List of health deities

A health deity is a god or goddess in mythology or religion associated with health, healing and wellbeing. They may also be related to childbirth or Mother Goddesses. They are a common feature of polytheistic religions.

A statue of Asclepius, the Greek god of healing

List of health deitiesEdit

AfricanEdit

ArmenianEdit

  • Anahit, goddess of fertility and healing, wisdom and water in Armenian mythology.

AztecEdit

BalticEdit

  • Aušrinė, Baltic pagan deity of medicine, health and beauty.
  • Ragana, witch deity protecting healers and wisdom holders.

CelticEdit

  • Airmed, Irish goddess associated with healing and resurrection.
  • Alaunus, Gaulish god of the sun, healing and prophecy associated with Greek god Helios-Apollo
  • Atepomarus, Gaulish healing god associated with the Greek god Apollo
  • Borvo, Celto-Lusitanian healing god associated with bubbling spring water
  • Brigid, Irish goddess associated with healing
  • Dian Cecht, Irish god of healing
  • Glanis, Gaulish god associated with a healing spring at the town of Glanum
  • Grannus, Gaulish god associated with spas, thermal springs and the sun, regularly identified with Apollo
  • Hooded Spirits, hooded deities associated with health and fertility
  • Ianuaria, goddess associated with healing
  • Iovantucarus, Gaulish healer-god and protector of youth associated with Lenus Mars
  • Lenus, Gaulish healing god associated with the Greek god Ares
  • Maponos, god of youth, associated with the Greek god Apollo
  • Mullo, Gaulish deity associated with the Greek god Ares and said to heal afflictions of the eye
  • Nodens, Gallo-Roman and Roman British god associated with healing, the sea, hunting and dogs
  • Sirona, Gallo-Roman and Celto-Germanic goddess associated with healing

ChineseEdit

  • Wu Tao (Baosheng Dadi, the King of Medicine)
  • Shennong, a mythical emperor who spread knowledge of herbs and medicine.
  • Taiyi Zhushen, God of Qi
  • Taokang Geyan, God of Essence
  • Zhang Guolao, one of the Eight Immortals, whose wine was considered to have healing properties
  • He Xiangu, one of the Eight Immortals, whose lotus flower improves one's mental and physical health
  • Li Tieguai, one of the Eight Immortals, who alleviates the suffering of the poor, sick and needy with special medicine from his gourd
  • Wong Tai Sin, a god with the power of healing
  • Jiutian Xuannü, goddess of war, sex, and longevity (long life), who is connected to calisthenics, diet, alchemy, neidan (inner alchemy), and physiology [1]

EgyptianEdit

  • Sekhmet, goddess of healing and medicine of Upper Egypt
  • Heka, deification of magic, through which Egyptians believed they could gain protection, healing and support
  • Serket, goddess of healing stings and bites
  • Ta-Bitjet, a scorpion goddess whose blood is a panacea for all poisons
  • Isis, goddess of healing, magic, marriage and perfection

EtruscanEdit

  • Fufluns, god of plant life, happiness and health and growth in all things
  • Menrva, goddess of war, art, wisdom and healthcare

FilipinoEdit

  • Kadaklan: the Itneg deity who is second in rank; taught the people how to pray, harvest their crops, ward off evil spirits, and overcome bad omens and cure sicknesses[2]
  • Talanganay: a male Gaddang god-spirit; enters the body of a healer and gives instructions on how to heal the sick while in a trance[3]
  • Menalam: a female Gaddang goddess-spirit; enters the body of a healer and gives instructions on how to heal the sick while in a trance[4]
  • Cabuyaran: the Ilocano goddess of healing; daughter of Abra and Makiling, the elder; she eloped with Anianihan[5]
  • Akasi: the Sambal god of health and sickness; sometimes seen at the same level of power as Malayari[6]
  • Lakambini: the Tagalog deity who protects throats and who is invoked to cure throat aches; also called Lakandaytan, as the god of attachment[7]
  • Daniw: the Hanunoo Mangyan spirit residing in the stone cared for by the healers[8]
  • Hamorawan Lady: the deity of the Hamorawan spring in Borongan, who blesses the waters with healing properties[9]
  • Beljan: the Pala'wan spirits of all beljan (shamans); able to travel to the vertical universe, divided into fourteen different layers, in order to heal the world and to re-establish cosmic balance;[10] also referred to as Balyan[11]
  • Maguimba: the Batak god in the remotest times, lived among the people, having been summoned by a powerful babaylan (shaman); provided all the necessities of life, as well as all cures for illnesses; has the power to bring the dead back to life[12]
  • Ibabasag: the Bukidnon goddess of pregnant women[13]
  • Mandarangan: the Bagobo god of warriors married to Darago; resides at Mount Apo's summit; human sacrifices to him are rewarded with health, valor in war, and success in the pursuit of wealth[14]
  • Cotabato Healer Monkey: a Maguindanao monkey who lived near a pond outside Cotabato city; it heals those who touch it and those who give it enough offerings[15]
  • Pagari: also called Inikadowa, the Maguindanao twin-spirit who is sometimes in the form of a crocodile; if a person is possessed by them, the person will attain the gift of healing[16]

GreekEdit

  • Apollo, god of healing, medicine, and diseases
  • Asclepius, god of the medicinal arts
  • Artemis, goddess of young women and childbirth
  • Chiron, a centaur known for his knowledge and skill in medicinal arts
  • Eileithyia, goddess of childbirth
  • Epione, goddess of the soothing of pain
  • Aceso, goddess of curing sickness and healing wounds
  • Aegle, goddess of radiant good health
  • Hygieia, goddess of cleanliness and sanitation
  • Iaso, goddess of cures and remedies
  • Paean, physician of the gods, who was later syncretized with Apollo
  • Panacea, goddess of the cure by medicines and salves
  • Telesphorus, demi-god of convalescence

HinduEdit

Vaidyanatha - Shiva as healer of all

 
Lord Dhanvantari, the Hindu god of medicine and Lord of Ayurvedic medicine
  • Ashvins, twin doctors of the gods and gods of Ayurvedic medicine
  • Dhanvantari, physician of the gods and god of Ayurvedic medicine
  • Dharti, or Earth is considered the goddess of nature and well being of living creatures
  • Mariamman, goddess of disease and rain
  • Shitala Devi, goddess of smallpox and disease
  • Jvarasura, Demon of fever
  • Paranasabari, diseases

HittiteEdit

  • Kamrusepa, goddess of healing, medicine, and magic
  • Shaushka, goddess of fertility, war, and healing

InuitEdit

  • Eeyeekalduk, god of medicine and good health
  • Pinga, goddess of the hunt, fertility and medicine

JapaneseEdit

  • Ashitekōjin, god of hands and feet
  • Sukunahikona, god of medicine, as well as nation building, incantation, agriculture and hot springs

MayaEdit

  • Ixchel, jaguar goddess of midwifery and medicine
  • Maximón, hero god of health

MesopotamianEdit

Native AmericanEdit

  • Kumugwe, Nuxalk underwater god with the power to see into the future, heal the sick and injured, and bestow powers on those whom he favors
  • Angak, a Hopi kachina spirit, represents a healing and protective male figure.

NorseEdit

  • Eir, goddess associated with medical skill

PersianEdit

PhoenicianEdit

RomanEdit

  • Angitia, snake goddess associated with magic and healing
  • Apollo, Greco-Roman god of light, music, healing, and the sun
  • Bona Dea, goddess of fertility, healing, virginity, and women
  • Cardea, goddess of health, thresholds and door hinges and handles
  • Carna, goddess who presided over the heart and other organs
  • Endovelicus, god of public health and safety
  • Febris, goddess who embodied and protected people from fever and malaria
  • Feronia, goddess of wildlife, fertility, health, and abundance
  • Valetudo, Roman name for the Greek goddess Hygieia, goddess of health, cleanliness, and hygiene
  • Vejovis, god of healing
  • Verminus, god who protected cattle from disease

SamiEdit

  • Beiwe, goddess of the sun, spring, fertility and sanity, who restored the mental health of those driven mad by the darkness of the winter

SlavicEdit

  • Żywie, goddess of health and healing

ThracianEdit

  • Derzelas, god of abundance and the underworld, health and human spirit's vitality

Yoruba and Afro-AmericanEdit

  • Aja, spirit of the forest, the animals within it and herbal healers
  • Babalu Aye, spirit of illness and disease
  • Erinle, spirit of abundance, the healer, and Physician to the Orisha
  • Loco, patron of healers and plants
  • Mami Wata, a pantheon of water deities associated with healing and fertility
  • Sopona, god of smallpox

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cahill, Suzanne E. (18 July 2013). "Sublimation in Medieval China: The Case of the Mysterious Woman of the Nine Heavens". Journal of Chinese Religions. 20 (1): 91–102. doi:10.1179/073776992805307692.
  2. ^ Millare, F. D. (1955). Philippine Studies Vol. 3, No. 4: The Tinguians and Their Old Form of Worship. Ateneo de Manila University.
  3. ^ Katutubo: Gaddang of Isabela (2009). National Commission on Culture and the Arts.
  4. ^ Katutubo: Gaddang of Isabela (2009). National Commission on Culture and the Arts.
  5. ^ Alacacin, C. (1952). The Gods and Goddesses. Historical and Cultural Data of Provinces.
  6. ^ Jocano, F. L. (1969). Philippine Mythology. Quezon City: Capitol Publishing House Inc.
  7. ^ Potet, J. P. G. (2017). Ancient Beliefs and Customs of the Tagalogs. Morrisville, North Carolina: Lulu Press.
  8. ^ Servano, M. R. Mangyan. DLSU LITERA
  9. ^ Piccio, B. (2016). The Legend of the Miraculous Lady in White Lurking in Eastern Samar's Hamorawan Spring. Choose Philippines.
  10. ^ The Palawan. Survival International.
  11. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 17, 2018. Retrieved March 28, 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ Mckenzie, D. A. (2014). Psychic Phenomena: A Clinical Investigation. Lulu Publishing.
  13. ^ Jocano, F. L. (1969). Philippine Mythology. Quezon City: Capitol Publishing House Inc
  14. ^ Demetrio, F. R., Cordero-Fernando, G., & Zialcita, F. N. (1991). The Soul Book. Quezon City: GCF Books.
  15. ^ Williams, M. S. (1997). Philippine Sociological Review Vol. 45, No. 1/4: Causality, Power, and Cultural Traits of the Maguindanao. Philippine Sociological Society.
  16. ^ Williams, M. S. (1997). Philippine Sociological Review Vol. 45, No. 1/4: Causality, Power, and Cultural Traits of the Maguindanao. Philippine Sociological Society.