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List of suicide crisis lines


Suicide crisis lines can be found in many countries worldwide. Many are geared to a general audience while others are specific to a select demographic such as LGBT youth, Native American and Aboriginal Canadian youth. There have been studies in the United States[1] and Australia[2] which show that suicide crisis lines may help people who feel like killing or hurting themselves and may make them feel better. One of the first suicide crisis lines was the Samaritans, founded in the United Kingdom in 1953 by the Rev. Chad Varah, the then Rector of the former St. Stephen's Church in London. He decided to start a 'listening service' after reading a sermon at the grave of a 13-year-old girl who had committed suicide. She was in distress prior to her death and had no one to talk to.[3]

Crisis line organizations by countryEdit

Country Organization
Algeria
  • 18 and 14 are the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in Algeria.
  • Suicide Hotline Algeria: 0021 3983 2000 58
Argentina
  • 911 is the national emergency number in Argentina.
  • Centro de Atencíon al Familiar del Suicida (http://www.familiardesuicida.com.ar/) is made up of professionals and focuses on the problems caused by suicide, both in the community and in the people it can impact. Their number is (54-11) 4758-2554.
  • SOS Un Amigo Anonimo (http://www.sosunamigoanonimo.com.ar/) is available seven days a week from 10 am to 7pm by calling 4783-8888.
Armenia
  • 112 and 911 are the national emergency numbers in Armenia.
  • Trust Social Work and Sociological Research Centre: can be reached at (2) 538194 or (2) 538197
Australia
  • 000 is the national emergency number in Australia.
  • Lifeline (https://www.lifeline.org.au/) is a 24-hour nationwide service that provides access to crisis support, suicide prevention and mental health support services.[4]It can be reached at 13 11 14. They also offer a online chat service.
  • Kids Helpline (https://kidshelpline.com.au/) is a 24-hour nationwide service that provides access to crisis support, suicide prevention and counselling services for Australians aged 5–25. It can be reached at 1800 55 1800. In addition the Kids Helpline does also provide online chat services.
  • Beyond Blue (https://www.beyondblue.org.au) provides nationwide information and support regarding anxiety, depression, and suicide. It has a helpline witch can be reached by calling 1300 22 4636. The helpline is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. In addition, the organization also provides online chat from 15-24.
Austria
The Bahamas
  • 911 is the national emergency number in The Bahamas.
  • National Suicide Hotline: 322-2763
Bangladesh
  • 999 is the national emergency number in Bangladesh. 199 is the national number for ambulance and fire.
  • Kaan Pete Roi (http://shuni.org/) is an emotional support helpline in Bangladesh whose mission is to alleviate feelings of despair, isolation, distress, and suicidal feelings among members of the community, through confidential listening. The helpline is intended for suicide prevention and the promotion of mental health.[5]
Barbados
  • 911 is the national emergency number in Barbados.
  • Samaritans of Barbados: (246) 4299999
Belgium
Bolivia
  • 911 is the national emergency number in Bolivia.
  • Teléfono de la Esperanza (http://www.telefonodelaesperanza.org/) aims at promoting mental health to the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking world. Bolivians living in Cochabamba and La Paz can call (00 591 4) 4 25 42 42 and 75288084.
Botswana
  • 911 is the national emergency number in Botswana.
  • 3911270 is the national lifeline.
Brazil
  • 190 and 191 are the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in Brazil.
  • Centro de Valorização da Vida (http://www.cvv.org.br/) is an emotional and suicidal prevention support NGO founded in 1962 in São Paulo, Brazil, and recognized as Federal Public Utility in 1973. It offers voluntary and free support, with all communications being confidential. Contacts can be made through the phone number 141 (available 24/7), personally (in one of the 72 centres around the country), chat (via their website), VoIP (via Skype) and e-mail.
Bulgaria
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Bulgaria.
  • 0035 9249 17 223 is the number for the Sofia Hotline.
Canada
  • 911 is the national emergency number in Canada.
  • Kids Help Phone (http://org.kidshelpphone.ca/) is a nationwide 24-hour, toll-free, confidential crisis line and counselling service available to Canadians under the age of twenty.
  • The Canadian Association for Suicide Prevention (CASP) (http://suicideprevention.ca/) provides information and resources to reduce the suicide rate and minimize the harmful consequences of suicidal behaviour. CASP maintains an up-to-date list of Distress Lines across Canada by province and territory [1].
