List of lighthouses in Australia

This is a list of lighthouses and lightvessels in Australia.

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
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Australia has a coastline of 25,760 kilometres (16,010 mi),[1] with over 350 lighthouses and navigational aids around the Australian coastline,[2] and a single inland lighthouse, the Point Malcolm lighthouse.[3]

The first lighthouse was Macquarie Lighthouse, which was lit in 1793 as a tripod mounted wood and coal fired beacon.[2][4] The last staffed lighthouse was Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse, off the south coast of Tasmania, which was automated in 1996.[2]

ListingEdit

The lighthouses and lightvessels of Australia are listed in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency List of Lights publication 111.[5] They are listed by the United Kingdom Hydrographic Office on volume K of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals.[6] The ARLHS World List of Lights lists them with the prefix "AUS".[7]

On The Lighthouse Directory, the lighthouses of Australia are listed according to their location:

Another listing is held by Lighthouses of Australia Inc., which lists lighthouses by state[17]

Another list exists at Australian Lighthouses, a website which includes both an A-Z list[25] and a list by state.[26]

A list also exists at SeaSide Lights, which lists lighthouses by state:[27]

In order to be listed below, an active lighthouse has to appear at least in one of The Lighthouse Directory, Lighthouses of Australia Inc. or SeaSide Lights. Other lists mentioned above include many lights which are hard to describe as "lighthouses".[35] Historical lighthouses were sometimes included when they are mentioned in other reliable sources.

ManagementEdit

Most of the lighthouses and lightvessels in Australia are managed by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA), though the AMSA usually only manages the lighting equipment, with local authorities managing the lighthouses and parklands. In New South Wales the lighthouses and parklands are mostly managed by the Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water or the New South Wales Department of Lands.[9] In the Northern Territory some of the lighthouses are managed by the Darwin Port Corporation.[10] In South Australia some of the stations are managed by the Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources.[13] In Tasmania, many lighthouses are managed by the Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service.[14] In Victoria, harbour aids are maintained by the Port of Melbourne Corporation in the Melbourne area and by the Victorian Regional Channels Authority elsewhere,[36] while parklands are mostly managed by Parks Victoria.[15] In Western Australia some of the stations are managed by the Department of Environment and Conservation.

Lighthouses by state or territoryEdit

Jervis Bay TerritoryEdit

Location Name Image Coordinates Established Automated Deactivated Remarks
Jervis Bay Village Cape St George Lighthouse   35°09′07″S 150°45′42″E / 35.15184°S 150.76154°E / -35.15184; 150.76154 (Cape St George Lighthouse) 1860 1889 Destroyed[37]

New South WalesEdit

There are several lighthouse siblings in the vicinity – lighthouses that were designed by the same architect around the same time, which are very similar by design. These include:

Location Name Image Coordinates Year
established
Year
automated
Status Remarks
Balgowlah Heights Grotto Point Light   33°49′04″S 151°15′41″E / 33.8177°S 151.2615°E / -33.8177; 151.2615 (Grotto Point Light) 1911 active
Ballina Richmond River Light   28°52′01″S 153°35′30″E / 28.8670°S 153.5918°E / -28.8670; 153.5918 (Richmond River Lighthouse) 1866 1920 active
Bradleys Head Bradleys Head Light   33°51′13″S 151°14′48″E / 33.8536°S 151.2467°E / -33.8536; 151.2467 (Bradleys Head Lighthouse) 1905 active
Burrewarra Point Burrewarra Point Light   35°50′02″S 150°14′01″E / 35.8339°S 150.2336°E / -35.8339; 150.2336 (Burrewarra Point Lighthouse) 1974 1974 active Solar powered[38]
Cape Byron Cape Byron Light   28°38′19″S 153°38′11″E / 28.63854°S 153.6364°E / -28.63854; 153.6364 (Cape Byron Lighthouse) 1901 active
Cremorne Point Robertson Point Light   33°50′55″S 151°13′59″E / 33.8487°S 151.2330°E / -33.8487; 151.2330 (Robertsons Point Lighthouse) 1910 active
Crowdy Head Crowdy Head Light   31°50′36″S 152°45′13″E / 31.84344°S 152.7536°E / -31.84344; 152.7536 (Crowdy Head Lighthouse) 1878 1928 active
Culburra Beach Crookhaven Heads Light   34°53′57″S 150°46′13″E / 34.89914°S 150.77024°E / -34.89914; 150.77024 (Crookhaven Heads Lighthouse) 1882 active Solar Powered[39]
Fingal Head Fingal Head Light   28°12′00″S 153°34′15″E / 28.200°S 153.5708°E / -28.200; 153.5708 (Fingal Head Lighthouse) 1872 1920 active
Fort Denison Fort Denison Light   33°51′17″S 151°13′34″E / 33.8546°S 151.2260°E / -33.8546; 151.2260 (Fort Denison Lighthouse) 1913 active
Green Cape Green Cape Lighthouse   37°15′41″S 150°02′57″E / 37.2614°S 150.0493°E / -37.2614; 150.0493 (Green Cape Lighthouse) 1883 1983 1997 replaced with solar powered light tower [40]
Kiama Kiama Light   34°40′18″S 150°51′45″E / 34.6718°S 150.8626°E / -34.6718; 150.8626 (Kiama Lighthouse) 1887 1920 active
Kurnell Cape Bailey Light   34°02′07″S 151°13′20″E / 34.0352°S 151.2222°E / -34.0352; 151.2222 (Cape Bailey Lighthouse) 1950 active
Montague Island Montague Island Light   36°15′07″S 150°13′35″E / 36.2520°S 150.2264°E / -36.2520; 150.2264 (Montague Island Lighthouse) 1881 1986 active Solar powered[41]
Nelson Bay Nelson Head Light   32°42′37″S 152°09′41″E / 32.7104°S 152.1614°E / -32.7104; 152.1614 (Nelson Head Lighthouse) 1872 1984 2003
Newcastle Nobbys Head Light   32°55′07″S 151°47′54″E / 32.9185°S 151.7984°E / -32.9185; 151.7984 (Nobbys Head Lighthouse) 1854 1935 active
Norah Head Norah Head Light   33°16′54″S 151°34′35″E / 33.2816°S 151.5764°E / -33.2816; 151.5764 (Norah Head Lighthouse) 1903 1995 active
Palm Beach Barrenjoey Head Lighthouse   33°34′48″S 151°19′47″E / 33.5801°S 151.3298°E / -33.5801; 151.3298 (Barrenjoey Lighthouse) 1855 1932 active
Mosman Parriwi Head Light 33°48′44″S 151°14′47″E / 33.8121°S 151.2463°E / -33.8121; 151.2463 (Parriwi Head Lighthouse) 1911 active
Point Perpendicular Point Perpendicular Light   35°05′38″S 150°48′16″E / 35.0939°S 150.8044°E / -35.0939; 150.8044 (Point Perpendicular Lighthouse) 1899 1993 replaced with solar powered light tower [42]
Point Stephens Point Stephens Light   32°44′49″S 152°12′05″E / 32.7470°S 152.2014°E / -32.7470; 152.2014 (Point Stephens Lighthouse) 1862 1989 active Solar powered[43]
Shark Island Shark Island Light   33°51′23″S 151°15′26″E / 33.8565°S 151.2572°E / -33.8565; 151.2572 (Shark Island Lighthouse) 1913 active
Smoky Cape Smoky Cape Lighthouse   30°55′23″S 153°05′16″E / 30.9230°S 153.0877°E / -30.9230; 153.0877 (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 1891 1988 active
Solitary Islands North Solitary Island Light   29°55′29″S 153°23′23″E / 29.9246°S 153.3897°E / -29.9246; 153.3897 (North Solitary Island Lighthouse) 1975 active Fibreglass structure; Solar powered[44]
Solitary Islands South Solitary Island Light   30°12′24″S 153°16′03″E / 30.2067°S 153.2674°E / -30.2067; 153.2674 (South Solitary Island Lighthouse) 1880 1975 active Solar powered[45]
Seal Rocks Sugarloaf Point Light   32°26′27″S 152°32′21″E / 32.4409°S 152.5392°E / -32.4409; 152.5392 (Sugarloaf Point Lighthouse) 1875 1987 active External stairs[46]
Sydney Harbour Eastern Channel Pile Light   33°50′30″S 151°16′18″E / 33.8418°S 151.2718°E / -33.8418; 151.2718 (Eastern Channel Pile Light) 1924 active
Sydney Harbour Western Channel Pile Light   33°50′16″S 151°15′46″E / 33.8379°S 151.2629°E / -33.8379; 151.2629 (Western Channel Pile Light) 1924 active
Port Macquarie Tacking Point Lighthouse   31°28′31″S 152°56′14″E / 31.4754°S 152.9372°E / -31.4754; 152.9372 (Tacking Point Lighthouse) 1879 1919 active
Ulladulla Warden Head Light   35°21′56″S 150°29′27″E / 35.3655°S 150.4909°E / -35.3655; 150.4909 (Warden Head Lighthouse) 1873 1920 active Battery powered, relocated[47]
Vaucluse Macquarie Lighthouse   33°51′14″S 151°17′06″E / 33.8539°S 151.2851°E / -33.8539; 151.2851 (Macquarie Lighthouse) 1793 1976 active Australia's first lighthouse[4]
Vaucluse Vaucluse Bay Range Front Light 33°50′58″S 151°16′26″E / 33.8495°S 151.2739°E / -33.8495; 151.2739 (Vaucluse Bay Front) 1884 active
Vaucluse Vaucluse Bay Range Rear Light 33°51′30″S 151°16′22″E / 33.8582°S 151.2729°E / -33.8582; 151.2729 (Vaucluse Bay Rear) 1884 active
Watsons Bay Hornby Lighthouse   33°50′01″S 151°16′51″E / 33.8335°S 151.2809°E / -33.8335; 151.2809 (Hornby Lighthouse) 1858 1933 active
Wollongong Wollongong Breakwater Lighthouse   34°25′11″S 150°54′24″E / 34.4196°S 150.9067°E / -34.4196; 150.9067 (Wollongong Harbour Lighthouse) c.1870 1974 [48]
Wollongong Wollongong Head Lighthouse   34°25′19″S 150°54′35″E / 34.4219°S 150.9097°E / -34.4219; 150.9097 (Wollongong Head Lighthouse) 1936 1936 active
Yamba Clarence River Light   29°25′57″S 153°21′50″E / 29.4324°S 153.3639°E / -29.4324; 153.3639 (Clarence River Lighthouse) 1866 1920 active Battery powered[49]

Northern TerritoryEdit

Most of the lighthouses in the Northern Territory were constructed by the Commonwealth Lighthouse Service during the "Golden Age of Australian Lighthouses", between 1913 and 1920. These include Cape Don Light, East Vernon Light, Emery Point Light, Cape Hotham Light and Cape Fourcroy.[50]

Of these five, three can be considered "siblings", Cape Hotham Light, Emery Point Light and Cape Fourcroy Light. They are almost identical white square skeletal towers, and they also share a similar light characteristic, three flashes every 15 second (Fl.(3) 15s).[51]

Location Name Image Coordinates Year
established
Year
automated
Status Remarks
Cobourg Peninsula Cape Don Light   11°18′28″S 131°45′55″E / 11.30786°S 131.76515°E / -11.30786; 131.76515 (Cape Don Lighthouse) 1917 1983 active solar powered[52]
Cape Fourcroy Cape Fourcroy Light 11°47′51″S 130°01′28″E / 11.79747°S 130.02434°E / -11.79747; 130.02434 (Cape Fourcroy Lighthouse) active
Clarence Strait Cape Hotham Light   12°02′47″S 131°17′22″E / 12.04644°S 131.28946°E / -12.04644; 131.28946 (Cape Hotham Lighthouse) 1928 active
East Vernon Island East Vernon Light   12°04′38″S 131°05′43″E / 12.07722°S 131.09531°E / -12.07722; 131.09531 (East Vernon Lighthouse) 1928 active
Larrakeyah Barracks Emery Point Light   12°27′14″S 130°48′56″E / 12.45382°S 130.81555°E / -12.45382; 130.81555 (Emery Point Lighthouse) 1900 active
Cox Peninsula Point Charles Light   12°23′21″S 130°37′50″E / 12.38929°S 130.63068°E / -12.38929; 130.63068 (Charles Point Lighthouse) 1893 1933 active survived cyclone Tracy;[53] solar powered[54]

QueenslandEdit

Most lighthouses in Queensland were constructed in well established groups:

Location Name Image Coordinates Year
established
Year
automated
Status Remarks
Big Woody Island Middle Bluff Lighthouse   25°17′56″S 152°58′20″E / 25.2989629°S 152.972167°E / -25.2989629; 152.972167 (Middle Bluff Lighthouse) 1866 1959 1987 Gas, from 1985 solar power[57]
Big Woody Island North Bluff Lighthouse   25°16′32″S 152°56′57″E / 25.2756738°S 152.9491617°E / -25.2756738; 152.9491617 (North Bluff Lighthouse) 1867 1959 1987 Gas, from 1985 solar power[57]
Booby Island Booby Island Light   10°36′15″S 141°54′36″E / 10.6042°S 141.9100°E / -10.6042; 141.9100 (Booby Island Lighthouse) 1890 1991 active generator powered[58]
Bulwer Island Bulwer Island Light   27°28′53″S 153°01′36″E / 27.4815°S 153.0266°E / -27.4815; 153.0266 (Bulwer Island Lighthouse) 1912 1983 not original site [59]
Burnett Heads New Burnett Heads Light 24°45′30″S 152°24′45″E / 24.7582°S 152.4126°E / -24.7582; 152.4126 (New Burnett Heads Lighthouse) 1971 1971 active
Burnett Heads Old Burnett Heads Light   24°45′49″S 152°24′33″E / 24.7637°S 152.4091°E / -24.7637; 152.4091 (Old Burnett Heads Lighthouse) 1873 1932 1971
Bustard Head Bustard Head Light   24°01′20″S 151°45′52″E / 24.0223°S 151.7644°E / -24.0223; 151.7644 (Bustard Head Lighthouse) 1869 1985 active
Caloundra New Caloundra Light   26°48′05″S 153°08′15″E / 26.8015°S 153.1374°E / -26.8015; 153.1374 (New Caloundra Lighthouse) 1968 1969 1997
Caloundra Old Caloundra Light   26°48′06″S 153°08′15″E / 26.8016°S 153.1374°E / -26.8016; 153.1374 (Old Caloundra Lighthouse) 1896 1942 1968
Cape Bowling Green Cape Bowling Green Light   19°19′34″S 147°25′32″E / 19.3262°S 147.4256°E / -19.3262; 147.4256 (Cape Bowling Green Lighthouse) 1874 1920 active original moved[60]
Cape Capricorn Cape Capricorn Light 23°29′11″S 151°14′10″E / 23.4863°S 151.2361°E / -23.4863; 151.2361 (Cape Capricorn Lighthouse) 1875 active
Cape Cleveland Cape Cleveland Light   19°10′58″S 147°00′55″E / 19.1829°S 147.0154°E / -19.1829; 147.0154 (Cape Cleveland Lightstation) 1879 active
Cape Moreton Cape Moreton Light   27°01′55″S 153°27′57″E / 27.0319°S 153.4659°E / -27.0319; 153.4659 (Cape Moreton Lighthouse) 1857 active
Cleveland New Cleveland Point Light   27°30′37″S 153°17′21″E / 27.51018°S 153.28909°E / -27.51018; 153.28909 (New Cleveland Point Lighthouse) 1976 active
Cleveland Old Cleveland Point Light   27°30′37″S 153°17′20″E / 27.5102°S 153.2890°E / -27.5102; 153.2890 (Cleveland Point Lighthouse) 1847 1976 experimented with laser lighthouse in 1969[61]
Cooktown Archer Point Light   15°35′37″S 145°19′43″E / 15.5936°S 145.3285°E / -15.5936; 145.3285 (Archer Point lighthouse) 1883 1979 active
Cooktown Grassy Hill Light   15°27′38″S 145°15′19″E / 15.4606°S 145.2553°E / -15.4606; 145.2553 (Grassy Hill Lighthouse) 1886 1927 active
Comboyuro Point Comboyuro Point Light   27°03′42″S 153°21′45″E / 27.06164°S 153.36263°E / -27.06164; 153.36263 (Comboyuro Point Lighthouse) 1874 1954 1960 Collapsed[62]
Cowan Cowan Point Cowan Cowan Point Light   27°08′12″S 153°21′46″E / 27.13655°S 153.36282°E / -27.13655; 153.36282 (Cowan Cowan Point Lighthouse) 1873 1950[63] Demolished[64]
Creal Reef Creal Reef Light   20°32′02″S 150°22′50″E / 20.533973°S 150.38051°E / -20.533973; 150.38051 (Creal Reef Lighthouse) 1985[65] active
Curtis Island Sea Hill Light   23°29′27″S 150°58′49″E / 23.490931°S 150.980414°E / -23.490931; 150.980414 (Sea Hill Light) 1876 2006 First lighthouse now at Gladstone Maritime Museum[11]
Dent Island Dent Island Light   20°22′09″S 148°55′44″E / 20.3692°S 148.9289°E / -20.3692; 148.9289 (Dent Island Lighthouse) 1879 1987 active
Double Island Point Double Island Point Light   25°56′10″S 153°11′27″E / 25.9362°S 153.1907°E / -25.9362; 153.1907 (Double Island Point Lighthouse) 1884 1992 active
Eborac Island Eborac Island Light   10°40′56″S 142°32′01″E / 10.682116°S 142.533649°E / -10.682116; 142.533649 (Eborac Island Lighthouse) active
Fitzroy Island Fitzroy Island Light 16°55′34″S 146°00′07″E / 16.9261°S 146.0020°E / -16.9261; 146.0020 (Fitzroy Island Lighthouse) 1943 1992
Flat Top Island Flat Top Island Light   21°09′41″S 149°14′47″E / 21.1615°S 149.2464°E / -21.1615; 149.2464 (Flat Top Island Lighthouse) 1879 1920 2007
Goods Island Goods Island Light   10°33′55″S 142°08′58″E / 10.5654°S 142.1494°E / -10.5654; 142.1494 (Goods Island Lighthouse) 1886 active
Gulf of Carpentaria CLS-4 Carpentaria 27°28′53″S 153°01′37″E / 27.481317°S 153.026867°E / -27.481317; 153.026867 (CLS-2 Carpentaria) 1918 1985 Lightship; Not in service[66]
Lady Elliot Island Lady Elliot Island Light   24°06′53″S 152°42′42″E / 24.1146°S 152.7116°E / -24.1146; 152.7116 (Lady Elliot Island Lighthouse) 1873 active
Low Island Low Isles Light   16°23′02″S 145°33′35″E / 16.3840°S 145.5598°E / -16.3840; 145.5598 (Low Isles Lighthouse) 1878 1993 active
Mooloolaba Point Cartwright Light   26°40′47″S 153°08′18″E / 26.6797°S 153.1384°E / -26.6797; 153.1384 (Point Cartwright Lighthouse) 1978 1978 active
Moreton Bay Moreton Bay Pile Light   27°18′39″S 153°12′37″E / 27.3109°S 153.2104°E / -27.3109; 153.2104 (Moreton Bay Pile Light) 1884[67] 1952[68] 1966–1967[69] Structure destroyed in 1949[69]
North Reef North Reef Light   23°11′08″S 151°54′13″E / 23.1855°S 151.9037°E / -23.1855; 151.9037 (North Reef Light) 1878 1978 active
Pine Islet Pine Islet Light   21°39′27″S 150°13′00″E / 21.6575°S 150.2166°E / -21.6575; 150.2166 (Pine Islet Lighthouse) 1885 1985 relocated; last working kerosene lighthouse in the world[70]
Point Danger Captain Cook Memorial Light   28°09′54″S 153°33′03″E / 28.1650°S 153.5507°E / -28.1650; 153.5507 (Point Danger Lighthouse) 1971 1971 active experimented with laser lighthouse in 1971[71]
Point Lookout Point Lookout Light   27°25′54″S 153°32′25″E / 27.4316°S 153.5404°E / -27.4316; 153.5404 (Point Lookout Lighthouse) 1932 active
Sandy Cape Sandy Cape Light   24°43′48″S 153°12′31″E / 24.7299°S 153.2086°E / -24.7299; 153.2086 (Sandy Cape Lighthouse) 1870 1991 active
Townsville Bay Rock Light   19°07′00″S 146°45′10″E / 19.1168°S 146.7529°E / -19.1168; 146.7529 (Bay Rock Lighthouse) 1886 1930 c.1992 [72][73]
Townsville Wharton Reef Light 19°15′36″S 146°49′18″E / 19.2599°S 146.8217°E / -19.2599; 146.8217 (Wharton Reef Lighthouse) 1915 1915 1990 not original site [74]
Wyborn Reef Wyborn Reef Light   10°49′09″S 142°46′30″E / 10.819185°S 142.77493°E / -10.819185; 142.77493 (Wyborn Reef Light) 1938[75] active

South AustraliaEdit

Location Name Image Coordinates Established Automated Deactivated Remarks
Althorpe Islands Althorpe Island Lighthouse   35°22′17″S 136°51′37″E / 35.3715°S 136.8603°E / -35.3715; 136.8603 1879 1991 active Diesel powered[76]
Beachport Cape Martin Lighthouse   37°29′22″S 140°00′45″E / 37.4895°S 140.0125°E / -37.4895; 140.0125 1960 active
Cape Banks Cape Banks Lighthouse   37°53′53″S 140°22′35″E / 37.8980°S 140.3763°E / -37.8980; 140.3763 1883 1928 active
Cape Borda Cape Borda Lighthouse   35°45′10″S 136°35′37″E / 35.7528°S 136.5937°E / -35.7528; 136.5937 1858 1989 active
Cape Donington Cape Donington Lighthouse 34°43′35″S 135°59′38″E / 34.7265°S 135.9939°E / -34.7265; 135.9939 1878 active
Cape du Couedic Cape du Couedic Lighthouse   36°03′28″S 136°42′18″E / 36.0579°S 136.7049°E / -36.0579; 136.7049 1909 1957 active
Cape Jaffa Cape Jaffa Lighthouse   36°50′09″S 139°50′46″E / 36.8359°S 139.8462°E / -36.8359; 139.8462 1872 1973 Screw pile; Not original site[77]
Cape Jervis Cape Jervis Lighthouse   35°36′13″S 138°05′40″E / 35.6037°S 138.0945°E / -35.6037; 138.0945 1871 1972 active
Cape Spencer Cape Spencer Lighthouse   35°17′56″S 136°52′58″E / 35.2988°S 136.8827°E / -35.2988; 136.8827 1950 1975 active
Cape St Albans Cape St Albans Lighthouse   35°48′13″S 138°07′29″E / 35.8036°S 138.1248°E / -35.8036; 138.1248 1908 1908 active
Cape Willoughby Cape Willoughby Lighthouse   35°50′34″S 138°07′58″E / 35.8428°S 138.1327°E / -35.8428; 138.1327 1852 1974 2003 South Australia's first lighthouse[78]
Corny Point Corny Point Lighthouse   34°53′47″S 137°00′37″E / 34.8965°S 137.0104°E / -34.8965; 137.0104 1882 1920 active
Marino Marino Rocks Lighthouse   35°03′13″S 138°30′42″E / 35.0536°S 138.5117°E / -35.0536; 138.5117 1962 1962 active
Penguin Island Penguin Island Lighthouse 37°29′52″S 140°00′49″E / 37.4979°S 140.0136°E / -37.4979; 140.0136 1878 1918 1960 Abandoned[79]
Point Lowly Point Lowly Lighthouse   32°59′59″S 137°47′07″E / 32.9996°S 137.7853°E / -32.9996; 137.7853 1883 1973 1993
Point Malcolm Point Malcolm Lighthouse   35°30′32″S 139°11′27″E / 35.5089°S 139.1909°E / -35.5089; 139.1909 1878 1931 Australia's only inland lighthouse; reactivated[3][80]
Port Adelaide Port Adelaide Lighthouse   34°50′33″S 138°30′15″E / 34.8424°S 138.5042°E / -34.8424; 138.5042 1869 1901 Not original site; lit on Saturdays[80][81]
Port Macdonnell Cape Northumberland Lighthouse   38°03′23″S 140°40′03″E / 38.0563°S 140.6674°E / -38.0563; 140.6674 1882 1990 active
Cape Northumberland Old Macdonnell Lighthouse 38°03′23″S 140°40′03″E / 38.0563°S 140.6674°E / -38.0563; 140.6674 1859 1881 destroyed[82]
Robe Robe Lighthouse   37°09′52″S 139°44′40″E / 37.164367°S 139.744417°E / -37.164367; 139.744417 1972 1972 active
South Neptune Island South Neptune Island Lighthouse 35°20′15″S 136°07′04″E / 35.3375°S 136.1177°E / -35.3375; 136.1177 1901 c.1990 active New tower[83]
Tiparra Reef Tipara Reef Screw Pile   33°55′47″S 137°37′35″E / 33.9297°S 137.6263°E / -33.9297; 137.6263 1877 1995 Not original site[84]
Troubridge Hill Troubridge Hill Lighthouse 35°09′59″S 137°38′27″E / 35.1663°S 137.6408°E / -35.1663; 137.6408 1980 1980 active
Troubridge Island Troubridge Island Lighthouse   35°07′01″S 137°49′39″E / 35.1170°S 137.8276°E / -35.1170; 137.8276 1856 1981 2001 Under threat from erosion[85]
West Cape West Cape Lighthouse 35°14′39″S 136°49′27″E / 35.2442°S 136.8241°E / -35.2442; 136.8241 1980 1980 active Build of stainless steel[86]
Wonga Shoal Wonga Shoal Lighthouse   34°49′24″S 138°26′15″E / 34.8233°S 138.4376°E / -34.8233; 138.4376 1901 1912 Destroyed[87]

TasmaniaEdit

Location Name Image Coordinates Established Automated Deactivated Remarks
Bluff Hill 41°00′32″S 144°36′36″E / 41.0090°S 144.6101°E / -41.0090; 144.6101 1982 1982 active
Cape Bruny Cape Bruny Lighthouse 43°29′28″S 147°08′33″E / 43.4910°S 147.1424°E / -43.4910; 147.1424 1838 1996
Cape Forrestier Cape Forrestier Lighthouse 42°07′00″S 148°21′32″E / 42.1167°S 148.3589°E / -42.1167; 148.3589 1971 Dismantled[14]
Cape Sorell Cape Sorell Lighthouse 42°11′52″S 145°10′09″E / 42.1978°S 145.1693°E / -42.1978; 145.1693 1899 active
Cape Tourville Cape Tourville Lighthouse 42°07′21″S 148°20′34″E / 42.1226°S 148.3427°E / -42.1226; 148.3427 1971 1971 active
Cape Wickham Cape Wickham Lighthouse   39°35′19″S 143°56′34″E / 39.5885°S 143.9429°E / -39.5885; 143.9429 1861 1918 active Tallest in Australia
Currie Harbour Currie Lighthouse 39°55′45″S 143°50′32″E / 39.9293°S 143.8422°E / -39.9293; 143.8422 1880 active deactivated 1989–1995[88]
Deal Island Deal Island Lighthouse   39°29′39″S 147°19′21″E / 39.4943°S 147.3225°E / -39.4943; 147.3225 1848 1921 1992 Australia's highest lighthouse[89]
Eddystone Point 40°59′35″S 148°20′52″E / 40.9931°S 148.3478°E / -40.9931; 148.3478 1889 active
Goose Island Goose Island Lighthouse   40°18′42″S 147°48′05″E / 40.3116°S 147.8013°E / -40.3116; 147.8013 1846 1931 active
Hells Gate Bonnet Island Lighthouse 42°13′24″S 145°13′19″E / 42.2232°S 145.2219°E / -42.2232; 145.2219 1892 1910 active
Hells Gate Entrance Island Lighthouse   42°12′39″S 145°12′55″E / 42.2108°S 145.2154°E / -42.2108; 145.2154 1892 1910 active
Highland Bluff (new) 40°44′19″S 145°17′24″E / 40.7386°S 145.2901°E / -40.7386; 145.2901 active
Highland Bluff (old) 40°45′59″S 145°17′55″E / 40.7663°S 145.2985°E / -40.7663; 145.2985 1924
Iron Pot Iron Pot Lighthouse   43°03′31″S 147°25′02″E / 43.0587°S 147.4172°E / -43.0587; 147.4172 1832 active Tasmania's first lighthouse[90]
Low Head Low Head Lighthouse   41°03′19″S 146°47′20″E / 41.0553°S 146.7889°E / -41.0553; 146.7889 1833 1995 active Tasmania's second lighthouse[91]
Low Head Middle Channel Lighthouse   41°04′47″S 146°48′27″E / 41.0797°S 146.8074°E / -41.0797; 146.8074 1882 1955 active
Low Head She Oak Point Lighthouse

 

41°04′40″S 146°48′14″E / 41.0777°S 146.8040°E / -41.0777; 146.8040 1882 1955 active
Maatsuyker Island Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse   43°39′25″S 146°16′17″E / 43.6570°S 146.2714°E / -43.6570; 146.2714 1891 1996 Last staffed lighthouse; Australia's most southern[92][93]
Mersey Bluff   41°09′31″S 146°21′19″E / 41.1587°S 146.3554°E / -41.1587; 146.3554 1889 1920 active
Point Home Lookout Point Home Lookout Lighthouse 42°33′04″S 147°57′13″E / 42.5512°S 147.9537°E / -42.5512; 147.9537 1971 1971 active
Rocky Cape 40°51′16″S 145°30′30″E / 40.8545°S 145.5083°E / -40.8545; 145.5083 1968 1968 active
Round Hill Point 41°03′54″S 145°57′42″E / 41.0650°S 145.9618°E / -41.0650; 145.9618 1923 1980 active
Sandy Cape 41°25′18″S 144°44′54″E / 41.4217°S 144.7484°E / -41.4217; 144.7484 1953 active
Swan Island 40°43′40″S 148°07′32″E / 40.7277°S 148.1256°E / -40.7277; 148.1256 1845 1985 active
Table Cape Table Cape Lighthouse   40°56′47″S 145°43′44″E / 40.9465°S 145.7290°E / -40.9465; 145.7290 1888 1920 active
Tasman Island Tasman Island Lighthouse   43°14′22″S 148°00′18″E / 43.2395°S 148.0051°E / -43.2395; 148.0051 1906 1976 active
West Point 40°56′34″S 144°36′50″E / 40.9428°S 144.6139°E / -40.9428; 144.6139 1916 1982 Destroyed[94]

VictoriaEdit

Location Name Image Coordinates Established Automated Deactivated Remarks
Aireys Inlet Split Point Lighthouse   38°28′05″S 144°06′16″E / 38.4680°S 144.1044°E / -38.4680; 144.1044 (Split Point Lighthouse) 1891 1919 active
Cape Liptrap Cape Liptrap Lighthouse   38°54′08″S 145°55′00″E / 38.9021°S 145.9167°E / -38.9021; 145.9167 (Cape Liptrap Lighthouse) 1913 1913 active
Cape Nelson Cape Nelson Lighthouse   38°25′52″S 141°32′32″E / 38.4310°S 141.5423°E / -38.4310; 141.5423 (Cape Nelson Lighthouse) 1884 1995 active
Cape Otway Cape Otway Lighthouse   38°51′24″S 143°30′42″E / 38.8568°S 143.5118°E / -38.8568; 143.5118 (Cape Otway Lighthouse) 1848 1994 Replaced with a solar powered light tower[95]
Cape Schanck Cape Schanck Lighthouse   38°29′34″S 144°53′10″E / 38.4927°S 144.8862°E / -38.4927; 144.8862 (Cape Schanck Lighthouse) 1859 active
Citadel Island Citadel Island Lighthouse 39°06′51″S 146°14′12″E / 39.1143°S 146.2367°E / -39.1143; 146.2367 (Citadel Island Lighthouse) 1913 1982 Solar powered
Cliffy Island Cliffy Island Lighthouse   38°57′02″S 146°42′20″E / 38.9506°S 146.7056°E / -38.9506; 146.7056 (Cliffy Island Lighthouse) 1884 1971 active Solar powered[96]
Gabo Island Gabo Island Lighthouse   37°34′07″S 149°55′01″E / 37.5687°S 149.9169°E / -37.5687; 149.9169 (Gabo Island Lighthouse) 1853 1993 active Solar powered[97]
Gellibrand Shoal Gellibrand Pile Light 37°52′43″S 144°54′53″E / 37.8785°S 144.9147°E / -37.8785; 144.9147 (Gellibrand Pile Light) 1906 1976 Destroyed[98]
Griffiths Island Port Fairy Lighthouse   38°23′27″S 142°15′19″E / 38.3909°S 142.2552°E / -38.3909; 142.2552 (Griffiths Island Lighthouse) 1859 active Wind powered[99]
Lady Bay Lower Lady Bay Lower Lighthouse 38°23′27″S 142°29′07″E / 38.3907°S 142.4854°E / -38.3907; 142.4854 (Lady Bay Lower Lighthouse) 1854 active
Lady Bay Upper Lady Bay Upper Lighthouse 38°23′25″S 142°29′07″E / 38.3903°S 142.4854°E / -38.3903; 142.4854 (Lady Bay Upper Lighthouse) 1859 active Not original site[100]
McCrae Eastern Lighthouse 38°20′54″S 144°55′40″E / 38.3483°S 144.9279°E / -38.3483; 144.9279 (Eastern Lighthouse) 1854 1994
Point Hicks Point Hicks Lighthouse   37°48′06″S 149°16′31″E / 37.8018°S 149.2753°E / -37.8018; 149.2753 (Point Hicks Lighthouse) 1890 active
Point Lonsdale Point Lonsdale Lighthouse   38°17′31″S 144°36′50″E / 38.2919°S 144.6139°E / -38.2919; 144.6139 (Point Lonsdale Lighthouse) 1863 active
Portland Whaler's Bluff Lighthouse 38°20′14″S 141°36′33″E / 38.3373°S 141.6091°E / -38.3373; 141.6091 (Whaler's Bluff Lighthouse) 1889 active
Portland Portland Bay Lighthouse 38°21′15″S 141°37′11″E / 38.3542°S 141.6198°E / -38.3542; 141.6198 (Portland Bay Lighthouse) 1859 1889
Port Melbourne Port Melbourne Front Light   37°50′30″S 144°55′45″E / 37.8417°S 144.9293°E / -37.8417; 144.9293 (Port Melbourne Front Light) 1924
Port Melbourne Port Melbourne Rear Light 37°50′14″S 144°55′46″E / 37.8371°S 144.9294°E / -37.8371; 144.9294 (Port Melbourne Rear Light) 1924 active
Port Phillip South Channel Pile Light   38°20′19″S 144°49′07″E / 38.3386°S 144.8186°E / -38.3386; 144.8186 (South Channel Pile Light) 1874 1985 relocated and reactivated[101]
Port Phillip West Channel Pile Light 38°11′34″S 144°45′23″E / 38.1927°S 144.7563°E / -38.1927; 144.7563 (WestChannel Pile Light) 1881 active
Queenscliff Queenscliff High Light   38°16′17″S 144°39′42″E / 38.2715°S 144.6618°E / -38.2715; 144.6618 (Queenscliff Black Lighthouse) 1843 active Built of bluestone[102]
Queenscliff Queenscliff Low Light   38°16′25″S 144°39′33″E / 38.2737°S 144.6593°E / -38.2737; 144.6593 (Queenscliff White Lighthouse) 1854 active Not original site[103]
Warrnambool Lady Bay Upper Lighthouse 38°23′22″S 142°29′09″E / 38.38958°S 142.48578°E / -38.38958; 142.48578 (Lady Bay Upper Lighthouse) 1858 active
Williamstown Timeball Lighthouse   37°52′00″S 144°54′45″E / 37.8668°S 144.9126°E / -37.8668; 144.9126 (Williamstown Lighthouse) 1840 1934 1987 Light deactivated; time ball active[104]
Wilsons Promontory Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse   39°07′48″S 146°25′27″E / 39.1299°S 146.4242°E / -39.1299; 146.4242 (Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse) 1859 1975 active Furthest south on mainland[105]

Western AustraliaEdit

Location Name Image Coordinates Established Automated Deactivated Remarks
Adele Island 15°30′36″S 123°09′27″E / 15.5101°S 123.1574°E / -15.5101; 123.1574 1951 active
Arthur Head Arthur Head Lighthouse 32°03′24″S 115°44′24″E / 32.0566°S 115.7400°E / -32.0566; 115.7400 (Arthur Head Lighthouse) 1851 1902 Demolished[106]
Bessieres Island Lighthouse 21°38′10″S 115°06′42″E / 21.6362°S 115.1118°E / -21.6362; 115.1118 (Bessieres Island Lighthouse) 1913 active
Breaksea Island Breaksea Island Lighthouse 35°03′51″S 118°03′26″E / 35.0642°S 118.0573°E / -35.0642; 118.0573 (Breaksea Island Lighthouse) 1858 active
Bunbury Casuarina Point Lighthouse   33°19′09″S 115°37′59″E / 33.3191°S 115.6330°E / -33.3191; 115.6330 (Casuarina Point Lighthouse) 1870 active
Caffarelli Island Caffarelli Island Lighthouse 16°02′46″S 123°17′09″E / 16.0461°S 123.2858°E / -16.0461; 123.2858 (Caffarelli Island Lighthouse) 1967 active
Cape Bossut Cape Bossut Lighthouse   18°42′49″S 121°37′22″E / 18.7137°S 121.6227°E / -18.7137; 121.6227 (Cape Bossut Lighthouse) 1913 c.1980 demolished
Cape Leeuwin Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse   34°22′30″S 115°08′10″E / 34.3750°S 115.1362°E / -34.3750; 115.1362 (Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse) 1896 1992 active
Cape Leveque Cape Leveque Lighthouse   16°23′42″S 122°55′42″E / 16.3949°S 122.9282°E / -16.3949; 122.9282 (Cape Leveque Lighthouse) 1911 active
Cape Naturaliste Cape Naturaliste Lighthouse   33°32′15″S 115°01′08″E / 33.53750°S 115.01889°E / -33.53750; 115.01889 (Cape Naturaliste Lighthouse) 1903 1978 active struck by ball lightning in 1907[107]
Carnarvon Babbage Island Lighthouse 24°52′34″S 113°37′51″E / 24.8760°S 113.6309°E / -24.8760; 113.6309 (Babbage Island Lighthouse) 1965 active
Cave Point Cave Point Lighthouse 35°07′13″S 117°53′56″E / 35.1202°S 117.8990°E / -35.1202; 117.8990 (Cave Point Lighthouse) 1976 1994 [108]
Dirk Hartog Island Cape Inscription Lighthouse   25°28′54″S 112°58′19″E / 25.4818°S 112.9720°E / -25.4818; 112.9720 (Cape Inscription Lighthouse) 1910 1917 active
East Island East Island Lighthouse 16°54′09″S 122°11′52″E / 16.9024°S 122.1979°E / -16.9024; 122.1979 (East Island Lighthouse) 1968 active
Eclipse Island Eclipse Island Lighthouse 35°10′56″S 117°53′05″E / 35.1821°S 117.8847°E / -35.1821; 117.8847 (Eclipse Island Lighthouse) 1926 1976 active replaced with beacon[109]
Escape Island Escape Island Lighthouse 30°20′00″S 114°59′11″E / 30.3334°S 114.9864°E / -30.3334; 114.9864 (Escape Island Lighthouse) 1930 active
Fremantle North Mole Lighthouse   32°03′14″S 115°43′28″E / 32.0538°S 115.7245°E / -32.0538; 115.7245 (North Mole Lighthouse) 1906 active
Fremantle South Mole Lighthouse   32°03′21″S 115°43′57″E / 32.0558°S 115.7325°E / -32.0558; 115.7325 (South Mole Lighthouse) 1903 active
Gantheaume Point Gantheaume Point Lighthouse 17°58′27″S 122°10′39″E / 17.9741°S 122.1775°E / -17.9741; 122.1775 (Gantheaume Point Lighthouse) 1905 1922 active
Guilderton Guilderton Lighthouse 31°20′22″S 115°29′32″E / 31.3394°S 115.4921°E / -31.3394; 115.4921 (Guilderton Lighthouse) 1983 1983 active
Hillarys   31°49′25″S 115°44′01″E / 31.8235°S 115.7336°E / -31.8235; 115.7336 1986 active
Jarman Island Jarman Island Lighthouse 20°39′31″S 117°13′03″E / 20.6585°S 117.2174°E / -20.6585; 117.2174 (Jarman Island Lighthouse) 1888 1917 1985 [110]
Legendre Island Legendre Island Lighthouse 20°21′30″S 116°50′34″E / 20.3584°S 116.8427°E / -20.3584; 116.8427 (Legendre Island Lighthouse) 1927 1989 active
Geraldton Moore Point Lighthouse 28°46′58″S 114°34′45″E / 28.7827°S 114.5793°E / -28.7827; 114.5793 (Moore Point Lighthouse) 1878 1985 active
Mosman Park Buckland Hill Lighthouse 32°01′01″S 115°45′39″E / 32.01708°S 115.76097°E / -32.01708; 115.76097 (Buckland Hill Lighthouse) c.1970 active
North West Cape North West Cape Light   21°48′56″S 114°09′12″E / 21.8156°S 114.1534°E / -21.8156; 114.1534 (North West Cape Light) 1967 active on radio tower[111]
Pelsart Island Pelsart Island Lighthouse 28°59′07″S 113°57′44″E / 28.9854°S 113.9623°E / -28.9854; 113.9623 (Pelsart Island Lighthouse) 1974 active
Point Cloates Point Cloates Lighthouse   22°42′32″S 113°40′51″E / 22.7090°S 113.6808°E / -22.7090; 113.6808 (Point Cloates Lighthouse) 1910 1933 1936 Ruins, heritage listed[112]
Point King Point King Lighthouse   35°02′07″S 117°55′08″E / 35.0354°S 117.9189°E / -35.0354; 117.9189 (Point King Lighthouse) 1858 1911 Ruins, heritage listed[113]
Quobba Point Quobba Point Light 24°28′47″S 113°25′05″E / 24.4797°S 113.4181°E / -24.4797; 113.4181 (Quobba Point Light) 1950 active
Rottnest Island Bathurst Lighthouse   31°59′21″S 115°32′26″E / 31.9893°S 115.5406°E / -31.9893; 115.5406 (Bathurst Lighthouse) 1900 1986 active
Rottnest Island Wadjemup Lighthouse   32°00′26″S 115°30′15″E / 32.0072°S 115.5041°E / -32.0072; 115.5041 (Wadjemup Lighthouse) 1851 1986 active Australia's first rotating beam lighthouse[114]
Woodman Point Woodman Light   32°07′51″S 115°46′11″E / 32.1309°S 115.7697°E / -32.1309; 115.7697 (Woodman Point Light) 1902 1955 active

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  35. ^ See for example, Brush Island Light, a small concrete hut with an automated lamp on top of it, not listed on The Lighthouse Directory, Lighthouses of Australia Inc. and SeaSide Lights but listed on Australian Lighthouses, List of Lights, Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals and the ARLHS World List of Lights.
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  43. ^ "The Point Stephens Lighthouse". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc.
  44. ^ Ian Clifford (February 2000). "South & North Solitary Islands Trip Report". Lighthouses of Australia Inc Bulletin.
  45. ^ "The South Solitary Lighthouse". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc.
  46. ^ "The Sugarloaf Point Lighthouse". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc.
  47. ^ "The Warden Head Lighthouse at Ulladulla". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc.
  48. ^ "The Wollongong Breakwater Lighthouse". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc.
  49. ^ "The Clarence River Lighthouse at Yamba". Lighthouses of New South Wales. Lighthouses of Australia Inc.
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  61. ^ http://www.lighthouses.org.au/lights/QLD/Cleveland%20Point/Cleveland%20Point.htm possibly the first lighthouse to experiment with lasers, but the Point Danger Light officially lays claim to being the first, in 1971
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  87. ^ Searle, Garry. "Wonga Shoal". Lighthouses of South Australia. SeaSide Lights. Retrieved 19 August 2010. Knocked over by a sailing ship, two lighthouse keepers were drowned.
  88. ^ "The Currie Harbour Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Tasmania. Lighthouses of Australia Inc.
  89. ^ "The Deal Island Lighthouse in Bass Strait". Lighthouses of Tasmania. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. At an elevation of 305 metres, deactivated 1992.
  90. ^ "The Iron Pot Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Tasmania. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
  91. ^ "The Low Head Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Tasmania. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
  92. ^ "The Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Tasmania. Lighthouses of Australia Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
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