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The Mayor of Florence is an elected politician who, along with Florence's City Council of 36 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Florence. The title is the equivalent of Lord Mayor in the meaning of an actual executive leader.

Mayor of Florence
FlorenceCoA.svg
Dario Nardella daticamera.jpg
Incumbent
Dario Nardella (PD)

since 26 May 2014
StyleNo title or style
ResidencePalazzo Vecchio
AppointerElectorate of Florence
Term length5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holderLuigi Guglielmo Cambray-Digny
Formation27 April 1859
DeputyCristina Giachi
Salary€145, 272
WebsiteOfficial website

The office of Gonfaloniere was created in 1781 by Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany. It was replaced by the office of Mayor in 1865, during the early Kingdom of Italy.

The current mayor of Florence is Dario Nardella, a left-wing musician member of the Democratic Party.

OverviewEdit

According to the Italian Constitution, the Mayor of Florence is member of the Florence's City Council. Although the title Mayor is not held by the heads of the five boroughs of Florence, because they do not actually preside over self-governmental municipalities.

The Mayor is elected by the population of Florence. Citizens elect also the members of the City Council, which also controls Mayor's policy guidelines and is able to enforce his resignation by a motion of no confidence. The Mayor is entitled to appoint and release the members of his government.

Since 1995 the Mayor is elected directly by Florence's electorate: in all mayoral elections in Italy in cities with a population higher than 15,000 the voters express a direct choice for the mayor or an indirect choice voting for the party of the candidate's coalition. If no candidate receives at least 50% of votes, the top two candidates go to a second round after two weeks. The election of the City Council is based on a direct choice for the candidate with a preference vote: the candidate with the majority of the preferences is elected. The number of the seats for each party is determined proportionally.

The seat of the City Council is the city hall Palazzo Vecchio in Piazza della Signoria.

List of Mayor of Florence (1781–present)Edit

Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1781–1859)Edit

In 1781 was created the office of Annual Gonfaloniere of Florence who was appointed by the Grand Duke of Tuscany every year.[1]

  • 1781–1783 – Giuseppe Maria Panzanini
  • 1783–1784 – Francesco Catellini da Castiglione
  • 1784–1785 – Giovan Giorgio Ugolini
  • 1785–1786 – Maldonato Amadio d'Alma
  • 1786–1787 – Alberto Rimbotti
  • 1787–1788 – Giuseppe Baldovinetti di Poggio
  • 1788–1789 – Giuseppe Arnaldi
  • 1789–1790 – Alberto Rimbotti
  • 1790–1791 – Miniato Miniati
  • 1791–1792 – Pietro Baldigiani
  • 1792–1793 – Ferdinando de' Bardi
  • 1793–1794 – Pietro Soderini
  • 1794–1795 – Antonio da Castiglione
  • 1795–1796 – Francesco Passerini
  • 1796–1797 – Vieri De' Cerchi
  • 1797–1798 – Ottavio Pitti
  • 1798–1799 – Leonardo Buonarroti
  • 1799–1800 – Orazio Smeraldo Morelli
  • 1800–1801 – Francesco Catellini da Castiglione
  • 1801–1802 – Niccolò Arrighi
  • 1802–1803 – Michele Roti
  • 1803–1804 – Pietro Mancini
  • 1804–1805 – Giovanni Carlo Mori Ubaldini
  • 1805–1806 – Giulio Orlandini
  • 1806–1807 – Vespasiano Marzichi
  • 1807–1808 – Tommaso Guadagni
  • 1808–1809 – Filippo Guadagni

In 1809, during the period of the newborn Kingdom of Etruria, it was temporarily created the office of Maire of Florence.

In 1815 the office of Gonfaloniere of Florence was restored.

  • 1815–1816 – Giovanni Battista Gondi
  • 1816–1817 – Giovanni Rosselli de Turco
  • 1817–1821 – Tommaso Corsi
  • 1821–1825 – Jacopo Guidi
  • 1826–1828 – Giovanni Battista Covoni
  • 1829–1831 – Giovanni Battista Andrea Boubon del Monte
  • 1832–1834 – Cosimo Antinori
  • 1835–1840 – Gaetano de' Pazzi
  • 1841–1842 – Luigi de Cambray Digny
  • 1843–1846 – Pier Francesco Rinuccini
  • 1847 – Vincenzo Peruzzi
  • 1847–1848 — Bettino Ricasoli
  • 1848–1850 — Ubaldino Peruzzi
  • 1850 – Carlo Torrigiani
  • 1850–1853 – Vincenzo Capponi
  • 1854–1859 – Eduardo Dufour Berté

Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)Edit

In 1865, the Kingdom of Italy created the office of the Mayor of Florence (Sindaco di Firenze), chosen by the City council. In 1926, the Fascist dictatorship abolished mayors and City councils, replacing them with an authoritarian Podestà chosen by the National Fascist Party.[1]

  Mayor Term start Term end Party
Ferdinando Bartolommei[2] 1859 1864 Independent
1 Luigi Guglielmo Cambray-Digny[3] 1864 1867 Independent
2 Lorenzo Ginori Lisci 1869 1869 Historical Right
3 Ubaldino Peruzzi 1871 1878 Historical Right
4 Tommaso Corsini 1880 1886 Historical Right
5 Piero Torrigiani 1886 1889 Historical Right
6 Francesco Guicciardini 1889 1890 Historical Right
(5) Piero Torrigiani 1891 1901 Historical Right
7 Silvio Berti 1902 1903 Historical Right
8 Ippolito Niccolini 1904 1907 Historical Right
9 Francesco Sangiorgi 1907 1909 Historical Left
10 Giulio Chiarugi 1909 1910 Historical Left
11 Filippo Corsini 1910 1915 Italian Liberal Party
12 Oronzo Bacci 1915 1917 Italian Liberal Party
13 Pier Francesco Serragli 1918 1919 Italian Liberal Party
14 Antonio Garbasso 1920 1927 National Fascist Party
Fascist Podestà (1927–1944)
1 Antonio Garbasso 1927 1928 National Fascist Party
2 Giuseppe Della Gherardesca 1928 1933 National Fascist Party
3 Paolo Venerosi Pesciolini 1933 1943 National Fascist Party
4 Giotto Dainelli Dolfi 1944 1944 National Fascist Party
Allied occupation (1944–1946)
15 Gaetano Pieraccini 11 August 1944 29 November 1946 Italian Socialist Party

TimelineEdit

 

Republic of Italy (1946–present)Edit

From 1946 to 1995, the Mayor of Florence was chosen by the City council.[1]

  Mayor Term start Term end Party Coalition
1 Mario Fabiani 29 November 1946 5 July 1951 PCI PCIPSIPRIPdA
2 Giorgio La Pira 5 July 1951 15 February 1965 DC DCPRIPSDI
3 Lelio Lagorio 15 February 1965 1 August 1966 PSI DCPSIPSDI
4 Piero Bargellini 1 August 1966 3 November 1967 DC DCPSIPSDI
5 Luciano Bausi 3 November 1967 12 September 1974 DC DCPSIPSDI
6 Giancarlo Zoli 12 September 1974 26 July 1975 DC DCPSIPSDI
7 Elio Gabbuggiani 26 July 1975 14 March 1983 PCI PCIPSIPRI
8 Alessandro Bonsanti 14 March 1983 26 March 1984 PRI PCIPSIPRI
9 Lando Conti 26 March 1984 26 September 1985 PRI PCIPSIPRI
10 Massimo Bogianckino 26 September 1985 2 October 1989 PSI PCIPSIPSDI
11 Giorgio Morales 2 October 1989 24 April 1995 PSI PCIPSIPSDI (1989–90)
PSIDCPSDI (1990–95)

Since 1995, enacting a new law on local administrations (1993), the Mayor of Florence is chosen by direct election, originally every four, and since 1999 every five years.


