Line 2 (Naples)

Line 2 (Italian: Linea 2) is a rapid transit service operated by Trenitalia in the city of Naples, Italy. It connects 12 stations.

Line 2
Logo linea 2 Napoli.svg
NA M2 Garibaldi.jpg
Train at Garibaldi
Overview
LocaleNaples, Italy
Transit typerapid transit[1]
Number of lines1
Number of stations12
Operation
Began operation1925 (1925)
Operator(s)Trenitalia
Host railroadsRFI
Number of vehiclesALe 724
Jazz (ETR 425)
Technical
System length18.9 km
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
standard gauge
System map

Napoli - mappa linea 2 - 2014-12-14.png

Line 2 operates on the urban railway, which crosses the city of Naples from west to east. All regional trains, differently from metropolitan trains, are received by Campi Flegrei station in different platforms.

Line 2 also has some minor regional extensions. These are the Naples-Caserta and Naples-Salerno (all these services use the Passante rapid transit railway, of which the latter two start from Campi Flegrei station).

HistoryEdit

The construction of the line, part of the ″direttissima″ Rome–Naples, was begun in 1911 and after a suspension during World War I, it was completed in 1925 between Pozzuoli and Piazza Garibaldi, electrified with third rail. Two years later the ″direttissima″ was completed, and the electrical rail service was extended towards Villa Literno and San Giovanni-Barra.[2]

In November 1935 the line was also electrified with overhead line; the third rail was discontinued in 1938.[3]

In 1997, the line was numbered as Line 2, while the other Naples Metro line became Line 1. The two lines were connected with a pedestrian tunnel between Museo and Cavour in 2002 and in Garibaldi station in 2012

In 2001, operation of the line was taken over by Metronapoli SpA, a newly established joint stock company in which Trenitalia held a 38% stake. However, in November 2005, operation of line 2 was transferred back to Trenitalia, and that company sold its Metronapoli shares to the municipal government.[4]

Since 2009, the line is crossed only by metropolitan trains.[5]

Rolling stockEdit

The metropolitan service started in 1925 with third rail cars of type E.20 transferred from the Ferrovie Varesine.[2]

In 1938 the third rail system was discontinued,[2] and the E.20 substituted by the newer E.624 equipped with overhead line.[6]

From 1962–63 the E.624 were moved and substituted by the new EMUs of type ALe 803,[7] and from 1983 the ALe 724.[8]

Line 2 also uses ALe 582 and the newest double-decker Treno ad alta frequentazione and Jazz trains.

StationsEdit

 
Destinations to/from line 2
Train stops Opening Interchanges
Pozzuoli Solfatara 1925
Bagnoli-Agnano Terme 1927
Cavalleggeri Aosta 1957
Napoli Campi Flegrei 1925 Cumana railway, Metro Line 6
Napoli Piazza Leopardi 1927[9]
Napoli Mergellina 1925 Metro Line 6
Napoli Piazza Amedeo 1925 Chiaia Funicular
Napoli Montesanto 1925 Circumflegrea railway, Cumana railway, Montesanto funicular
Napoli Piazza Cavour 1925 Metro Line 1
Napoli Piazza Garibaldi 1925 Central railway station, Circumvesuviana (Line 3, Line 4), Metro Line 1
Napoli Gianturco 1927
Napoli San Giovanni-Barra 2014

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Metropolitana di Napoli L2
  2. ^ a b c Giovanni Cornolò: Automotrici elettriche dalle origini al 1983. Duegi Editrice, 2011, p. 28.
  3. ^ Giovanni Cornolò: Automotrici elettriche dalle origini al 1983. Duegi Editrice, 2011, p. 30.
  4. ^ Webb, Mary (ed.) (2009). Jane's Urban Transport Systems 2009-2010, pp. 192–193. Coulsdon, Surrey (UK): Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-2903-6.
  5. ^ Trenitalia official timetable, 2013.
  6. ^ Giovanni Cornolò: Automotrici elettriche dalle origini al 1983. Duegi Editrice, 2011, p. 50.
  7. ^ Giovanni Cornolò: Automotrici elettriche dalle origini al 1983. Duegi Editrice, 2011, p. 63.
  8. ^ Giovanni Cornolò: Automotrici elettriche dalle origini al 1983. Duegi Editrice, 2011, p. 275–276.
  9. ^ Ordine di Servizio FS n. 101, 1927

BibliographyEdit

  • Cornolò, Giovanni (1994). Locomotive elettriche FS. Ermanno Albertelli Editore. ISBN 88-85909-97-3.
  • Cornolò, Giovanni (2011). Automotrici elettriche dalle origini al 1983. Duegi. ISBN 978-88-95096-05-6.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Line 2 (Naples metro) at Wikimedia Commons