List of experimental aircraft

This is a list of experimental aircraft, or aircraft used or built to conduct experiments involving aerodynamics, structural materials, propulsion systems, configuration and equipment. Prototypes, pre-production and homebuilt aircraft described as experimental but which were not used in this manner outside their own development are excluded.

A group of 1950s NACA research aircraft



  • GAF Pika – manned test craft for drone program



Canadair CL-84 Dynavert tilt-wing VTOL research aircraft



Breguet-Dorand Gyroplane Laboratoire
SNECMA Coléoptère experimental tailsitter in 1959



Dornier Do 29 tilt rotor STOL
Heinkel He 178 pioneering turbojet-powered aircraft
Opel RAK.1 rocket engine research aircraft


Caproni-Campini N.1/CC.2 experimental motorjet and second jet aircraft to fly



Gasuden Koken

Russia/Soviet UnionEdit

Antonov A-40 tank glider
Yakovlev Yak-36 VTOL research vehicle


Cierva C.6 autogiro
  • Cierva C.4 1923. First autogyro to fly
  • Cierva C.6 1924. Autogyro based on Avro 504 fuselage. Used small wings with ailerons for roll control




United KingdomEdit

Avro 707 research aircraft in formation with Avro Vulcan bomber prototypes
Fairey Delta 2 research aircraft
Gloster E.28/39 jet engine research aircraft
Miles M.35 Libellula canard research aircraft
Rolls-Royce thrust measuring rig VTOL testbed

United StatesEdit

Bell X-1 supersonic research aircraft
Bell X-5 variable-sweep wing testbed
North American X-15 hypersonic rocket-powered research aircraft


Grumman X-29 forward swept wing and stability research aircraft

Other US experimental aircraftEdit

US Army Bell 533 high speed helicopter research aircraft
XFV-12A on ramp at NAA in Columbus, Ohio
Scaled Composites Proteus in flight during 2002 for US Department of Energy ARM-UAV program
Lockheed Vega Winnie Mae high-altitude research aircraft – confirmed existence of jet stream
Lifting body research aircraft – from left to right, X-24A, M2-F3 and HL-10
Northrop N-9M flying wing
Vought V-173 disk wing research aircraft

See alsoEdit


  1. ^
  2. ^ Retrieved 12 Aug 2015. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ Harrison, Ronald W., Gee Bee Ascender, Journal AAHS Fall 1984, p 190-191
  4. ^ Hannan, Bill, le Gee Bee qui volait a l'envers, Le Fanatique de l' Aviation, No 161, page numbers unknown
  5. ^ Gibbs, Yvonne. "NASA Armstrong Fact Sheet: Lockheed JetStar Research Aircraft". NASA. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  6. ^ Eckland, K.O. (2009-04-25). "Aerofiles Vought (Chance Vought), Lewis & Vought, Vought-Sikorsky". USA: Retrieved 20 September 2011.