List of ovens

This is a list of ovens. An oven is a thermally insulated chamber used for the heating, baking or drying of a substance,[1] and most commonly used for cooking. Kilns and furnaces are special-purpose ovens, used in pottery and metalworking, respectively.

A modern double oven


Baking ovensEdit

Baking is a food cooking method that uses prolonged dry heat by convection, rather than by thermal radiation, normally in an oven, but also in hot ashes, or on hot stones.[2] Bread is a commonly baked food.

Baking bread in a commercial oven
Bread being baked in a tabun oven
Name Image Description
AGA cooker   A heat storage oven and cooker, which works on the principle that a heavy frame made from cast iron components can absorb heat from a relatively low-intensity but continuously-burning source, and the accumulated heat can then be used when needed for cooking.
Bachelor griller  
Beehive oven  
Bottle oven  
Chorkor oven
Clome oven  
Communal oven  
Convection microwave  
Convection oven  
Cooker   May refer to several types of cooking appliances and devices used for cooking foods
Dutch oven  
Easy-Bake Oven  
Egyptian egg oven  
Halogen oven  
Hot Box (appliance)  
Kitchen stove  
Kitchener range
Kyoto box
Masonry oven   In Arabic-speaking countries, the masonry oven is called "furn," derived from the Greek word "fournos"
Microwave oven
Reflector oven  
Rotimatic An automatic kitchen robot that bakes rotis and tortillas
Russian oven  
Self-cleaning oven
Solar cooker  
Roaster Oven An electric table or cabinet top popular in the 1950s. Large enough to bake turkeys, they had removable inserts which held the food and a lid, often with a glass insert.
Tabun oven  
Tannur   May be used for either baking or cooking
Toaster and toaster oven  
Trivection oven
Wood-fired oven  

Coke ovensEdit

A coke oven at a smokeless fuel plant in Wales, United Kingdom
Coal coking ovens at Cokedale, west of Trinidad, Colorado, supplied steel mills in Pueblo, Colorado
Name Image Description
Cherry Valley Coke Ovens   These consisted of 200 coke ovens built by the Leetonia Iron and Coal Company around 1866, near Leetonia, Ohio, United States. The function of the "beehive" coke ovens was to purify coal and turn it into coke. The coke was burned in furnaces that produced iron and steel.
Dunlap coke ovens  
Minersville Coke Ovens  
Redstone Coke Oven Historic District  
Sydney Tar Ponds  

Earth ovensEdit

An earth oven, or cooking pit, is one of the most simple and long-used cooking structures. At its simplest, an earth oven is a pit in the ground used to trap heat and bake, smoke, or steam food. Earth ovens have been used in many places and cultures in the past, and the presence of such cooking pits is a key sign of human settlement often sought by archaeologists. They remain a common tool for cooking large quantities of food where no equipment is available.

Name Image Description
Barbecue   Barbecue is both a cooking method and apparatus.
Hāngi   A traditional New Zealand Māori method of cooking food using heated rocks buried in a pit oven still used for special occasions.

Industrial ovensEdit

Industrial ovens are heated chambers used for a variety of industrial applications, including drying, curing, or baking components, parts or final products. Industrial ovens can be used for large or small volume applications, in batches or continuously with a conveyor line, and a variety of temperature ranges, sizes and configurations.

Name Image Description
Batch oven A type of furnace used for thermal processing. They are used in numerous production and laboratory applications.
Burn-in ovens
Clean process oven
Flame broiler
Industrial oven   Pictured is an industrial convection oven used in the manufacture of aircraft components
Reach-in oven
Walk-in/Truck-in ovens
Spiral ovens Ovens with a helical conveyor


A kiln is a thermally insulated chamber, a type of oven, that produces temperatures sufficient to complete some process, such as hardening, drying, or chemical changes. Various industries and trades use kilns to harden objects made from clay into pottery, bricks etc.[3] Various industries use rotary kilns for pyroprocessing—to calcinate ores, produce cement, lime, and many other materials.

Name Image Description
Anagama kiln An ancient type of pottery kiln brought to Japan from China via Korea in the 5th century.
Birch Creek Charcoal Kilns  
Brick clamp  
Cement kiln  
Lime kiln  
Rotary kiln   A pyroprocessing device used to raise materials to a high temperature (calcination) in a continuous process
Top-lit updraft gasifier
Tube furnace
Tybo Charcoal Kilns

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Oven. Retrieved on 2011-11-23.
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary
  3. ^ "Brick making kilns" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-05-20.