List of countries with overseas military bases
This is a list of countries with overseas military bases.
The establishment of military bases abroad enables a country to project power, e.g. to conduct expeditionary warfare, and thereby influence events abroad. Depending on their size and infrastructure, they can be used as staging areas or for logistical, communications and intelligence support. Many conflicts throughout modern history have resulted in overseas military bases being established in large numbers by world powers and the existence of bases abroad has served countries that have then them in achieving political and military goals. The British Empire and other colonial powers established overseas military bases in many of their colonies during the First and Second World Wars, where useful, and actively sought rights to facilities where needed for strategic reasons. At one time, establishing coaling stations for naval ships was important. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union established military bases where they could within their respective spheres of influence, and actively sought influence where needed. More recently, the War on Terror has resulted in overseas military bases being established in the Middle East.
Whilst the overall number of overseas military bases has fallen since 1945, the United States, Turkey, the United Kingdom, Russia and France still possess or utilize a substantial number. Smaller numbers of overseas military bases are operated by India, Iran, Italy, Saudi Arabia, Singapore and the United Arab Emirates.
The United States is the largest operator of military bases abroad, with 38 "named bases"[note 1] with active duty, national guard, reserve, or civilian personnel as of September 30, 2014. Its largest, in terms of personnel, was Ramstein AB in Germany, with almost 9,200 personnel.[note 2]
- Malaysia – Butterworth Air Base, Malaysia is used for Australia's commitment to the Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA). In addition, the Australian Army maintains an infantry company (designated Rifle Company Butterworth) at Butterworth, Malaysia for training purposes.
- United Arab Emirates – Al Minhad Air Base, UAE used for Australian operations in the Middle East.
- Germany – Created in 2009, the Operational Support Hub (OSH) Europe at the large Köln-Bonn Airport, Germany, is capable of operating on a 24/7 basis to access the full range of European transportation networks.
- Jamaica – Created in 2016 as the OSH – Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). It served as the in-theatre support platform for CAF members taking part in Exercise TRADEWINDS 2016 in Jamaica. It is capable of providing support to other CAF missions in the region, such as humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations. It supports Other Government Departments and Agencies operating in the area, as well as strengthening the relationship between the Canadian Armed Forces and the Jamaican Defence Forces.
- Kuwait – OSH – Southwest Asia. Created in 2011 to support Canadian operations in Afghanistan following the loss of Camp Mirage in UAE. The detachment was a transportation point where CAF personnel, materiel, and equipment were transferred between modes of transportation, particularly from air to sea. In 2014, a new agreement with Kuwait was signed to continue supporting personnel, materiel and equipment transiting through Kuwait to and from areas of operation outside of Kuwait. The OSH also supports CAF members and assets present in Kuwait.
- Senegal – OSH – West Africa. In Spring of 2018, an Interim Operational Support Hub (IOSH) was established at the Léopold Sédar Senghor (LSS) airport in Dakar, Senegal to support Operation (Op) PRESENCE Task Force Mali. This later became a standing OSH in West Africa. It allows the CAF to project and sustain its military forces rapidly and flexibly, providing support for CAF operations staging in or through West Africa. It ensures operational/tactical level liaison with HN and UN Logistics hub, supporting equipment receipt and customs liaison for other Canadian governmental departments and agencies as well as Canadian defence industries.
- Djibouti – Les forces françaises stationnées à Djibouti (FFDj)
- United Arab Emirates – Forces de présence aux Emirats arabes unis
- Ivory Coast – Les forces françaises en Côte d'Ivoire (FFCI)
- Gabon – Les éléments français au Gabon (EFG)
- Senegal – Les éléments français au Sénégal (EFS)
- Germany – Franco-German Brigade in Müllheim and a Eurocopter Tiger training center at Faßberg Air Base
- Lebanon – Dayr Kifa Air Force Base as part of United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
- Mali – Several facilities in the country as part of Operation Barkhane
- Chad – N'Djamena Air Force Base as part of Operation Barkhane
- Niger – Niamey Air Force Base as part of Operation Barkhane
- Syria – At least three bases near Kobanî, Sarrin and Ayn Issa as part of Opération Chammal
- Iraq – Forces in Baghdad as part of Opération Chammal
- Jordan – Prince Hassan Air Base as part of Opération Chammal
- Cyprus – Hellenic Force in Cyprus
- Tajikistan – Farkhor Air Base is operated by the Indian Air Force and Tajik Air Force. ; Ayni Air Base – Being operated by the Indian Air Force from 2005 onwards with Su-30 MKI being deployed in limited numbers since 2014.
