List of Jewish prayers and blessings

Listed below are some Hebrew prayers and blessings that are part of Judaism that are recited by many Jews. Most prayers and blessings can be found in the Siddur, or prayer book. This article addresses Jewish liturgical blessings, which generally begin with the formula:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ, מֶלֶך הָעוֹלָם...

Transliteration: Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam...

Translation: "Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe..."

PronunciationEdit

In the transliterations below, ' is used to refer to the sh'vah, which is similar/equivalent to ə; a mid-word aleph, a glottal stop; and a mid-word ayin, a voiced pharyngeal fricative ʕ similar/equivalent to Arabic ع. Whenever ` is used, it refers to ayin whether word-initial, medial, or final. 'H/h' are used to represent both he, an English h sound as in "hat"; and ḥes, a voiceless pharyngeal fricative ħ equivalent to Arabic ح. Whenever 'ḥ' is used, it refers to ḥet. Resh is represented by an 'r,' though it's equivalent to Spanish 'r,' Spanish 'rr,' or French 'r,' depending on one's dialect. In all other regards, transliterations are according to the Sephardi tradition, with modern Hebrew pronunciation.

Daily prayersEdit

Waking upEdit

Modeh Ani מודה אני Modeh Ani is a short prayer recited first thing after waking in the morning.
Elohai Neshamah אלהי נשמה Thanking God for restoring the soul in the morning. Said following washing the hands and Asher Yatzar blessings.
Blessings over the Torah ברכות התורה Thanking God for giving us the Torah and a blessing on the Torah that will be learned over the course of the day. Followed by some short passages from Torah and the Mishnah.
Morning blessings ברכות השחר Blessings thanking God for most of the basic functions of our lives (sight, clothes, movement etc.)
Seder Korbanot סדר הקרבנות Recounting the order of the day in the Temple service. Includes the description of the daily sacrifice from the Book of Numbers and chapter 5 of Zevachim that contains a list of all the types of sacrifices that were given.
13 midot of Rabi Yishmael ברייתא דרבי ישמעאל A passage of learning from the Oral Law. It is a list of the 13 principles that Rabi Yishmael would use to interpret the Torah.

Pesukei d'zimraEdit

This portion of the prayers acts as an introduction to the morning prayers.

Mizmor Shir מזמור שיר Psalm 30. Recited at the beginning of Pesukei Dezimra.
Baruch Sheamar ברוך שאמר The first blessing of Pesukei Dezimra
Songs of thanksgiving A series of paragraphs in Pesukei Dezimra. Includes Psalm 100
Yehi kevod יהי כבוד A series of verses recited during Pesukei Dezimra
Ashrei אשרי Recited three times daily: during Pesukei Dezimra, following Uva Letzion, and at the beginning of Mincha (Ne'ila on Yom Kippur)
Hallel (pesukei dezimra) הלל Includes Ashrei and Psalms 146, 147, 148, 149, and 150
Baruch Hashem L'Olam ברוך ה לעולם Recited as a blessing after concluding Hallel
Vayivarech David ויברך דוד From Chronicles Book I, Chapter 29, verses 10–13
Ata Hu Hashem L'Vadecha אתה-הוא יהוה לבדך From Book of Nehemiah, Chapter 9, verses 6–11
Az Yashir אז ישיר From Book of Exodus 15:1–18
Yishtabach ישתבח Concluding blessing of Pesukei Dezimra

Shema and its blessingsEdit

The Shema prayers is said every day in Shacharit and Maariv. There are always two blessings before the Shema, but after the Shema in the day there is only one blessing, and at night there are two (or three in some communities outside of Israel).

