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List of suicide crisis lines

Suicide crisis lines can be found in many countries worldwide. Many are geared to a general audience while others are specific to a select demographic such as LGBT youth, Native American and Aboriginal Canadian youth. One of the first suicide crisis lines was the Samaritans, founded in the United Kingdom in 1953 by the Rev. Chad Varah, the then Rector of the former St. Stephen's Church in London. He decided to start a 'listening service' after reading a sermon at the grave of a 13-year-old girl who had committed suicide. She was in distress prior to her death and had no one to talk to.[1]

Crisis line organizations by countryEdit

Country Organization
Algeria
  • 18 and 14 are the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in Algeria.
  • Suicide Hotline Algeria: 0021 3983 2000 58
Argentina
  • 911 is the national emergency number in Argentina.
  • Centro de Atencíon al Familiar del Suicida (http://www.familiardesuicida.com.ar/) is made up of professionals and focuses on the problems caused by suicide, both in the community and in the people it can impact. Their number is (54-11) 4758-2554.
  • SOS Un Amigo Anonimo (http://www.sosunamigoanonimo.com.ar/) is available seven days a week from 10 am to 7pm by calling 4783-8888.
Armenia
  • 112 and 911 are the national emergency numbers in Armenia.
  • Trust Social Work and Sociological Research Centre: can be reached at (2) 538194 or (2) 538197
Australia
Austria
The Bahamas
  • 911 is the national emergency number in The Bahamas.
  • National Suicide Hotline: 322-2763
Bangladesh
  • 999 is the national emergency number in Bangladesh. 199 is the national number for ambulance and fire.
  • Kaan Pete Roi (http://shuni.org/) is an emotional support helpline in Bangladesh whose mission is to alleviate feelings of despair, isolation, distress, and suicidal feelings among members of the community, through confidential listening. The helpline is intended for suicide prevention and the promotion of mental health.[3]
Barbados
  • 911 is the national emergency number in Barbados.
  • Samaritans of Barbados: (246) 4299999
Belgium
Bolivia
  • 911 is the national emergency number in Bolivia.
  • Teléfono de la Esperanza (http://www.telefonodelaesperanza.org/) aims at promoting mental health to the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking world. Bolivians living in Cochabamba and La Paz can call (00 591 4) 4 25 42 42 and 75288084.
Botswana
  • 911 is the national emergency number in Botswana.
  • 3911270 is the national lifeline.
Brazil
  • 190 and 191 are the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in Brazil.
  • Centro de Valorização da Vida (http://www.cvv.org.br/) is an emotional and suicidal prevention support NGO founded in 1962 in São Paulo, Brazil, and recognized as Federal Public Utility in 1973. It offers voluntary and free support, with all communications being confidential. Contacts can be made through the phone number 141 (available 24/7), personally (in one of the 72 centres around the country), chat (via their website), VoIP (via Skype) and e-mail.
Bulgaria
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Bulgaria.
  • 0035 9249 17 223 is the number for the Sofia Hotline.
Canada
  • 911 is the national emergency number in Canada.
  • National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org) based in the United States is also available nationwide in Canada it is a 24-hour, toll-free, confidential suicide prevention hotline available to anyone in suicidal crisis or emotional distress.[4]
  • Kids Help Phone (http://org.kidshelpphone.ca/) is a nationwide 24-hour, toll-free, confidential crisis line and counselling service available to Canadians under the age of twenty.
  • The Canadian Association for Suicide Prevention (CASP) (http://suicideprevention.ca/) provides information and resources to reduce the suicide rate and minimize the harmful consequences of suicidal behaviour. CASP maintains an up-to-date list of Distress Lines across Canada by province and territory [1].
  • The Native Youth Crisis Hotline (www.women-of-nations.org) is a nationwide suicide prevention call line that serves Native American and Alaskan native youth in the United States and Aboriginal youth in Canada. The crisis line is maintained by the Native American advocacy group, Women of Nations.