- Bhutan – The Indian Military Training Team (IMTRAT) is permanently stationed in western Bhutan.
- Madagascar – A listening post and a radar facility in northern Madagascar.
- Mauritius – A coast surveillance radar system deployed and maintained by India. As of June 2017, the current status of all these projects is unclear.India–Mauritius Military cooperation
- Seychelles – A coast surveillance radar system deployed and maintained by India.
- Oman – A listening post at Ras al Hadd and berthing rights for the Indian Navy at Muscat naval base. An establishment at Duqm for the Indian Air Force and the Indian Navy.
- Iraq – Several military installations and facilities in Baghdad, Al Anbar and Saladin Governorate.
- Syria – A military base near Al-Kiswah, Abu Kamal and several facilities in 3 different governorates
- Lebanon – A military training facility near Beit Moubarak and several military installations in Beqaa and Beirut Governorate .
- Curaçao – A Royal Netherlands Army detachment permanently stationed in Curaçao. The Royal Netherlands Navy has the logistic support ship Pelikaan (A804) stationed at Curaçao, often accompanied by a De Zeven Provinciën-class frigate, a Karel Doorman-class frigate or a Holland-class offshore patrol vessel.
- Armenia – Russian 102nd Military Base in Gyumri and the Russian 3624th Airbase in Erebuni Airport near Yerevan
- Belarus – Hantsavichy Radar Station; Vileyka naval communication centre
- Central African Republic – Confirmed to be building a Russian Military base
- Georgia – Russian 4th Military Base and 7th Military Base in the disputed frozen conflict regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia
- Eritrea – Logistics Center confirmed by Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov.
- Kazakhstan – Balkhash Radar Station; Sary Shagan range; Baikonur Cosmodrome
- Kyrgyzstan – Kant Air Base, the 338th naval communication centre, the 954th torpedo testing range and a seismograph
- Madagascar – Confirmed to be building a Russian Military base
- Moldova – Russia maintains a sizeable military force in the unrecognised state of Transnistria which split off from Moldova after the dissolution of the USSR. These forces guard the ammunition depot at Cobasna.
- Mozambique – Confirmed to be building a Russian Military base
- Sudan – Confirmed to be building a military base along the Red Sea Coast, near Port Sudan
- Syria – Russian naval facility in Tartus; Khmeimim Air Base, Shayrat Airbase
- Tajikistan – 201st Military Base
- Ukraine – Operational base of the Black Sea Fleet in Sevastopol, in annexed Crimea
- Bahrain - Saudi Arabian military presence in Bahrain since the Saudi-led intervention in Bahrain in 2011 as part of the Peninsula Shield Force - the military arm of the Gulf Cooperation Council. The units sent from Saudi Arabia included 1,000 (1,200) troops along with 150 vehicles. Saudi Arabian soldiers were apparently from the Saudi Arabian National Guard, commanded by a son of King Abdullah, Prince Miteb.
- Djibouti – Military base in Djibouti.
- Eritrea – Military base in Assab used for Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen.
- Yemen – Several military bases and facilities in Al Mahrah, Hadhramaut, Ma'rib, Abyan, Al Hudaydah, Taiz governorates.
- Australia – Flying Training School (No. 130 Squadron) (training base); Oakey Army Aviation Centre (training base)
- Brunei – Jalan Aman Camp
- United States – Mountain Home Air Force Base (training base); Luke Air Force Base (training base)
- Taiwan – The Singapore Armed Forces presence in Taiwan dates back to the mid-1970s after an agreement between leaders Chiang Ching-kuo and Lee Kuan Yew. Bases include: Hengchun Joint Operations Training Base Command; Douliu Artillery Base; Hukou Armored Force Base.
- United States – Luke Air Force Base (training base)
- Albania – Twenty to 250 troops in Vlorë Pasha Liman Base, with two frigates. An Albanian-Turkish military cooperation agreement was signed in 1992 to rebuild Albania's Pasha Liman Base by Turkey and access for Turkish use.