  • The Native Youth Crisis Hotline (www.women-of-nations.org) is a nationwide suicide prevention call line that serves Native American and Alaskan native youth in the United States and Aboriginal youth in Canada. The crisis line is maintained by the Native American advocacy group, Women of Nations.
  • Suicide Action Montréal (http://suicideactionmontreal.org/) Suicide Action Montreal offers support services, crisis workers and monitoring for people who are at risk of committing suicide, for their friends and family and for people affected by suicide. All communication is confidential, available 24/7 and free of charge. They offer support in French and English for people in Montreal's greater area. Their number is 1-866-APPELLE. This line is also available to anyone in Quebec. People will be redirected to their local Suicide Prevention Center.
  • Amelia Rising Sexual Assault Centre of Nipissing (http://www.ameliarising.ca/) Amelia Rising provides support groups, one on one counselling and a 24-hour crisis line for both women and men in crisis. They operate in both English and French and serve the greater Nipissing area of Northern Ontario, though they accept collect calls.
  •   Trans Lifeline (http://www.translifeline.org/) is a toll-free crisis hotline available in the United States and in Canada for transgender people staffed by transgender people.[6]
  • Youthspace.ca (http://youthspace.ca/) is an emotional and crisis support line for youth 30 and under across Canada. It is accessed via IM on the website or through text (778-783-0177). The support line is open every day from 6pm to midnight PST, and each chat is one-to-one with a trained volunteer working with the support of staff members.
China
  • 110 and 120 are the national numbers for police and ambulances in China.
  • Beijing Suicide Research and Prevention Center Hotline (http://www.crisis.org.cn) is available 24/7 and can be reached at 800-810-1117 or 010-82951332.
  • Lifeline Shanghai (http://www.lifeline-shanghai.com) is a volunteer-based, English-speaking organization for the international community. They are open from 10am to 10pm every day and can be reached by calling (021) 6279 8990. They also offer a live chat service.
  • Shanghai Mental Health Center (http://www.smhc.org.cn) serves as a mental health clinic as well as teaching, researching and planning mental health prevention throughout China. They can be reached at 021-64387250.
Croatia
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Croatia.
  • Plavi Telefon (http://www.plavi-telefon.hr) can be called at 48 33 888 and aim to provide support for issues such as depression, alcoholism, drug abuse and suicide that traditional centers might not accomplish.
Cyprus
  • 112 and 199 are the national emergency numbers in Cyprus.
  • Cyprus Samaritans (http://www.cyprussamaritans.org) is available every day from 4pm to 12am and is confidential. They can be reached at 8000 7773.
Czech Republic
  • 112 is the national emergency number in the Czech Republic.
  • Modrá Linka (http://www.modralinka.cz) is available everyday from 9am to 9pm and can be reached through calling 549 241 010 or 608 902 410 (Vodafone), as well as through Skype or e-mail.
  • Linka Bezpeči (https://www.linkabezpeci.cz/) is an anonymous, free, and open 24/7 for youth under the age of 26. Their number is 116 111.
  • Pražská Linka Důvěry (http://www.csspraha.cz/24830-prazska-linka-duvery) is an anonymous service available 24 hours a day by calling 222 580 697. They also have an anonymous online chat.
Denmark
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Denmark.
  • Livslinien (https://www.livslinien.dk/) is an anonymous service that can be reached at 70 201 201 from 11am to 4am. It also features a free online chat.
Egypt
  • 122 is the national emergency number in Egypt.
  • 126 is the foreigners emergency number in Egypt.
  • 123 is the national medical emergency number in Egypt.
Estonia
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Estonia.
  • Eluliin (http://www.eluliin.ee/) provides emotional support for those suffering from depression and relationship issues. They're available from 7pm to 7am at 655 8088 in Estonian and 655 5688 in Russian.
Finland
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Finland.
  • Finnish Association for Mental Health has provided assistance and support for those dealing with mental health issues and suicide since 1897. They can be reached at 010 195 202 (Finnish) or (09) 4135 0501 (foreigners).
France
  • 112 is the national emergency number in France, 15 is the number for ambulances, 114 for all emergency services for deaf using FAX or SMS and 17 is for police.