  • Suicide Action Montréal (http://suicideactionmontreal.org/) Suicide Action Montreal offers support services, crisis workers and monitoring for people who are at risk of committing suicide, for their friends and family and for people affected by suicide. All communication is confidential, available 24/7 and free of charge. They offer support in French and English for people in Montreal's greater area. Their number is 1-866-APPELLE. This line is also available to anyone in Quebec. People will be redirected to their local Suicide Prevention Center.
  • Amelia Rising Sexual Assault Centre of Nipissing (http://www.ameliarising.ca/) Amelia Rising provides support groups, one on one counselling and a 24-hour crisis line for both women and men in crisis. They operate in both English and French and serve the greater Nipissing area of Northern Ontario, though they accept collect calls.
  •   Trans Lifeline (http://www.translifeline.org/) is a toll-free crisis hotline available in the United States and in Canada for transgender people staffed by transgender people.[5]
  • Youthspace.ca (http://youthspace.ca/) is an emotional and crisis support line for youth 30 and under across Canada. It is accessed via IM on the website or through text (778-783-0177). The support line is open every day from 6pm to midnight PST, and each chat is one-to-one with a trained volunteer working with the support of staff members.
China
  • 110 and 120 are the national numbers for police and ambulances in China.
  • Beijing Suicide Research and Prevention Center Hotline (http://www.crisis.org.cn) is available 24/7 and can be reached at 800-810-1117 or 010-82951332.
  • Lifeline Shanghai (http://www.lifeline-shanghai.com) is a volunteer-based, English-speaking organization for the international commuinity. They are open from 10am to 10pm every day and can be reached by calling (021) 6279 8990. They also offer a live chat service.
  • Shanghai Mental Health Center (http://www.smhc.org.cn) serves as a mental health clinic as well as teaching, researching and planning mental health prevention throughout China. They can be reached at 021-64387250.
Croatia
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Croatia.
  • Plavi Telefon (http://www.plavi-telefon.hr) can be called at 48 33 888 and aim to provide support for issues such as depression, alcoholism, drug abuse and suicide that traditional centers might not accomplish.
Cyprus
  • 112 and 199 are the national emergency numbers in Cyprus.
  • Cyprus Samaritans (http://www.cyprussamaritans.org) is available every day from 4pm to 12am and is confidential. They can be reached at 8000 7773.
Czech Republic
  • 112 is the national emergency number in the Czech Republic.
  • Modrá Linka (http://www.modralinka.cz) is available everyday from 9am to 9pm and can be reached through calling 549 241 010 or 608 902 410 (Vodafone), as well as through Skype or e-mail.
  • Linka Bezpeči (https://www.linkabezpeci.cz/) is an anonymous, free, and open 24/7 for youth under the age of 26. Their number is 116 111.
  • Pražská Linka Důvěry (http://www.csspraha.cz/24830-prazska-linka-duvery) is an anonymous service available 24 hours a day by calling 222 580 697. They also have an anonymous online chat.
Denmark
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Denmark.
  • Livslinien (https://www.livslinien.dk/) is an anonymous service that can be reached at 70 201 201 from 11am to 4am. It also features a free online chat.
Estonia
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Estonia.
  • Eluliin (http://www.eluliin.ee/) provides emotional support for those suffering from depression and relationship issues. They're available from 7pm to 7am at 655 8088 in Estonian and 655 5688 in Russian.
Finland
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Finland.
  • Finnish Association for Mental Health has provided assistance and support for those dealing with mental health issues and suicide since 1897. They can be reached at 010 195 202 (Finnish) or (09) 4135 0501 (foreigners).
France
  • 15 is the national emergency number in France.
  • Fil santé jeunes : 0800 235 236 : anonymous and tool-free number for young people.
  • Suicide écoute : 01 45 39 40 00 (24-hour) : suicide prevention helpline (volunteers).
  • SOS Suicide Phénix: 01 40 44 46 45 (schedule) : suicide prevention through listening and hospitality (volunteers).
  • Sos amitié : distress listening on multimedia platform : phone, email, chat (volunteers).
  • La Croix Rouge Ecoute : 0 800 858 858 : psychological support online, anonymous and free (volunteers).