- Azerbaijan – Buildings and structures in Gizil Sherg military town, and one terminal building at the airfield in Hacı Zeynalabdin. Also another base to monitor peacekeeping in Nagorno-Karabakh.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Under EUROFOR Operation Althea 250 troops, previously under Implementation Force and Stabilisation Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Iraq - Bases in Iraqi Kurdistan.
- Kosovo – Around 400 troops estimated in Kosovo Security Battalion command at Sultan Murat base in Prizren for UNMIK mission and KFor peacekeeping force's
- Libya – Airbases at al-Watiya, Mitiga and Misrata, in addition to Zwara.
- Northern Cyprus – A total of 30,000 military personnel of the Republic of Turkey are currently in active duty Cyprus Turkish Peace Force Command.
- Qatar – A base with 5000 personnel.
- Somalia – Camp TURKSOM with 200 personnel (could increase to over 1000).
- Sudan – On January 17, 2018, as part of a rapprochement with Sudan, Turkey was granted a 99 year lease over Suakin Island and its port.
- Syria – Bases in Al-Bab, Al-Rai, Akhtarin, Afrin, Jindires, Rajo, and Jarablus with at least 5000 personnel in Euphrates Shield and Olive Branch regions. New bases were followed at south of Afrin canton in Atme and Darat Izza After Peace Spring operation approximately 6400 personnel are working around Peace Spring region between Ras al-Ayn and Tell Abyad. Also 19 observation points settled around Idlib and Aleppo Province.
United Arab EmiratesEdit
- Bahrain – HMS Jufair Naval Base (HMNBJ)
- Belize – British Army Training and Support Unit Belize
- Brunei – British Forces Brunei: Brunei Garrison
- Canada – British Army Training Unit Suffield
- Republic of Cyprus – British Forces Cyprus
- Estonia – UK led Battlegroup in Tapa: NATO Enhanced Forward Presence
- Germany – British Army Germany: Westfalen Garrison
- Iraq – Al Asad Airbase
- Kenya – British Army Training Unit Kenya
- Nepal – British Gurkhas Nepal (Pokhara Camp, Dharan Station)
- Norway – Bardufoss Air Station
- Singapore – British Defence Singapore Support Unit and Naval Party 1022
- Qatar – RAF Al Udeid
- Oman – Omani-British Joint Training Area and the UK Joint Logistics Support Base
- United Arab Emirates – Al Minhad Air Base
- United States – MCAS Beaufort (training base), Creech Air Force Base, Edwards Air Force Base, Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay (Trident Facility)
- Akrotiri and Dhekelia – RAF Akrotiri, RAF Troodos, Ayios Nikolaos Station, Dhekelia Cantonment, Episkopi Cantonment, Alexander Barracks, Nightingale Barracks, Dhekelia Airfield
- Ascension Island – RAF Ascension Island
- Bermuda – Warwick Camp
- British Indian Ocean Territory – Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia
- Cayman Islands – Cayman Islands Regiment
- Falkland Islands – RAF Mount Pleasant, RAF Mount Alice, RAF Byron Heights, RAF Mount Kent, Mare Harbour
- Gibraltar – British Forces Gibraltar (RAF Gibraltar, Devil's Tower Camp)
- Montserrat – Royal Montserrat Defence Force, Possible location for future base
- Turks and Caicos Islands – Turks and Caicos Regiment
- Aruba (Netherlands) – Queen Beatrix International Airport
- Ascension (UK) – Ascension Island Auxiliary Airfield
- Australia – Pine Gap; Marine Rotational Force – Darwin
- Bahamas – AUTEC
- Bahrain – Naval Support Activity Bahrain; Isa Air Base
- Belgium – Chièvres Air Base; Kleine Brogel Air Base
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Camp Eagle
- British Indian Ocean Territory (United Kingdom) – Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia
- Bulgaria – Aitos Logistics Center; Bezmer Air Base; Graf Ignatievo Air Base; Novo Selo Range
- Burkina Faso - Ouagadougou Airport
- Cameroon – Contingency Location Garoua
- Cuba – Guantanamo Bay Naval Base
- Curaçao (Netherlands) – US Air Force Forward Operating Base
- Cyprus – Akrotiri and Dhekelia: RAF Akrotiri. The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia is a British Overseas Territory on the island of Cyprus.
