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Taiz (Arabic: تعزTaʿizz) is a governorate of Yemen. The governorate's capital is Taiz, which is the third largest city in Yemen. Today it is the most important commercial centre in Yemen owing to its proximity to the richest farmland in the nation and to the important Red Sea port of Mocha. It also has an international airport, Taiz International Airport, with numerous services within Yemen and to neighbouring countries.

Taiz

تعز
Governorate
Skyline of Taiz
Ta'izz in Yemen.svg
Coordinates: 13°34′N 44°01′E / 13.567°N 44.017°E / 13.567; 44.017Coordinates: 13°34′N 44°01′E / 13.567°N 44.017°E / 13.567; 44.017
CountryYemen
SeatTa'izz
Government
 • GovernorAmin Ahmed Mahmoud[1]
Area
 • Total12,605 km2 (4,867 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total2,885,000
 • Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)

Contents

GeographyEdit

For such a small area, Taiz governorate has an extraordinarily diverse geography. The western half of the governorate is part of the Tihamah coastal plain and has an exceedingly hot, humid and arid climate. The eastern half, however, is very mountainous, with the major peak being 3,070-metre-high Jabal Sabir, near Taiz city. These mountains trap the moisture created by an upper-level wind reversal between April and October, so that in the eastern half of the governorate annual rainfall increases from 200 millimetres (8 inches) in the foothills to probably more than 1,000 millimetres (40 inches) near Jebel Saber. Temperatures in the highlands remain high during the daytime, but at the highest elevations they can fall dramatically to -5°C (23°F) overnight.

Mountain rangesEdit

The governorate has a lot of Mountain ranges. Their height ranges is between 1000-3200 km. The most important ranges are Jabal Sabir, Jabal Habashi, Jabal Samaʿa, Jabal Qadas, Jabal As-Silw, the Mountains of al-Wazi'iyah and the Mountains of Shar'ab and Maqbanah.[3][4]

StreamsEdit

There are a lot of Streams in Taiz governorate, they are known as Wadi (Arabic: وادي‎) and they are divided into perennial and temporary streams:[3]

Perennial streamsEdit

  • Wadi Rasian, it is located in Mawza, Shara'b Ar Rawnah, al-Makha and Maqbanah.
  • Wadi Warzan, it is located in Khadir and al-Mawasit.
  • Wadi al-Dhabab, it is located in al-Mawasit and Hayfan.
  • Wadi Ar-Ram, it is located in al-Mafalis region, Hayfan.
  • Wadi al-Dhabab, it is located in Sabir al-Mawadim.
  • Wadi al-Ashroh also known as Wadi al-Barakani, is located in al-Mawasit.
  • Wadi al-Janah, is located in al-Wazi'iyah.
  • Wadi al-Lahya, is located in Mawza.

Temporary streamsEdit

Are the steams that only run in wet seasons:[3]

Districts Temporary streams
Damnt Khadir Wadi al-Shofiah
Mawaiah Wadi al-Sudan, Wadi al-Gharman, Wadi al-Sawarih
As-Silw Wadi Qoradah, Wadi al-Zubirah, Wadi al-Qatriah
Hayfan Wadi al-Musali, Wadi Khawalah, Wadi Shawkah
Ash-Shamayatayn Wadi Adim
Shar'ab Ar-Rawnah Wadi Gaw'ah, Wadi al-Ma', Wadi Shamlah
Shar'ab As-Salam Wadi al-fojeer, Wadi al-Habab, Wadi Hawsa', Wadi Nakhlah
Jabal Habashi Wadi Hannah
al-Makha Wadi Tanag, Wadi Kabir, Wadi Hathiah
At-Ta'iziyah Wadi Haban
Sabir al-Mawadim Wadi Sailat Hawas
Al-wazyiah Wadi al-Makhshab, Wadi al-Mu'aqam, Wadi Hawlajah, Wadi Sumadah
Mawza Wadi Janob, Wadi al-Gharafi, Wadi al-Majash, Wadi Hagharamah, Wadi al-Murra, Wadi Sha'bo

EconomyEdit

The agriculture of this governorate is diverse. In the Tihamah region, there is only irrigated agriculture, with cotton, sorghum and sesame the chief crops. Inland, whilst these crops are still significant, a much wider range of crops can be grown on rainfall and through water storage. Mangoes, papayas and bananas are the major crops of the western escarpment, and further up coffee and khat are grown. Although wine is prohibited in Yemen because of its alcohol content, grapes are still grown to produce raisins in some areas.

WildlifeEdit

The governorate has a lot of wild animals and birds. The most common wild animals in the governorate are hyaenas, foxes, tigers, lions, rock hyrax, african wild dog, rabbits, hedgehog, monkeys. The most common wild birds are vultures, falcons, partridges, owls, pigeons, hoopoes, bulbuls.[3]

DistrictsEdit

RegionsEdit

The governorate has regions that are not officially recognized as administrative divisions and were previously Makhalif:

  • Shara'b: (Arabic: شرعب‎) It consists of Shara'b As Salam and Shara'b Ar Rawnah districts.
  • Shamir: (Arabic: شمير‎) also called "Shamir Maqbanah". It is a mountainous region part of Maqbanah district.
  • al-Hujariah: (Arabic: الحجرية‎) It is the largest region in Taiz governorate. It is sometimes mistakenly called al-Hujariah district. The region is part of As-Silw, al-Ma'afer, Hayfan, Sama', al-Mawasit, Jabal Habashy, Dimnat Khadir, and al-Wazi'iyah districts.

IslandsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/gulf/2017/12/24/Yemeni-President-reshuffles-government-appoints-five-new-ministers.html
  2. ^ "Statistical Yearbook 2011". Central Statistical Organisation. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d "نبذة تعريفية عن محافظة تعز". NIC (National Information Center of Yemen) (in Arabic). Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  4. ^ Scoville, Sheila A. (1979). Gazetteer of Arabia: a geographical and tribal history of the Arabian Peninsula. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt. p. 173. ISBN 9783201016254.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Taiz Governorate at Wikimedia Commons