Memorials to Frédéric Chopin
The following is a compilation of memorials to the composer Frédéric Chopin in the form of physical monuments and institutions and other entities named after him.
Chopin's Polish residencesEdit
Fryderyk Chopin's principal Polish residences survive — most of them rebuilt from the devastations of World War II — except for the Saxon Palace, where his father Mikołaj Chopin in October 1810 (when Fryderyk was six months old) took a post teaching French at the Warsaw Lyceum, housed in the Saxon Palace. The Chopin family lived on the premises.
In 1817 the Saxon Palace was requisitioned by Warsaw's Russian governor for military use, and the Warsaw Lyceum was reestablished in the Kazimierz Palace (today the rectorate of Warsaw University). Fryderyk and his family moved to an extant building (center photo, below) adjacent to the Kazimierz Palace.
In 1827, soon after the death of Chopin's youngest sister Emilia, the family moved from the Warsaw University building adjacent to the Kazimierz Palace, to lodgings just across the street from the university, in the south annex of the Krasiński Palace on Krakowskie Przedmieście. Chopin lived there until he left Warsaw in 1830. The Krasiński Palace is now the Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts.
The Saxon Palace was destroyed by the Germans in World War II. Plans have been put forward to rebuild it. It was in the Saxon Palace (at the time, the Polish General Staff building) that civilian mathematicians working at the General Staff's Cipher Bureau, beginning in 1932, broke Germany's Enigma machine ciphers—an achievement that would be of great importance to the outcome of World War II.
Chopin's Żelazowa Wola birthplace. He lived here for six months in 1810.
- Chopin's heart, preserved in alcohol, was sealed in 1882 within a pillar of the Holy Cross Church, behind a tablet carved by Leonard Marconi. The tablet bears an inscription from Matthew VI:21: "For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also." (See photo of the Church pillar, with epitaph.)
- The Holy Cross Church stands only a short distance from Chopin's last Warsaw residence, the Krasiński Palace, which bears a plaque commemorating Chopin.
- There are three Chopin monuments in Żelazowa Wola: an obelisk from 1894, a bronze statue from 1969 and a sandstone bust from 1984.
- There is a monument to Chopin at the Szafarnia manor house where he stayed for holidays with a schoolfriend in 1824 and 1825.
- In 1897 a Chopin memorial was erected in the town of Duszniki-Zdrój, where in 1826, 16-year-old Chopin played his first concert outside of the Russian Partition of Poland. A Chopin statue was erected in 1976 and it stands in the Spa Park in front of the Fryderyk Chopin Theatre.
- In 1926 a bronze statue of Chopin, designed by sculptor Wacław Szymanowski in 1907, was erected in the upper part of Warsaw's Royal Baths (Łazienki) Park.
- Other statues and busts of Chopin stand in Poznań (1923), Wrocław (2004), Żychlin (2010), Antonin, Brdów, Radziejowice, Międzyzdroje, Bydgoszcz (ca. 1973), Słupsk (1976), Ustka (1979), Kraków (2005).
- For the 2010 bicentennial of Chopin's birth, 14 "Chopin's Warsaw" ("Warszawa Chopina") benches were placed in Warsaw near Chopin landmarks. They stand near Chopin landmarks such as the Krasiński Palace, the Carmelite Church where he played organ as a boy, and the Wessel Palace where in 1830 he boarded a stage for Vienna. Pressing a button on a bench makes it play a few bars of a Chopin composition.
- Memorial plaques in Warsaw (numerous), Antonin (commemorating two visits to the Radziwiłł Palace), Toruń (commemorating a visit in 1825), Kalisz (commemorating visits in years 1826-1830), Sanniki (commemorating a visit in 1828), Sulechów (commemorating a visit in 1828), Silna (commemorating a visit in 1828), Wrocław (commemorating a concert in 1830), Poznań (on the courtyard of the Poznań Society of Friends of Learning).
- Monument in Poturzyn, commemorating a visit in 1830 (1985).
- Memorial stones in Kozłowo (commemorating a visit in 1825), Waplewo Wielkie (commemorating a visit and concert in 1827) and Strzyżew.
- Obelisks in the Chopin Park in Gliwice (1949) and in Sochaczew (2010).