Germany
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Germany.
  • Telefonseelsorge (http://www.telefonseelsorge.de/) (24/7, no cost): 0800 111 0 111 (Protestant), 0800 111 0 222 (Catholic), 0800 111 0 333 (for children and youth)
Ghana
  • 999 is the national emergency number in Ghana.
  • National Lifeline: 2332 444 71279
Guyana
Hong Kong
  • 999 is the national emergency number in Hong Kong.
  • The Samaritans (https://samaritans.org.hk) is available 24/7 by calling 2896 0000.
  • Suicide Prevention Services (http://www.sps.org.hk) provides 24/7 service by calling 2382 0000. They also offer services for the elderly at 2382 0881.
Hungary
India
  • 112 is the national emergency number for India.
  • Samaritans Mumbai: (samaritansmumbai.com) - 02264643267, 02265653267, 02265653247 - 3 pm to 9 pm, all days. samaritans.helpline@gmail.com. Helpline providing emotional support for those who are stressed, distressed, depressed, or suicidal.
  • AASRA (http://www.aasra.info/): 91-22-27546669 is a 24-hour nationwide voluntary, professional and confidential services.
  • Sneha India (http://www.snehaindia.org) is available 24/7 on the phone by calling 91 44 24640050.
Iran
  • 110 and 115 are the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in Iran.
  • Iran Organization of Well Being (http://moshaver.behzisti.ir/page.aspx?id=1480) has provided the free and governmental hotline, 1480, by which the specialists give different types of consultations for a variety of problems such as marriage, family, youths and children, suicide,etc. to those in need. this hotline is open from 6 am till 9 pm everyday and its services are reached from all provinces of Iran.
Ireland
Israel
  • 100 and 101 are the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in Israel.
  • Eran.org.il Suicide line (https://web.archive.org/web/20110909164614/http://eran.org.il/) operates 24/7 including holidays and can be reached from all regions of Israel by calling 1201 or 972-9 8891333 from abroad. SMS service is given as well during Sunday - Friday between 14:00-18:00 at 076-88444-00.
Italy
  • 112 is the national emergency number for Italy.
  • Servizio per la Prevenzione del Suicidio (SPS) (http://www.prevenireilsuicidio.it/) ) is a suicide prevention helpline whose mission is to give psychological and emotional support to anyone in suicidal crisis or to anyone who lost a dear one for suicide, through a confidential listening from an equipe of doctors, psychologists and volunteers . The helpline is operating from 9.30 am till 4.30 pm, from Monday to Friday, and it can be reached from all regions of Italy.
  • Samaritans - ONLUS (http://www.samaritansonlus.org) is available every day from 1pm to 10pm by calling 800 86 00 22 or 06 77208977.
  • Telefono Amico (http://www.telefonoamico.it) provides services everyday from 10am to 12am by calling 199284284.
Japan
  • 110 and 119 are the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in Japan.
  • TELL (http://telljp.com/lifeline/) provides a free, confidential English-language Lifeline service, plus clinical mental health services, for the international community in Japan.[6]
  • Befrienders Worldwide Osaka Suicide Prevent Center (http://www.spc-osaka.org)
Korea
  • 112 and 119 are the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in South Korea.
  • Suicide.org (suicide.org) has a list of South Korean suicide hotlines.
  • Other sources (eatyourkimchi.coml) are available for Koreans and English speakers living in Korea. Information provided by Eat Your Kimchi.[7]
Latvia
  • 113 is the national emergency number in Latvia.
  • Skalbes.lv (http://www.skalbes.lv/) You can call them on +371 67222922 or +371 27722292 the lines are working 24h on all week days.
Luxembourg
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Luxembourg.
  • 454545.lu (https://454545.lu/) You can call them on +352 45 45 45 the lines are working 11h-23h on all week days and 11h-3h on Friday and Saturday.
Malaysia
  • 999 is the national emergency number in Malaysia.
  • LifeLine Malaysia (http://lifeline.org.my/cn/) provides free counseling by calling 603-4265 7995. They are available from 7pm to 10pm Monday through Friday, and from 2pm to 5pm on Saturday.