- Djibouti – Camp Lemonnier
- Ecuador – Eloy Alfaro International Airport
- Estonia – Ämari Air Base
- Germany – US Military Installations in Germany; Panzer Kaserne; Ramstein Air Base; Spangdahlem Air Base; Baumholder Army Post; Landstuhl Regional Medical Center; Sembach Army Post;
- Greece – Alexandroupoli Army Base, Larisa Air Base, Araxos Air Base, Syros base, Souda Bay Naval Base
- Greenland (Denmark) – Thule Air Base
- Honduras – Soto Cano Air Base
- Hungary – Pápa Air Base
- Iceland – Naval Air Station Keflavik
- Iraq – Al Asad Airbase and several facilities in 7 different governorates
- Israel – Dimona Radar Facility
- Italy – Caserma Ederle-Caserma Del Din; Darby Military Community; Naval Air Station Sigonella; Naval Support Activity Naples; Aviano Air Base
- Japan – United States Forces Japan
- Jordan – Muwaffaq Salti Air Base
- Kenya – Camp Simba, Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences
- Kosovo[a] – Camp Bondsteel
- Kuwait – Ali Al Salem Air Base; Camp Arifjan; Camp Buehring; Kuwait Naval Base
- Netherlands – Volkel Air Base; USCG Activities Europe
- Niger – Niger Air Base 201
- Norway – Marine Corps garrison at Værnes Air Station
- Oman – RAFO Masirah; RAFO Thumrait (South of Oman) 
- Philippines – Antonio Bautista Air Base; Basa Air Base; Fort Magsaysay; Lumbia Air Base; Mactan-Benito Ebuen Air Base
- Poland – Łask Air Base
- Portugal – Lajes Field
- Qatar – Al Udeid Air Base
- Romania – Mihail Kogălniceanu International Airport; Deveselu
- Saudi Arabia – 64th Air Expeditionary Group (inactive since 2014); Prince Sultan Air Base
- Seychelles – United States drone base in Seychelles
- Singapore – Paya Lebar Air Base
- South Korea – United States Forces Korea
- Spain – Morón Air Base; Naval Station Rota
- Syria – Military base in Al-Tanf and several facilities in northern Syria, within US-backed SDF territory
- Thailand – Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences; U-Tapao Royal Thai Navy Airfield
- Tunisia – Drone base at Bizerte-Sidi Ahmed Air Base
- Turkey – Incirlik Air Base, Izmir Air Station, Kürecik Radar Station, Ankara Support Facility
- United Arab Emirates – Al Dhafra Air Base; Port of Jebel Ali; Fujairah Naval Base
- United Kingdom – RAF Alconbury; RAF Croughton; RAF Fairford; RAF Lakenheath; RAF Menwith Hill; RAF Mildenhall
- What are here termed "named bases" are the bases listed in section X: "Personnel Data from DMDC", i.e. excluding that table's rows labelled "Other", in the 2015 DoD Base Structure Report.
- The 2015 U.S. Base Structure Report gives 587 overseas sites, but sites are merely real property at a distinct geographical location, and multiple sites may belong to one installation (page DoD-3). For example, the Garmisch, Germany "named base" with its 72 personnel has eight distinct sites large enough to be listed in the Army's Individual Service Inventory list: Artillery Kaserne, Breitenau Skeet Range, Garmisch Family Housing, Garmish Golf Course, General Abrams Hotel And Disp, Hausberg Ski Area, Oberammergau NATO School, and Sheridan Barracks (listed in Army-15 to Army-17). These range in size from Ramstein AB with 9,188 active, guard/reserve, and civilian personnel down to Worms, which has just one civilian.
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 97 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states are said to have recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.
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Our troops are already present in Tabuk and some other cities of Saudi Arabia.
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Some of these nations even have their own forward operating bases in Libya, including a secretive remote airfield operated by the United Arab Emirates about 50 miles southeast of Benghazi. Here, the UAE has deployed a pocket air force of heavily armed and armored agricultural planes developed into surveillance and light attack platforms–the AT-802U Border Patrol variant of the Air Tractor and the more capable IOMAX Archangel–in addition to S-70 Blackhawks, and Chinese Wing Loong unmanned aircraft
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