Open main menu
Amir-Abbas Hoveyda was the longest-serving Prime Minister of Iran, in office from 1965 until 1977 for twelve years.

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Iran from the creation of the office in 1906 during the Persian Constitutional Revolution, until 1989 when the post was abolished after the constitutional referendum. The Prime Minister was the head of government of Iran.

After the Constitutional Revolution, Nasrullah Moshir al-Dowleh was the first and Mir-Hossein Mousavi was the last Prime Minister of Iran. Before the Constitutional Revolution, the head of government was called Grand Vizier (Sadr-e A'zam or Vazir-e A'zam).

ListEdit

Name Portrait Lifespan Took office Left office Political party Head of State
(Reign / Term)
 Sublime State of Persia (1907–1925) •  
1 Nasrullah Moshir al-Dowleh
Grand Vizier
  1840–1907 1 August 1906 7 March 1907 Independent Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar
 
(1896–1907)
Moshir al-Dowleh held the office at the time of death of Mozaffar al-Din Shah and accession of Mohammad Ali Shah, on 3 January 1907. Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar
 
(1907–1909)
2 Soltan-Ali Vazir-e Afkham
Interior Minister and Head of Cabinet
  1862–1914 17 March 1907 29 April 1907 Independent
3 Ali-Asghar Khan Atabak   1858–1907 4 May 1907 31 August 1907
(assassinated)
Independent
4 Ahmad Moshir al-Saltaneh
(1st Term)
  1844–1918 16 September 1907 27 October 1907 Independent
5 Abolqasem Naser al-Molk   1856–1927 27 October 1907 21 December 1907 Independent
6 Hossein-Qoli Nezam al-Saltaneh Mafi   1832–1908 21 December 1907 21 May 1908 Independent
(4) Ahmad Moshir al-Saltaneh
(2nd Term)
  1844–1918 7 June 1908 29 April 1909 Independent
7 Kamran Mirza Nayeb al-Saltaneh   1856–1929 29 April 1909 2 May 1909 Independent
8 Javad Sa'd al-Dowleh   1856–1930 8 May 1909 13 July 1909
(deposed)
Independent
Temporary Cabinet without a Prime Minister
(Appointed by Supreme Council of Politicians and Clergymen)
17 July 1909 30 September 1909 Ahmad Shah Qajar
 
(1909–1925)
9 Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
(1st Term)
  1848–1926 30 September 1909 25 July 1910 Moderate Socialists
10 Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
(1st Term)
  1875–1932 25 July 1910 12 March 1911 Democrats
(9) Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
(2nd Term)
  1848–1926 12 March 1911 26 July 1911 Moderate Socialists
11 Najaf-Qoli Samsam al-Saltaneh
(1st Term)
  1846–1930 26 July 1911 1913 Moderate Socialists
12 Mohammad-Ali Ala al-Saltaneh
(1st Term)
  1829–1918 18 January 1913 16 August 1913 Independent
(10) Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
(2nd Term)
  1875–1932 17 August 1913 14 March 1915 Democrats
13 Hassan Pirnia
(1st Term)
  1871–1935 14 March 1915 1 May 1915 Moderate Socialists
14 Abdol Majid Mirza
(1st Term)
  1845–1927 1 May 1915 18 August 1915 Independent
(10) Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
(3rd Term)
  1875–1932 18 August 1915 24 December 1915 Democrats
15 Abdol-Hossein Mirza Farmanfarma   1857–1939 24 December 1915 29 February 1916 Moderate Socialists
(9) Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
(3rd Term)
  1848–1926 5 March 1916 29 August 1916 Moderate Socialists
16 Hassan Vosugh al-Dowleh
(1st Term)
  1873–1950 29 August 1916 5 June 1917 Democrats
(12) Mohammad-Ali Ala al-Saltaneh
(2nd Term)
  1829–1918 5 June 1917 21 November 1917 Independent
(14) Abdol Majid Mirza
(2nd Term)
  1845–1927 21 November 1917 16 January 1918 Independent
(10) Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
(4th Term)
  1875–1932 16 January 1918 1 May 1918 Democrats
(11) Najaf-Qoli Samsam al-Saltaneh
(2nd Term)
  1846–1930 1 May 1918 8 August 1918 Moderate Socialists
(16) Hassan Vosugh al-Dowleh
(2nd Term)
  1873–1950 8 August 1918 3 July 1920 Democrats
(until 1919)
(16) Independent
(13) Hassan Pirnia
(2nd Term)
  1871–1935 3 July 1920 27 October 1920 Independent
17 Fathollah Khan Akbar   1878–1967 27 October 1920 22 February 1921
(deposed)
Independent
18 Zia'eddin Tabatabaee   1889–1969 24 February 1921 4 June 1921 Independent
19 Qavām os-Saltaneh
(1st Term)
  1873–1955 4 June 1921 21 January 1922 Reformers' Party
(13) Hassan Pirnia
(3rd Term)
  1871–1935 21 January 1922 22 June 1922 Independent
(19) Qavām os-Saltaneh
(2nd Term)
  1873–1955 22 June 1922 15 February 1923 Reformers' Party
(10) Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
(5th Term)
  1875–1932 15 February 1923 15 June 1923 Revival Party
(13) Hassan Pirnia
(4th Term)
  1871–1935 15 June 1923 26 October 1923 Independent
20 Reza Khan Sardar Sepah   1878–1944 26 October 1923 12 December 1925 Military
 Imperial State of Iran (1925–1979) •  
Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
Acting Prime Minister
  1875–1942 12 December 1925 13 June 1926 Revival Party Reza Shah
 
