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Ebrahim Hakimi (15 August 1871 – 19 October 1959) was an Iranian statesman, who served as prime minister of Iran on three occasions.

Ebrahim Hakimi
Ebrahim Hakimi portrait.png
29th Prime Minister of Iran
In office
29 December 1947 – 13 June 1948
MonarchMohammad Reza Pahlavi
Preceded byMohammad-Reza Hekmat
Succeeded byAbdolhossein Hazhir
In office
30 October 1945 – 28 January 1946
MonarchMohammad Reza Pahlavi
Preceded byMohsen Sadr
Succeeded byAhmad Qavam
In office
13 May 1945 – 6 June 1945
MonarchMohammad Reza Pahlavi
Preceded byMorteza-Qoli Bayat
Succeeded byMohsen Sadr
President of Senate
In office
19 August 1951 – 1 March 1957
Preceded byNone
Succeeded byHasan Taqizadeh
Personal details
Born15 August 1871
Tabriz, Iran
Died19 October 1959 (aged 88)
Tehran, Iran
Political partyRevival Party (1920s)[1]
Democrat Party (1910s)[1]
Alma materParis University

Contents

Early life and educationEdit

Born in Tabriz, Ḥakimi was part of "an old and prominent family of court physicians", who traced their status as far back as the 17th century, "starting with the eponym of the family, Moḥammad-Dāvud Khan Ḥakim" who served at the courts of the Safavid kings (shahs) Safi (r1629-1642) and Abbas II (r1642-1666).[2] This ancestor of Ebrahim was also the founder of the Hakim Mosque located in Isfahan.[2]

After finishing elementary and high school in Tabriz, Hakimi attended Dar ol-Fonoon in Tehran, and finished advanced studies in Medicine in Paris.

CareerEdit

Hakimi served as royal physician to Mozzafar-al-Din Shah. He then became a member of the Parliament, and served as cabinet minister 17 times, as prime minister for three terms, and as speaker of the Senate of Iran.

His second tenure as prime minister was short-lived (three months) as the Soviets, angry over his refusal to grant them an oil concession in Northern Iran, inspired Azerbaijani Communists to declare independence from Iran. Soviet troops occupying the Northern regions refused to allow Iranian troops to enter the region to put down the uprising. Hakimi submitted the issue to the UN Security Council and resigned from office as a protest of Soviet actions in January 1946.[3]

DeathEdit

Hakimi died in Tehran at the age of 88.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. p. 123. ISBN 0-691-10134-5.
  2. ^ a b Milani 2003, pp. 575-580.
  3. ^ "Iran Premier Resigns after 3-Month Term". Herald Journal. Tehran. UP. 21 January 1946. Retrieved 11 November 2012.

SourcesEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Morteza-Qoli Bayat
Prime Minister of Iran
1945
Succeeded by
Mohsen Sadr
Preceded by
Mohsen Sadr
Prime Minister of Iran
1945–1946
Succeeded by
Ahmad Qavam
Preceded by
Mohammad-Reza Hekmat
Prime Minister of Iran
1947–1948
Succeeded by
Abdolhossein Hazhir
New title President of Senate
1951–1957
Succeeded by
Hasan Taqizadeh