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The Liberation Day of Ukraine (Ukrainian: День визволення України від фашистських загарбників, Day of liberation of Ukraine from fascist invaders) is a holiday celebrated annually on October 28 in Ukraine. It commemorates the Liberation of Ukraine from Nazi Germany on 28 October 1944.[1]

Day of liberation of Ukraine from fascist invaders
День визволення України від фашистських загарбників
Celebrations of the 60th anniversary of the Liberation of Ukraine3.jpg
Official nameDay of the Liberation of Ukraine from fascist invaders
Observed by Ukraine
TypeNational
SignificanceLiberation from Nazi Germany
DateOctober 28
Next time28 October 2019 (2019-10-28)
Related toWorld War II

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HistoryEdit

 
President Petro Poroshenko during a 2017 celebration ceremony.

The idea of making the national holiday was expressed by the then Minister of Economy of Ukraine Sergey Tigipko on October 15, 2009. Five days later, President Viktor Yushchenko signed a decree establishing the holiday. The first settlements in Eastern Ukraine were liberated by Soviet troops in December 1942. Major battles for the liberation of the Ukrainian SSR lasted from January 1943 to the autumn of 1944. At this time, half of Ukraine was in the hands of the Red Army.[2][3] On August 23, 1943, the city of Kharkiv was liberated. On October 27, 1944, Uzhhorod was retaken from the Germans, and Soviet troops arrived at what would be the modern western border of Ukraine.[4] On 28 October 1944 the last territory of current Ukraine (near Uzhhorod, then part of the Kingdom of Hungary[5]) was cleared of German troops; this is annually celebrated in Ukraine (on 28 October) as the "anniversary of the liberation of Ukraine from the Nazis".[6]

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