Mayor of Florence Took office Left office Party Coalition Election
12   Mario Primicerio 24 April 1995 14 June 1999 Independent The Olive Tree
24 April 1995 – 14 June 1999
1995
13   Leonardo Domenici 14 June 1999 22 June 2009 DS
PD
The Olive Tree
14 June 1999 – 28 June 2004
1999
The Olive Tree
28 June 2004 – 22 June 2009
2004
14   Matteo Renzi 22 June 2009 24 March 2014[4] PD PDIdVSEL
22 June 2009 – 26 May 2014
2009
15   Dario Nardella 26 May 2014[5] Incumbent PD PD
26 May 2014 – 28 May 2019
2014
PD
since 28 May 2019
2019

TimelineEdit

Dario NardellaMatteo RenziLeonardo DomeniciMario PrimicerioGiorgio MoralesPietro BargelliniLelio LagorioGiorgio La Pira 

ElectionsEdit

City Council elections, 1946–1990Edit

Number of votes for each party:

Election DC PCI PSI PLI PRI PSDI MSI Others Total
10 November 1946 45,168
(23.8%)
64,040
(33.7%)
41,377
(21.8%)
6,544
(3.4%)
4,249
(2.2%)
28,476
(15.0%)
189,854
27 May 1951 87,899
(36.1%)
81,980
(33.7%)
24,842
(10.2%)
10,808
(4.4%)
14,476
(5.9%)
12,621
(5.2%)
10,536
(4.3%)
243,162
27 May 1956 101,961
(39.2%)
69,190
(26.6%)
44,551
(17.1%)
11,105
(4.3%)
3,955
(1.5%)
13,684
(5.3%)
15,423
(5.9%)
259,869
6 November 1960 99,577
(34.9%)
92,841
(32.5%)
39,586
(13.9%)
13,653
(4.8%)
3,711
(1.3%)
18,620
(6.5%)
15,337
(5.4%)
2,326
(0.8%)
285,651
22 November 1964 87,117
(27.5%)
106,596
(33.7%)
32,801
(10.4%)
46,723
(14.7%)
2,345
(0.7%)
19,830
(6.4%)
13,669
(4.3%)
7,588
(2.4%)
316,669
12 June 1966[a] 85,335
(28.6%)
104,820
(35.2%)
30,945
(10.9%)
30,945
(10.9%)
2,828
(0.9%)
22,102
(7.4%)
10,707
(3.6%)
8,735
(2.9%)
301,038
7 June 1970 95,272
(30.1%)
110,928
(35.0%)
30,011
(9.5%)
17,330
(5.5%)
6,320
(2.0%)
33,617
(10.6%)
15,151
(4.8%)
8,234
(2.5%)
316,863
15 June 1975 96,019
(29.9%)
137,433
(41.5%)
34,392
(10.4%)
7,415
(4.5%)
12,259
(3.7%)
17,327
(5.2%)
17,217
(5.2%)
9,232
(2.7%)
331,294
8 June 1980 94,139
(29.9%)
127,229
(40.5%)
38,844
(12.4%)
7,323
(2.3%)
12,289
(3.9%)
11,668
(3.7%)
13,775
(4.4%)
9,017
(2.9%)
314,284
12 May 1985 83,258
(26.5%)
125,442
(39.9%)
38,565
(12.3%)
7,316
(2.3%)
17,738
(5.6%)
6,433
(2.0%)
15,855
(5.1%)
19,032
(6.0%)
314,227
6 May 1990 73,238
(26.3%)
90,566
(32.5%)
37,248
(13.4%)
4,420
(1.6%)
19,419
(7.0%)
6,786
(2.4%)
9,796
(3.5%)
37,219
13.3%)
278,692
Notes
  1. ^ First snap election ever.

Number of seats in the City Coucl for each party:

Election DC PCI PSI PLI PRI PSDI MSI Others Total
10 November 1946 14 21 13 2 1 9 60
27 May 1951 31 13 4 4 5 1 1 60
27 May 1956 25 17 10 2 3 3 60
6 November 1960 22 20 8 3 4 3 60
22 November 1964 18 22 6 7 4 2 60
12 June 1966 18 22 7 7 4 2 60
7 June 1970 19 22 5 3 1 6 3 1 60
15 June 1975 18 26 6 1 2 3 3 1 60
8 June 1980 19 26 8 1 2 2 2 60
12 May 1985 17 25 7 1 3 1 3 3 60
6 May 1990 17 21 9 1 4 1 2 5 60

Mayoral and City Council election, 1995Edit

The election took place on 23 April 1995.

For the first time under the new electoral law citizens could vote directly the mayor; before this choice was made by the City Council.

For the first time a center-left coalition, composed by the former communist Democratic Party of the Left and some other progressives party (such as the new-born Federation of the Greens and the Communist Refoundation Party), presented its candidate: the independent Mario Primicerio. The main opposition to Primicerio's coalition was represented by Giorgio Morales, the outgoing mayor, former member of the Italian Socialist Party and now a supporter of Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia party.

Primicerio easily won the election on the first round and became the first elected mayor of Florence.

Candidate Party Coalition First round
Votes %
Mario Primicerio Ind Alliance of Progressives 158,746 59.94
Giorgio Morales FI Pole of Good Government 58,339 22.03
Marco Cellai AN 42,116 15.90
Others 5,632 2.13
Eligible voters 336,230 100.00
Voted 277,612 82.57
Blank or invalid ballots 12,779
Total valid votes 264,833
e • d Summary of the 1995 Florence City Council election results
Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Democratic Party of the Left (Partito Democratico della Sinistra) PDS 88,105 36.05% 19
Communist Refoundation Party (Rifondazione Comunista) PRC 25,347 10.37% 5
Democratic Pact (Patto Democratico) PD 9,090 3.72% 2
Federation of the Greens (Federazione dei Verdi) FdV 7,168 2.93% 1
Labour Federation (Federazione Laburista) FL 5,117 2.09% 1
Italian Republican Party (Partito Repubblicano Italiano) PRI 2,115 0.87% 0
Others 8,786 3.60% 1
Primicerio coalition (Center-left) 145,728 59.63% 29
Forza Italia-Christian Democratic Centre FI-CCD 41,173 16.85% 8
Italian People's Party (Partito Popolare Italiano) PPI 10,389 4.25% 2
Pannella List (Lista Pannela) LP 2,914 1.19% 0
Morales coalition (Center-right) 54,476 22.29% 10
National Alliance (Alleanza Nazionale) AN 39,298 16.08% 7
Others 4,875 2.00% 0
Total 244,377 100% 46
Votes cast / turnout 277,612 82.57%
Registered voters 336,230
Source: Ministry of the Interior

Mayoral and City Council election, 1999Edit

The election took place on 13 June 1999.

The candidate Leonardo Domenici, supported by Prime Minister Massimo D'Alema's center-left coalition, narrowly won the election on the first round defeating Franco Scaramuzzi, supported by Silvio Berlusconi's center-right alliance.

Candidate Party Coalition First round
Votes %
Leonardo Domenici DS The Olive Tree 108,424 51.65
Franco Scaramuzzi FI Pole for Freedoms 74,836 35.65
Enrico Falqui PRC 11,237 5.35
Giangualberto Pepi MS-FT 3.022 1.44
Others 12,420 5.92
Eligible voters 323,704 100.00
Voted 223,494 69.04
Blank or invalid ballots 13,555
Total valid votes 209,939
e • d Summary of the 1999 Florence City Council election results
Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Democrats of the Left (Democratici di Sinistra) DS 61,274 31.48% 18
Party of Italian Communists (Comunisti Italiani) PdCI 11,166 5.74% 3
The Democrats (I Democratici) Dem 8,819 4.53% 2
Italian People's Party (Partito Popolare Italiano) PPI 7,133 3.66% 2
Italian Democratic Socialists (Socialisti Democratici Italiani) SDI 4,743 2.44% 1
Federation of the Greens (Federazione dei Verdi) FdV 4,364 2.24% 1
Others 3,386 1.74% 1
Domenici coalition (Center-left) 100,885 51.83% 28
Forza Italia FI 29,954 15.39% 8
National Alliance (Alleanza Nazionale) AN 25,320 13.01% 6
Christian Democratic Centre (Centro Cristiano Democratico) CCD 5,323 2.73% 1
Sgarbi List (Lista Sgarbi) LS 2,438 1.25% 0
Pensioners' Party (Partito Pensionati) PP 995 0.51% 0
Others 4,276 2.20% 1
Scaramuzzi coalition (Center-right) 68,306 35.10% 16
Communist Refoundation Party (Rifondazione Comunista) PRC 10,945 5.62% 2
Others 14,492 7.47% 0
Total 194,628 100% 46
Votes cast / turnout 223,494 69.04%
Registered voters 323,704
Source: Ministry of the Interior

Mayoral and City Council election, 2004Edit

The election took place for the first time in two rounds: the first on 12–13 June and the second on 26–27 June 2004.

The outgoing mayor Leonardo Domenici, member of the center-left Democrats of the Left party, was forced to seek the re-election on the second round by Domenico Antonio Valentino, sustained by the governmental House of Freedoms coalition.

Candidate Party Coalition First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Leonardo Domenici DS The Olive Tree 109,043 49.15 102,269 66.04
Domenico Antonio Valentino FI House of Freedoms 66,005 29.75 52,582 33.96
Ornella De Zordo PRC 27,302 12.31
Franco Cardini Ind 10,115 4.56
Others 9,371 4.22
Eligible voters 307,035 100.00 307,035 100.00
Voted 233,200 75.95 159,202 51.85
Blank or invalid ballots 11,364 4,351
Total valid votes 221,836 154,851
e • d Summary of the 2004 Florence City Council election results
Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Democrats of the Left (Democratici di Sinistra) DS 62,572 30.55% 18
The Daisy (La Margherita) DL 16,756 8.18% 5
Party of Italian Communists (Comunisti Italiani) PdCI 11,065 5.40% 3
Federation of the Greens (Federazione dei Verdi) FdV 5,024 2.45% 1
Italian Democratic Socialists (Socialisti Democratici Italiani) SDI 4,786 2.34% 1
Others 5,614 2.73% 0
Domenici coalition (Center-left) 105,817 51.67% 28
Forza Italia FI 33,349 16.28% 8
National Alliance (Alleanza Nazionale) AN 21,256 10.38% 5
Union of the Centre (Unione di Centro) UDC 7,913 3.86% 1
Lega Nord LN 888 0.43% 0
Valentino coalition (Center-right) 63,406 30.96% 14
Communist Refoundation Party (Rifondazione Comunista) PRC 21,409 10.45% 4
Others 14,165 6.91% 0
Total 204,797 100% 46
Votes cast / turnout 233,200 75.95%
Registered voters 307,035
Source: Ministry of the Interior

Mayoral and City Council election, 2009Edit

The election took place in two rounds: the first on 6–7 June and the second on 21–22 June 2009.

The main candidates were Matteo Renzi, a member of the center-left Democratic Party and outgoing President of the Province of Florence, and Giovanni Galli, a retired notorious footballer.

Candidate Party Coalition First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Matteo Renzi PD PD-IdV-SEL 97,882 47.40 100,223 59.51
Giovanni Galli PdL PdL-LN 66,632 32.14 68,182 40.49
Valdo Spini Ind PRC-FdV 17,282 8.37
Others 24,968 12.10
Eligible voters 293,173 100.00 293,173 100.00
Voted 216,541 73.86 172,743 58.92
Blank or invalid ballots 10,047 4,338
Total valid votes 206,494 168,405
e • d Summary of the 2009 Florence City Council election results
Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Democratic Party (Partito Democratico) PD 68,245 35.29% 22
Renzi List (Lista Renzi) LR 10,526 5.44% 3
Italy of Values (Italia dei Valori) IdV 5,540 2.86% 1
Left Ecology Freedom (Sinistra Ecologia Libertà) SEL 4,478 2.32% 1
Others 5,732 2.96% 1
Renzi coalition (Center-left) 94,521 48.88% 28
The People of Freedom (Il Popolo della Libertà) PdL 39,361 20.36% 10
Galli List (Lista Galli) LG 17,563 9.08% 4
Lega Nord LN 2,660 1.38% 0
Others 2,022 1.04% 0
Galli coalition (Center-right) 61,606 31.86% 14
Greens-European Republicans Movement (Verdi-Repubblicani Europei) FdV-MRE 7,692 3.98% 2
Federation of the Left (Federazione della Sinistra) FdS 4,954 2.56% 0
Others 833 0.43% 0
Spini coalition (Left) 13,479 6.97% 2
De Zordo List (Lista De Zordo) LDZ 7,336 3.79% 1
Citizens' Committees (Comitati Cittadini) CC 6,325 3.27% 1
Others 10,104 5.23% 0
Total 193,371 100% 46
Votes cast / turnout 216,541 73.86%
Registered voters 293,173
Source: Ministry of the Interior

Mayoral and City Council election, 2014Edit

The election took place on 25 May 2014.

The acting mayor Dario Nardella, supported by Prime Minister Matteo Renzi's Democratic Party, heavily won the election on the first round.

Candidate Party Coalition First round
Votes %
Dario Nardella PD 111,049 59.16
Marco Stella FI FI-LN 22,645 12.06
Miriam Amato M5S 17,525 9.34
Tommaso Grassi SEL SEL-PRC 15,410 8.21
Others 21,081 11.22
Eligible voters 288,971 100.00
Voted 194,245 67.22
Blank or invalid ballots 6,535
Total valid votes 187,710
e • d Summary of the 2014 Florence City Council election results
Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Democratic Party (Partito Democratico) PD 86,906 47.23% 21
Nardella List (Lista Nardella) LN 16,114 8.76% 3
Others 6,898 3.75% 0
Nardella coalition (Center-left) 109,918 59.74% 24
Forza Italia FI 17,988 9.78% 4
Lega Nord LN 1,598 0.87% 0
Others 2,654 1.44% 0
Stella coalition (Center-right) 22,240 12.09% 4
Five Star Movement (Movimento Cinque Stelle) M5S 17,486 9.50% 3
Left Ecology Freedom (Sinistra Ecologia Libertà) SEL 7,677 4.17% 2
Florence to Left (Firenze a Sinistra) FaS 4,376 2.38% 1
Communist Refoundation Party (Rifondazione Comunista) PRC 2,554 1.39% 0
Grassi coalition (Left) 14,607 7.94% 3
Scaletti List (Lista Scaletti) LS 7,507 4.08% 1
Brothers of Italy (Fratelli d'Italia) FdI 6,176 3.36% 1
Others 6,075 3.30% 0
Total 184,009 100% 36
Votes cast / turnout 194,245 67.22%
Registered voters 288,971
Source: Ministry of the Interior

Mayoral and City Council election, 2019Edit

The election took place on 26 May 2019.

The incumbent mayor Dario Nardella heavily won the election on the first round.

Candidate Party Coalition First round
Votes %
Dario Nardella PD PD-+Eu-MDP 109,728 57.05
Ubaldo Bocci Ind FI-LN-FdI-UDC 47,690 24.79
Antonella Moro Bundu SI SI-PaP 14,016 7.29
Roberto De Blasi M5S 12,692 6.60
Andreas Lasso FdV 3,493 1.82
Others 4,723 2.47
Eligible voters 288,866 100.00
Voted 196,601 68.06
Blank or invalid ballots 4,197
Total valid votes 192,342
e • d Summary of the 2019 Florence City Council election results
Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Democratic Party (Partito Democratico) PD 74,020 41.23% 19
Nardella List (Lista Nardella) LN 14,914 8.31% 3
More Europe (Più Europa) +Eu 3,257 1.81% 0
Others 8,154 4.54% 0
Nardella coalition (Center-left) 100,345 55.90% 22
Lega Nord LN 25,922 14.44% 6
Forza Italia FI 7,629 4.25% 3
Brothers of Italy (Fratelli d'Italia) FdI 7,617 4.24% 1
Others 4,448 2.48% 0
Bocci coalition (Center-right) 45,616 25.45% 10
Florence Open City (Firenze Città Aperta) 5,596 3.12% 2
Italian Left (Sinistra Italiana) SI 4,056 2.26% 0
Power to the People! (Potere al Popolo!) PaP 3,384 1.88% 0
Moro Bundu coalition (Left) 13,036 7.26% 2
Five Star Movement (Movimento Cinque Stelle) M5S 12,574 7.00% 2
Others 7,952 4.43% 0
Total 179,523 100% 36
Votes cast / turnout 196,601 68.06%
Registered voters 288,866
Source: Ministry of the Interior

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Gonfaloni, Podestà e Sindaci del Comune di Firenze" (PDF). Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  2. ^ Gonfaloniere appointed by the King.
  3. ^ Gonfaloniere from January 1864 to September 1865.
  4. ^ Resigned after swearing as Prime Minister.
  5. ^ As deputy mayor he replaced Matteo Renzi from 24 March to 25 May 2014.