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List of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia

This is a list of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia. There are currently 121 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs), 2 former NHLs, 2 NHLs that were once in the state, and 13 historic sites that are National Historical Parks or other areas in the National Park Service system.

Contents

Current landmarksEdit

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The National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) are widely distributed across Virginia's 95 counties and 39 independent cities.

[1] Landmark name Image Date designated[2] Location County Description
1 Alexandria Historic District November 13, 1966
(#66000928)
Alexandria
38°48′12″N 77°02′47″W / 38.8033°N 77.0464°W / 38.8033; -77.0464 (Alexandria Historic District)
Alexandria (independent city) Comprises the central portion of Alexandria, Virginia
2 Aquia Church July 5, 1991
(#69000282)
Garrisonville
38°27′53″N 77°24′11″W / 38.4646°N 77.40305°W / 38.4646; -77.40305 (Aquia Church)
Stafford Mid-18th-century church
3 Bacon's Castle October 9, 1960
(#66000849)
Bacon's Castle
37°06′32″N 76°43′20″W / 37.108845°N 76.722176°W / 37.108845; -76.722176 (Bacon's Castle)
Surry One of the oldest brick buildings in Virginia
4 Ball's Bluff Battlefield and National Cemetery April 27, 1984
(#84003880)
Leesburg
39°07′53″N 77°31′45″W / 39.131389°N 77.529167°W / 39.131389; -77.529167 (Ball's Bluff Battlefield and National Cemetery)
Loudoun Site of an embarrassing Union defeat early in the American Civil War, caused by inept generalship, after which drowned troops' bodies floated down the Potomac River to Washington, D.C.
5 Banneker (Benjamin) SW-9 Intermediate Boundary Stone May 11, 1976
(#76002094)
Arlington
38°52′59″N 77°09′33″W / 38.882944°N 77.15905°W / 38.882944; -77.15905 (Banneker (Benjamin) SW-9 Intermediate Boundary Stone)
Arlington A boundary stone associated with Benjamin Banneker, (1731–1806), an African American surveyor, mathematician and astronomer who assisted Andrew Ellicott during the first two months of Ellicott's 1791–1792 survey of the boundaries of the original District of Columbia.[3]
6 Barracks, Virginia Military Institute December 21, 1965
(#66000956)
Lexington
37°47′25″N 79°26′19″W / 37.7903°N 79.4386°W / 37.7903; -79.4386 (Barracks, Virginia Military Institute)
Lexington (independent city) Gothic style cadet barracks building on the grounds of Virginia Military Institute
7 Berkeley November 11, 1971
(#71001040)
Charles City
37°19′18″N 77°10′54″W / 37.321667°N 77.181667°W / 37.321667; -77.181667 (Berkeley)
Charles City One of the great plantations of Virginia, associated with Presidents William Henry Harrison and Benjamin Harrison.
8 Berry Hill November 11, 1971
(#69000246)
South Boston
36°41′48″N 78°56′39″W / 36.6967°N 78.9442°W / 36.6967; -78.9442 (Berry Hill)
Halifax A Greek Revival plantation mansion, imitating the Parthenon
9 Brandon April 15, 1970
(#69000271)
Burrowsville
37°15′27″N 76°59′36″W / 37.257539°N 76.99339°W / 37.257539; -76.99339 (Brandon)
Prince George Plantation tended from 1614 on, with unusual brick mansion in style of Palladio's "Roman Country House" completed in 1760s
10 Bremo Historic District November 11, 1971
(#69000241)
Bremo Bluff
37°43′32″N 78°19′47″W / 37.72542°N 78.32973°W / 37.72542; -78.32973 (Bremo Historic District)
Fluvanna James River plantation with mansion probably designed by Thomas Jefferson
11 Bruton Parish Church April 15, 1970
(#70000861)
Williamsburg
37°16′09″N 76°42′10″W / 37.2693°N 76.7028°W / 37.2693; -76.7028 (Bruton Parish Church)
Williamsburg (independent city) Earliest church in the British American colonies to reflect the infusion of English Renaissance style.
12 Camden November 11, 1971
(#69000228)
Port Royal
38°09′48″N 77°09′41″W / 38.163228°N 77.161394°W / 38.163228; -77.161394 (Camden)
Caroline Two-story Italian villa featuring such 19th-century innovations as a central heating system, gas lights, inside toilets, and shower baths.
13 Camp Hoover June 7, 1988
(#88001825)
Graves Mill
38°29′31″N 78°25′15″W / 38.491861°N 78.42097°W / 38.491861; -78.42097 (Camp Hoover)
Madison President Herbert Hoover's rustic presidential retreat, also known as Rapidan Camp.
14 Cape Henry Lighthouse January 29, 1964
(#66000910)
Virginia Beach
36°55′26″N 76°00′30″W / 36.9239°N 76.0082°W / 36.9239; -76.0082 (Cape Henry Lighthouse)
Virginia Beach (independent city) First lighthouse to be erected by the Federal Government.
15 Carter's Grove April 15, 1970
(#69000249)
Williamsburg
37°12′25″N 76°37′29″W / 37.206981°N 76.624819°W / 37.206981; -76.624819 (Carter's Grove)
James City Georgian country house and plantation near Williamsburg.
