International Chopin Piano Competition

The International Chopin Piano Competition (Polish: Międzynarodowy Konkurs Pianistyczny im. Fryderyka Chopina), often referred to as the Chopin Competition, is a piano competition held in Warsaw, Poland. It was initiated in 1927 and has been held every five years since 1955. It is one of the few competitions devoted entirely to the works of a single composer,[1] in this case, Frédéric Chopin. The competition is currently organized by the Fryderyk Chopin Institute.[2]

International Fryderyk Chopin Piano Competition
Current: XVIII International Chopin Piano Competition
Chopin Intl Piano Competition 2005.jpg
The National Philharmonic during the 2005 competition
VenueNational Philharmonic, Warsaw
Presented byFryderyk Chopin Institute
First awarded1927; 95 years ago (1927)
Websitekonkursy.nifc.pl/en

The Chopin Competition is one of the most prestigious competitions in classical music, often launching the careers of its winners overnight through major concert dates and lucrative recording contracts. Past winners have included Maurizio Pollini (1960), Martha Argerich (1965), Krystian Zimerman (1975), and Yundi Li (2000). The most recent winner has been Bruce Liu of Canada in 2021. Yundi Li is the most well known for being the youngest pianist, at the age of 18, to win the 2000 XIV International Chopin Piano Competition, and the youngest juror in history for the competition in 2015.

HistoryEdit

 
3rd Chopin Competition (1937). Among members of the jury (sitting on the left) Heinrich Neuhaus, Emil von Sauer, Guido Agosti, and Wilhelm Backhaus

The competition was initiated by Polish pianist and pedagogue Jerzy Żurawlew, who began seeking funds for a piano competition in 1925, influenced by Aleksander Michałowski. Żurawlew recalled later: "Young people at that time, not long after the end of the Great War, were taking a keen interest in sports. They were dyed-in-the-wool realists in their outlook on life. I would often hear that Chopin was excessively romantic, that he enervated the soul and weakened the psyche. Some went so far as to discourage the inclusion of Chopin as required repertoire in music schools. All that showed a fundamental lack of understanding, which I found very painful... As I watched young people’s enthusiasm for sporting achievement, I finally hit upon a solution: a competition! Here was a format to bring tangible advantages to young performers of Chopin in the form of monetary prizes and an international performing career."[3]

Gathering funds for the competition proved to be a difficult task. As Żurawlew remembered in later years: "I met with utter incomprehension, indifference and even aversion. The opinion among musicians was unanimous: Chopin is so great that he can defend himself. At the Ministry, it was announced that there were no funds for it [...] and that the whole idea was unfeasible". In this difficult situation, help arrived from Henryk Rewkiewicz — a businessman, music lover and board member of The Warsaw Music Society, who offered his personal financial guarantees to cover the entire deficit expected to arise from the first Competition.[4] Many years later Jerzy Żurawlew wrote, “[…] I was greatly helped by my friend Henryk Rewkiewicz, director of the Match Monopoly, who offered 15,000 złoty - a substantial sum at the time - for the Competition”.[5] Ultimately, things picked up with the election of a new Polish president Ignacy Mościcki, who became the patron of the Chopin Competition.[6]

Subsequent editions were organized in 1932 and 1937; the post-war fourth and fifth editions were held in 1949 and 1955. In 1957 the competition became one of the founding members of the World Federation of International Music Competitions in Geneva.

Traditionally, during the competition on 17 October – the day of Chopin's death – a solemn mass is celebrated in the Holy Cross Church in Warsaw, during which Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Requiem is performed in accordance with the wishes of the composer.[7][8]

In 2018, the Chopin Institute organized the inaugural I International Chopin Competition on Period Instruments.

The XVIII International Chopin Piano Competition, originally scheduled for 2020, was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic and took place in 2021 instead.[9]

JuryEdit

The jury has been chaired by:

Prize winnersEdit

The laureates of the Chopin International Piano Competition:[18][19]