Funerary monument on a pillar in Holy Cross Church, Warsaw, enclosing Chopin's heart (just above bouquet at bottom)
Chopin obelisk, Żelazowa Wola
Chopin memorial from 1897, Duszniki-Zdrój
Bust, Chopin Park, Poznań
Obelisk, Chopin Park, Gliwice
Plaque (placed in 2010, on Chopin's 200th birth anniversary) commemorating the 8-year-old's first public performance, in today's Presidential Palace, Warsaw, for the Warsaw Philanthropic Society, 24 February 1818
"Chopin's Warsaw" bench near the Carmelite Church.
Monument, South Park, Wrocław
- France: Chopin's tombstone in Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris, featuring the muse of music, Euterpe, weeping over a broken lyre, was designed and sculpted by Auguste Clésinger. Monuments to Chopin can also be found in Paris's Parc Monceau (1906) and Jardin du Luxembourg. Also the Salon Frédéric Chopin at the Polish Library in Paris.
- United Kingdom: monument and blue plaques in London, monument in Manchester, memorial plaques in Edinburgh and Glasgow
- Spain: busts in Valldemossa and Palma de Mallorca, memorial plaque in Barcelona
- Germany: statue in Munich's Dichtergarten, memorial plaque in Dresden, bust in Berlin's Hackesche Höfe
- Albania: bust in Tirana
- Hungary: monument in Gödöllő, bust in Budapest
- Serbia: bust in Belgrade
- Portugal: bust in Lisbon
- Netherlands: bust in Culemborg
- Czech Republic: memorial plaques in Prague and Mariánské Lázně
- Austria: memorial plaque in Vienna
- Ukraine: tenement house relief in Lviv, memorial plaque in Lutsk
- Russia: bust in Kaliningrad
Chopin's grave at Père Lachaise Cemetery
Memorial plaque in Dresden, where Chopin stayed in 1835
Memorial plaque in Prague, where Chopin lived in 1829-30
Memorial plaque in Vienna, where Chopin lived in 1830-31
Bust in Valldemossa, where Chopin stayed in 1838-39
Plaque in Barcelona commemorating Chopin's visits in 1838 and 1839
Monument in Gödöllő
Bust in Culemborg
- The Chopin Theatre, Chopin Park, Chopin School, and Chopin Plaza, in Chicago are all named in the composer's honor, a testament to the influence of Chicago's Polish Community. A Chopin statue is planned for Chicago's lakefront.
- San José, Costa Rica
- The largest Polish music conservatory is named Fryderyk Chopin University of Music.
- The world's oldest monographic music competition, the International Chopin Piano Competition, founded in 1927, is held every five years in Warsaw. Periodically the Grand prix du disque de F. Chopin is awarded for notable Chopin recordings.
- The Chopin Festival, founded in 1946, is held annually in the Fryderyk Chopin Theatre in Duszniki-Zdrój.
- The Fryderyk Chopin Museum, established in 1954, is housed in Warsaw's Ostrogski Palace, seat of the Fryderyk Chopin Society. The Museum was refurbished in 2010 for the 200th anniversary of Chopin's birth.
- Chopin's Birthplace in Żelazowa Wola is operated as a museum by the Fryderyk Chopin Museum.
- The Museum also maintains the Chopin Family Drawing Room in the Krasiński Palace, Warsaw.
- Salon Frédéric Chopin, Paris
- Cell no. 4, Valldemossa Charterhouse, Majorca - the rooms where Chopin and George Sand stayed are laid out as a museum, including Chopin's Pleyel piano.
- The Polish Library in Paris houses a permanent exhibition, the only one in France, dedicated to the composer.
Named for the composer are:
-  Fryderyk Chopin Information Centre.
- Harry Hinsley, "The Influence of ULTRA in the Second World War" (transcript of a lecture given on 19 October 1993 at Cambridge University), 1996 .
- Samson (1996), 193.
- Holy Cross Church (Kościół Św. Krzyża) on Inyourpocket.com website, accessed 7.12.2013
- Zdzisław Jachimecki, "Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek", Polski słownik biograficzny, vol. 3, Kraków, Polska Akademia Umiejętności, 1937, pp. 424–25.
- "Walking Around Chopin's Warsaw (Chopin's Benches", Visit Chopin in Warsaw website, accessed 6 August 2013.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-19. Retrieved 2014-11-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Exploring South America". Warsaw Voice. 3 July 2003. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- Website of the Bibliothèque Polonaise de Paris (in French).
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