The Fairchild VZ-5 (or Model M-224-1) was a 1950s American experimental VTOL research aircraft built by Fairchild Aircraft for the United States Army.

Fairchild VZ-5
Fairchild VZ-5.jpg
Role VTOL research aircraft
Manufacturer Fairchild Aircraft
First flight 1959
Primary user United States Army
Number built 1


Built for the United States Army with the designation VZ-5, this prototype was one of a series of experimental aircraft designed to investigate various aspects and solutions for VTOL aircraft. The VZ-5 was an all-metal high-wing monoplane with a fixed tricycle undercarriage. The fuselage had an open cockpit for one pilot and a rear-mounted high-tailplane. The unusual aspect of the aircraft was that it had one General Electric turboshaft in the rear fuselage driving four propellers, two each mounted in nacelles on the leading edge of each wing. It also had two small four-bladed tail-rotors mounted above the tailplane for control. The wing had conventional trailing edge flaps and ailerons but it also had a section of the wing that could be deflected to act as a full-span flap. For a vertical takeoff two-thirds of the wing chord acted as a flap in the slipstream of the four propellers.

The VZ-5 was first flown tethered on 18 November 1959 but only had limited testing before the project was abandoned. Also see Deflected slipstream for information on the VTOL technology employed with the VZ-5.


  United States

Specifications (VZ-5)Edit

The VZ-5 with fully extended flaps

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 33 ft 8 in (10.26 m)
  • Wingspan: 32 ft 9 in (9.98 m)
  • Height: 16 ft 10 in (5.13 m)
  • Wing area: 191 ft2 (17.74 m2)
  • Empty weight: 3,382 lb (1,534 kg)
  • Gross weight: 3,976 (for VTOL) lb (1,803 (for VTOL) kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × General Electric YT58-GE-2 turboshaft, 1,032 hp (764 kW)


  • Maximum speed: 184 (estimate) mph (296 (estimate) km/h)

See alsoEdit

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists


  • John Andrade, U.S.Military Aircraft Designations and Serials since 1909, Midland Counties Publications, 1979, ISBN 0-904597-22-9 (Page 171)
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985), 1985, Orbis Publishing

External linksEdit

  Media related to Fairchild VZ-5 at Wikimedia Commons