List of prime ministers of Finland

This is a list of prime ministers of Finland since the establishment of that office in 1917.

HistoryEdit

In 1918, the Finnish Senate was transformed into the Finnish Government, and the position of Vice-Chairman of the Economic Division of the Senate was transformed into that of a Prime Minister. Kesäranta (in Swedish Villa Bjälbo), located in the Meilahti neighborhood of Helsinki, has been the official residence of the prime minister of Finland since 1919.

Since its independence (declared on 6 December 1917), Finland has had 75 cabinets,[1] including the current one, the longest lasting being the cabinet of Prime Minister Juha Sipilä, lasting 1,469 days.[2]

Before the 1980s cabinets tended to be short-lived: the president was the most important political figure and he had the right to form a new cabinet whenever he wanted. From the 1980s onwards cabinets have tended to serve full terms (although the prime minister may have changed midterm in a few cases, most of the other cabinet has remained nearly unchanged) and the prime minister has become more powerful a figure than the president. Under the current constitution, the prime minister is chosen by the Parliament and only appointed by the president.

List of prime ministersEdit

Finnish cabinets and prime ministers are numbered sequentially. A prime minister can serve as the head of multiple cabinets. For example, Matti Vanhanen is both the 69th and the 70th prime minister.[3]

No. Portrait Prime Minister Took office Left office Time in office Party Election Coalition Cabinet
1Svinhuvud, Per EvindPehr Evind Svinhufvud
(1861–1944)
27 November 191727 May 1918182 days Young Finnish1917SPNSPMLRKP
(Minority)
1. Svinhufvud I
2Paasikivi, Juho KustiJuho Kusti Paasikivi
(1870–1956)
27 May 191827 November 1918185 days FinnishSP/KOKNSP/EDMLRKP
(Minority)
2. Paasikivi I
3Ingman, LauriLauri Ingman
(1868–1934)
27 November 191817 April 1919142 days National CoalitionKOKEDRKP3. Ingman I
(Majority)
4Castrén, KaarloKaarlo Castrén
(1860–1938)
17 April 191915 August 1919121 days National Progressive1919MLEDRKP4. K.Castrén
(Minority)
5Vennola, JuhoJuho Vennola
(1872–1938)
15 August 191915 March 1920214 days National ProgressiveMLED5. Vennola I
(Minority)
6Erich, RafaelRafael Erich
(1879–1946)
15 March 19209 April 19211 year, 26 days National CoalitionKOKMLEDRKP6. Erich
(Majority)
(5)Vennola, JuhoJuho Vennola
(1872–1938)
9 April 19212 June 19221 year, 55 days National ProgressiveMLED7. Vennola II
(Minority)
7Cajander, AimoAimo Cajander
(1879–1943)
2 June 192214 November 1922166 days Independent1922Caretaker government8. Cajander I
8Kallio, KyöstiKyösti Kallio
(1873–1940)
14 November 192218 January 19241 year, 66 days AgrarianMLED
(Minority)
9. Kallio I
(7)Cajander, AimoAimo Cajander
(1879–1943)
18 January 192431 May 1924135 days Independent-Caretaker government10. Cajander II
(3)Ingman, LauriLauri Ingman
(1868–1934)
31 May 192431 March 1925305 days National Coalition1924KOKMLEDRKP
(Majority)
11. Ingman II
9Tulenheimo, AnttiAntti Tulenheimo
(1879–1952)
31 March 192531 December 1925276 days National CoalitionKOKML
(Minority)
12. Tulenheimo
(8)Kallio, KyöstiKyösti Kallio
(1873–1940)
31 December 192513 December 1926348 days AgrarianMLKOK
(Minority)
13. Kallio II
10Tanner, VäinöVäinö Tanner
(1881–1966)
13 December 192617 December 19271 year, 5 days Social DemocraticSDP
(Minority)
14. Tanner
11Sunila, JuhoJuho Sunila
(1875–1936)
17 December 192722 December 19281 year, 6 days Agrarian1927ML
(Minority)
15. Sunila I
12Mantere, OskariOskari Mantere
(1874–1942)
22 December 192816 August 1929238 days National ProgressiveED
(Minority)
16. Mantere
(8)Kallio, KyöstiKyösti Kallio
(1873–1940)
16 August 19294 July 1930323 days Agrarian1929ML
(Minority)
17. Kallio III
(1)Svinhuvud, Per EvindPehr Evind Svinhufvud
(1861–1944)
4 July 193018 February 1931230 days National Coalition1930MLKOKEDRKP
(Majority)
18. Svinhufvud II
(11)Sunila, JuhoJuho Sunila
(1875–1936)
21 March 193114 December 19321 year, 301 days AgrarianMLKOKEDRKP
(Majority)
19. Sunila II
13Kivimäki, Toivo MikaelToivo Mikael Kivimäki
(1886–1968)
15 December 19327 October 19363 years, 299 days National Progressive1933MLEDRKP
(Minority)
20. Kivimäki
(8)Kallio, KyöstiKyösti Kallio
(1873–1940)
7 October 193617 February 1937134 days Agrarian1936MLED
(Minority)
21. Kallio IV
(7)Cajander, AimoAimo Cajander
(1879–1943)
12 March 19371 December 19392 years, 265 days National Progressive1939SDPMLEDRKP
(Majority)
22. Cajander
14Ryti, RistoRisto Ryti
(1889–1956)
1 December 193919 December 19401 year, 19 days National Progressive
SDPMLEDRKP
(Majority)
SDPMLKOKEDRKP
(Majority)
23. Ryti I
24. Ryti II
15Rangell, Johan WilhelmJohan Wilhelm Rangell
(1894–1982)
3 January 19415 March 19432 years, 62 days National ProgressiveSDPMLKOKRKPEDIKL
(Majority)
25. Rangell
16Linkomies, EdwinEdwin Linkomies
(1894–1963)
5 March 19438 August 19441 year, 157 days National CoalitionKOKSDPMLRKPED
(Majority)
26. Linkomies
17Hackzell, AnttiAntti Hackzell
(1881–1946)
8 August 194421 September 194445 days IndependentKOKSDPMLRKPED
(Majority)
27. Hackzell
18Castrén, UrhoUrho Castrén
(1886–1965)
21 September 194417 November 194458 days National CoalitionKOKSDPMLRKPED
(Majority)
28. U.Castrén
(2)Paasikivi, Juho KustiJuho Kusti Paasikivi
(1870–1956)
17 November 19449 March 19461 year, 113 days National Coalition
1945
SDPSKDLMLKOKRKPED
(Majority)
SDPSKDLMLEDRKP
(Majority)
29. Paasikivi II
30. Paasikivi III
19Pekkala, MaunoMauno Pekkala
(1890–1952)
26 March 194629 July 19482 years, 143 days People's DemocraticSKDLSDPMLRKP
(Majority)
31. Pekkala
20Fagerholm, Karl-AugustKarl-August Fagerholm
(1901–1984)
29 July 194817 March 19501 year, 232 days Social Democratic1948SDP
(Minority)
32. Fagerholm I
21Kekkonen, UrhoUrho Kekkonen
(1900–1986)
17 March 195017 November 19533 years, 246 days Agrarian

