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Lewis J. Selznick

Lewis J. Selznick (born May 2, 1870 or 1869[1] – January 25, 1933) was an American producer in the early years of the film industry. After initial involvement with World Film at Fort Lee, New Jersey, he established Selznick Pictures in California.

Lewis J. Selznick
Lewis-J-Selznick-1916.jpg
Born
Lewis Zeleznick

(1870-05-02)May 2, 1870
DiedJanuary 25, 1933(1933-01-25) (aged 62)
OccupationMotion picture producer and distributor
Years active1913–1923
Spouse(s)Florence Sachs (married 1896–1933)
ChildrenMyron Selznick
David O. Selznick
AwardsWalk of Fame - Motion Picture
6412 Hollywood Blvd

BiographyEdit

Lewis J. Selznick was born in 1870 in Grinkiškis, Kovno Governorate, Russian Empire (now Lithuania),[2] to Ida (Ringer) and Joseph Zeleznick. He grew up in Kiev (now Ukraine) and emigrated to the United States at age 18.[2]

Selznick arrived in the United States in 1888 and became a naturalized citizen on September 29, 1894.[3]:5 He settled in Pittsburgh and built up a successful jewelry retail business. In 1896,[4] he married Florence (Flossie) Sachs.[3]:6–7 They had three sons: Howard Selznick (1897–1980), who suffered some undiagnosed mental disability;[3]:7 Myron Selznick (1898–1944), who worked as a producer and studio executive before establishing a talent agency; and David O. Selznick (1902–1965), a Hollywood filmmaker who produced Gone with the Wind (1939). A daughter, Ruth, was born in 1904 but died before the age of one.[3]:8

Retaining his jewelry stores in the Pittsburgh area, Selznick moved his family to Brooklyn in 1903.[3]:8–9 He opened a large jewelry store,[2] the Knickerbocker, at Sixth Avenue and 23rd Street in Manhattan, but by 1907 he had left the business. The family surname changed from Seleznick to Selznick sometime in 1908 or 1909. In the year 1910 or 1911 the family moved to Manhattan, where Selznick worked as a patent promoter and sold electrical supplies.[3]:10–11

Through an old acquaintance from Pittsburgh, Selznick became involved with the Universal Film Manufacturing Company in 1913[3]:13 but was soon dismissed by Carl Laemmle.[5] In February 1914[6] he and Chicago mail-order magnate Arthur Spiegel organized the World Film Corporation,[7] a distributor of independently produced films[8] located in Fort Lee, New Jersey,[9][10][11] with general offices in New York City.[6] Company directors included Jules Brulatour, Briton N. Busch (secretary and treasurer), Van Horn Ely (president), Lee Shubert, and Selznick (vice president and general manager). Film historian David Thomson describes World Film as "a loose gathering of companies and interests engaged in producing films, with a nationwide system of exchanges and theaters where they could be shown". Within a year the company showed a profit of $329,000[3]:15 — more than $7.7 million today.[12]

Selznick had been dabbling in theatrical production, and his company put popular plays on film.[3]:15 World Films releases in 1915 included Lew Fields in Old Dutch, Alice Brady and Holbrook Blinn in The Boss, Wilton Lackaye and Clara Kimball Young in Trilby, and Lillian Russell and Lionel Barrymore in Wildfire.[7]

He soon merged with the Peerless Pictures Studios and the Shubert Brothers, Shubert Pictures Co. Selznick's company became very successful, in 1915 hiring Sidney Olcott away from Kalem Studios plus the French director Maurice Tourneur away from the American arm of the giant, Pathé. By 1916, personality conflicts with his partners saw him ousted from the firm by the Board of Directors.[5]

Selznick took with him World Film Corporation's biggest star, Clara Kimball Young, and became president and general manager of the newly formed Clara Kimball Young Film Corporation. He then launched the film career of Nazimova with her first film War Brides, which was a success.[5]

Selznick's business practices such as special preview functions, putting his name up in lights, signing stars for big salaries, upset others in the industry[13] and Adolph Zukor purportedly offered him a salary of $5,000 a week for life to go to China and stay there.[5] He later invented an advance deposit system whereby his productions were financed by selling the rights to exhibitors.[5]

Although he had annoyed other film industry people, he had a friendship with Marcus Loew who helped him with loans. Following Norma Talmadge's marriage to Joseph Schenck, the booking manager for the Loew circuit, Talmadge signed for Selznick and the first film of hers he distributed, Panthea, set her on the road to becoming a star. Talmadge's sister, Constance also signed for Selznick.[5]

In 1917, Zukor acquired a 50% interest in Selznick's Select Pictures, however it led to Selznick's name no longer appearing in lights or on the screen with Constance Talmadge asking for his name to be removed from her pictures.[5]

Following this, Selznick's son Myron signed Olive Thomas in December 1918 and put the Selznick name up in lights again. Selznick then bought out Zukor to take control of Select Pictures again.[5]

Selznick continued in film on the East Coast until 1920 when he moved to Hollywood, California where he teamed up with Adolph Zukor and Jesse L. Lasky. However, within a few years his company, Lewis J. Selznick Productions, Inc., began to lose stars[5] and experienced severe financial difficulties and went bankrupt in 1925. He re-entered the industry in 1926 and managed Associated Exhibitors[13] before retiring from the film business.

Selznick died January 25, 1933 from a heart attack,[13] at his home in Los Angeles, California, with his wife and sons at his bedside.[7] He is interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Cemetery in Glendale, California.

LegacyEdit

For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Lewis J. Selznick was inducted into the Hollywood Walk of Fame February 8, 1960. His star is located at 6412 Hollywood Blvd.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Possible birth year. "Ancestry.com".
  2. ^ a b c Lambert, Gavin (1976) [1973]. GWTW: The Making of Gone With the Wind (mass market paperback ed.). New York: Bantam Books. pp. 2–7.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Thomson, David (1992). Showman: The Life of David O. Selznick. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-394-56833-8.
  4. ^ Marriage date. "Ancestry.com".
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Terry Ramsaye (January 1925). "The Romantic History of the Motion Picture". Photoplay. pp. 119–124.
  6. ^ a b "Profit Sharing for Movies". The New York Times. December 14, 1914. Retrieved 2015-12-12.
  7. ^ a b c "L. J. Selznick Dies; A Film Pioneer". The New York Times. January 26, 1933. Retrieved 2015-12-12.
  8. ^ Katz, Ephraim (1998). The Film Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). New York: HarperPerennial. p. 1237. ISBN 0-06-273492-X.
  9. ^ Koszarski, Richard (2004), Fort Lee: The Film Town, Rome, Italy: John Libbey Publishing -CIC srl, ISBN 0-86196-653-8
  10. ^ "Studios and Films". Fort Lee Film Commission. Retrieved 2011-05-30.
  11. ^ Fort Lee Film Commission (2006), Fort Lee Birthplace of the Motion Picture Industry, Arcadia Publishing, ISBN 0-7385-4501-5
  12. ^ "Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI Inflation Calculator". United States Department of Labor. Retrieved 2015-12-12.
  13. ^ a b c "Lewis J. Selznick". Variety. January 31, 1933. p. 2.
  14. ^ "Lewis J. Selznick". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2015-12-11.

External linksEdit