  • Befrienders (http://www.befrienders.org.my/index.html) offers total confidelity and is available 24/7 by calling 03-79568144 or 03-79568145.
Mauritius
  • 112 and 114 are the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in Mauritius.
  • Befrienders Mauritius(http://www.befrienders.org/directory?country=MU)- Can be reached at (230) 800 93 93 and (230) 46 48 889. The helpline is open daily from 09:00 to 21:00. You can speak english or french on the helpline. They can also be reached by email.
  • Mauritius Suicide Prevention Lifeline is an emotional support helpline in Mauritius whose mission is to alleviate feelings of despair, isolation, distress, and suicidal feelings among members of the community, through confidential listening. The helpline is intended for suicide prevention and the promotion of mental health.
Mexico
  • 911 911 is the national emergency service in Mexico available 24/7. It is totally free.
  • SAPTEL (http://www.saptel.org.mx/index.html) is an independent care provider subsidized by the mexican red cross. SAPTEL has been active since 2000. It is totally free and they are available Monday to Sunday 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. crisis dialogue or treament for anything related to mental health crisis.
Netherlands
  • 112 is the national emergency number in the Netherlands.
  • 113 Suicide Prevention (https://www.113.nl/) is an independent care provider subsidized by the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport (Ministerie van VWS). The foundation has been active since September 2009. The organisation employs psychologists and psychiatrists and a large group of fully trained volunteers. 113Online has a close working relation with the Mental Health Institutes' crisis centres. Together these professionals are available 24 hours a day for crisis dialogue, treatment or referrals.
  • Chris Foundation (http://www.chris.nl/) Is a website where you can chat with volunteers to tell them your problems to relieve yourself. They will try to help you with your problems. You can also just talk with them when you feel alone or just want to talk with someone
New Zealand
  • 111 is the national emergency number in New Zealand.
  • Lifeline Aotearoa (http://www.lifeline.org.nz) is a New Zealand organisation providing free 24-hour counseling and phone help lines. Call 09 5222 999 if you live within Auckland or 0800 543 354 for those outside of Auckland.
  • Youthgroup (https://www.youthline.co.nz) Call 0800 376 633 or text 234.
  • The Lowdown (https://thelowdown.co.nz) provides assistance in dealing with issues such as relationships, anxiety, and depression and are available by e-mail or texting 5626.
Norway
  • 112 and 113 is the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in Norway
  • 116 123 is the number for Mental Helse (Mental Health), and is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
  • 22 40 00 40 is the number for Kirkens SOS(The Church SOS), and is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Kirkens SOS does also provide an anonymous message service(which replies within 24-hours) 27 hours a day, 7 days a week and a chat open 7 days a week at 18.30 - 22.30.
The Philippines
  • 911 is the national emergency number in the Philippines.
  • The Natasha Goulbourn Foundation (http://www.ngf-hope.org/contact-us/) provides 24/7 assistance to those who call (02) 804-HOPE (4673) or 0917 558 HOPE (4673)
  • Manila Lifeline Centre: (02) 8969191
Poland
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Poland.
  • Olsztynski Telefon Zaufania 'Anonimowy Przyjaciel (http://telefonzaufania.org/) provides 24/7 assistance as it's the only unit of this type in Poland. They can be reached by calling 89 19288 or 89 527 00 00.
Portugal
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Portugal.
  • Voz de Apoio (http://www.vozdeapoio.pt) is anonymous and confidential. You can speak to them by calling 225 50 60 70 or through Skype, face-to-face, or writing.
  • Sos Voz Amiga (http://www.sosvozamiga.org) is available daily from 4pm to 12am by calling 213 544 545, 912 802 669, or 963 524 660. Free Green Line callers can call 800 209 899 from 9pm to 12am.
  • Sos Estudante (http://sosestudante.pt) provides anonymous, confidential support every day from 8pm to 1am by calling 915 246 060, 969 554 545, 239 484 020 as well as through Skype.
Romania
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Romania.