Yotzer ohr יוצר אור The first blessing recited prior to Shema during Shacharit
Maariv Aravim מעריב ערבים The first blessing recited prior to Shema during Maariv
Ahava Rabbah אהבה רבה The second blessing recited prior to Shema during Shacharit
Ahavat Olam אהבת עולם The second blessing recited prior to Shema during Maariv
Shema Yisrael שמע ישראל A centerpiece of Jewish prayer services which affirms belief and trust in the One God, the Shema is composed of three sections taken from the Torah.
Emet Veyatziv אמת ויציב The only blessing recited following the Shema during Shacharit
Emet V'Emunah אמת ואמונה The first blessing recited following the Shema during Maariv
Hashkiveinu השכיבנו The second blessing recited following the Shema during Maariv
Baruch Adonai L'Olam ברוך לה' לעולם The third blessing recited following the Shema during Maariv. This blessing is only said by some communities outside of Israel. It is not said at all in Israel, and is not said by anyone on Shabbat or Yom Tov

AmidaEdit

The "standing [prayer]", also known as the Shemoneh Esreh ("The Eighteen"), consisting of 19 strophes on weekdays and seven on Sabbath days and 9 on Rosh haShana Mussaf. It is the essential component of Jewish services, and is the only service that the Talmud calls prayer. It is said three times a day (four times on Sabbaths and holidays, and five times on Yom Kippur). The source for the Amida is either as a parallel to the sacrifices in the Temple, or in honor of the Jewish forefathers.

The prayer is divided into 3 sections, blessings of praise for God, requests for our needs (or exalting the holiness of the day for Shabbat and Yom Tov) and finally blessings of thanksgiving.

PraiseEdit

Avot אבות First blessing of the Amidah, and describes God's choosing of the Jewish patriarchs, and God's protection of them. Many non-Orthodox communities include the matriarchs in this blessing.
Gevurot גבורות Second blessing of the Amidah, describing God's might and God's mastery over the natural world.
Kedushat Hashem קדושת ה' Third blessing of the Amidah, affirming the holiness of God. During the repetition of the Amida the Kedushah is added.

Middle blessingsEdit

On a regular weekday there are 13 blessings that ask God for our needs. A small number of rabbis, such as David Bar-Hayim based on fragments from the Cairo Geniza say only 12 blessings here.
On fast days in the times of the Talmud there were a number of additional blessings, and in communities today a 14th blessing is added to the Chazzan's repetition on fast days.

Daat דעת Asking for wisdom and understanding.
Teshuva תשובה Asking God to help us return to the Torah way of life.
Selicha סליחה Asking for God's forgiveness.
Geula גאולה Asking for God to rescue the Jewish people from our travails. On fast days during the repetition of the Amida, Aneinu is said here.
Refua רפואה Asking for good health.
Birkat Hashanim ברכת השנים Asking for a blessing for the produce of the earth. We also ask for the rain needed to sustain life. Broadly also asking for income. During times of drought a special prayer for rain is added here.
Kibutz Galuyot קבוץ גלויות Asking God to bring the Jews back from the Exile into Israel.
Mishpat משפט Asking God to judge us justly and to restore the judges to Israel.
Minim מינים Asking to destroy the heretical sects and informers. This blessing was a later addition to the Amida, and is the 19 blessing.
Tzadikim צדיקים Asking God to help and support righteous people.
Boneh Yerushalayim בונה ירושלים Asking to have Jerusalem rebuilt and returned to its former glory. On Tisha B'av the Nachem prayer is added here.
Malchut bet David מלכות בית דוד Asking for the monarchy to be reinstated and for David's descendants to become the kings. In the Palestinian tradition, this blessing was merged with the previous one to maintain 18 blessings.
Shome'a tefilla שומע תפליה Asking God to answer our prayers. Any additional requests can be added in this blessing. On fast days Aneinu is added here in the silent prayer.

On Shabbat and Yom Tov there is only a single blessing.

Kedushat hayom קדושת היום Describing the holiness of the particular day. In Mussaf it also describes the sacrifice that was brought in the Temple on that day.

During Mussaf of Rosh HaShana there are 3 blessings in the middle, each built around 10 verses from the Tanach around a particular theme.

Malchuyot מלכויות Describing how God was made king of the world on this day.
Zichronot זכרונות Mentioning the times that God has promised to remember the people of Israel.
Shofarot שופרות Describing various times and occasions that the Shofar was blown.

ThanksgivingEdit

Avoda עבודה Thanking God for the Temple service and for accepting our prayers.
Modim מודים General thanksgiving. As the Chazan says this prayer in the repetition, there congregation read a paragraph of thanksgiving silently.
Shalom שלום Thanking God for bringing peace into the world. When the Priestly Blessing is said it is added here.

