Arab Socialist Union (Libya)

The Arab Socialist Union of Libya (ASU) was a political party in Libya from 1971 to 1977 led by Muammar Gaddafi. Gaddafi served as chairman of the party.[2]

Arab Socialist Union of Libya
االإتحاد الإشتراكي العربي في ليبيا
ChairmanMuammar Gaddafi
General SecretaryBashir Hawady
Founded11 June 1971 (1971-06-11)[1]
Dissolved3 March 1977 (1977-03-03)
HeadquartersTripoli, Libya
IdeologyArab nationalism
Arab socialism

Many aspects of Muammar Gaddafi's Libyan socialist revolution were based on that of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser. Like Nasser, Gaddafi seized power with a Free Officers Movement, which in 1971 became the Arab Socialist Union of Libya.[3] Like its Egyptian counterpart, the Libyan ASU was the sole legal party and was designed as a vehicle for integrated national expression rather than as a political party.

Bashir Hawady was the general secretary of the party.[4] In May 1972, the Libyan ASU and the Egyptian ASU agreed to merge their two parties into a single body.[5]


  1. ^ Political Culture in Libya. Routledge. 5 September 2013. p. 46. ISBN 9781136115868.
  2. ^ Cairo Press Review. 21 June 1973. p. 26.
  3. ^ "Libya - The Arab Socialist Union". Retrieved 2021-06-02.
  4. ^ Cairo Press Review, 1972. p. 11
  5. ^ The Middle East: Abstracts and index, Vol. 23, Part 2. Library Information and Research Service., 1999. p. 248