(1925–1941)
(10) Mostowfi ol-Mamalek
(6th Term)
  1875–1932 13 June 1926 2 June 1927 Revival Party
21 Mehdi Hedayat   1864–1955 2 June 1927 18 September 1933 Revival Party
(21) Independent
22 Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
(1st Term)
  1875–1942 18 September 1933 3 December 1935 Independent
23 Mahmoud Jam   1880–1969 3 December 1935 26 October 1939 Independent
24 Ahmad Matin-Daftari   1897–1971 26 October 1939 26 June 1940 Independent
25 Ali Mansur
(1st Term)
  1886–1974 26 June 1940 27 August 1941
(resigned)
Independent
(22) Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
(2nd Term)
  1875–1942 27 August 1941 9 March 1942 Independent Mohammad Reza Shah
 
(1941–1979)
26 Ali Soheili
(1st Term)
  1896–1958 9 March 1942 9 August 1942 Independent
(19) Ahmad Qavam
(3rd Term)
  1873–1955 9 August 1942 15 February 1943 Independent
(26) Ali Soheili
(2nd Term)
  1896–1958 15 February 1943 6 April 1944 Independent
27 Mohammad Sa'ed
(1st Term)
  1881–1973 6 April 1944 25 November 1944 Independent
28 Morteza-Qoli Bayat   1890–1958 25 November 1944 13 May 1945 Independent
29 Ebrahim Hakimi
(1st Term)
  1871–1959 13 May 1945 6 June 1945 Independent
30 Mohsen Sadr   1871–1962 6 June 1945 30 October 1945 Independent
(29) Ebrahim Hakimi
(2nd Term)
  1871–1959 30 October 1945 28 January 1946 Independent
(19) Ahmad Qavam
(4th Term)
  1873–1955 28 January 1946 18 December 1947 Independent
(19) Democratic Party of Iran
(from June 1946)
31 Mohammad-Reza Hekmat   1891–1978 18 December 1947 29 December 1947 Democratic Party of Iran
(29) Ebrahim Hakimi
(3rd Term)
  1871–1959 29 December 1947 13 June 1948 Independent
32 Abdolhossein Hazhir   1902–1949 13 June 1948 9 November 1948 Independent
(27) Mohammad Sa'ed
(2nd Term)
  1881–1973 9 November 1948 23 March 1950 Independent
(25) Ali Mansur
(2nd Term)
  1886–1974 23 March 1950 26 June 1950 Independent
33 Ali Razmara   1901–1951 26 June 1950 7 March 1951
(assassinated)
Military
Khalil Fahimi
Acting Prime Minister
  1876–1953 7 March 1951 12 March 1951 Independent
34 Hossein Ala'
(1st Term)
  1882–1964 12 March 1951 27 April 1951 Independent
35 Mohammad Mosaddegh
(1st Term)
  1882–1967 28 April 1951 17 July 1952 National Front
(19) Ahmad Qavam
(5th Term)
  1873–1955 17 July 1952 22 July 1952 Independent
(35) Mohammad Mosaddegh
(2nd Term)
  1882–1967 22 July 1952 19 August 1953
(deposed)
National Front
36 Fazlollah Zahedi   1897–1963 19 August 1953 7 April 1955 Military
(34) Hossein Ala'
(2nd Term)
  1882–1964 7 April 1955 3 April 1957 Independent
37 Manouchehr Eghbal   1909–1977 3 April 1957 31 August 1960 Nationalists’ Party
38 Jafar Sharif-Emami
(1st Term)
  1910–1998 31 August 1960 5 May 1961 Nationalists’ Party
39 Ali Amini   1905–1992 5 May 1961 19 July 1962 Independent
40 Asadollah Alam   1919–1978 19 July 1962 7 March 1964 People's Party
41 Hassan-Ali Mansur   1923–1965 7 March 1964 26 January 1965
(assassinated)
New Iran Party
42 Amir-Abbas Hoveyda   1919–1979 26 January 1965 7 August 1977 New Iran Party
(until 1975)
(42) Rastakhiz Party
43 Jamshid Amouzegar   1923–2016 7 August 1977 27 August 1978 Rastakhiz Party
(38) Jafar Sharif-Emami
(2nd Term)
  1910–1998 27 August 1978 6 November 1978 Rastakhiz Party
(until 1 November)
(38) Independent
44 Gholam-Reza Azhari   1912–2001 6 November 1978 4 January 1979 Military
45 Shapour Bakhtiar   1914–1991 4 January 1979 11 February 1979
(deposed)
Independent
 Islamic Republic of Iran (1979–present) •  
46 Mehdi Bazargan   1907–1995 4 February 1979 6 November 1979
(resigned)
Freedom Movement of Iran Ruhollah Khomeini
 
