List of experimental aircraft

This is a list of experimental aircraft, or aircraft used or built to conduct experiments involving aerodynamics, structural materials, propulsion systems, configuration and equipment. Prototypes, pre-production and homebuilt aircraft described as experimental but which were not used in this manner outside their own development are excluded.

A group of 1950s NACA research aircraft

ArgentinaEdit

AustraliaEdit

  • GAF Pika – manned test craft for drone program

BrazilEdit

CanadaEdit

 
Canadair CL-84 Dynavert tilt-wing VTOL research aircraft

CzechoslovakiaEdit

FranceEdit

 
Breguet-Dorand Gyroplane Laboratoire
 
SNECMA Coléoptère experimental tailsitter in 1959

FinlandEdit

GermanyEdit

 
Dornier Do 29 tilt rotor STOL
 
Heinkel He 178 pioneering turbojet-powered aircraft
 
Opel RAK.1 rocket engine research aircraft

ItalyEdit

 
Caproni-Campini N.1/CC.2 experimental motorjet and second jet aircraft to fly

PolandEdit

JapanEdit

 
Gasuden Koken

Russia/Soviet UnionEdit

 
Antonov A-40 tank glider
 
Yakovlev Yak-36 VTOL research vehicle

SpainEdit

 
Cierva C.6 autogiro
  • Cierva C.4 1923. First autogyro to fly
  • Cierva C.6 1924. Autogyro based on Avro 504 fuselage. Used small wings with ailerons for roll control

SwedenEdit

SwitzerlandEdit

TaiwanEdit

United KingdomEdit

 
Avro 707 research aircraft in formation with Avro Vulcan bomber prototypes
 
Fairey Delta 2 research aircraft
 
Gloster E.28/39 jet engine research aircraft
 
Miles M.35 Libellula canard research aircraft
 
Rolls-Royce thrust measuring rig VTOL testbed

United StatesEdit

 
Bell X-1 supersonic research aircraft
 
Bell X-5 variable-sweep wing testbed
 
North American X-15 hypersonic rocket-powered research aircraft

X-planesEdit

 
Grumman X-29 forward swept wing and stability research aircraft

Other US experimental aircraftEdit

 
US Army Bell 533 high speed helicopter research aircraft
 
XFV-12A on ramp at NAA in Columbus, Ohio
 
Scaled Composites Proteus in flight during 2002 for US Department of Energy ARM-UAV program
 
Lockheed Vega Winnie Mae high-altitude research aircraft – confirmed existence of jet stream
 
Lifting body research aircraft – from left to right, X-24A, M2-F3 and HL-10
 
Northrop N-9M flying wing
 
Vought V-173 disk wing research aircraft

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.vrtulnik.cz/xe-ii.htm
  2. ^ http://1000aircraftphotos.com/Contributions/Visschedijk/7016.htm. Retrieved 12 Aug 2015. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ Harrison, Ronald W., Gee Bee Ascender, Journal AAHS Fall 1984, p 190-191
  4. ^ Hannan, Bill, le Gee Bee qui volait a l'envers, Le Fanatique de l' Aviation, No 161, page numbers unknown
  5. ^ Gibbs, Yvonne. "NASA Armstrong Fact Sheet: Lockheed JetStar Research Aircraft". NASA. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  6. ^ Eckland, K.O. (2009-04-25). "Aerofiles Vought (Chance Vought), Lewis & Vought, Vought-Sikorsky". USA: Aerofiles.com. Retrieved 20 September 2011.