Additions during the repetitionEdit

Kedushah קדושה Proclaiming the holiness of God. said during the repetition of the Amida
Modim drabanan מודים דרבמן Additional thanks to God, said while the Chazan is saying Modim during the repetition of the Amida.
Birkat Kohanim ברכת כהנים The "Priestly Blessing," recited by the Kohanim every day in Israel during the blessing for peace. Outside of Israel some traditions say this every Shabbat and Yom Tov, while others say it only on Yom Tov.

Concluding prayersEdit

Tachanun תחנון Supplicatory prayer said during Shacharit and Mincha. Not said on Shabbat, Yom Tov and other festive days.
Hallel הלל Psalms 113–118, recited as a prayer of praise and thanksgiving on Jewish holidays. Hallel is said in one of two forms: Full Hallel and Partial Hallel.
Shir shel yom שיר של יום Daily psalm. Each day has a different chapter to be said. There are also special chapters to be said on some special days.
Ein Keloheinu אין כאלהינו A lyrical prayer recited at the end of services, praising God's uniqueness. Some traditions say it only on Shabbat and festivals, while others say it every day
Aleinu עלינו The Aleinu praises God for allowing the Jewish people to serve him, and expresses their hope that the whole world will recognize God and abandon idolatry.

KaddishEdit

An Aramaic prayer which focuses on the idea of magnification and sanctification of God's name. There are five versions of kaddish for different purposes.

Half kaddish חצי קדיש A short version of kaddish to mark the end of a section of prayers.
Full kaddish קדיש שלם A longer version of kaddish to mark the end one of the major prayers, and is said after the amida.
Kaddish yatom קדיש יתום A version said by mourners in the 11 months following the death of a parent.
Kaddish d'rabanan קדיש דרבנן Said following study of the Oral Law.
Kaddish ha'gadol קדיש הגדול Said at a siyum for learning a tractate of Talmud or at the funeral of a parent.

Additional poetry used regularly in prayersEdit

An'im Zemirot אנעים זמירות More formally known as "The Song of Glory," this song is sung at the end of morning prayers on Shabbat. It is also recited following Maariv on Yom Kippur.
Ma Tovu מה טובו A prayer of reverence for the synagogue, recited in the morning upon entering.
Adon Olam אדון עולם A poem discussing God's rule of the world.
Yigdal יגדל A poetic version of the Maimonide's 13 principles of faith.

Other prayersEdit

Kol Nidre כל‑נדרי A prayer recited in the synagogue at the beginning of the evening service on Yom Kippur (יום כיפור‎), the Day of Atonement. It is a declaration of absolution from vows taken, to free the congregants from guilt due to unfulfilled vows during the previous (and coming) year.
Kabalat Shabbat קבלת שבת A series of psalms that are said before Maariv on Shabbat to welcome the Shabbat queen.
Lecha Dodi לכה דודי Poem that is often sung part of kabbalat Shabbat.
Hoshanot הושענות Prayer said on Succot while circling the bimah. There is an extended version said on Hoshana Raba

Blessings on the mitzvotEdit

ShabbatEdit

These blessings are also relevant to the festivals with some minor changes to the wording.

Blessing Hebrew Transliteration English
Lighting candles בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו, וְצִוָּנוּ לְהַדְלִיק נֵר שֶׁל שַׁבָּת. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, Melekh ha'olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu l'hadlik ner shel Shabbat. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to light the Shabbat candle[s].
Kiddush (Ashkenazi) בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְרַָצָה בָנוּ, וְשַׁבָּת קָדְשׁוֹ בְּאַהֲבָה וּבְרָצוֹן הִנְחִילָנוּ, זִכָּרוֹן לְמַעֲשֵׂה בְרֵאשִׁית. כִּי הוּא יוֹם תְּחִלָּה לְמִקְרָאֵי קֹדֶשׁ, זֵכֶר לִיצִיאַת מִצְרָיִם. כִּי בָנוּ בָחַרְתָּ וְאוֹתָנוּ קִדַּשְׁתָּ מִכָּל הָעַמִּים, וְשַׁבָּת קָדְשְׁךָ בְּאַהֲבָה וּבְרָצוֹן הִנְחַלְתָּנוּ.

