Esko Tapani Aho (born 20 May 1954) is a Finnish politician who was Prime Minister of Finland from 1991 to 1995.[1]

Esko Aho
Esko Aho 2010-05-28.jpg
Esko Aho on 28 May 2010
37th Prime Minister of Finland
In office
26 April 1991 – 13 April 1995
PresidentMauno Koivisto
Martti Ahtisaari
DeputyIlkka Kanerva
Pertti Salolainen
Preceded byHarri Holkeri
Succeeded byPaavo Lipponen
Personal details
Born
Esko Tapani Aho

(1954-05-20) 20 May 1954 (age 68)
Veteli, Finland
Political partyCentre
Spouse(s)Kirsti Aho
ProfessionMaster of Political Sciences, Visiting Professor at Sciences Po, Paris

Early life and careerEdit

Aho was born in Veteli, Finland. Prior to attending university, he began a career in politics. From 1974 to 1979, he was Chairman of the Finnish Centre Youth, which had before him grown many of his predecessors to high political situations. In 1978, he became a Presidential elector, a position he also held in 1982 and 1998. From 1979 to 1980, Aho was Political Secretary to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. From 1980 to 1983, he was a trade promoter for the Kannus municipality.[2]

Aho studied at the Helsingin yliopisto (University of Helsinki), receiving a Master of Social Science degree in 1981.[2]

Since 2010 he has been a Skolkovo Foundation Council member. Currently, he is a visiting professor at Sciences Po, Paris.[3]

Parliamentary careerEdit

Aho was first elected to the eduskunta (Finnish Parliament) in 1983. He became Chairman of the Centre Party in 1990, a position that he held until 2002. The party is one of three major political parties in Finland.[4]

At 36 years of age, he was the youngest Prime Minister in Finnish history.[5]

Aho was the prime minister of the centre-right coalition government (Centre Party, National Coalition Party, Christian Democrats and Swedish People's Party) from 1991 to 1995. He is best known for leading Finland into the European Union.[5] Aho's own party, gaining most of its support from rural areas, was the most opposed to EU membership among major parties. Their greatest concern was the agricultural situation,[6] but they were persuaded to support membership due to the prime minister's diplomacy. Finland applied for EU membership on 16 March 1992 and a referendum was held two and a half years later.[7] Aho's government faced also the deep economic depression of the early 1990s. Despite a steep rise in the national debt, the Aho government applied a stringent cut-and-save policy that made it unpopular. This partly caused its fall in the 1995 election and Centre Party's eight-year period in opposition.[8]

He was known by the nickname "Kannuksen Kennedy" ("The Kennedy of Kannus", Kannus being his hometown) due to his streamlined and well coiffed habitus, a comparison with United States President John F. Kennedy.

Esko Aho lost the bid for President of Finland to Tarja Halonen in 2000. After that he retired from active politics in the early initially through a "sabbatical leave" of one year to lecture at Harvard University (where he was resident fellow at the Institute of Politics).[5] In the 2003 election he left parliament and retired from daily politics. He then served as the president of the SITRA, the Finnish National Fund for Research and Development (the state innovation fund).[9]

In 2008, Aho's name was included in an opinion poll of possible Presidential candidate, which he ranked last.[10]

It was announced by Nokia in August 2008 that Aho would be joining Nokia as Executive Vice President of Corporate Relations and Responsibility and become a member of its executive board. He took up these positions on 1 November 2008.[11][12]

At the time of his rise to Prime Minister, he was the youngest head-of-government in Europe.

BanksEdit

Aho joined Russian Sberbank board of directors in 2016.[13] He resigned from the position in February 2022 following the Russian invasion of Ukraine.[14]

CabinetsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ministerikortisto". Valtioneuvosto.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ a b Ex-post Evaluation of the IST Thermatic Priority, 6th FP. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
  3. ^ "Faculty | Sciences Po psia". www.sciencespo.fr. 30 June 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Edustajamatrikkeli". Eduskunta. Archived from the original on 11 June 2011.. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
  5. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 July 2010. Retrieved 23 January 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Helsingin Sanomat – International Edition". Archived from the original on 20 October 2012.
  7. ^ Journal of European Integration, Volume 19, Issue 1 Autumn 1995 , pages 43 – 69 Enlargement of the European Union and the Nordic Model
  8. ^ Porvarihallitus: Porvarihallitusten ottama velka, accessed 28 March 2011.
  9. ^ "Finnish ex-PM Esko Aho to join Nokia management – Forbes.com". 4 June 2011. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Stubb kärkikolmikossa presidenttikyselyssä YLE 20 August 2010
  11. ^ "Finnish ex-PM Esko Aho to join Nokia management". Forbes. 15 August 2008. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  12. ^ http://www.nokia.com/press/press-releases/showpressrelease?newsid=1243842 Esko Aho to join Nokia on 1 November 2008 – Veli Sundbäck to retire at the end of May 2009 Nokia
  13. ^ "Esko Ahoa esitetään venäläispankin johtopaikalle". Yle Uutiset. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  14. ^ "Esko Aho IS:lle: "Jätän Sberbankin välittömästi"". Ilta-Sanomat. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
Political offices
Preceded by Speaker of the Parliament of Finland
April 1991
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Finland
1991–1995
Succeeded by