1951
MLRKPED
(Minority)
MLSDPRKPED
(Majority)
MLSDPRKP
(Majority)
MLRKP
(Minority)
33. Kekkonen I
34. Kekkonen II
35. Kekkonen III
36. Kekkonen IV
22Tuomioja, SakariSakari Tuomioja
(1911–1964)
17 November 19535 May 1954170 days IndependentCaretaker government37. Tuomioja
23Törngren, RalfRalf Törngren
(1899–1961)
5 May 195420 October 1954169 days Swedish People's1954SDPMLRKP
(Majority)
38. Törngren
(21)Kekkonen, UrhoUrho Kekkonen
(1900–1986)
20 October 19543 March 19561 year, 136 days AgrarianMLSDP
(Majority)
39. Kekkonen V
(20)Fagerholm, Karl-AugustKarl-August Fagerholm
(1901–1984)
3 March 195627 May 19571 year, 86 days Social DemocraticSDPMLRKP
(Majority)
40. Fagerholm II
24Sukselainen, V. J.V. J. Sukselainen
(1906–1995)
27 May 195729 November 1957187 days AgrarianMLRKPKPTPSL
(Majority)
41. Sukselainen I
25Fieandt, Rainer vonRainer von Fieandt
(1890–1972)
29 November 195726 April 1958149 days IndependentCaretaker government42. von Fieandt
26Kuuskoski, ReinoReino Kuuskoski
(1907–1965)
26 April 195829 August 1958126 days IndependentCaretaker government43. Kuuskoski
(20)Fagerholm, Karl-AugustKarl-August Fagerholm
(1901–1984)
29 August 195813 January 1959138 days Social Democratic1958SDPMLKOKRKPKP
(Majority)
44. Fagerholm III
(24)Sukselainen, V. J.V. J. Sukselainen
(1906–1995)
13 January 195914 July 19612 years, 183 days AgrarianMLRKP
(Minority)
45. Sukselainen II
27Miettunen, MarttiMartti Miettunen
(1907–2002)
14 July 196113 April 1962274 days AgrarianML
(Minority)
46. Miettunen I
28Karjalainen, AhtiAhti Karjalainen
(1923–1990)
13 April 196218 December 19631 year, 250 days Agrarian1962MLKOKRKPKPTPSL
(Majority)
47. Karjalainen I
29Lehto, Reino RagnarReino R. Lehto
(1898–1966)
18 December 196312 September 1964270 days IndependentCaretaker government48. Lehto
30Virolainen, JohannesJohannes Virolainen
(1914–2000)
12 September 196427 May 19661 year, 258 days AgrarianMLKOKRKPKP
(Majority)
49. Virolainen
31Paasio, RafaelRafael Paasio
(1903–1980)
27 May 196622 March 19681 year, 301 days Social Democratic1966SDPKESKSKDLTPSL
(Majority)
50. Paasio I
32Koivisto, MaunoMauno Koivisto
(1923–2017)
22 March 196814 May 19702 years, 54 days Social DemocraticSDPKESKSKDLTPSLRKP
(Majority)
51. Koivisto I
33Aura, TeuvoTeuvo Aura
(1912–1999)
14 May 197015 July 197063 days IndependentCaretaker government52. Aura I
(28)Karjalainen, AhtiAhti Karjalainen
(1923–1990)
15 July 197029 October 19711 year, 107 days Centre1970KESKSDPSKDLRKPLKP
(Majority)
53. Karjalainen II
(33)Aura, TeuvoTeuvo Aura
(1912–1999)
29 October 197123 February 1972118 days IndependentCaretaker government54. Aura II
(31)Paasio, RafaelRafael Paasio
(1903–1980)
23 February 19724 September 1972195 days Social Democratic1972SDP
(Minority)
55. Paasio II
34Sorsa, KaleviKalevi Sorsa
(1930–2004)
4 September 197213 June 19752 years, 283 days Social DemocraticSDPKESKRKPLKP
(Majority)
56. Sorsa I
35Liinamaa, KeijoKeijo Liinamaa
(1929–1980)
13 June 197530 November 1975171 days IndependentCaretaker government57. Liinamaa
(27)Miettunen, MarttiMartti Miettunen
(1907–2002)
30 November 197515 May 19771 year, 167 days Centre1975
KESKRKPLKP
(Minority)
58. Miettunen II
59. Miettunen III
(Majority)
(34)Sorsa, KaleviKalevi Sorsa
(1930–2004)
15 May 197726 April 19791 year, 347 days Social DemocraticSDPKESKSKDLRKPLKP
(Majority)
60. Sorsa II
(32)Koivisto, MaunoMauno Koivisto
(1923–2017)
26 May 197926 January 19822 years, 276 days Social Democratic1979SDPKESKSKDLRKP
(Majority)
61. Koivisto II
(34)Sorsa, KaleviKalevi Sorsa
(1930–2004)
19 February 198230 April 19875 years, 71 days Social Democratic
1983
SDPKESKSKDLRKPLKP
SDPKESKRKPRural Party
(Majority)
62. Sorsa III
63. Sorsa IV
36Holkeri, HarriHarri Holkeri
(1937–2011)
30 April 198726 April 19913 years, 362 days National Coalition1987KOKSDPRKPRural Party
(Majority)
64. Holkeri
37Aho, EskoEsko Aho
(born 1954)
26 April 199113 April 19953 years, 353 days Centre1991KESKKOKRKPKD
(Majority)
65. Aho
38Lipponen, PaavoPaavo Lipponen
(born 1941)
13 April 199517 April 20038 years, 5 days Social Democratic1995
1999
SDPKOKRKPVASVIHR
(Majority)
66. Lipponen I
67. Lipponen II
39Jäätteenmäki, AnneliAnneli Jäätteenmäki
(born 1955)
17 April 200324 June 200369 days Centre2003KESKSDPRKP
(Majority)
68. Jäätteenmäki
40Vanhanen, MattiMatti Vanhanen
(born 1955)
24 June 200322 June 20106 years, 364 days Centre
2007
KESKSDPRKP
(Majority)
(2003 – 2007)
KESKKOKRKPVIHR
(Majority)
(2007 – 2010)
69. Vanhanen I
70. Vanhanen II
41Kiviniemi, MariMari Kiviniemi
(born 1968)
22 June 201022 June 20111 year, 1 day CentreKESKKOKRKPVIHR
(Majority)
71. Kiviniemi
42Katainen, JyrkiJyrki Katainen
(born 1971)
22 June 201124 June 20143 years, 3 days National Coalition2011KOKSDPRKPVASVIHRKD
(Majority)
72. Katainen
43Stubb, AlexanderAlexander Stubb
(born 1968)
24 June 201429 May 2015340 days National CoalitionKOKSDPRKPVIHRKD
(Majority)
73. Stubb
44Sipilä, JuhaJuha Sipilä
(born 1961)
29 May 20156 June 20194 years, 9 days Centre2015KESKPSKOK
(Majority)
74. Sipilä
45Rinne, AnttiAntti Rinne
(born 1962)
6 June 201910 December 2019188 days Social Democratic2019SDPKESKVIHRVASRKP
(Majority)
75. Rinne
46Marin, SannaSanna Marin
(born 1985)
10 December 2019Incumbent1 year, 186 days Social DemocraticSDPKESKVIHRVASRKP
(Majority)
76. Marin