Top 3 prize winners since 1927
Edition 1st 2nd 3rd
I (1927) Lev Oborin
  Soviet Union
Stanisław Szpinalski
  Poland
Róża Etkin
  Poland
II (1932) Alexander Uninsky (c)
  Soviet Union
Imre Ungár (c)
  Hungary
Bolesław Kon
  Poland
III (1937) Yakov Zak
  Soviet Union
Rosa Tamarkina
  Soviet Union
Witold Małcużyński
  Poland
IV (1949) Bella Davidovich
  Soviet Union
Barbara Hesse-Bukowska
  Poland
Waldemar Maciszewski
  Poland
Halina Czerny-Stefańska
  Poland (tie)
V (1955) Adam Harasiewicz
  Poland
Vladimir Ashkenazy
  Soviet Union
Fou Ts'ong
  China
VI (1960) Maurizio Pollini
  Italy
Irina Zaritskaya
  Soviet Union
Tania Achot-Haroutounian
  Iran
VII (1965) Martha Argerich
  Argentina
Arthur Moreira Lima
  Brazil
Marta Sosińska
  Poland
VIII (1970) Garrick Ohlsson
  United States
Mitsuko Uchida
  Japan
Piotr Paleczny
  Poland
IX (1975) Krystian Zimerman
  Poland
Dina Joffe
  Soviet Union
Tatyana Fedkina
  Soviet Union
X (1980) Dang Thai Son
  Vietnam
Tatyana Shebanova
  Soviet Union
Arutyun Papazyan
  Soviet Union
XI (1985) Stanislav Bunin
  Soviet Union
Marc Laforet
  France
Krzysztof Jabłoński
  Poland
XII (1990) Not awarded Kevin Kenner
  United States
Yukio Yokoyama
  Japan
XIII (1995) Not awarded Philippe Giusiano
  France
Gabriela Montero
  United States
Alexei Sultanov
  Uzbekistan (tie)
XIV (2000) Yundi Li
  China
Ingrid Fliter
  Argentina
Alexander Kobrin
  Russia
XV (2005) Rafał Blechacz
  Poland
Not awarded Dong-Hyek Lim
  South Korea
Dong-Min Lim
  South Korea (tie)
XVI (2010) Yulianna Avdeeva
  Russia
Lukas Geniušas
  Russia   Lithuania
Daniil Trifonov
  Russia
Ingolf Wunder
  Austria (tie)
XVII (2015) Seong-Jin Cho
  South Korea
Charles Richard-Hamelin
  Canada
Kate Liu
  United States
XVIII (2021) Bruce Liu
  Canada
Kyohei Sorita
  Japan
Martín García García
  Spain
Alexander Gadjiev
  Italy   Slovenia (tie)
XIX (2025) to be determined

Traditional special awards at the competition include the Polish Radio prize for the best mazurka performance (since 1927), the Fryderyk Chopin Society in Warsaw prize for the best polonaise (since 1960), and the National Philharmonic prize for the best performance of a piano concerto (since 1980).

Medal tableEdit

Chopin Competition Medal Table
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Soviet Union56213
2  Poland42713
3  Russia1124
  United States1124
5  Argentina1102
  Canada1102
  Italy1102
8  South Korea1023
9  China1012
10  Vietnam1001
11  Japan0213
12  France0202
13  Austria0101
  Brazil0101
  Hungary0101
  Lithuania0101
  Slovenia0101
  Uzbekistan0101
19  Iran0011
  Spain0011
Totals (20 nations)17231959

Note: Medals were only awarded after 1975. In this table, winner of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Prize prior to 1975 are included as having won Gold, Silver, and Bronze respectively.

In popular cultureEdit

The Chopin Competition is a major plot device in the Japanese manga series Forest of Piano, serialized from 1998 to 2015 and adapted as an anime from 2018 to 2019. It follows the story of pianist Kai Ichinose, who ultimately wins the Chopin Competition.[20] Creator Makoto Isshiki was inspired to write the series when she watched a documentary showing Stanislav Bunin winning the XI International Chopin Piano Competition.[21]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Culture.pl". Archived from the original on 26 September 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  2. ^ Website Archived 3 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine of the International Chopin Competition, accessed 7 August 2014.
  3. ^ Michalski, Grzegorz. "How did it all start?" (PDF). Chopin Courier. No. 2. Warsaw: Fryderyk Chopin Institute. p. 6.
  4. ^ "Narodowy Instytut Fryderyka Chopina, Henryk Rewkiewicz". chopin.nifc.pl. Retrieved 7 October 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ Żurawlew, Jerzy. "Cel osiągnięty". “Stolica”. 1970 nr. 42, translated by Elżbieta Sozańska.
  6. ^ "I International Fryderyk Chopin Piano Competition". Fryderyk Chopin Institute. Retrieved 1 August 2021.
  7. ^ "Requiem Mozarta dla Chopina w Bazylice Św. Krzyża" (in Polish). Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  8. ^ "Konkurs Chopinowski. Historyczne zmagania konkursowe członków jury" (in Polish). Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  9. ^ "The 18th Fryderyk Chopin International Piano Competition postponed till 2021". Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  10. ^ "1ST INTERNATIONAL FRYDERYK CHOPIN PIANO COMPETITION". Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  11. ^ "2ND INTERNATIONAL FRYDERYK CHOPIN PIANO COMPETITION". Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  12. ^ "4TH INTERNATIONAL FRYDERYK CHOPIN PIANO COMPETITION". Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  13. ^ "8TH INTERNATIONAL FRYDERYK CHOPIN PIANO COMPETITION". Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  14. ^ "10TH INTERNATIONAL FRYDERYK CHOPIN PIANO COMPETITION". Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  15. ^ "11TH INTERNATIONAL FRYDERYK CHOPIN PIANO COMPETITION". Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  16. ^ "Konkurs Chopinowski. Nie myj rąk w śniegu!". Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  17. ^ "Jurors". Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  18. ^ "Past Prize Winners". Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  19. ^ "Międzynarodowy Konkurs Pianistyczny im. Fryderyka Chopina". Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  20. ^ Takahashi, Hara (Autumn 2019). "The Quest for Selfhood in Manga and the Spirituality of Contemporary Japanese" (PDF). Dharma World. 46: 7–9.
  21. ^ "2008 Japan Media Arts Festival Manga Division Grand Prize PIANO NO MORI". Japan Media Arts Festival. Archived from the original on 12 February 2009. Retrieved 20 January 2010.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit