Libyan Arab Socialist Union

The Arab Socialist Union of Libya (ASU; Arabic: الاتحاد الاشتراكي العربي الليبي‎, Al-Ittiḥād Al-Ištirākī Al-ʿArabī Al-Liby; Italian: Unione Socialista Araba Libica) was a political party in Libya from 1971 to 1977 led by Muammar Gaddafi.

Arab Socialist Union

Arabic: الاتحاد الاشتراكي العربي الليبي
Italian: Unione Socialista Araba Libica
Brotherly LeaderMuammar Gaddafi
General SecretaryBashir Hawady
Founded11 June 1971 (1971-06-11)[1]
Dissolved3 March 1977 (1977-03-03)
HeadquartersTripoli, Libya
IdeologyArab nationalism
Arab socialism
Left-wing nationalism
Political positionLeft-wing

Many aspects of Muammar Gaddafi's Libyan socialist revolution were based on that of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser. Like Nasser, Gaddafi seized power with a Free Officers Movement, which in 1971 became the Arab Socialist Union of Libya.[2] Like its Egyptian counterpart, the Libyan ASU was the sole legal party and was designed as a vehicle for integrated national expression rather than as a political party.

Bashir Hawady was the general secretary of the party.[3] In May 1972, the Libyan ASU and the Egyptian ASU agreed to merge their two parties into a single body.[4]


  1. ^ Political Culture in Libya. Routledge. 5 September 2013. p. 46. ISBN 9781136115868.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Cairo Press Review, 1972. p. 11
  4. ^ The Middle East: Abstracts and index, Vol. 23, Part 2. Library Information and Research Service., 1999. p. 248