In Greek mythology and religion, Panacea (Greek Πανάκεια, Panakeia), a goddess of universal remedy, was the daughter of Asclepius and Epione.

  • Goddess of universal remedy
Statue of Panacea in the Archaeological Museum of Dion.
AbodeMount Olympus
Personal information
ParentsAsclepius and Epione
SiblingsAceso, Aegle, Aratus, Hygieia, Iaso, Machaon, Podalirius, Telesphoros

Mythology edit

Panacea and her four sisters each performed a facet of Apollo's art:[1]

  • Panacea (the goddess of universal health)
  • Hygieia ("Hygiene", the goddess/personification of health, cleanliness, and sanitation)
  • Iaso (the goddess of recuperation from illness)
  • Aceso (the goddess of the healing process)
  • Aegle (the goddess of radiant good health)

Panacea also had four brothers:

However, portrayals of the family were not always consistent; Panacea and her sisters each at times appear as Asclepius' wife instead.[2]

Panacea may have been an independent goddess before being absorbed into the Asclepius myth.[1]

Panacea traditionally had a poultice or potion with which she healed the sick.[citation needed] This brought about the concept of the panacea in medicine, a substance with the alleged property of curing all diseases. The term "panacea" has also come into figurative use as meaning "something used to solve all problems".[3]

The opening of the Hippocratic Oath mentions Panacea:[4]

A river in Thrace/Moesia took its name from the goddess, and is still known in modern Bulgaria as the river Zlatna Panega ("Golden Panega", from Greek panakeia).

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b Emma J. Edelstein; Ludwig Edelstein (1998). Asclepius: Collection and Interpretation of the Testimonies. pp. 87–89. ISBN 0-8018-5769-4.
  2. ^ C. A. Meier (2009). Healing Dream and Ritual: Ancient Incubation and Modern Psychotherapy. Einsiedeln: Daimon Verlag. p. 34. ISBN 978-3-85630-727-1. [...] Asclepius can hardly be thought of without his feminine companions, his wife and daughters. There were Epione (the gentle one), Hygeia, Panacea, Iaso, and others, each of whom was at times wife and at other times daughter.
  3. ^ "panacea". Oxford English Dictionary (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. (Subscription or participating institution membership required.)
  4. ^ Hippocrates of Cos. The Oath. Loeb Classical Library. doi:10.4159/DLCL.hippocrates_cos-oath.1923.

External links edit

  •   The dictionary definition of panacea at Wiktionary