWS. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
  13. ^ Shaw, Derrick (2018-01-30). "Convicted 'Lords of Chaos' ringleader Kevin Foster denied death row appeal". WINK NEWS. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
  14. ^ "Kevin Foster: Florida Death Row Inmate". crime.about.com.


  • Moynihan, Michael; Søderlind, Didrik (1998). Lords of Chaos: The Bloody Rise of the Satanic Metal Underground. Vennice, CA: Feral House. ISBN 978-0-922915-48-4.
  • "When a Killer Calls". Dateline NBC. 2002. NBC Universal.

External linksEdit