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' מְקַדֵּשׁ הַשַׁבָּת.‎

Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, asher kideshanu be'mitzvotav ve'ratza banu, ve'shabbat kodsho be'ahava u've'ratzon hinchilanu, zikaron le'ma'ase vereshit. Ki hu yom techila le'mik'raei kodesh, zecher li'yziat mitzrayim. Ki vanu vacharta ve'otanu kidashta mi'kol ha'amim, ve'shabbat kodshecha be'ahava u've'ratzon hinchaltanu. Barukh ata Adonai mekadesh ha'shabbat. Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, Who sanctified us with His commandments, and hoped for us, and with love and intent invested us with His sacred Sabbath, as a memorial to the deed of Creation. It is the first among the holy festivals, commemorating the exodus from Egypt. For You chose us, and sanctified us, out of all nations, and with love and intent You invested us with Your Holy Sabbath. Blessed are You, Adonai, Sanctifier of the Sabbath.
Main blessing of Havdalah (Ashkenazi) בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, הַמַּבְדִּיל בֵּין קֹדֶשׁ לְחוֹל, בֵּין אוֹר לְחשֶׁךְ, בֵּין יִשְׂרָאֵל לָעַמִּים, בֵּין יוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי לְשֵׁשֶׁת יְמֵי הַמַּעֲשֶׂה: בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', הַמַבְדִּיל בֵּין קֹדֶשׁ לְחוֹל: Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, ha'mavdil bein kodesh l'hol, bein or l'hoshekh, bein yisra'el la'amim, bein yom ha'sh'vi'i l'sheshet y'mei ha'ma'a'se. Barukh ata Adonai, ha'mavdil bein kodesh l'hol. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who distinguishes between the sacred and the secular, between light and dark, between Israel and the nations, between the seventh day and the six days of labor. Blessed are You, LORD, Who distinguishes between the sacred and the secular.

Holiday blessingsEdit

When any of these blessings are done for the first time that year, the blessing of she'he'cheyanu is said.

Festival Blessing Hebrew Transliteration English
Rosh haShana For blowing the shofar בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו, וְצִוָּנוּ לִשְׁמֹעַ קוֹל שׁוֹפָר. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu li'shmoa kol shofar. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to hear the sound of the shofar.
Succot For sitting in the succa for a meal בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו, וְצִוָּנוּ לֵישֵׁב בַּסֻּכָּה. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu leishev ba'succa. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to sit in the succa.
Pesach For eating the matzah at the seder בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו, וְצִוָּנוּ עַל אֲכִילַת מַצָּה. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu al achilat matzah. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to eat matzah.
Pesach For eating the maror at the seder בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו, וְצִוָּנוּ עַל אֲכִילַת מָרוֹר. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu al achilat maror. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to eat maror.
Succot For taking the lulav בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו, וְצִוָּנוּ עַל נְטִילַת לוּלָב. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu al netilat lulav. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to take up the lulav.
Purim For reading the megilla בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו, וְצִוָּנוּ עַל מִקְרָא מְגִלָּה. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu al mikra megilla. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to read the megilla.
Hanukkah For the lighting the candles בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו, וְצִוָּנוּ לְהַדְלִיק נֵר שֶׁל חֲנֻכָּה. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu l'hadlik ner shel Hanukkah. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to kindle the Hanukkah light[s].
Hanukkah, Purim Remembering the miracle of the day (said following the appropriate blessing above) בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, שֶׁעָשָׂה נִסִּים לַאֲבוֹתֵֽינוּ בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם בַּזְּמַן הַזֶּה. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, she'asa nisim la'avoteinu ba'yamim ha'heim ba'z'man ha'ze. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who performed miracles for our ancestors in those days at this time...

Mitzvot not associated with festivalsEdit

Occasion Hebrew Transliteration English
Putting on tzitzit בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ, מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם. אֲשֶר קִדְּשָנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וִצִוָּנוּ עַל־מִצְוַת צִיצִת.[1][2] Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha`olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav, al-mitzvat tzitzit. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us regarding the commandment of fringes.
Putting on tallit (prayer shawl) בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ לְהִתְעַטֵּף בַּצִיצִית Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu l'hit'atef ba'tzitzit Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and has commanded us to wrap ourselves with fringes.
Putting on tefillin בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ לְהָנִיחַ תְּפִלִּין. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha`olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu l'hani'aḥ t'filin.[3] Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and has commanded us to put on tefillin.
Putting on the head tefillin (Ashkenazim only) בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ עַל מִצְוַת תְּפִלִּין.
בָּרוּךְ שֵׁם כְּבוֹד מַלְכוּתוֹ לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד.
Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu al mitzvat t'filin
Barukh shem k'vod malkhuto l'olam va'ed
Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and has commanded us regarding the commandment of tefillin.
Blessed is the Name of His glorious kingdom for ever and ever.
When affixing a mezuzah on the door בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ לִקְבּוֹעַ מְזוּזָה. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu likvo'a m'zuza. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to affix the mezuzah.
When immersing in a mikveh, either for conversion or niddah. בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו, וְצִוָּנוּ עַל הַטְּבִילָה. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu al ha't'vila. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us concerning immersion.
When immersing vessels in a mikveh. בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו, וְצִוָּנוּ עַל הַטְּבִילַת כֵּלִים. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu al t'vilat kelim. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us concerning the immersion of vessels.


Blessings on pleasures, sights and soundsEdit

Blessings during a mealEdit

N'tilat Yadayim (Ritual washing of hands)Edit

The hands are ritually washed before partaking of certain staples of life.

In the Ashkenazic tradition and some Sephardic and other communities, it is done before eating bread. In some Sephardic rites and in the German community originating in Frankfurt it is done before drinking wine and or eating bread, alone or with the wine (such as would be done before a Sabbath or festive meal) at which time this blessing is said:

After washing but before drying the hands, the following blessing below is said.

Hebrew Transliteration English
בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בּמִצְוֹתָיו, וצִוָּנוּ עַל נְטִילַת יָדָיִם. Barukh ata Adonai Elohenu, melekh ha`olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu `al netilat yadayim. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us concerning the taking (drying) of hands.

Blessing prior to foodEdit

Blessing Said for Hebrew Transliteration English
Hamotzi Bread made from one or all of: wheat, barley, rye, oats, spelt. בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, הַמּוֹצִיא לֶחֶם מִן הָאָרֶץ. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, hamotzi lehem min ha'aretz. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who brings forth bread from the earth.
M'zonot Non-bread (e.g. cake) products of wheat, barley, rye, oats, spelt (and rice, according to many opinions). בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, בּוֹרֵא מִינֵי מְזוֹנוֹת. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, Melekh ha'olam, bo're minei m'zonot. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who creates varieties of nourishment.
HaGafen Wine made from grapes, or grape juice. Not said for any other drink or any other grape-based product. בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, בּוֹרֵא פְּרִי הַגֶּפֶן. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, Melekh ha'olam, bo're p'ri hagefen. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who creates the fruit of the vine.
HaEtz Any fruit from trees. בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, בּוֹרֵא פְּרִי הָעֵץ. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, Melekh ha'olam, bo're p'ri ha'etz. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who creates the fruit of the tree.
HaAdama Produce that grew directly from the earth. בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם בּוֹרֵא פְּרִי הָאֲדָמָה. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, Melekh ha`olam, bo're p'ri ha'adama. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who creates the fruit of the ground.
SheHaKol Any foods or drinks not in the first five categories. בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁהַכֹּל נִהְיָה בִּדְבָרוֹ. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, Melekh ha'olam, shehakol nih'ye bidvaro. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, through Whose word everything comes into being.

After the mealEdit

The combined blessing of Birkat Hamazon is made only after eating a meal containing bread (including matza) made from one or all of wheat, barley, rye, oats, spelt.

After Birkat Hamazon, many Sephardic Jews of the Spanish and Portuguese rite recite Ya Comimos or sing Bendigamos. These prayers are similar in content to Birkat Hamazon.


Blessings for smellsEdit

Said for Hebrew Transliteration English
Pleasant smelling trees and shrubs בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, בּוֹרֵא עֲצֵי בְשָׂמִים. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, bo're atzei b'samim Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who creates fragrant trees.
Pleasant smelling grasses herbs or flowers בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, בּוֹרֵא עִשְּׂבֵי בְשָׂמִים. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, bo're issvei b'samim Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who creates fragrant grasses.
Pleasant smelling fruits בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, הַנוֹתֵן רֵיחַ טוֹב בַּפֵּרוֹת. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, ha'noten re'ah tov ba'peirot Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who gives pleasant smells to fruit.
Pleasant smelling oils בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, בּוֹרֵא שֶׁמֶן עָרֵב. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, bo're shemen arev Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who creates pleasing purfumes.
All other smells בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, בּוֹרֵא מִינֵי בְשָׂמִים. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, bo're min'ei be'samim Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who creates various spices.

Blessings on sights and soundsEdit

Said for Hebrew Transliteration English
Seeing wonders of nature, lightning בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, עוֹשֶׂה מַעֲשֵׂה בְרֵאשִׁית. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, o'seh ma'ase be'reshit Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who makes all creation.
Hearing thunder בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, שֶׁכֹּחוֹ וּגְבוּרָתוֹ מָלַא עוֹלָם. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, she'koho u'gevurato maleh olam Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Whose power and strength fill the world.
Seeing a rainbow בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, זוֹכֵר הַבְּרִית וְנֶאֱמָן בִּבְרִיתוֹ וְקַיָם בְּמַאֲמָרוֹ. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, zocher ha'brit ve'ne'eman bi'vrito ve'kayam b'ma'amaro Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who remembers the covenant and who is trustworthy in his covenants and fulfills His word.
Seeing the ocean or large body of water for the first time in 30 days בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, שֶׁעָשָׂה אֶת הַיָם הַגָּדוֹל. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, she'asa et ha'yam ha'gadol Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who made the large bodies of water.
Seeing trees blossom for the first time in the spring בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, שֶׁלֹּא חִסַּר בְּעוֹלָמוֹ כְּלוּם וּבָרָא בוֹ בְּרִיוֹת טוֹבוֹת וְאִילָנוֹת טוֹבִים לְהַנּוֹת בָּהֶם בְּנֵי אָדָם. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, she'lo chisar b'olamo klum u'vara vo beri'ot tovot ve'ilanot tovim le'hanot bahem benei adam Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who left out nothing in His world and created pleasant creations and good trees so that people can derive benefit from them.

Blessings on special occasionsEdit

Name Hebrew Transliteration English Occasion
Sheheheyanu בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הַעוֹלָם, שֶׁהֶחֱיָנוּ וְקִיְּמָנוּ וְהִגִּיעָנוּ לַזְּמַן הַזֶּה׃ Baruch atah Adonai Elohenu, melekh ha'olam, shehecheyanu vekiymanu vehigi'anu lazman hazeh. Blessed are You, Lord, our God, King of the Universe, who has granted us life, sustained us, and enabled us to reach this occasion. For positive new experiences, including the first time a mitzvah is being done, new clothes or a new annual fruit.
Ha'tov ve'hametiv בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הַעוֹלָם, הַטוֹב וְהַמֵטִיב׃ Baruch atah Adonai Elohenu, melekh ha'olam, ha'tov ve'ha'metiv. Blessed are You, Lord, our God, King of the Universe, who is good and does good. For good news and positive experiences.
Dayan ha'emet בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הַעוֹלָם, דָיַן הַאֱמֶת׃ Baruch atah Adonai Elohenu, melekh ha'olam, dayan ha'emet. Blessed are You, Lord, our God, King of the Universe, the just judge. For bad news and negative experiences. Also said at a funeral by the mourners prior to tearing the clothes.
Hagomel בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, הַגּוֹמֵל לַחַיָּבִים טוֹבוֹת שֶׁגְּמָלַנִי כָּל טוֹב. Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, hagomel lahayavim tovot, sheg'molani kol tov. Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the Universe, Who bestows good things upon the unworthy, and has bestowed upon me every goodness. For surviving life-threatening situations, such as illness or childbirth.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Siddur Ashkenaz, Weekday, Shacharit, Preparatory Prayers, Tzitzit (**Includes Yehi Ratzon) 1". www.sefaria.org. Retrieved 2020-10-15.
  2. ^ "Siddur Sefard, Upon Arising, Modeh Ani 5". www.sefaria.org. Retrieved 2020-10-15.
  3. ^ The "l" in t'filin is geminated.

External linksEdit