Elections in Libya

On 7 July 2012, the National Transitional Council, in power since the Libyan Civil War, supervised democratic elections for a 200-member General National Congress to replace the Council.[1] The assembly was to choose a prime minister and organize parliamentary elections in 2013.[1] A process to write a constitution was also to be determined.[1] Unrest driven by armed militias, ethnic minority and radical groups undermined the process and the government for the years following the overthrowing of Muammar Gaddafi. While internal apathy towards democratic reforms slowed the process, external bodies such as the European Union were still pressing for the establishment of a national dialogue to build consensus for the drafting of a new constitution to take place before the end of 2014.[2] Parliamentary elections were scheduled to be held on 25 June 2014 in a move aimed at stabilizing the country and quelling the unrest.[3]

Electoral bodiesEdit

According to Article 157 of the 2017 draft Libyan constitution, the Libyan High National Election Commission (HNEC) is responsible for organising elections of national political bodies in Libya.[4]

The Central Commission of Municipal Council Elections (CCMCE) was created in 2018 for organising municipal elections in 2018 to replace councils elected in 2014.[4] It started holding these elections in 2019 in March and April.[5][6][7][8]

2012 electionsEdit

Party Proportional Constituency Total
seats
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
National Forces Alliance 714,769 48.14 39 0 39
Justice and Construction Party 152,441 10.27 17 0 17
National Front 60,592 4.08 3 0 3
Union for Homeland 66,772 4.50 2 0 2
National Centrist Party 59,417 4.00 2 0 2
Wadi Al-Hayah Party 6,947 0.47 2 0 2
Moderate Ummah Assembly 21,825 1.47 1 0 1
Authenticity and Renewal 18,745 1.26 1 0 1
National Party For Development and Welfare 17,158 1.16 1 0 1
Al-Hekma (Wisdom) Party 17,129 1.15 1 0 1
Authenticity and Progress 13,679 0.92 1 0 1
Libyan National Democratic Party 13,092 0.88 1 0 1
National Parties Alliance 12,735 0.86 1 0 1
Ar-Resalah (The Message) 7,860 0.53 1 0 1
Centrist Youth Party 7,319 0.49 1 0 1
Libya Al-'Amal (Libya – The Hope) 6,093 0.41 1 0 1
Labaika National Party 3,472 0.23 1 0 1
Libyan Party for Liberty and Development 2,691 0.18 1 0 1
Arrakeeza (The Foundation) 1,525 0.10 1 0 1
Nation and Prosperity 1,400 0.09 1 0 1
National Party of Wadi ash-Shati' 1,355 0.09 1 0 1
Homeland Party 51,292 3.45 0 0 0
Other parties 218,562 14.72 0 0 0
Independents 120 120
Invalid/blank votes 280,117
Total 1,764,840 100 80 120 200
Registered voters/turnout 2,865,937 61.58
Sources: Libya Herald, POMED, HNEC

2014 electionsEdit

Constituent AssemblyEdit

HNEC organised the 2014 Libyan Constitutional Assembly election of 60 representatives in February 2014.[9][10][11]

House of RepresentativesEdit

The Libyan election commission on 20 May 2014 announced elections would be held on 25 June 2014.[3]

Historical electionsEdit

Libya under GaddafiEdit

National elections were indirect through a hierarchy of people's committees. The head of government was elected by the General People's Congress. The last such election was held in March 2010.

Libya's parliament consisted of a unicameral General People's Congress. Its members were elected indirectly through a hierarchy of people's committees.

Suffrage was 18 years of age; universal and technically compulsory.

Kingdom of LibyaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Gumuchian, Marie-Louise, and Hadeel Al Shalchi. "Libyans celebrate free vote despite violence". Reuters. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  2. ^ "A European agenda to support Libya's transition". European Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Libya to hold elections in a bid to defuse violence". Herald Globe. Archived from the original on 10 July 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Project Document – Libya – Local Elections" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 4 February 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 May 2019. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Libya holds municipal elections in first vote for five years". Middle East Monitor. 31 March 2019. Archived from the original on 31 March 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  6. ^ "UN envoy hails Libyans' keenness on holding municipal elections despite war". The Libya Observer. 20 April 2019. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  7. ^ Alharathy, Safa (28 April 2019). "Sabha holds municipal council elections". The Libya Observer. Archived from the original on 30 April 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  8. ^ "Central Committee for Municipal Elections confirms the election of six new mayors to municipal councils". The Libya Observer. 1 May 2019. Archived from the original on 1 May 2019. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  9. ^ "Constitutional assembly candidates being registered". Libya Herald. 21 October 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-10-22. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
  10. ^ Elumami, Ahmed (21 February 2014). "Election re-runs next Wednesday says Elabbar". Libya Herald. Archived from the original on 2014-02-21. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
  11. ^ Elumami, Ahmed (2 March 2014). "HNEC announces results for Constitutional Committee elections". Libya Herald. Archived from the original on 2014-03-10. Retrieved 3 March 2014.