Llangeitho

Llangeitho is a village and community in Ceredigion, Wales, on the upper River Aeron, about 6 kilometres (4 mi) west of Tregaron and 11 kilometres (7 mi) north of Lampeter. The population was 874 in 2001,[2] but fell to 819 at the 2011 census.

Llangeitho
Afon Aeron at Llangeitho.jpg
Afon Aeron at Llangeitho
Llangeitho is located in Ceredigion
Llangeitho
Llangeitho
Location within Ceredigion
Population819 [1]
OS grid referenceSN679597
Community
  • Llangeitho
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townTregaron
Postcode districtSY25
Dialling code01974
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Ceredigion
52°13′N 4°01′W / 52.22°N 4.02°W / 52.22; -4.02Coordinates: 52°13′N 4°01′W / 52.22°N 4.02°W / 52.22; -4.02

NonconformismEdit

The village is associated with Daniel Rowland (born here in 1713) and the Welsh Methodist revival in the 18th century. Rowland served as curate at Nantcwnlle and Llangeitho. The village chapel, built in 1760, became famous throughout Wales as a Calvinistic Methodist centre and thousands visited it to hear the preaching. Rowland was buried in the village and there is a memorial column to him. Two larger chapels were built, in 1764 and 1814, to replace the previous one.

Llangeitho saw several further periods of religious revival in that century. The strongest was in 1762, when rejoicing, dancing and jumping for joy earned the Welsh Methodists the nickname "Jumpers". William Williams Pantycelyn wrote in defence of the celebrations.[3] The village was also the childhood home of David Martyn Lloyd-Jones.[4]

 
A local character in around 1885: Bet Fach at age 92.

LanguageEdit

Like much of Ceredigion, Llangeitho was a stronghold of the Welsh language, but in the 1970s, newcomers to the village contributed to a decline in the proportion of Welsh speakers from 83 per cent in 1971 to 55 per cent ten years later. The second figure recurred in 2011.[5]

The 17th-century poet and minstrel Dafydd Llwyd Mathau is thought to have come from the Llangeitho area.[6]

About 2.4 kilometres (1.5 mi) north of the village is the mansion of Cwrt Mawr, where the antiquary J. H. Davies (1871–1926) built up a valuable collection of Welsh-language manuscripts, known as the Cwrtmawr manuscripts. He donated them to the National Library of Wales, where they remain.

ChurchEdit

The village church, across the river to the north of the village, is on an ancient site, but the current church was entirely rebuilt in 1821, retaining nothing of the medieval fabric, which included a double rood screen and three arches.[7]

The church and parish are named after St Ceitho. The water of St Ceitho's Spring is said to have the peculiarity that it is cool in summer and tepid in winter.[8]

GovernanceEdit

Llangeitho gained a seat on Cardiganshire County Council in 1889. In November 2019, the member of what is now Ceredigion County Council to represent Llangeitho ward was David Rhodri Wyn Evans.[9] The ward extends to some neighbouring communities and holds a population of 1,459.[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Community population 2011". Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics: Census 2001: Parish Headcounts: Ceredigion Retrieved 19 January 2010
  3. ^ Evans, Eifion (1985). Daniel Rowland. Banner of Truth. ISBN 9780851514468.
  4. ^ Murray, Iain (1982). David Martyn Lloyd-Jones: The First Forty Years, 1899–1939 v. 1. Banner of Truth. ISBN 978-0851513539.
  5. ^ "Welsh speakers by electoral division, 2011 Census". StatsWales. Welsh Government. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
  6. ^ Williams, Griffith John. "Dafydd Llwyd Mathau". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. National Library of Wales. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  7. ^ [1] National Monuments Record of Wales
  8. ^ Baring-Gould, Sabine; Fisher, John (1908). The Lives of the British Saints: The Saints of Wales and Cornwall and Such Irish Saints as Have Dedications in Britain, Volume 2. C. J. Clark. p. 102.
  9. ^ [2] County Council website
  10. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 12 May 2015.

External linksEdit