Rafael Paasio

Kustaa Rafael Paasio, born Hellström (6 June 1903 – 17 March 1980) was a prominent Finnish politician and editor from Social Democratic Party. He served as Prime Minister of Finland twice.[2]

Rafael Paasio
Rafael-Paasio-1963 (cropped).jpg
Paasio in 1963.
31st Prime Minister of Finland[1]
In office
23 February 1972 – 4 September 1972
PresidentUrho Kekkonen
DeputyMauno Koivisto
Preceded byTeuvo Aura
Succeeded byKalevi Sorsa
In office
27 May 1966 – 22 March 1968
PresidentUrho Kekkonen
DeputyReino Oittinen
Preceded byJohannes Virolainen
Succeeded byMauno Koivisto
Speaker of the Finnish Parliament
In office
3 April 1970 – 29 February 1972
Preceded byV. J. Sukselainen
Succeeded byV. J. Sukselainen
In office
14 April 1966 – 1 June 1966
Preceded byKarl-August Fagerholm
Succeeded byJohannes Virolainen
Member of the Finnish Parliament
In office
22 July 1948 – 26 September 1975
ConstituencyTurku
Personal details
Born
Kustaa Rafael Paasio

(1903-06-06)6 June 1903
Uskela, now a part of Salo, Finland
Died17 March 1980(1980-03-17) (aged 76)
Turku, Finland
NationalityFinnish
Political partySocial Democratic
Spouse(s)Mary Regina Wahlman
ChildrenPertti Paasio

Paasio was born in Uskela and was in contact with the Social Democratic Labor movement at an early age. Paasio was elected to the parliament in 1948. Before that he participated in Turku municipal politics and was since 1942 the chief of newspaper Turun Päivälehti. Paasio was the chairman of SDP from 1963 to 1975, and served as the prime minister twice, 1966-1968 and 1972, and was also twice the Speaker of the Parliament.[3] Both his son, Pertti Paasio, and his granddaughter, Heli Paasio, have been members of the parliament.

Social Democrats remember Rafael Paasio, above all, as party unifier and strengthener. In addition, the party reached decent relations with Soviet Union during his term. Paasio positioned himself in the middle of left-wingers and right-wingers in the party. His support to Kekkonen allowed a new coming for SDP-led governments. His first cabinet began building the modern Finnish welfare state, and the second government laid the foundation for Finland's EEC agreement. Therefore, his actions had a revolutionary impact on Finnish history.

Paasio was the Social Democrat candidate in the 1962 presidential elections. He died in Turku, aged 76.

CabinetsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Governments in chronological order". Finnish government (Valtioneuvosto). Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  2. ^ "Ministerikortisto". Valtioneuvosto.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Edustajamatrikkeli". Eduskunta. Archived from the original on 2012-02-12.
Political offices
Preceded by
Speaker of the Parliament of Finland
1966
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Prime Minister of Finland
1966–1968
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Speaker of the Parliament of Finland
1970–1972
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Prime Minister of Finland
1972
Succeeded by