  • Alianţa Română de Prevenţie a Suicidului (http://www.antisuicid.com/) is a Romanian support helpline whose mission is to give psychological and emotional support to those that find themselves in depression, those who are in a psychological crisis and those who are suicidal. Help is offered by psychologists and volunteers from Psychology Universities.
Russia
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Russia.
  • Samaritans (Cherepovets): 007 (8202) 577-577
South Africa
  • 10111 and 10177 are the national emergency numbers for the police and ambulances in South Africa.
  • LifeLine Pietermaritzburg (https://www.facebook.com/LifeLinePietermaritzburg) is a registered Non-profit organisation in Pietermaritzburg South Africa. The organisation has been around for the past 43 years. Lifeline Pietermaritzburg focuses on rendering psychosocial support to the Pietermaritzburg community through the mediums of counselling - email, face-to-face and telephone- community dialogues and awareness campaigns, HCT (HIV counselling and testing) as well as various training's which are both SETA and non SETA accedited. All services other than some trainings are free.
  • Lifeline (http://lifelinesa.co.za) is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, allowing callers to discuss a range of challenges from trauma and suicide to relationship issues.They can be reached by calling 0861 322 322.
  •   Lifeline (www.lifeline.org.za)[dead link] offers counselling services to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and young people who are confused about their sexuality. It tries to prevent personal crises and suicide. It is available everywhere in the country.
Slovenia
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Slovenia.
  • Zaupni telefon Samarijan in Sopotnik (http://www.telefon-samarijan.si/) is available 24-hours a day, 7-days a week. The purpose of the organisation is to be available for a conversation to anyone suffering from distress. The confidential phone call hotline is carried out in accordance with the fundamental principles of the international organisation IFOTES. Qualified volunteers can be reached on the toll-free telephone number 116 123.
  • TOM – telefon za otroke in mladostnike (http://www.e-tom.si) is available 7-days a week from 13:00 - 20:00 and is primarily meant for children and adolescents in distress. The telephone functions within the Association of Friends of Youth of Slovenia (ZPMS). It serves the purpose of providing emotional support for children and young people who face various questions, dilemmas or distress during the process of growing up. Advisers are available to callers needing to share their problems or are seeking advice and additional information on the toll-free telephone number 116 111.
  • Klic v duševni stiski (http://www.psih-klinika.si/koristne-informacije/klic-v-dusevni-stiski/) is available 7-days a week 19:00 - 7:00. Counsellors of the hotline are trained to work with people and especially trained to talk with people who are having suicidal thoughts. However, you can call for help regardless of the cause of your distress. They are available on the telephone number (01) 520-99-00.
  •  Ženska svetovalnica – krizni center (http://www.drustvo-zenska-svetovalnica.si/o-nas) is available 24-hours a day, 7-days a week. It is a voluntary women's organisation that works in the field of psycho-social assistance and the self-help of women who are victims of violence. They offer free counseling, information on public service competencies and assistance in organizing self-help groups to women in need. They are available on the telephone number +386 31 233 211.
Spain
  • Teléfono de la Esperanza (http://www.telefonodelesperanza.com) is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, allowing callers to discuss a range of challenges from trauma and suicide to relationship issues.They can be reached by calling 717003717.
Singapore
Sweden
United Kingdom
  • 999 is the national emergency number in the United Kingdom
  • PAPYRUS Prevention of Young Suicide (https://www.papyrus-uk.org/) is a registered charity. It is the national charity campaigning for prevention of young suicide. It operates a helpline providing short-term support and advice for anyone concerned about themselves or a young person they know. PAPYRUS also offers training such as the international ASIST (Applied Suicide Intervention Skills Training) program and bespoke packages.
  • Samaritans (http://www.samaritans.org/) is a registered charity aimed at providing emotional support to anyone in distress or at risk of suicide throughout the United Kingdom[17]
  • Campaign Against Living Miserably (https://www.thecalmzone.net/) is a registered charity[18] based in England. It was launched in March 2006 as a campaign aimed at bringing the suicide rate down among men aged 15–35.[19]
  • Mind (www.mind.org.uk) are the biggest mental health charity in the UK running 140 local centers nationwide and their website contains lot of helpful information as well as emergency advice.