(1979–1989)
Council of the Islamic Revolution
(Leader: Abolhassan Banisadr)
6 November 1979 12 August 1980
47 Mohammad-Ali Rajai   1933–1981 12 August 1980 4 August 1981 Islamic Republican Party
48 Mohammad-Javad Bahonar   1933–1981 4 August 1981 30 August 1981
(assassinated)
Islamic Republican Party
Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani
Acting Prime Minister
  1931–2014 2 September 1981 31 October 1981 Combatant Clergy Association
49 Mir-Hossein Mousavi   1942– 31 October 1981 14 August 1989 Islamic Republican Party
(until 1987)
(49) Independent Ali Khamenei
 
(from 1989)
Post Abolished (since 14 August 1989)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Dowlathā-ye Īrān : az Mīrzā Naṣr Allāh Khān Moshīr al-Dowleh tā Mīr Ḥuseyn Mūsavī : aʻz̤ā-ye kābīnehā, sharḥ-e ḥāl, ʻaks, nemūne-ye emz̤āʼ va dastkhaṭṭ-e nakhostvazīrān, vazīrān va moʻāvenīn-e nakhostvazīr : bar asās-e daftar-e s̲abt-e kābīnehā-ye nakhostvazīrī [The governments of Iran : From Mīrzā Naṣr Allāh Khān Moshīr al-Dowleh to Mīr Ḥuseyn Mūsavī : Members of cabinets, biographies, photos, signature samples and handwriting exemplars of prime ministers, ministers and deputy prime ministers : On the basis of the prime minister's office records] (in Persian). Tehrān: Sāzmān-e Chāp va Enteshārāt, Vezārat-e Farhang va Ershād-e Eslāmī. 1999. ISBN 978-964-422-147-7.
  • Sepehr, Ahmad-Ali (1983–84). Iran dar jang-e bozorg (1914–1918) [Iran in the Great War (1914–1918)] (in Persian). Tehrān: Adib.
  • Ettehadieh, Mansoureh (2011). "CONSTITUTIONAL REVOLUTION v. Political parties of the constitutional period". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VI, Fasc. 2. pp. 199–202.
  • Calmard, J. (2011). "ATĀBAK-E AʿẒAM, AMĪN-AL-SOLṬĀN". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. II, Fasc. 8. pp. 878–890.
  • Mir, Cyrus (1999). "FARMĀNFARMĀ, ʿABD-AL-ḤOSAYN MĪRZĀ". Encyclopaedia Iranica. However, the birth year indicated there (1858) does not agree with his WorldCat entry and with his VIAF entry, both of which give 1857.