  • Fil santé jeunes : 0800 235 236 : anonymous and tool-free number for young people.
  • Suicide écoute : 01 45 39 40 00 (24-hour) : suicide prevention helpline (volunteers).
  • SOS Suicide Phénix: 01 40 44 46 45 (schedule) : suicide prevention through listening and hospitality (volunteers).
  • Sos amitié : distress listening on multimedia platform : phone, email, chat (volunteers).
  • La Croix Rouge Ecoute : 0 800 858 858 : psychological support online, anonymous and free (volunteers).
Germany
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Germany.
  • Telefonseelsorge (http://www.telefonseelsorge.de/) (24/7, no cost): 0800 111 0 111 (Protestant), 0800 111 0 222 (Catholic), 0800 111 0 333 (for children and youth)
Ghana
  • 999 is the national emergency number in Ghana.
  • National Lifeline: 2332 444 71279
Guyana
Hong Kong
  • 999 is the national emergency number in Hong Kong.
  • The Samaritans (https://samaritans.org.hk) is available 24/7 by calling 2896 0000.
  • Suicide Prevention Services (http://www.sps.org.hk) provides 24/7 service by calling 2382 0000. They also offer services for the elderly at 2382 0881.
Hungary
  • 112 is the national emergency number for Hungary. 104 is the national number for ambulances and 107 is for police
  • Blue line (http://www.sos116-123.hu/index.php/segelykeres) - 116-123 is a nationwide 24-hour hotline - sos@sos116-123.hu is an email address to use. Helpline providing emotional support for those who are stressed, distressed, depressed, or suicidal.
  • Help line: (http://www.kek-vonal.hu/index.php/hu/lelkisegely-vonal) - 116-111 is a helpline providing emotional support for those who are stressed, distressed, depressed, or suicidal.
India
  • 112 is the national emergency number for India.
  • Samaritans Mumbai: (samaritansmumbai.com) - 02264643267, 02265653267, 02265653247 - 3 pm to 9 pm, all days. samaritans.helpline@gmail.com. Helpline providing emotional support for those who are stressed, distressed, depressed, or suicidal.
  • AASRA (http://www.aasra.info/): 91-22-27546669 is a 24-hours a day, 7 days a week nationwide voluntary, professional and confidential services.
  • Sneha India (http://www.snehaindia.org) is available 24/7 on the phone by calling 91 44 24640050.
Iran
  • 110 and 115 are the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in Iran.
  • Iran Organization of Well Being (http://moshaver.behzisti.ir/page.aspx?id=1480) has provided the free and governmental hotline, 1480, by which the specialists give different types of consultations for a variety of problems such as marriage, family, youths and children, suicide,etc. to those in need. this hotline is open from 6 am till 9 pm everyday and its services are reached from all provinces of Iran.
Ireland
Israel
  • 100 and 101 are the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in Israel.
  • Eran.org.il Suicide line (https://web.archive.org/web/20110909164614/http://eran.org.il/) operates 24/7 including holidays and can be reached from all regions of Israel by calling 1201 or 972-9 8891333 from abroad. SMS service is given as well during Sunday - Friday between 14:00-18:00 at 076-88444-00.
Italy
  • 112 is the national emergency number for Italy.
  • Servizio per la Prevenzione del Suicidio (SPS) (http://www.prevenireilsuicidio.it/) ) is a suicide prevention helpline whose mission is to give psychological and emotional support to anyone in suicidal crisis or to anyone who lost a dear one for suicide, through a confidential listening from an equipe of doctors, psychologists and volunteers . The helpline is operating from 9.30 am till 4.30 pm, from Monday to Friday, and it can be reached from all regions of Italy.
  • Samaritans - ONLUS (http://www.samaritansonlus.org) is available every day from 1pm to 10pm by calling 800 86 00 22 or 06 77208977.
  • Telefono Amico (http://www.telefonoamico.it) provides services everyday from 10am to 12am by calling 199284284.
Japan
  • 110 and 119 are the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in Japan.
  • TELL (http://telljp.com/lifeline/) provides a free, confidential English-language Lifeline service, plus clinical mental health services, for the international community in Japan.[7]
  • Befrienders Worldwide Osaka Suicide Prevent Center (http://www.spc-osaka.org)
Korea
  • 112 and 119 are the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in South Korea.