United States
  •   The Trevor Project (http://www.thetrevorproject.org/) is a nationwide organization that provide crisis intervention and suicide prevention services to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning youth.[25]
  • The Veterans Crisis Line (veteranscrisisline.net) is a suicide-prevention hotline available to United States military people (both active-duty and veterans), in suicidal crisis or emotional distress. The service is confidential, free and open 24 hours.[26]
  •   Trans Lifeline (http://www.translifeline.org/) is an American organization that provide crisis intervention and suicide prevention services to transgender and non-binary individuals. Trans Lifeline offers service throughout the United States and Canada.
  • HopeLine (http://www.hopeline-nc.org) is a suicide prevention and crisis intervention hotline that can be called or texted. They operate by using active listening to support and reflect through any kind of crisis, even if not suicide related. While they are based in Raleigh, NC, they serve the entire nation.
  • Other suicide crisis organizations (http://suicideprevention.wikia.com/wiki/USA).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Samaritans:Chad Varah Archived 2012-02-09 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Watson, Robert J.; McDonald, John; Pearce, Dora C. (2006-11-01). "An exploration of national calls to Lifeline Australia: social support or urgent suicide intervention?". British Journal of Guidance & Counselling. 34 (4): 471–482. ISSN 0306-9885. doi:10.1080/03069880600942582. 
  3. ^ Afrin, Afrin (22 January 2014). "Talk share unburden". Dhaka Tribune. 
  4. ^ Center for Health and Media Policy at Hunter College: Facebook's new anti-suicide tool
  5. ^ Steinmetz, Katy (20 November 2014). "New Crisis Line Aims to Help Transgender People at Risk of Suicide". Time Magazine. 
  6. ^ "Lifeline". TELL Japan. 
  7. ^ Simon and Martina Stawski (23 September 2015). "Suicide in Korea". Eat Your Kimchi. 
  8. ^ "More Teens call SOS about Mental Health Problems". Straits Times. 2 November 2016. 
  9. ^ Kash Cheong (18 October 2014). "Now, Anyone Can Call the Insititute of Mental Health Helpline, 24/7". Straits Times. 
  10. ^ Janice Tai (5 October 2015). "Calls to Mental Health Hotline Surge by 70%". Straits Times. 
  11. ^ "More Teens call SOS about Mental Health Problems". Straits Times. 2 November 2016. 
  12. ^ "Om oss - Mind". Mind (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-05-10. 
  13. ^ "Om oss - Mind". Mind (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-05-10. 
  14. ^ "Mind Självmordslinjen". Mind (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-05-10. 
  15. ^ 1177.se. "Hjälplinjen – tillfälligt psykologiskt stöd". www.1177.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-05-10. 
  16. ^ 1177.se. "Startsida". www.1177.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-05-10. 
  17. ^ "Money woe calls to Samaritans double". BBC. 19 December 2011. 
  18. ^ Charity Commission. List of suicide crisis lines, registered charity no. 1110621. 
  19. ^ NHS Health Promotion/Campaign Against Living Miserably
  20. ^ Hoffman, Jan (23 February 2012). "Trying to Find a Cry of Desperation Amid the Facebook Drama". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 February 2017. 
  21. ^ Johnson, Jenna (15 November 2010). "Feeling depressed? Say something. Worried about a friend? Say something.". Washington Post. Retrieved 2 February 2017. 
  22. ^ "National Suicide Prevention Lifeline". chat.suicidepreventionlifeline.org. Retrieved 2017-04-13. 
  23. ^ "About AFSP — AFSP". AFSP. Retrieved 2017-04-13. 
  24. ^ Hempel, Jessi (29 May 2015). "Texts From Teens Build Real-Time Maps of Crisis in America". Wired. 
  25. ^ "Campaign Offers Help to Gay Youths". The New York Times. 19 October 2010. 
  26. ^ New York Times: Taking Calls From Veterans on the Brink