Interim prime ministersEdit

Name
(Born-Died)
Portrait Term of office Party Note
Juho Vennola
(1872–1938)
  18 February 1931 21 March 1931 National Progressive Party Substitute to Svinhufvud, who became President of Finland
Rudolf Holsti
(1881–1945)
  17 February 1937 12 March 1937 National Progressive Party Substitute to Kyösti Kallio, who became President of Finland
Rudolf Walden
(1878–1946)
  27 March 1940 4 January 1941 Non-partisan Substitute to Risto Ryti, who became President of Finland
Carl Enckell
(1876–1959)
  9 March 1946 26 March 1946 Non-partisan Substitute to Juho Kusti Paasikivi, who became President of Finland
Eemil Luukka
(1892–1970)
  3 July 1961 14 July 1961 Agrarian League Substitute to V.J Sukselainen who resigned from office
Eino Uusitalo
(1924–2015)
  11 September 1981 19 February 1982 Centre Party Substitute to Mauno Koivisto, who became first Acting President of Finland and later President of the Republic of Finland

List of living former prime ministersEdit

The most recent death of a former prime minister of Finland is that of Mauno Koivisto (1968–1970, 1979–1982) on 12 May 2017.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Finnish Council of State. "The Cabinet in Office". Finnish Council of State. Archived from the original on November 13, 2010. Retrieved June 23, 2010.
  2. ^ "Juha Sipilän hallituksesta tulee kaikkien aikojen pitkäikäisin" (in Finnish). Ilta-Sanomat. 2019-04-09. Retrieved 2019-05-31.
  3. ^ "Governments in chronological order". Finnish government (Valtioneuvosto). Retrieved 27 March 2017.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Prime ministers of Finland at Wikimedia Commons