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Sary Shagan (Russian: Сары-Шаган; Kazakh: Сарышаған) is an anti-ballistic missile testing range located in Kazakhstan.

Sary Shagan
Сары-Шаган
Near Priozersk in Kazakhstan
Balkhash9-landsat.jpg
Balkhash-9 radar station at Sary Shagan
Coordinates46°23′N 72°52′E / 46.383°N 72.867°E / 46.383; 72.867Coordinates: 46°23′N 72°52′E / 46.383°N 72.867°E / 46.383; 72.867
TypeAnti-ballistic missile testing range
Site information
OperatorRussian Aerospace Forces
Statusactive
Site history
In use1958 (1958) - current

On 17 August 1956 the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union authorized plans for an experimental facility for missile defense located at Sary Shagan, on the west bank of Lake Balkhash. The first missile launched from the facility[1] was a V-1000 on 16 October 1958, but the facilities for full-scale testing were not ready until 1961.[2] Sary Shagan remains in use to this day, with the latest known launch on September 26, 2017. Sary Shagan was a closed city until 2005.[citation needed]

The length of the site is 480 km.[3]

The Sary Shagan range was the intended landing site for the sample return canister of the Russian Phobos Grunt mission.[citation needed]

Contents

Other notable military complexes on siteEdit

In the 1970s the Vympel OKB, Geofizika, Phazotron, MNIIRE Altair, others; built the Terra-3 laser testing centre at Sary Shagan.

Radar siteEdit

The Sary Shagan site has hosted a number of radar prototypes such as the Don-2NP. Also there is Balkhash-9 radar station a few km away which started in the 1960s and still functions as part of the Russian missile warning network.

References in FictionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Encyclopedia Astronautica - "Sary Shagan"
  2. ^ FAS.org - "Sary Shagan General Overview"
  3. ^ James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (n.d.). "Sary-Shagan". Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI). Retrieved 2012-01-08.