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List of military clothing camouflage patterns

1931 Splittertarnmuster (splinter pattern) first used for tents, then parachutists' jump smocks, and finally for infantry smocks

This is a list of military clothing camouflage patterns used for battledress. Military camouflage is the use of camouflage by a military force to protect personnel and equipment from observation by enemy forces. Textile patterns for uniforms have multiple functions, including camouflage, identifying friend from foe, and esprit de corps.[1]

The list is organized by pattern; only patterned textiles are shown. It includes current and past issue patterns, with dates; users may include armed, paramilitary, police, firefighting, search and rescue, counter-insurgency/counter-terrorism and other security forces and emergency services.

Contents

PatternsEdit

Military camouflage patterns of the 20th and 21st centuries
Name Family Image Issued Users
Australian Multicam Woodland 2014 Australia[2]
Airman Battle Uniform (ABU) Digital tigerstripe   2008 Used by the United States Air Force and its civilian auxiliary the Civil Air Patrol.[3][4][5]
AOR-1 (NWU Type II) Digital   2010 United States Navy, certain specialized units only.[6][7]
AOR-2 (NWU Type III) Digital   2010 United States Navy, specialized units before 2016, fleet-wide after 2016.[8]
A-TACS Woodland   2010 Used by Peruvian marines[9] and the Haitian National Police.[10] Unlicensed copies are used by the Russian Federation under the name of "Ataka".[11][12]
Bundeswehr Tropentarn (3-Farb-Tarndruck) Flecktarn   1993 German Bundeswehr:[13] tropical battle dress uniform for desert and semi-arid regions (army and air force) was also in use in the Danish army until they changed to M/01
Canadian Disruptive Pattern (CADPAT) Digital   2002 Canada. Temperate variant shown.[14]
Camouflage Europe Centrale Woodland   1991 France
Desert Camouflage Pattern (three-color) Woodland   1991 Thailand (VDC), United States[15]
Desert Camouflage Pattern (six-color) Woodland   1980s United States (formerly).[16] United Arab Emirates (formerly).[17] Used by many other armies in many colour and pattern variations, including Argentina, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Kuwait, Niger, Paraguay, Peru, China, Egypt, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Libya, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Korea (formerly), Spain, Yemen.[18]
Desert Night Camouflage ?   1991 c. United States (formerly)[19]
Disruptive Pattern Camouflage Woodland   1986–2017 Australian Defence Force
Disruptive Pattern Material DPM   1968 United Kingdom, DPM-95 shown. It replaced similar 1960 pattern DPM, introduced in 1968.[20] Replaced by Multi-Terrain Pattern. Indonesia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Philippines, Russia, Yemen.
Erbsenmuster Flecktarn   1944 Germany[21]
ERDL (M1948) Woodland 1967–1988 Singapore Armed Forces,[22] Turkish Armed Forces late 1980s–1990s,[23] was used by the USMC until the early 1980s and the U.S. Air Force until the late 1980s.
Flächentarnmuster, also called Kartoffelmuster (potato), or Blumentarn (flower) Flecktarn   1956–1967 East German National People's Army[24]
Flecktarn Flecktarn   1990 Germany,[25] and at least 16 variants in different countries.
Albania;[26] Belgium;[27] China until 2007;[28] Denmark 3-color variant;[29] France;[30] India;[31] Japan;[32] Kyrgyzstan;[33] Poland;[34] Russia;[11] Greece, Ukraine.
Frog Skin/Spot Frog Skin   1942 United States. Reversible: 5-color jungle one side, 3-color beach the other.[35] Also sometimes called "Duckhunter." Used by the US, (primarily the USMC) in World War II. Remained in use by the USMC into the 1960s. Also used by Turkey until 1980s in different colorways.[23]
Hungarian camouflage pattern 2015M Woodland   2015 Used by the Hungarian Defence Force introduced in 2015.[36]
HyperStealth Spec4ce Afghan Forest Woodland   2009 Used by the Afghan National Army since 2010.[37]
Jigsaw Puzzle   1956 Belgium[38]
Leibermuster ?   1945 Germany[39]
Lizard Lizard   1947 France[40]
Many variants, both with horizontal stripes (Chad, Gabon, Rwanda, Sudan, Cuba, Congo, Greece) and with vertical stripes (Portugal 1963, then Egypt, Greece, India, Lebanese Palestinians, and Syria).
Outside France, Tunisia has probably fielded more varieties of the lizard pattern than any other nation.[41] Vietnam era Tigerstripe is a variant of Lizard.[40]
M05 Digital   2007 c. Finland[42]
M84 Flecktarn   1984 Denmark; 9 color variants.[43] Estonia:[44] France;[29][45][46] Latvia;[44] Lithuania;[44] Russia;[29] Sweden;[47] Turkey[48]
M90 Splinter   1989[49] Sweden;[50] Latvia;[51][better source needed]
Marina Trans Jungle (US4CES) Digital 2015 Mexican Naval Infantry[52]
Marine Pattern (MARPAT) Digital   2002 United States Marine Corps (arid variant shown),[53][54] some U.S. Navy sailors assigned to USMC units, and U.S. Marine Corps JROTC cadets. The temperate variant was used by the Georgian Army in the late 2000s, but has since been replaced by a domestic variant of MultiCam.[55][circular reference]
MultiCam Woodland   2002 U.S. Armed Forces,[56] Angola,[57] Brazil,[58] Australia,[59][60] Austria,[61] Denmark,[29][43] Montenegro,[62] New Zealand,[63] Panama,[64] South Korea,[65] Thailand,[66] Bolivia, Tunisia,[67] Turkish Navy[23] Azerbaijani Armed Forces, the Canadian Special Operations Forces Command, Georgian Armed Forces,[68][circular reference] and the Haitian National Police.[69] Also known as Scorpion.
Multitarn Flecktarn 2016 Bundeswehr[70]
Multi-Terrain Pattern Disruptive Pattern Material   2010 British Armed Forces[71]
NWU Type I Digital   2008–present United States Navy,[72] New York State Naval Militia,[73] and U.S. Naval Sea Cadet Corps.[74] Due to be retired by the U.S. Navy in 2019.
Operational Camouflage Pattern (OCP) Woodland   2015–present United States, replacing Universal Camouflage Pattern by 2019.[75] An enlarged, slightly modified version of MultiCam. Also known as Scorpion W2.
Platanenmuster Flecktarn   1937 Germany: summer (shown) and autumn variants.[21]
Rain pattern Rain   1960 c. Warsaw Pact countries: Poland ("deszczyk"), Czechoslovakia ("jehličí"), East Germany ("Strichtarn"), and Bulgaria[76][77]

