Iran Novin Party

The Iran Novin Party (Persian: حزب ایران نوین, romanizedḤizb-i Īrān-i Nuvīn, lit.'New Iran Party') was a royalist political party in Iran and the country's ruling party for more than a decade, controlling both cabinet and the parliament from 1964 to 1975. People's Party was regarded its opposition.[3]

Iran Novin Party
FounderHassan Ali Mansour
Founded15 December 1963
Dissolved2 March 1975
Preceded byNationalists’ Party[1]
Merged intoRastakhiz Party[2]
Worker wingWorker House (1967–75)
IdeologyRoyalism

The party was "indistinguishable from the state", i.e. party of power, with no coherent ideology or agenda.[4] It was the main reason to deny opportunities to seek a popular following through nationalist or socialist appeals, although its pragmatism and opportunism was advantageous in recruiting.[5]

It comprised technocrats and former civil servants; supported the Court (probably having been initiated by it), identifying with the policies of the Shah"[6] and self-proclaimed its role as "guardian" of the White Revolution (Pāsdār-e Enqelāb).[5]

Electoral historyEdit

LegislatureEdit

Election Party leader Parliament Senate
Seats +/− Pos Seats +/− Pos
1963 Hassan Ali Mansur
140 / 200
  1st[7] Un­known   1st
1967 Amir-Abbas Hoveyda
180 / 219
  40 1st[7]
26 / 30
Un­known 1st
1971
230 / 268
  50 1st[7]
28 / 30
  2 1st

Local councilsEdit

Election Seats Pos
1968
806 / 1,068
1st[8]
1970
838 / 943
1st[9]
1972
3,246 / 3,786
1st[10]

LeadershipEdit

Secretary-Generals
Name Tenure Ref
Hassan Ali Mansur 1963–1965
Ataollah Khosravani 1965–1969
Manouchehr Kalali 1969–1974
Amir-Abbas Hoveyda 1974–1975

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. pp. 440. ISBN 978-0-691-10134-7.
  2. ^ John H. Lorentz (2010). "Rastakhiz Party". The A to Z of Iran. The A to Z Guide Series. Vol. 209. Scarecrow Press. pp. 266–268. ISBN 978-1461731917.
  3. ^ Houchang E. Chehabi (1990). Iranian Politics and Religious Modernism: The Liberation Movement of Iran Under the Shah and Khomeini. I.B.Tauris. p. 39. ISBN 978-1850431985.
  4. ^ Yom, Sean (2015). From Resilience to Revolution: How Foreign Interventions Destabilize the Middle East. Columbia University Press. p. 138. ISBN 9780231540278.
  5. ^ a b Marvin G. Weinbaum (subscription required) (Autumn 1973). "Iran Finds a Party System: The Institutionalization of "Iran Novin"". Middle East Journal. Middle East Institute. 27 (4): 439–455. JSTOR 4325140.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs (1986). "Mad̲j̲lis". In W. Madelung; Rahman, Munibur; Landau, J. M.; Yapp, M.E.; Robinson, F.C.R. (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam. Vol. 5 (Second ed.). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. doi:10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0606. ISBN 9789004161214.{{cite encyclopedia}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ a b c Nohlen, Dieter; Grotz, Florian; Hartmann, Christof (2001). "Iran". Elections in Asia: A Data Handbook. Vol. I. Oxford University Press. p. 74. ISBN 0-19-924958-X.
  8. ^ Dishon, Daniel (1973), Middle East Record, vol. 4, John Wiley & Sons, p. 484, ISBN 9780470216118
  9. ^ Dishon, Daniel, ed. (1977), Middle East Record: 1969–1970, vol. 5, Israel Oriental Society, Reuven Shiloah Research Center, pp. 682–684, ISBN 9780470216118
  10. ^ Mehrdad, Hormoz (1980). Political orientations and the style of intergroup leadership interactions: the case of Iranian political parties (PDF) (PhD thesis). Ohio State University. p. 303. osu1487090992443849. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-12-20.

External linksEdit

Ruling party of Iran
Preceded by Iran Novin Party
1963–1975
Succeeded by