16 Cedar Creek Battlefield and Belle Grove Plantation August 11, 1969
(#69000243)
Middletown and Strasburg
39°01′11″N 78°18′02″W / 39.019622°N 78.300603°W / 39.019622; -78.300603 (Cedar Creek Battlefield and Belle Grove Plantation)
Frederick and Warren Site of the American Civil War battle of Cedar Creek and the Belle Grove Plantation. Divided into two pieces by Interstate 81
17 Christ Church, Alexandria April 15, 1970
(#70000899)
Alexandria
38°48′23″N 77°02′51″W / 38.806303°N 77.047517°W / 38.806303; -77.047517 (Christ Church, Alexandria)
Alexandria (independent city) 1773 Georgian brick church
18 Christ Church (Lancaster County) May 30, 1961
(#66000841)
Irvington
37°40′37″N 76°25′07″W / 37.676806°N 76.418611°W / 37.676806; -76.418611 (Christ Church (Lancaster County))
Lancaster Example of British Colonial ecclesiastical architecture.
19 City Hall (Richmond) November 11, 1971
(#69000327)
Richmond
37°32′16″N 77°25′59″W / 37.5379°N 77.4331°W / 37.5379; -77.4331 (City Hall (Richmond))
Richmond (independent city) Example of the High Victorian Gothic style.
20 Confederate Capitol December 19, 1960
(#66000911)
Richmond
37°32′20″N 77°26′01″W / 37.5388°N 77.4336°W / 37.5388; -77.4336 (Confederate Capitol)
Richmond (independent city) From July 1861 to April 1865, the Confederate Congress met here; state capitol before and after the war
21 Charles Richard Drew House May 11, 1976
(#76002095)
Arlington
38°52′21″N 77°05′14″W / 38.8726°N 77.0872°W / 38.8726; -77.0872 (Charles Richard Drew House)
Arlington Home of Dr. Charles R. Drew, an African American physician and researcher whose leadership on stockpiling blood plasma saved lives in World War II
22 Drydock Number One, Norfolk Naval Shipyard November 11, 1971
(#70000862)
Portsmouth
36°49′07″N 76°17′35″W / 36.8187°N 76.2931°W / 36.8187; -76.2931 (Drydock Number One, Norfolk Naval Shipyard)
Portsmouth (independent city) Union frigate USS Merrimack was rebuilt by the Confederates in this drydock, becoming the ironclad CSS Virginia. Now part of Norfolk Naval Shipyard.
23 Egyptian Building November 11, 1971
(#69000321)
Richmond
37°32′18″N 77°25′45″W / 37.5384°N 77.4292°W / 37.5384; -77.4292 (Egyptian Building)
Richmond (independent city) First permanent home of the Medical Department of Hampden-Sydney College
24 Elsing Green November 11, 1971
(#69000252)
Tunstall
37°36′09″N 77°03′04″W / 37.602444°N 77.051103°W / 37.602444; -77.051103 (Elsing Green)
King William Georgian plantation house built by Carter Braxton
25 Exchange November 11, 1971
(#69000322)
Petersburg
37°13′55″N 77°24′19″W / 37.231950°N 77.405403°W / 37.231950; -77.405403 (Exchange)
Petersburg (independent city) Two-story Greek Revival structure with a Doric portico.
26 Eyre Hall March 2, 2012
(#69000265)
Cheriton
37°13′48″N 77°24′16″W / 37.230105°N 77.40445°W / 37.230105; -77.40445 (Eyre Hall)
Northampton A private plantation in the hands of the Eyre family since 1668.
27 Five Forks Battlefield December 19, 1960
(#66000830)
Petersburg
37°08′21″N 77°37′23″W / 37.13927°N 77.62292°W / 37.13927; -77.62292 (Five Forks Battlefield)
Dinwiddie Site of Battle of Five Forks, where Lee's flank was turned, leading to virtual end of the American Civil War in 1865.
28 Gerald R. Ford, Jr., House December 17, 1985
(#85003048)
Alexandria
38°48′40″N 77°04′49″W / 38.811189°N 77.080263°W / 38.811189; -77.080263 (Gerald R. Ford, Jr., House)
Alexandria (independent city) House of President Gerald R. Ford.
29 Fort Monroe December 19, 1960
(#66000912)
Hampton
37°00′13″N 76°18′27″W / 37.00361°N 76.3075°W / 37.00361; -76.3075 (Fort Monroe)
Hampton (independent city) Fort Monroe was completed in 1834, and is named in honor of U.S. President James Monroe. Completely surrounded by a moat, the six-sided stone fort is the only one of its kind left in the United States that is still an active Army post.
30 Fort Myer Historic District November 28, 1972
(#72001380)
Arlington
38°52′49″N 77°04′47″W / 38.880343°N 77.079735°W / 38.880343; -77.079735 (Fort Myer Historic District)
Arlington U.S. Army post adjacent to Arlington National Cemetery.
31 Franklin & Armfield Office June 2, 1978
(#78003146)
Alexandria
38°48′07″N 77°03′17″W / 38.801911°N 77.054661°W / 38.801911; -77.054661 (Franklin & Armfield Office)
Alexandria (independent city) Largest slave trading firm in the antebellum South
32 Gadsby's Tavern November 4, 1963
(#66000913)
Alexandria
38°48′13″N 77°02′38″W / 38.803630°N 77.044001°W / 38.803630; -77.044001 (Gadsby's Tavern)
Alexandria (independent city) Original tavern was a central part of the social, economic, political, and educational life of the city of Alexandria, and the United States. (Try Gadsby's Tavern Museum)
33 Ellen Glasgow House November 11, 1971
(#71001041)
Richmond
37°32′27″N 77°26′42″W / 37.540934°N 77.445003°W / 37.540934; -77.445003 (Ellen Glasgow House)
Richmond (independent city) Residence of author Ellen Glasgow
34 Carter Glass House December 8, 1976
(#76002183)
Lynchburg
37°24′48″N 79°08′51″W / 37.413451°N 79.147488°W / 37.413451; -79.147488 (Carter Glass House)
Lynchburg (independent city) A home of influential congressman and senator Carter Glass
35 Green Springs Historic District May 30, 1974
(#73002036)
Zion Crossroads
38°00′55″N 78°09′51″W / 38.015278°N 78.164167°W / 38.015278; -78.164167 (Green Springs Historic District)
Louisa Rural manor houses and related buildings.
36 Greenway Court October 9, 1960
(#66000829)
White Post
39°02′40″N 78°07′09″W / 39.044366°N 78.119195°W / 39.044366; -78.119195 (Greenway Court)
Clarke Remnants of 5,000,000-acre (20,000 km2) estate of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, only British peer in America, where George Washington worked as a surveyor
37 Gunston Hall December 19, 1960
(#66000832)
Lorton
38°38′49″N 77°08′47″W / 38.64697°N 77.14642°W / 38.64697; -77.14642 (Gunston Hall)
Fairfax Home of the United States Founding Father George Mason.
38 Hampton Institute May 30, 1974
(#69000323)
Hampton
37°01′17″N 76°20′14″W / 37.02128°N 76.33713°W / 37.02128; -76.33713 (Hampton Institute)
Hampton (independent city) Hampton University began in 1868 as a teacher training school to train young Black men and women.
39 Hanover County Courthouse November 7, 1973
(#69000247)
Hanover Court House
37°45′40″N 77°22′03″W / 37.761204°N 77.367507°W / 37.761204; -77.367507 (Hanover County Courthouse)
Hanover This Georgian courthouse has been used continuously since its completion around 1735. It was here that, in 1763, Patrick Henry argued and won THE PARSON'S CAUSE, a case involving religious liberty in the Colony.
40 Holly-Knoll-Robert R. Moton House December 21, 1981
(#81000640)
Capahosic
37°23′16″N 76°38′38″W / 37.387808°N 76.643858°W / 37.387808; -76.643858 (Holly-Knoll-Robert R. Moton House)
Gloucester Retirement home of Black educator Robert Russa Moton
41 The Homestead July 17, 1991
(#84003494)
Hot Springs
37°59′44″N 79°49′47″W / 37.995472°N 79.829644°W / 37.995472; -79.829644 (The Homestead)
Bath Example of Georgian and Colonial Revival architecture.
42 Humpback Bridge October 16, 2012
(#69000219)
Covington
37°48′02″N 80°02′49″W / 37.800597°N 80.047011°W / 37.800597; -80.047011 (Humpback Bridge)
Allegheny Oldest surviving covered bridge in Virginia; a rare example of a covered humpback bridge.
43 Jackson Ward Historic District June 2, 1978
(#76002187)
Richmond
37°32′54″N 77°26′27″W / 37.548333°N 77.440833°W / 37.548333; -77.440833 (Jackson Ward Historic District)
Richmond (independent city) A historically African-American neighborhood.
44 Stonewall Jackson Headquarters May 28, 1967
(#67000027)
Winchester
39°11′17″N 78°09′58″W / 39.187947°N 78.166125°W / 39.187947; -78.166125 (Stonewall Jackson Headquarters)
Winchester (independent city) Confederate Major General Jackson lived here during the 1861-1862 winter
45 Kenmore April 15, 1970
(#69000325)
Fredericksburg
38°17′35″N 77°27′59″W / 38.293155°N 77.466468°W / 38.293155; -77.466468 (Kenmore)
Fredericksburg (independent city) Home of Fielding Lewis
46 Lee Chapel, Washington and Lee University December 19, 1960
(#66000914)
Lexington
37°47′08″N 79°26′32″W / 37.785508°N 79.442113°W / 37.785508; -79.442113 (Lee Chapel, Washington and Lee University)
Lexington (independent city) Victorian Gothic brick chapel commemorates the years Robert E. Lee (1807–1870) served as president (1865–1870) of the college, then known as Washington College. Lee is buried in a chapel vault.
47 LIGHTSHIP NO. 101 "PORTSMOUTH" May 5, 1989
(#89001080)
Portsmouth
36°50′12″N 76°17′55″W / 36.836799°N 76.298616°W / 36.836799; -76.298616 (LIGHTSHIP NO. 101 "PORTSMOUTH")
Portsmouth (independent city) Lightship Portsmouth, commissioned as Lightship 101, was first stationed at Cape Charles, Virginia.
48 Lunar Landing Research Facility October 3, 1985
(#85002808)
Hampton
37°06′01″N 76°23′23″W / 37.100276°N 76.389803°W / 37.100276; -76.389803 (Lunar Landing Research Facility)
Hampton (independent city) Crane at Langley Research Center used to practice Apollo lunar landings
49 Main Street Station and Trainshed December 8, 1976
(#70000867)
Richmond
37°31′58″N 77°25′45″W / 37.532861°N 77.429203°W / 37.532861; -77.429203 (Main Street Station and Trainshed)
Richmond (independent city) Station is an example of Beaux-Arts influence, and the trainshed is one of the last gable-roofed trainsheds in America.
50 Marlbourne July 19, 1964
(#66000837)
Richmond
37°39′15″N 77°13′21″W / 37.654203°N 77.222478°W / 37.654203; -77.222478 (Marlbourne)
Hanover Property of Confederate secessionist Edmund Ruffin
51 General George C. Marshall House June 19, 1996
(#96000972)
Leesburg
39°06′51″N 77°33′36″W / 39.114178°N 77.559959°W / 39.114178; -77.559959 (General George C. Marshall House)
Loudoun Last home of General George C. Marshall, who called it "Dodona Manor".
52 John Marshall House December 19, 1960
(#66000916)
Richmond
37°32′27″N 77°25′59″W / 37.540892°N 77.433085°W / 37.540892; -77.433085 (John Marshall House)
Richmond (independent city) Home of 4th Chief Justice John Marshall.
53 Cyrus McCormick Farm and Workshop July 19, 1964
(#66000846)
Steele's Tavern
37°56′02″N 79°13′04″W / 37.933889°N 79.217778°W / 37.933889; -79.217778 (Cyrus McCormick Farm and Workshop)
Rockbridge Home of the inventor of mechanical reaper.
54 Gari Melchers Home December 21, 1965
(#66000848)
Falmouth
38°19′30″N 77°28′23″W / 38.325028°N 77.472917°W / 38.325028; -77.472917 (Gari Melchers Home)
Stafford Residence and studio of painter Gari Melchers
55 Menokin November 11, 1971
(#69000276)
Warsaw
38°00′25″N 76°48′04″W / 38.006944°N 76.801111°W / 38.006944; -76.801111 (Menokin)
Richmond Home of Declaration of Independence signer Francis Lightfoot Lee.
56 Gen. William "Billy" Mitchell House December 8, 1976
(#76002112)
Middleburg
38°57′40″N 77°44′44″W / 38.961111°N 77.745556°W / 38.961111; -77.745556 (Gen. William "Billy" Mitchell House)
Loudoun Residence of General William "Billy" Mitchell, advocate of military air power.
57 James Monroe Law Office November 13, 1966
(#66000917)
Fredericksburg
38°18′09″N 77°27′42″W / 38.302539°N 77.461592°W / 38.302539; -77.461592 (James Monroe Law Office)
Fredericksburg (independent city) James Monroe used this structure as a law office from 1786 to 1789. It is now a museum.
58 James Monroe Tomb November 11, 1971
(#71001044)
Richmond
37°31′59″N 77°27′20″W / 37.533154°N 77.455567°W / 37.533154; -77.455567 (James Monroe Tomb)
Richmond (independent city) Tomb with "flamboyant and delicate tracery in cast iron" of President James Monroe
59 Monticello (Thomas Jefferson House) December 19, 1960
(#66000826)
Charlottesville
38°00′30″N 78°27′12″W / 38.00833°N 78.4533°W / 38.00833; -78.4533 (Monticello (Thomas Jefferson House))
Albemarle Mansion of President Thomas Jefferson.
60 Montpelier (James Madison House) December 19, 1960
(#66000843)
Orange
38°13′11″N 78°10′10″W / 38.219722°N 78.169444°W / 38.219722; -78.169444 (Montpelier (James Madison House))
Orange Residence of President James Madison.
61 Monument Avenue Historic District December 9, 1997
(#70000883)
Richmond
37°33′37″N 77°28′15″W / 37.560194°N 77.470847°W / 37.560194; -77.470847 (Monument Avenue Historic District)
Richmond (independent city) Broad tree-lined avenue with several impressive memorials.
62 Monumental Church November 11, 1971
(#69000326)
Richmond
37°32′13″N 77°25′48″W / 37.53699°N 77.430016°W / 37.53699; -77.430016 (Monumental Church)
Richmond (independent city) Early Greek Revival church.
63 Robert Russa Moton High School August 5, 1998
(#95001177)
Farmville
37°17′28″N 78°23′52″W / 37.291111°N 78.397778°W / 37.291111; -78.397778 (Robert Russa Moton High School)
Prince Edward Site of a 1951 student strike that led to court case striking down the practice of "separate but equal" schools; now a museum
64 Mount Airy October 9, 1960
(#66000845)
Warsaw
37°58′20″N 76°47′29″W / 37.9722°N 76.79139°W / 37.9722; -76.79139 (Mount Airy)
Richmond Stone plantation house. Burial place of Francis Lightfoot Lee.