subsequent use: Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan

Rhodesian Brushstroke Brushstroke   1965–1980 Rhodesia[78]
Soldier 2000 Woodland   1994 South Africa[79]
Splittermuster Splinter   1931 Germany 1941–1944 (Wehrmacht, SS)[80]
Tactical Assault Camouflage (TACAM) Woodland   2004 U.S. National Counterterrorism Center[81][82]
TAZ 90 Woodland   1990s Switzerland[83]
Telo mimetico Woodland
precursor
  1929 Italy, for shelter-halves, then uniforms. Oldest mass-produced camouflage pattern.[84]
Tigerstripe Tigerstripe   1969 c. South Vietnam, US special forces in Vietnam. Based on Lizard. Many variants. Also used by Australia, New Zealand in Vietnam.[85][86]
Turkish pattern semi-Digital   2008 c. Turkish Armed Forces[87] 5 variants[23] Azerbaijani Armed Forces
Type 99 (China) Woodland   1999 China[88]
Type 07 (China) Digital   2007 China. Ocean variant shown.[88]
Universal Camouflage Pattern Digital   2005–2014/19 United States Army,[89] some U.S. Navy sailors assigned to army units,[90] the Texas State Guard,[91] Chadian Army,[92] and the Azerbaijani Armed Forces. Also used by the Iranian military in limited contexts.
U.S. Woodland ("M81") Woodland   1981 Derived from ERDL.[93] Used by the United States Navy SEALs, U.S. Navy SWCC, USMC MARSOC,[94] Luxembourg,[95] Argentine marines,[96] Azerbaijani Armed Forces, the Dutch Marine Corps,[97] Peruvian marines,[98] and the Nigerian Navy.[99][100] Was used by the Afghan National Army and the Mexican Naval Infantry[101] in the 2000s. Also used by the Moldovan Special Forces,[102][103] Malaysian navy,[104] Malawian Army, Tunisian Army's Special Forces Group[105] and Turkey until mid-2000s in 3 colorways.[23]
wz. 68 Moro ?   1969–1989 Poland; 6 variant colorways.[106][107][108]
wz. 89 Puma ?   1989–1993 Poland[109]
wz. 93 Pantera Woodland   1993 Poland[110]


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit