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List of German companies by employees in 1938

The former corporate headquarters of IG Farben

This is a list of the largest companies of Nazi Germany by employees in 1938.

Contents

Companies by employeesEdit

The list is based on Fiedler (1999a, 1999b), who compiled data from a variety of sources. Given the shortage of historical employment data some employment numbers are only estimates and some companies might be missing from this list. Employment numbers are including all subsidiaries as long as the parent company is the majority shareholder, that is, holds more than 50 percent of the stock. An exception is Telefunken, which is included in the list as it was a joint venture of Siemens and Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft which each company holding 50 percent of the shares of Telefunken. Employee numbers are not including those employed in foreign subsidiaries. The only three companies in 1938 with large foreign subsidiaries were Siemens with 11.2 percent of the workforce employed abroad, Allgemeine Elektrizitäts-Gesellschaft with less than 20 percent and Mannesmann with 10 percent. In 1938 seven of the 100 largest German companies were subsidiaries of foreign companies, all of them included in the list. The seven foreign-controlled companies were the subsidiaries of Luxembourgish Arbed (Felten & Guilleaume, Eschweiler Bergwerksverein and Burbacher Hütte), American General Motors (Adam Opel), American International Telephone & Telegraph (Deutsche I.T.& T.-Gruppe), American Singer Corporation (Singer Nähmaschinen), French de Wendel group (de Wendelsche Berg-und Hüttenwerke), Belgian Solvay (Deutsche Solvay) and Dutch-British Royal Dutch Shell (Rhenania Ossag Mineralölwerke).[1]

Rank Company Employees Industry
1. Deutsche Reichsbahn 703,546 Railway
2. Deutsche Reichspost 397,890 Postal administration
3. I.G. Farbenindustrie 218,000 Chemicals
4. Vereinigte Stahlwerke 197,000 Mining and steel
5. Siemens (Siemens & Halske and Siemens-Schuckert) 165,975 Electrical engineering
6. Friedrich Krupp 123,408 Mining and steel
7. Gutehoffnungshütte 75,781 Mining and steel
8. Vereinigte Elektrizitäts- und Bergwerks Aktiengesellschaft 72,345 Mining and utilities
9. Friedrich Flick KG 71,408 Steel
10. Allgemeine Elektrizitäts-Gesellschaft 65,000 Electrical engineering
11. Reichswerke Hermann Göring 63,000 Mining and steel
12. Saargruben AG 48,448 Mining
13. Daimler-Benz 47,095 Vehicles
14. Junkers Flugzeug-und Motorenwerke 44,015 Aircraft
15. Klöckner-Werke 43,409 Steel and mechanical engineering
16. Mannesmannröhrenwerke 43,000 Steel
17. Metallgesellschaft 41,000 Metals
18. Otto Wolff-Konzern 33,000 Steel
19. Arbed 32,000 Steel
20. Salzdetfurth AG 31,131 Mining
21. Hoesch 30,993 Steel
22. Adam Opel 27,000 Vehicles
23. Schering 26,665 Pharmaceuticals
24. Vereinigte Industrieunternehmungen AG 25,000 Metals, mining and utilities
25. Robert Bosch GmbH 23,233 Electrical engineering
26. Auto Union 22,673 Vehicles
27. Deutsche I.T.& T.-Gruppe 21,000 Electrical engineering
28. Deutsche Schiff- und Maschinenbau AG 21,000 Shipbuilding and aircraft
29. Philipp Holzmann 20,800 Construction
30. Hochtief 20,425 Construction
31. Rudolph Karstadt 20,000 Retail
32. Deutsche Erdöl AG 20,000 Oil
33. Deutsche Werke Kiel 20,000 Shipbuilding
34. Hugo Schneider AG 19,200 Arms and ammunition
35. Deutsche Reichsbank 18,931 Banking
36. Christian Dierig 18,834 Textiles
37. Zellstofffabrik Waldhof 18,402 Paper
38. Ernst Heinkel Flugzeugwerke 18,297 Aircraft
39. Rheinisch-Westfälisches Elektrizitätswerk 17,754 Utilities
40. Deutsche Bank 17,462 Banking
41. Deutsche Continental-Gas-Gesellschaft 17,400 Utilities
42. Bayerische Motoren-Werke 16,968 Vehicles
43. Continental Gummi-Werke 16,606 Rubber

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Fiedler, Martin (1999). "Die 100 größten Unternehmen in Deutschland - nach der Zahl ihrer Beschäftigten - 1907, 1938, 1973 und 1995". Zeitschrift für Unternehmensgeschichte (in German). Munich: Verlag C.H. Beck. 1: 32–66. 

ReferencesEdit

  • Fiedler, Martin (1999a). "Die 100 größten Unternehmen in Deutschland - nach der Zahl ihrer Beschäftigten - 1907, 1938, 1973 und 1995". Zeitschrift für Unternehmensgeschichte (in German). Munich: Verlag C.H. Beck. 1: 32–66. 
  • Fiedler, Martin (1999b). "Die 100 größten Unternehmen von 1938 - ein Nachtrag". Zeitschrift für Unternehmensgeschichte (in German). Munich: Verlag C.H. Beck. 2: 235–242. 

External linksEdit