65 Mount Vernon December 19, 1960
(#66000833)
Alexandria
38°42′28″N 77°05′10″W / 38.7079°N 77.0861°W / 38.7079; -77.0861 (Mount Vernon)
Fairfax Plantation home of President George Washington.
66 Natural Bridge August 5, 1998
(#97001401)
Natural Bridge
37°37′32″N 79°32′43″W / 37.625681°N 79.545173°W / 37.625681; -79.545173 (Natural Bridge)
Rockbridge Natural rock arch, once owned by Thomas Jefferson.
67 New Kent School and George W. Watkins School August 7, 2001
(#01001046)
New Kent and Quinton
37°31′56″N 77°08′29″W / 37.532222°N 77.141389°W / 37.532222; -77.141389 (New Kent School and George W. Watkins School)
New Kent Pair of schools that represent the first wave of desegregation of southern schools in the decade after the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision. Focus of 1968 Green v. County School Board, in which the Supreme Court made specific demands to enforce its vision of desegregation.
68 Oak Hill (James Monroe House) December 19, 1960
(#66000842)
Leesburg
38°59′51″N 77°37′13″W / 38.997458°N 77.620403°W / 38.997458; -77.620403 (Oak Hill (James Monroe House))
Loudoun Residence of President James Monroe
69 Oatlands November 11, 1971
(#69000255)
Leesburg
39°02′27″N 77°37′02″W / 39.040833°N 77.617222°W / 39.040833; -77.617222 (Oatlands)
Loudoun Notable Federal-style mansion designed and built by George Carter.
70 Pear Valley March 11, 2013
(#69000266)
Eastville
37°23′48″N 75°55′29″W / 37.396667°N 75.924722°W / 37.396667; -75.924722 (Pear Valley)
Northampton An early 18th century Chesapeake cottage.
71 Pentagon October 5, 1992
(#89000932)
Arlington
38°52′16″N 77°03′21″W / 38.87099°N 77.05596°W / 38.87099; -77.05596 (Pentagon)
Arlington Building is symbolic of national military power.
72 Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield February 17, 2006
(#06000239)
Petersburg
37°11′22″N 77°28′33″W / 37.189444°N 77.475833°W / 37.189444; -77.475833 (Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield)
Dinwiddie Site of Union breakthrough that collapsed Confederate General Lee's fortifications from Petersburg to Richmond, on April 2, 1865.
73 Pittsylvania County Courthouse May 4, 1987
(#81000643)
Chatham
36°49′35″N 79°23′54″W / 36.826398°N 79.39839°W / 36.826398; -79.39839 (Pittsylvania County Courthouse)
Pittsylvania In 1878, Judge J.D. Coles was arrested for excluding African Americans citizens from serving as jurors, resulting in the Supreme Court case Ex Parte Virginia, extending the Equal Protection Clause of the United States Constitution to jury selection processes.
74 Pocahontas Exhibition Coal Mine October 12, 1994
(#94001651)
Pocahontas
37°18′29″N 81°20′59″W / 37.308056°N 81.349722°W / 37.308056; -81.349722 (Pocahontas Exhibition Coal Mine)
Tazewell 1882 mine in the Pocahontas coalfield.
75 Poplar Forest November 11, 1971
(#69000223)
Lynchburg
37°20′54″N 79°15′54″W / 37.34826°N 79.26495°W / 37.34826; -79.26495 (Poplar Forest)
Bedford Thomas Jefferson built this structure as a country retreat.
76 Potomac (Potowmack)(Patowmack) Canal Historic District December 17, 1982
(#79003038)
Great Falls
38°59′47″N 77°15′11″W / 38.996389°N 77.253056°W / 38.996389; -77.253056 (Potomac (Potowmack)(Patowmack) Canal Historic District)
Fairfax Remains of an impressively engineered canal built beside the falls of the Potomac.
77 Prestwould July 31, 2003
(#03001033)
Clarksville
36°39′19″N 78°34′14″W / 36.655278°N 78.570556°W / 36.655278; -78.570556 (Prestwould)
Mecklenburg Most intact and best documented plantation surviving in Southside Virginia.
78 Quarters 1 (Fort Myer) November 28, 1972
(#72001382)
Arlington
38°52′58″N 77°04′53″W / 38.882778°N 77.081389°W / 38.882778; -77.081389 (Quarters 1 (Fort Myer))
Arlington Residence of all U.S. Army Chiefs of Staff since 1910
79 Peyton Randolph House April 15, 1970
(#70000863)
Williamsburg
37°16′13″N 76°42′00″W / 37.270184°N 76.700131°W / 37.270184; -76.700131 (Peyton Randolph House)
Williamsburg (independent city) Home of Peyton Randolph, first President of the Continental Congress.
80 Virginia Randolph Cottage December 2, 1974
(#74002126)
Glen Allen
37°39′40″N 77°28′56″W / 37.661124°N 77.482340°W / 37.661124; -77.482340 (Virginia Randolph Cottage)
Henrico Commemorates notable Black teacher Virginia E. Randolph (1874-1958).
81 Rendezvous Docking Simulator October 3, 1985
(#85002809)
Hampton
37°05′02″N 76°22′41″W / 37.083828°N 76.378028°W / 37.083828; -76.378028 (Rendezvous Docking Simulator)
Hampton (independent city) Trainer used by Gemini and Apollo program astronauts to practice rendezvous and docking techniques at Langley Research Center
82 Reynolds Homestead December 22, 1977
(#71000987)
Critz
36°38′32″N 80°08′55″W / 36.642298°N 80.148582°W / 36.642298; -80.148582 (Reynolds Homestead)
Patrick Home of R. J. Reynolds, founder of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
83 Ripshin Farm November 11, 1971
(#71000979)
Trout Dale
36°41′53″N 81°24′26″W / 36.698056°N 81.407222°W / 36.698056; -81.407222 (Ripshin Farm)
Grayson Summer home of author Sherwood Anderson.
84 Rising Sun Tavern January 29, 1964
(#66000919)
Fredericksburg
38°18′17″N 77°27′45″W / 38.304774°N 77.462402°W / 38.304774; -77.462402 (Rising Sun Tavern)
Fredericksburg (independent city) Tavern built by Charles Washington, youngest brother of George Washington
85 Rotunda, University of Virginia December 21, 1965
(#66000937)
Charlottesville
38°01′51″N 78°30′19″W / 38.030798°N 78.505222°W / 38.030798; -78.505222 (Rotunda, University of Virginia)
Albemarle County Designed by Thomas Jefferson shortly before his death.
86 Sabine Hall April 15, 1970
(#69000277)
Tappahannock
37°56′24″N 76°47′05″W / 37.940085°N 76.784799°W / 37.940085; -76.784799 (Sabine Hall)
Richmond Early Georgian two story brick mansion.
87 St. John's Episcopal Church (Richmond) January 20, 1961
(#66000920)
Richmond
37°31′46″N 77°25′11″W / 37.529539°N 77.419816°W / 37.529539; -77.419816 (St. John's Episcopal Church (Richmond))
Richmond (independent city) Patrick Henry delivered his "Liberty or Death" speech here.
88 Saint Luke's Church (Smithfield) October 9, 1960
(#66000838)
Smithfield
36°56′17″N 76°35′11″W / 36.938092°N 76.586276°W / 36.938092; -76.586276 (Saint Luke's Church (Smithfield))
Isle Of Wight English room church with Gothic details
89 St. Peter's Parish Church March 2, 2012
(#69000263)
New Kent
37°32′25″N 77°03′23″W / 37.54034°N 77.05632°W / 37.54034; -77.05632 (St. Peter's Parish Church)
New Kent 1703 Episcopal church may have been where George and Martha Washington were married
90 Saratoga November 7, 1973
(#70000788)
Boyce
39°05′00″N 78°03′36″W / 39.08325°N 78.060028°W / 39.08325; -78.060028 (Saratoga)
Clarke Gray limestone Georgian house built by Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan, best known for his victory over the British at the Battle of Cowpens in 1781.
91 Sayler's Creek Battlefield February 4, 1985
(#85002436)
Farmville
37°19′04″N 78°14′02″W / 37.317778°N 78.233889°W / 37.317778; -78.233889 (Sayler's Creek Battlefield)
Amelia and Prince Edward Sites of Battle of Sayler's Creek on April 6, 1865, where 1/4 of Lee's army was cut off, three days before surrender at Appomattox
92 Scotchtown (Patrick Henry House) December 21, 1965
(#66000835)
Ashland
37°50′40″N 77°35′04″W / 37.844361°N 77.584556°W / 37.844361; -77.584556 (Scotchtown (Patrick Henry House))
Hanover Plantation house of unusual size that was childhood home of Dolley Madison and later a home of Patrick Henry
93 James Semple House April 15, 1970
(#70000864)
Williamsburg
37°16′06″N 76°41′36″W / 37.268299°N 76.693322°W / 37.268299; -76.693322 (James Semple House)
Williamsburg (independent city) House likely designed by Thomas Jefferson; a relative of the Semples, President John Tyler resided here while attending school.
94 Shack Mountain October 5, 1992
(#76002090)
Charlottesville
38°05′32″N 78°30′04″W / 38.092208°N 78.501217°W / 38.092208; -78.501217 (Shack Mountain)
Albemarle Home of Fiske Kimball, author of Thomas Jefferson, Architect.
95 Shirley April 15, 1970
(#69000328)
Hopewell
37°21′21″N 77°14′39″W / 37.355833°N 77.244167°W / 37.355833; -77.244167 (Shirley)
Charles City Oldest plantation in Virginia.
96 Skyline Drive Historic District October 6, 2008
(#97000375)
Luray
38°43′34″N 78°19′08″W / 38.726078°N 78.318781°W / 38.726078; -78.318781 (Skyline Drive Historic District)
Albemarle Road through the Shenandoah National Park
97 Spence's Point (John Roderigo Dos Passos House) November 11, 1971
(#71000991)
Westmoreland
38°04′46″N 76°33′26″W / 38.079444°N 76.557222°W / 38.079444; -76.557222 (Spence's Point (John Roderigo Dos Passos House))
Westmoreland Farm home of writer John Roderigo Dos Passos.
