List of presidents of Iran

This is a list of the presidents of the Islamic Republic of Iran since the establishment of that office in 1980. The president of Iran is the highest popularly elected official in the country. The current president is Hassan Rouhani, since 3 August 2013

BackgroundEdit

After the Iranian Revolution of 1979 and referendum to create the Islamic Republic on March 29 and 30, the new government needed to craft a new constitution. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, ordered an election for the Assembly of Experts, the body tasked with writing the constitution.[1] The assembly presented the constitution on October 24, 1979, and Supreme Leader Ruhollah Khomeini and Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan approved it. This was also approved in December 1979 constitutional referendum.

The 1979 Constitution designated the supreme leader as the head of state and the president and prime minister as the heads of government. The post of prime minister was abolished in 1989.

The first Iranian presidential election was held on January 25, 1980 and resulted in the election of Abulhassan Banisadr with 76% of the votes. Banisadr was impeached on June 22, 1981 by Parliament. Until the early election on July 24, 1981, the duties of the president were undertaken by the Provisional Presidential Council. Mohammad-Ali Rajai was elected president on July 24, 1981 and took office on August 2. Rajai remained in office for less than one month, with both he and his prime minister being assassinated on August 30, 1981. Once again, a Provisional Presidential Council filled the office until October 13, 1981 when Ali Khamenei was elected president.

Ali Khamenei, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Mohammad Khatami and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad were each elected president for two terms. Hassan Rouhani is the current president, being elected in June 2013 presidential election. He won the reelection in the 2017 presidential election.

ListEdit

Islamic Republic of Iran (from 1979)Edit

1st Constitution (1979–1989)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Election Previous office Prime minister Cabinet
Took office Left office Time in office
The Council of the Islamic Revolution deputised during the interim (3 December 1979 – 4 February 1980).
1Abolhassan Banisadr
(born 1933)
4 February 198022 June 19811 year, 138 daysIndependent1980Minister of Finance
(1979–1980)
Mohammad-Ali RajaiRajai
The Presidential Council deputised during the interim (22 June 1981 – 2 August 1981).
2Mohammad-Ali Rajai
(1933–1981)
2 August 198130 August 1981 †28 daysIRP 1981 (Jul)Prime Minister of Iran
(1980–1981)
Mohammad-Javad BahonarBahonar
The Presidential Council deputised during the interim (30 August 1981 – 13 October 1981).
3Ali Khamenei
(born 1939)
13 October 19813 August 19897 years, 294 daysIRP
CCA
1981 (Oct)
1985
Member of the Parliament of Iran
(1980–1981)
Mir-Hossein MousaviMousavi III

2nd Constitution (from 1989)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Election Previous office First vice president Cabinet
Took office Left office Time in office
4Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
(1934–2017)
3 August 19893 August 19978 years, 0 daysCCA1989
1993
Speaker of the Parliament of Iran
(1980–1989)
Hassan HabibiRafsanjani I–II
5Mohammad Khatami
(born 1943)
3 August 19973 August 20058 years, 0 daysACC1997
2001
Minister of Culture
(1982–1992)
Hassan Habibi
Mohammad-Reza Aref
Khatami I–II
6Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
(born 1956)
3 August 20053 August 20138 years, 0 daysABII2005
2009
Mayor of Tehran
(2003–2005)
Parviz Davoodi
Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei
Mohammad-Reza Rahimi
Ahmadinejad III
7Hassan Rouhani
(born 1948)
3 August 2013Incumbent
(Term ends on 3 August 2021)
6 years, 242 daysMDP2013
2017
Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council
(1989–2005)
Eshaq JahangiriRouhani III

TimelineEdit

Hassan RouhaniMahmoud AhmadinejadMohammad KhatamiAkbar Hashemi RafsanjaniAli KhameneiMohammad-Ali RajaiAbolhassan Banisadr 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Assembly of Experts". Retrieved 15 August 2009.