  • Suicide.org (suicide.org) has a list of South Korean suicide hotlines.
Latvia
  • 113 is the national emergency number in Latvia.
  • Skalbes.lv (http://www.skalbes.lv/) You can call them on +371 67222922 or +371 27722292 the lines are working 24h on all week days.
Luxembourg
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Luxembourg.
  • 454545.lu (https://454545.lu/) You can call them on +352 45 45 45 the lines are working 11h-23h on all week days and 11h-3h on Friday and Saturday.
Malaysia
  • 999 is the national emergency number in Malaysia.
  • LifeLine Malaysia (http://lifeline.org.my/cn/) provides free counseling by calling 603-4265 7995. They are available from 7pm to 10pm Monday through Friday, and from 2pm to 5pm on Saturday.
  • Befrienders (http://www.befrienders.org.my/index.html) offers total confidelity and is available 24/7 by calling 03-79568144 or 03-79568145.
Mauritius
  • 112 and 114 are the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in Mauritius.
  • Befrienders Mauritius(http://www.befrienders.org/directory?country=MU) Can be reached at (+230) 800 93 93. The helpline is open daily from 09:00 to 21:00. You can speak english or french on the helpline.
  • Mauritius Suicide Prevention Lifeline is an emotional support helpline in Mauritius whose mission is to alleviate feelings of despair, isolation, distress, and suicidal feelings among members of the community, through confidential listening. The helpline is intended for suicide prevention and the promotion of mental health.
Mexico
  • 911 911 is the national emergency service in Mexico available 24/7. It is totally free.
  • SAPTEL (http://www.saptel.org.mx/index.html) is an independent care provider subsidized by the mexican red cross. It can be reached at (55) 5259-8121. SAPTEL has been active since 2000. It is totally free and they are available Monday to Sunday 9:00 to 21:00. crisis dialogue or treament for anything related to mental health crisis.
Netherlands
  • 112 is the national emergency number in the Netherlands.
  • 113 Suicide Prevention (https://www.113.nl/) is an independent care provider subsidized by the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport (Ministerie van VWS). The foundation has been active since September 2009. The organisation employs psychologists and psychiatrists and a large group of fully trained volunteers. 113Online has a close working relation with the Mental Health Institutes' crisis centres. Together these professionals are available 24 hours a day for crisis dialogue, treatment or referrals.
  • Chris Foundation (http://www.chris.nl/) Is a website where you can chat with volunteers to tell them your problems to relieve yourself. They will try to help you with your problems. You can also just talk with them when you feel alone or just want to talk with someone
New Zealand
  • 111 is the national emergency number in New Zealand.
  • Lifeline Aotearoa (http://www.lifeline.org.nz) is a New Zealand organisation providing free 24-hour counseling and phone help lines. It provides support, information and resources to people at risk of suicide, family and friends affected by suicide and people supporting someone with suicidal thoughts and/or suicidal behaviours. Call 09 5222 999 if you live within Auckland or 0800 543 354 for those outside of Auckland.
  • Youthline (https://www.youthline.co.nz) Call 0800 376 633 or text 234.
  • The Lowdown (https://thelowdown.co.nz) provides assistance in dealing with issues such as relationships, anxiety, and depression and are available by e-mail or texting 5626.
Norway
  • 112 and 113 is the national emergency numbers for police and ambulances in Norway
  • Mental Helse Mental Helse (Mental Health). Can be reached at 116 123 and is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Mental Helse does also provide a chat-service at http://sidetmedord.no where users can write messages anonymously and get answers within 48-hours. A chat-service is also provided. It is open Mondays from 19.00 - 22.00 and Wednesdays: from 19.00 - 22.00. The chat-services may not always be open in July and on public celebration days or Sundays.
  • Kirkens SOS Kirkens SOS(The Church SOS). Can be reached at 22 40 00 40 and is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The line is free to call and confidential. Kirkens SOS does also provide an anonymous message service(which replies within 24-hours) 27 hours a day, 7 days a week and a chat open 7 days a week at 18.30 - 22.30.
The Philippines
  • 911 is the national emergency number in the Philippines.
  • The Natasha Goulbourn Foundation (http://www.ngf-hope.org/contact-us/) provides 24/7 assistance to those who call (02) 804-HOPE (4673) or 0917 558 HOPE (4673)
  • Manila Lifeline Centre: (02) 8969191
Poland
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Poland.