98 Stratford Hall October 7, 1960
(#66000851)
Lerty
38°08′59″N 76°50′23″W / 38.149801°N 76.839731°W / 38.149801; -76.839731 (Stratford Hall)
Westmoreland Notable example of early Georgian architecture. Birthplace of Robert E Lee.
99 Adam Thoroughgood House October 9, 1960
(#66000921)
Virginia Beach
36°53′36″N 76°06′47″W / 36.893333°N 76.113056°W / 36.893333; -76.113056 (Adam Thoroughgood House)
Virginia Beach (independent city) One of the oldest brick houses in Virginia, built by Adam Thoroughgood.
100 Thunderbird Archeological District May 5, 1977
(#77001495)
Limeton
Address Restricted

Warren Three archeological sites.
101 Tredegar Iron Works December 22, 1977
(#71001048)
Richmond
37°32′08″N 77°26′43″W / 37.535556°N 77.445278°W / 37.535556; -77.445278 (Tredegar Iron Works)
Richmond (independent city) One of the largest iron works from 1841 to 1865.
102 Tuckahoe August 11, 1969
(#00000259)
Manakin
37°34′14″N 77°39′11″W / 37.570472°N 77.653167°W / 37.570472; -77.653167 (Tuckahoe)
Goochland and Henrico Tuckahoe, owned by the Randolph family, was the home of president Thomas Jefferson for 7 years during his boyhood.
103 John Tyler House July 4, 1961
(#66000922)
Charles City
37°19′29″N 77°01′14″W / 37.324722°N 77.020556°W / 37.324722; -77.020556 (John Tyler House)
Charles City Residence of President John Tyler.
104 University Of Virginia Historic District November 11, 1971
(#70000865)
Charlottesville
38°02′05″N 78°30′15″W / 38.034722°N 78.504167°W / 38.034722; -78.504167 (University Of Virginia Historic District)
Albemarle County District includes Jefferson's original "academical village" and the Rotunda.
105 Variable Density Tunnel October 3, 1985
(#85002795)
Hampton
37°04′37″N 76°20′39″W / 37.076826°N 76.344153°W / 37.076826; -76.344153 (Variable Density Tunnel)
Hampton (independent city) Steel tank from a wind tunnel at Langley Research Center. (use source [1])
106 Virginia Governor's Mansion June 7, 1988
(#69000360)
Richmond
37°32′12″N 77°25′57″W / 37.536758°N 77.432498°W / 37.536758; -77.432498 (Virginia Governor's Mansion)
Richmond (independent city) State Executive Mansion.
107 Virginia Military Institute Historic District May 30, 1974
(#74002219)
Lexington
37°47′25″N 79°26′09″W / 37.790278°N 79.435833°W / 37.790278; -79.435833 (Virginia Military Institute Historic District)
Lexington (independent city) First state-supported military college.
108 Maggie Lena Walker House May 15, 1975
(#75002100)
Richmond
37°32′52″N 77°26′16″W / 37.547669°N 77.437699°W / 37.547669; -77.437699 (Maggie Lena Walker House)
Richmond (independent city) Home of Maggie Lena Walker, first woman to establish an American bank; now a National Historic Site
109 Washington and Lee University Historic District November 11, 1971
(#71001047)
Lexington
37°47′08″N 79°26′32″W / 37.785508°N 79.442113°W / 37.785508; -79.442113 (Washington and Lee University Historic District)
Lexington (independent city) Neoclassical buildings that form one of the most dignified college campuses. Washington & Lee University
110 George Washington Boyhood Home Site February 16, 2000
(#72001417)
Fredericksburg
38°17′43″N 77°26′57″W / 38.295278°N 77.449167°W / 38.295278; -77.449167 (George Washington Boyhood Home Site)
Stafford Known locally as Ferry Farm.
111 George Washington Masonic National Memorial July 21, 2015
(#15000622)
Alexandria
38°48′27″N 77°03′58″W / 38.80748°N 77.06598°W / 38.80748; -77.06598 (George Washington Masonic National Memorial)
Alexandria (independent city) One of the largest private memorials to Washington, reflecting the Masonic involvement of many Founding Fathers
112 Waterford Historic District April 15, 1970
(#69000256)
Waterford
39°11′12″N 77°36′36″W / 39.186667°N 77.61°W / 39.186667; -77.61 (Waterford Historic District)
Loudoun Picturesque village, oldest settlement in Loudoun County
113 Westover October 9, 1960
(#66000923)
Charles City
37°19′58″N 77°10′23″W / 37.33278°N 77.17306°W / 37.33278; -77.17306 (Westover)
Charles City Plantation that is ancestral seat of the Byrd family
114 White House of the Confederacy December 19, 1960
(#66000924)
Richmond
37°32′20″N 77°25′47″W / 37.538888°N 77.429738°W / 37.538888; -77.429738 (White House of the Confederacy)
Richmond (independent city) Residence of Confederate President Jefferson Davis.
115 Wickham-Valentine House November 11, 1971
(#69000329)
Richmond
37°32′30″N 77°25′52″W / 37.541695°N 77.431071°W / 37.541695; -77.431071 (Wickham-Valentine House)
Richmond (independent city) One of Richmond's finest Federal residences.
116 Williamsburg Historic District October 9, 1960
(#66000925)
Williamsburg
37°15′45″N 76°41′59″W / 37.2625°N 76.69972°W / 37.2625; -76.69972 (Williamsburg Historic District)
Williamsburg (independent city) Capital of Virginia from 1699 to 1799.
117 Woodlawn August 6, 1998
(#70000792)
Alexandria
38°43′00″N 77°08′10″W / 38.716667°N 77.136111°W / 38.716667; -77.136111 (Woodlawn)
Fairfax Flagship property of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
118 Woodrow Wilson Birthplace July 19, 1964
(#66000926)
Staunton
38°08′55″N 79°04′09″W / 38.148473°N 79.069136°W / 38.148473; -79.069136 (Woodrow Wilson Birthplace)
Staunton (independent city) Birthplace of President Thomas Woodrow Wilson, now his presidential library
119 Wren Building, College of William and Mary October 9, 1960
(#66000929)
Williamsburg
37°16′08″N 76°42′33″W / 37.268973°N 76.709126°W / 37.268973; -76.709126 (Wren Building, College of William and Mary)
Williamsburg (independent city) Wren Building at the College of William and Mary.
120 Wythe House April 15, 1970
(#70000866)
Williamsburg
37°16′12″N 76°42′12″W / 37.269958°N 76.703284°W / 37.269958; -76.703284 (Wythe House)
Williamsburg (independent city) One of Virginia's finest Georgian brick townhouse and home of George Wythe.
121 Yeocomico Church April 15, 1970
(#69000331)
Tucker Hill
38°03′44″N 76°35′50″W / 38.062361°N 76.597139°W / 38.062361; -76.597139 (Yeocomico Church)
Westmoreland Significant example of transitional Colonial architecture.

Historic areas administered by the National Park ServiceEdit

National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Memorials, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are 13 of these in Virginia. The National Park Service lists these thirteen together with the NHLs in the state,[4] The Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park and the Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site are also NHLs and are listed above. The remaining 11 are:

Landmark name
Image Date established[5] Location County Description
1 Appomattox Court House National Historical Park   August 13, 1935 Appomattox Appomattox
2 Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial   March 4, 1925 Arlington Arlington
3 Booker T. Washington National Monument   April 2, 1956 Hardy Franklin
4 Colonial National Historical Park   December 30, 1930 James City, York and Williamsburg (independent city)
5 Cumberland Gap National Historical Park   June 11, 1940 (shared with Kentucky and Tennessee)
6 Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park   February 14, 1927 Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Spotsylvania Spotsylvania
7 George Washington Birthplace National Monument   January 23, 1930 Colonial Beach Westmoreland
8 Harpers Ferry National Historical Park   June 30, 1944 Harpers Ferry, WV (shared with Maryland and West Virginia)
9 Manassas National Battlefield Park   May 10, 1940 Manassas Prince William Site of the First and Second Battles of Bull Run.
10 Petersburg National Battlefield   July 3, 1926 Petersburg, Hopewell, and more Petersburg (independent city), and Dinwiddie May include NHL Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield, and does include NHL Five Forks Battlefield, both listed above, as well as other area.
11 Richmond National Battlefield Park   March 2, 1936 Richmond, Virginia and environs Richmond (independent city) 30 sites of American Civil War battles, including Gaines 'Mill, Glendale, and Malvern Hill, all sites of battles during the 1862 Seven Days Battles, as well as the 1864 battles of Cold Harbor and New Market Heights

Moved and delisted National Historic LandmarksEdit

Landmark name Image Date designated Date moved Locality County Description
1 Eight-Foot High Speed Tunnel   October 3, 1985 August 25, 2014 Hampton Hampton (independent city) Demolished
2 Full Scale 30- by 60-Foot Tunnel   October 3, 1985 August 25, 2014 Hampton Hampton (independent city) Demolished
3 USS Sequoia (presidential yacht)   December 23, 1987 Now in the District of Columbia.[6]
4 N.S. SAVANNAH (Nuclear Merchant Ship)   July 17, 1991 Newport News
39°15′31″N 76°33′19″W / 39.258488°N 76.555411°W / 39.258488; -76.555411 (N.S. SAVANNAH (Nuclear Merchant Ship))
York First nuclear-powered cargo-passenger ship; now berthed in Baltimore, Maryland.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  2. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  3. ^ Bedini, Silvio A. (1999), The Life of Benjamin Banneker: The First African-American Man of Science, Second edition, Maryland Historical Society. ISBN 0-938420-59-3
  4. ^ These are listed on p.117 of "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State"
  5. ^ Date of listing as National Monument or similar designation, from various sources in articles indexed.
  6. ^ "USS Sequoia Presidential Yacht". Sequoia Presidential Yacht Group. Retrieved 2008-04-13.

External linksEdit