  • Olsztynski Telefon Zaufania 'Anonimowy Przyjaciel (http://telefonzaufania.org/) provides 24/7 assistance as it's the only unit of this type in Poland. They can be reached by calling 89 19288 or 89 527 00 00.
Portugal
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Portugal.
  • Voz de Apoio (http://www.vozdeapoio.pt) is anonymous and confidential. You can speak to them by calling 225 50 60 70 or through Skype, face-to-face, or writing.
  • Sos Voz Amiga (http://www.sosvozamiga.org) is available daily from 4pm to 12am by calling 213 544 545, 912 802 669, or 963 524 660. Free Green Line callers can call 800 209 899 from 9pm to 12am.
  • Sos Estudante (http://sosestudante.pt) provides anonymous, confidential support every day from 8pm to 1am by calling 915 246 060, 969 554 545, 239 484 020 as well as through Skype.
Romania
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Romania.
  • Alianţa Română de Prevenţie a Suicidului (http://www.antisuicid.com/) is a Romanian support helpline whose mission is to give psychological and emotional support to those that find themselves in depression, those who are in a psychological crisis and those who are suicidal. Help is offered by psychologists and volunteers from Psychology Universities.
Russia
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Russia.
  • Samaritans (Cherepovets): 007 (8202) 577-577
South Africa
  • 10111 and 10177 are the national emergency numbers for the police and ambulances in South Africa.
  • Lifeline (http://lifelinesa.co.za) is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, allowing callers to discuss a range of challenges from trauma and suicide to relationship issues.They can be reached by calling 0861 322 322.
  • The South African Depression and Anxiety Group(http://www.sadag.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=11&Itemid=114) The organization provides a suicide helpline witch can be reached at 0800 567 567.
  • Lifeline (http://lifeline.co.za/i-need-help/) is open 24 hours a day. It can be reaced by calling 011 422 4242. If allows the caller to get emotional support and counselling with a range of challenges including depression, suicidal thoughts, divorce, domestic violence, eating disorders, other mental health problems, family matters, grief, loss and hiv/aids. The organisation has The organization says diversity is an important value for them:"We deeply respect and value the differences in people and culture and believe that Emotional Wellness is a universal human need".[8]
  •  The Triangle project (https://triangle.org.za/about/) provides a helpline where lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people can talk to a trained professional. The professional will ensure the callers privacy and can also refer the caller to other support networks. It can be reached at (021) 712 6699 daily from 13:00 to 21:00. The counselor will then call you back.
  •  OUT (http://www.out.org.za/index.php/what-s-hot/services/173-psychosocial-support-services) Provides a helpline for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people which can be reached at 0860 688 688. The helpline is open from monday to friday from 8:30 to 16:30 and is operated by trained and experienced lay counsellors. Reverse charge calls are accepted. OUT does also provide face-to-face-counseling.
  • LifeLine Pietermaritzburg (https://www.facebook.com/LifeLinePietermaritzburg) is a registered Non-profit organisation in Pietermaritzburg South Africa. The organisation has been around for the past 43 years. Lifeline Pietermaritzburg focuses on rendering psychosocial support to the Pietermaritzburg community through the mediums of counselling - email, face-to-face and telephone- community dialogues and awareness campaigns, HCT (HIV counselling and testing) as well as various training's which are both SETA and non SETA accedited. All services other than some trainings are free.
Slovenia
  • 112 is the national emergency number in Slovenia.
  • Zaupni telefon Samarijan in Sopotnik (http://www.telefon-samarijan.si/) is available 24-hours a day, 7-days a week. The purpose of the organisation is to be available for a conversation to anyone suffering from distress. The confidential phone call hotline is carried out in accordance with the fundamental principles of the international organisation IFOTES. Qualified volunteers can be reached on the toll-free telephone number 116 123.
  • TOM – telefon za otroke in mladostnike (http://www.e-tom.si) is available 7-days a week from 13:00 - 20:00 and is primarily meant for children and adolescents in distress. The telephone functions within the Association of Friends of Youth of Slovenia (ZPMS). It serves the purpose of providing emotional support for children and young people who face various questions, dilemmas or distress during the process of growing up. Advisers are available to callers needing to share their problems or are seeking advice and additional information on the toll-free telephone number 116 111.
  • Klic v duševni stiski (http://www.psih-klinika.si/koristne-informacije/klic-v-dusevni-stiski/) is available 7-days a week 19:00 - 7:00. Counsellors of the hotline are trained to work with people and especially trained to talk with people who are having suicidal thoughts. However, you can call for help regardless of the cause of your distress. They are available on the telephone number (01) 520-99-00.
  • Ženska svetovalnica – krizni center (http://www.drustvo-zenska-svetovalnica.si/o-nas) is available 24-hours a day, 7-days a week. It is a voluntary women's organisation that works in the field of psycho-social assistance and the self-help of women who are victims of violence. They offer free counseling, information on public service competencies and assistance in organizing self-help groups to women in need. They are available on the telephone number +386 31 233 211.
Spain
  • 091 is the national emergency number for police in Spain. 112 is for ambulances
  • Teléfono de la Esperanza (http://www.telefonodelaesperanza.org) is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, allowing callers to discuss a range of challenges from trauma and suicide to relationship issues.They can be reached by calling 717 003 717.
Singapore
Sweden
United Kingdom
  • 999 is the national emergency number in the United Kingdom
  • PAPYRUS Prevention of Young Suicide (https://www.papyrus-uk.org/) is a registered charity. It is the national charity campaigning for prevention of young suicide. It operates a helpline providing short-term support and advice for anyone concerned about themselves or a young person they know. PAPYRUS also offers training such as the international ASIST (Applied Suicide Intervention Skills Training) program and bespoke packages.
  • Samaritans (http://www.samaritans.org/) is a registered charity aimed at providing emotional support to anyone in distress or at risk of suicide throughout the United Kingdom[18]
  • Campaign Against Living Miserably (https://www.thecalmzone.net/) is a registered charity[19] based in England. It was launched in March 2006 as a campaign aimed at bringing the suicide rate down among men aged 15–35.[20]
  • Mind (England and Wales) (www.mind.org.uk) are the biggest mental health charity in the UK running 140 local centers nationwide and their website contains lot of helpful information as well as emergency advice.
  • Samh (Scotland) (www.samh.org.uk) currently operates over 60 services in communities across Scotland providing mental health social care support, homelessness, addictions and employment services, among others.
  • Lifeline (Northern Ireland) (lifelinehelpline.info) iis the Northern Ireland crisis response helpline service for people who are experiencing distress or despair
United States

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ King R, Nurcombe B, Bickman L, Hides L, et al. Telephone counselling for adolescent suicide prevention: changes in suicidality and mental state from beginning to end of a counselling session. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2003 Winter;33(4):400-11. PMID 14695055
  3. ^ Samaritans:Chad Varah Archived 2012-02-09 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Watson, Robert J.; McDonald, John; Pearce, Dora C. (2006-11-01). "An exploration of national calls to Lifeline Australia: social support or urgent suicide intervention?". British Journal of Guidance & Counselling. 34 (4): 471–482. doi:10.1080/03069880600942582. ISSN 0306-9885. 
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  6. ^ Steinmetz, Katy (20 November 2014). "New Crisis Line Aims to Help Transgender People at Risk of Suicide". Time Magazine. 
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  11. ^ Janice Tai (5 October 2015). "Calls to Mental Health Hotline Surge by 70%". Straits Times. 
  12. ^ "More Teens call SOS about Mental Health Problems". Straits Times. 2 November 2016. 
  13. ^ "Om oss - Mind". Mind (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-05-10. 
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  19. ^ Charity Commission. List of suicide crisis lines, registered charity no. 1110621. 
  20. ^ NHS Health Promotion/Campaign Against Living Miserably
  21. ^ Hoffman, Jan (23 February 2012). "Trying to Find a Cry of Desperation Amid the Facebook Drama". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 February 2017. 
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  24. ^ "National Suicide Prevention Lifeline". chat.suicidepreventionlifeline.org. Retrieved 2017-04-13. 
  25. ^ "About AFSP — AFSP". AFSP. Retrieved 2017-04-13. 
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  27. ^ "Campaign Offers Help to Gay Youths". The New York Times. 19 October 2010. 
  28. ^ New York Times: Taking Calls From Veterans on the Brink